|Publication number||US8115091 B2|
|Application number||US 10/893,652|
|Publication date||Feb 14, 2012|
|Filing date||Jul 16, 2004|
|Priority date||Jul 16, 2004|
|Also published as||US20060011042|
|Publication number||10893652, 893652, US 8115091 B2, US 8115091B2, US-B2-8115091, US8115091 B2, US8115091B2|
|Inventors||David S. Brenner, Conor P. O'Sullivan|
|Original Assignee||Motorola Mobility, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (15), Non-Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (5), Classifications (10), Legal Events (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates generally to the implementation and control of vibrational effects and, more particularly, to the implementation and control of vibrational effects, that are synchronized with the playback of audio from an audio file, in an electronic device.
Portable electronic devices, such as cellular telephones and personal digital assistants (PDA's) provide information to users through an increasing number of modalities, including graphical information displayed on display screens, sound played through speakers, and vibrations generated via vibratory components. Increasingly, there is a desire to extend the capabilities of the devices, so as to enable a more immersive experience.
Historically, vibrational feedback has been used as a substitute for an auditory alert. Such a form of alert has proved to be popular during sound sensitive occasions where an auditory alert would be generally disturbing to others. Furthermore, vibrational feedback has been historically used to provide a confirming tactile sensation, relative to the actuation of a user selection, generally involving a selection via physical contact, such as the depression of a key.
More recently, vibrational feedback has been used to supplement the conveyance of visual and/or auditory information. One such environment includes video games, where vibratory feedback can be conveyed to the user through the user's hands via a device, such as a controller. An effect associated with the game play, such as a crash could be accompanied by the visual presentation of sparks and/or an explosion; an audio presentation of a squeal of brakes, the popping of flames and/or the crunching of metal; and a general vibrational effect, which coincides with the crash.
Traditionally, relative to gaming, vibrational effects conveyed via a hand-held device have not been very specific, and have often involved a single source, such as a rotary mass vibrator, which was somewhat centrally located, and generally vibrated the entire device with a specific intensity for a specified duration.
At least one form of audio file format, known as the musical instrument digital interface (MIDI), allows for the control of a vibratory device via a predefined instrument designation, which is associated with the driver of a vibratory source. However, such an existing standard generally supports only a single common vibratory control.
Part of creating a more immersive experience relative to vibratory feedback involves more variably and more finely controlling the generation of the vibratory feedback so as to more closely mirror the effect that the device is intended to reproduce. A further part of creating a more immersive experience relative to vibratory feedback involves better synchronizing the vibrational effects with the other forms of output to be sensed by the user including other auditory and visual effects.
The present inventors have recognized that it would be desirable to be able to control multiple different groupings of vibrational sources, and to have greater flexibility in the generation of each of those vibrational effects. By mapping the vibrational effects to existing audio commands and allowing the separate control of multiple vibrational element groupings in an audio file format, more immersive vibrational effects, which are more readily synchronized with other effects can be created, which will enhance a user's overall usage experience.
The present invention provides an audio file format, which includes definitions for one or more instruments and definitions for one or more notes, which are associated with the one or more instruments. The audio file format additionally comprises one or more vibrational element groupings, where each vibrational element grouping includes one or more vibration sources and is associated with a corresponding one of the one or more note definitions for at least one predefined instrument of the one or more instrument definitions.
In at least a further embodiment, the audio file format conforms to the MIDI (musical instrument digital interface) specification, which includes MIDI system commands.
In a still further embodiment, the audio file format is at least one of received, stored, and played in an electronic device, like a cellular telephone, which has one or more vibrational element groupings. In yet a still further embodiment, the audio file format additionally supports the illumination of light sources in an electronic device, like a cellular telephone, which has one or more light groupings.
The present invention further provides a method for controlling vibrational effects for multiple vibrational element groupings using an audio file format. The method comprises assigning a note definition for at least one predefined instrument of the one or more instruments to each of one or more vibrational element groupings, which each have one or more vibration sources. Commands are then received for the note definitions for the at least one predefined instrument of the one or more instruments assigned to at least one of the one or more vibrational element groupings. The actuation of the one or more vibration sources within the corresponding vibrational element grouping is then controlled in accordance with the commands received, which include the assigned note for the at least one predefined instrument.
The present invention still further provides a portable electronic device, which includes one or more vibrational element groupings, each including one or more vibration sources, and a processor coupled to the plurality of vibrational element groupings. The processor includes an audio file interpreter module, which is adapted for interpreting the contents of a file in an audio file format including definitions for one or more instruments, and one or more note definitions, where each of the vibrational element groupings is associated with a corresponding one of the one or more note definitions for at least one predefined instrument of the one or more instrument definitions. The audio file interpreter module is further adapted to actuate the vibration sources within the vibrational element grouping, when a note for an instrument corresponding to one of the plurality of vibrational element groupings is received.
These and other features, and advantages of this invention are evident from the following description of one or more preferred embodiments of this invention, with reference to the accompanying drawings.
While the present invention is susceptible of embodiment in various forms, there is shown in the drawings and will hereinafter be described several embodiments with the understanding that the present disclosure is to be considered an exemplification of the invention and is not intended to limit the invention to the specific embodiments illustrated.
In the embodiment illustrated in
Furthermore, while the rotary mass vibrators are generally shown oriented in the same direction, additional variability can be produced by varying the facing and/or orientation of the rotary mass vibrator relative to the hand held device 200, as well as the direction of rotation. Still further variability can be produced by adjusting the overall number, size and/or location of the vibration sources, and/or the number, size and/or location of the vibration sources relative to a particular vibrational element grouping.
In the illustrated embodiment, each vibration source is generally separately identified as its own vibrational element grouping. However, it is similarly possible that various combinations of the vibration sources including the rotary mass vibrators 252, the multifunction transducers 254 and/or the piezoelectric bender 256 could be commonly assigned to the same vibrational element grouping. It is further possible that a particular vibration source could simultaneously be a member of multiple vibrational element groupings. By defining multiple vibrational element groupings, each group can be separately controlled. The specific order and/or sequence that the vibrational element groupings are activated can be defined in at least some instances by the user, and in other instances, they may be predefined or have default settings, which are determined by a software tool such as a visual composer. In other instances, they can be coordinated with audible sounds and/or lighting effects produced by the device, in a manner, which generally attempts to enhance the user's experience.
In accordance with at least one embodiment of the present invention, each of the vibrational element groupings is associated with a particular note corresponding to a predefined instrument definition in an audio format file, such as a MIDI (musical instrument digital interface) file format. One of the advantages of associating the vibrational element groupings with a standard musical file format is the enhanced ability to synchronize the vibrational effects with the audio playback of the audio data encoded in the musical file format, such as a MIDI file. A further advantage enables a vibration composer to make use of a library of well developed tools and feature definitions, which are already available for the development, and editing of MIDI format files.
In MIDI format files, the instrument definitions are also commonly referred to and/or are associated with patch numbers. The MIDI standard presently allows for 128 patch numbers per bank, and up to 16384 banks, which is defined by a most significant byte and a least significant byte each having a value between 0 and 127, where in essence the most significant bit in each byte is disregarded. In the illustrated embodiment, at least one instrument definition of a particular bank is associated with one or more vibrational element groupings. Each particular vibrational element grouping is associated with a specific note relative to the corresponding instrument definition.
The existing MIDI standard corresponding to Scalable Polyphony devices such as cellular telephones, which is also known as SP-MIDI, has provisions for optionally supporting a single vibrational device. The single vibrational device is mapped to bank number 79H 06H or 15494, when disregarding the most significant bit in each byte, and patch number/instrument definition 7CH or 125. The existing standard additionally presently supports the vibrational device as being either on or off, with generally all other information, such as a particular note, note volume, pitch bend, etc., being generally ignored.
In at least one embodiment, the present invention would similarly use bank number 15494 and instrument definition 125, but would additionally use a corresponding set of note definitions having a value ranging between 0 and 127 to identify a corresponding one of the vibrational element groupings. MIDI interpreters or play-back devices, which do not support vibrational elements, would generally ignore sound tracks defined for unknown bank numbers and/or instrument definitions. Consequently, the MIDI files with embedded vibrational controls would generally not interfere with devices incapable of producing vibrational effects, so long as the instrument definitions which are used for the vibrational effects are not otherwise used or defined.
By using the same bank number and instrument definition previously defined for vibrational effects, and using different note definitions to select between the different multiple vibrational element groupings, MIDI interpreters or play-back devices, that did not support the control of multiple vibrational element groupings, would still generally reproduce a vibrational effect with all of the effects being reproduced on the same single available vibrational source. In effect, this would allow some degree of backwards compatibility for MIDI files encoded to take advantage of the extended capabilities of multiple vibrational element groupings, even though the particular device upon which the MIDI file was being played did not support the extended capability. However one skilled in the art will appreciate that there is no requirement to use the same previously defined bank number and/or instrument definition used in connection with existing standards, and one could still benefit from the teachings of the present application.
Still further, it may be desirable to only encode some of the vibrational effects using the previously defined bank number and instrument definition, which would potentially allow for only partial playback of encoded vibrational effects, for devices which only supported a single vibrational source. In some cases, it may be desirable to use alternative or additional bank number and/or instrument definitions in conjunction with the presently allowed 128 note definitions to enable greater than 128 different controllable vibrational element groupings.
In addition to associating the vibrational element groupings with corresponding note definitions, other commands more commonly associated with audio functions, which with existing standards are generally ignored relative to producing vibrational effects, are mapped to other vibrational effects in conjunction with the present invention having extended capabilities. For example, in at least one embodiment volume is used to define and control the intensity of the force produced by the vibration sources within the vibrational element grouping.
Additionally, note velocity could be used to define and control the rate of ramp-up and ramp-down of vibrational intensity. A modulation could be defined to control the shape of a waveform (sine, square, triangle, etc.) that is superimposed on the volume/intensity level. Still further, pitch bend could be used to control the substantially continuous change of the signal strength used to drive the corresponding vibrational element grouping within a predefined range. As a final example, duration of a note, as well as the corresponding start and end times of each note, will define and control the start time and the end time of the activation of the vibration sources within the vibrational element groupings relative to a time reference.
While instruments definitions, in the MIDI file format, often have an ADSR (attack, decay, sustain and release), associated with it, in at least one of the embodiments of the present invention, this is largely not used. The activation of the vibrational source is generally on and off, as far as the instrument definition is concerned, and any corresponding effects are controlled by other audio type controls, several of which have been noted above. In other instances, it may be desirable to make extensive use of an ADSR, where the other corresponding effects are used to further modify the same.
To the extent that it may be desirable for the activation of the multiple vibrational element groupings to occur simultaneously and/or to overlap, such an effect could be reproduced by defining multiple notes which are reproduced during the same period of time. Such an effect could be similar to playing a chord.
As illustrated in connection with
A further advantage of using a well known already existing audio format, like MIDI format files, to incorporate vibrational control commands, is that many existing devices already accommodate the download, storage and/or playback/interpretation of the file type. For example, ring tones can be presently downloaded for many types of telephones from service providers and carriers in a MIDI file format.
In at least one embodiment, the present invention is incorporated within an electronic device, like a wireless communication device.
In at least one embodiment, the microprocessor 302, an audio processor 324, and a user interface processor 328 perform many of the processing functions under the control of program instructions stored in a memory section 322. Together, the microprocessor 302, the audio processor 324, and the user interface processor 328 can include one or more microprocessors, one or more of which may include a digital signal processor (DSP). The memory section 322 includes one or more forms of volatile and/or non-volatile memory including conventional read only memory (ROM) 312, erasable programmable read only memory (EPROM) 314, random access memory (RAM) 316, or electrically erasable programmable read only memory (EEPROM) 318. One skilled in the art will readily recognize that other types of memory are possible.
Identifying features of the wireless communication device are typically stored in EEPROM 318 (which may also be stored in the microprocessor in an on-board EEPROM, if available) and can include the number assignment (NAM) required for operation in a conventional cellular system and/or the base identification (BID) required for operation with a cordless base. Additionally stored in the memory section 322 are prestored instructions for handling the receipt, storage and processing of an audio format file, including audio format files that incorporate vibrational control commands, as well as the audio and possibly lighting control commands.
Control of user audio, the microphone 320 and the speakers, corresponding to a transducer 330, illustrated in
While the present invention has generally been described in association with a wireless communication device, like a cell phone, radiotelephone, or a cordless telephone, one skilled in the art will readily recognize that the invention is suitable for use with other types of devices. At least a couple of additional examples of other types of devices, where the use of the present invention would be suitable include paging devices, personal digital assistants, portable computers, pen-based or keyboard-based handheld devices, remote control units, an audio player (such as an MP3 player) and the like.
The value of the instrument definition for which the command was received is compared 415 with the instrument definitions associated with the one or more vibrational element groupings. A determination is then made 420, as to whether the instrument definition in the received command is assigned to a vibrational element grouping. If the instrument definition does not correspond to an instrument associated with a vibrational grouping, the command is used to control 425 the corresponding non-vibrational aspects of the device, such as producing a corresponding audio output, and returning to receive 410 and process further commands.
If the instrument definition corresponds to an instrument associated with at least one of the vibrational element groupings, then a further determination is made 430, as to whether the note definition in the received command is assigned to one of the vibrational element groupings. If the note definition does not correspond to at least one of the vibrational element groupings, the method returns to receive 410 further commands associated with the processing of the audio file, and process the same. If the note definition does correspond to at least one of the vibrational element groupings, the vibration of the one or more vibration sources within the respective vibrational element grouping is controlled 435, in accordance with the received commands associated with the note definition and the corresponding instrument definition.
While the preferred embodiments of the invention have been illustrated and described, it is to be understood that the invention is not so limited. Numerous modifications, changes, variations, substitutions and equivalents will occur to those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention as defined by the appended claims.
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|Cooperative Classification||H04M19/04, H04M19/047, G10H1/0066, G10H2230/021, G10H1/0008|
|European Classification||G10H1/00R2C2, H04M19/04, G10H1/00M|
|Jul 16, 2004||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: MOTOROLA, INC., ILLINOIS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:BRENNER, DAVID S.;O SULLIVAN, CONOR P.;REEL/FRAME:015586/0160;SIGNING DATES FROM 20040715 TO 20040716
Owner name: MOTOROLA, INC., ILLINOIS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:BRENNER, DAVID S.;O SULLIVAN, CONOR P.;SIGNING DATES FROM 20040715 TO 20040716;REEL/FRAME:015586/0160
|Dec 13, 2010||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: MOTOROLA MOBILITY, INC, ILLINOIS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MOTOROLA, INC;REEL/FRAME:025673/0558
Effective date: 20100731
|Oct 2, 2012||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: MOTOROLA MOBILITY LLC, ILLINOIS
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:MOTOROLA MOBILITY, INC.;REEL/FRAME:029216/0282
Effective date: 20120622
|Nov 25, 2014||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: GOOGLE TECHNOLOGY HOLDINGS LLC, CALIFORNIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MOTOROLA MOBILITY LLC;REEL/FRAME:034449/0001
Effective date: 20141028
|Sep 25, 2015||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Feb 14, 2016||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Apr 5, 2016||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20160214