US 813050 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
PATENTED PEB. 20, 1906.
HQ MAINE. SNOW REMOVING APPARATUS.
APPLICATION FILED DEG. 18, 1905.
y tions and arrangements of parts,
HIRAM MAINE, OF INDIANAPOLIS, INDIANA.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Feb. 20, 1 90C.
Application iled December 18,1905.' Serial No. 292,222..
To a/Z wil/om t may concern:
Be it known that I, HIRAM MAINE, a citizen ofthe United States, residing at Indianapolis, in the county of Marion and State of Indiana, have invented new and useful Improvements in Snow-Removing Apparatus;' and I do declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon, which form a Apart lof thisA specification. This invention relates to apparatus for removing snow from streets to manholes of sewers, and it has reference particularly to a sliding conveyer for scraping and receiving the snow from the streets and conveying the snow to a manhole, to an unloader,- and to a manhole-guard attachable to the manholetop for guidin the snow into the manhole.
Objects of t e invention are to provide a paratus whereby snow may be expeditious y andeconomicall removed from the streets of towns and cities and dumped into sewers,
incidentally avoiding the expense of shoveling the snow onto wagons or sleds, and to provide snow-removers that may be employed for variousother pur oses.
With the above-mentione and minor objects in view the invention consists in a conveyer provided with an unloader, draft appliances connected to the unloader and detachably connected to the main part of the conveyer, and a manhole-guard adapted to sto and hold the conveyer while the un-` loa er operates; and the invention consists, further, 1n the novel parts and the combinaas herein.- after articularly described and claimed.
Re erring tothe drawings, Figure 1 is a erspective view4 of the conveyer with its unoader and draft appliances connected therewith, parts being broken away; Fig. 2, a lon- 'tudinal central vertical sectional view show- Ing the complete/apparatus, as when unloading snow from the conveyer to a manhole, the manhole-guard being in position at a manhole; and Fig. 3, a perspective view of the manhole-guard.
In practically carrying out the invention a suitable conveyer is provided, the main part of which has a scoop-like appearance and comprises a flat bottom A, having a scraping end a, and adapted to slide on a street or roadway, a pair of upright sides B and B,` at- I tached to the bottoni and provided with lonand having gitudinal guides b and b', and .a tail end Ci The guides are attached to the top of the sides, but may be arranged elsewhere on the sides. The forward ends of the sides B and B of the conveyer have studs D and D attached thereto for draft purposes, any s uitable form of which may be provided. A guiding-handle E is attached to therear end of the conveyer.
The unloader comprises a suitable tail board or plate F, that normally rests on the bottom A and against the tail end C and is movable to the forward end of the main part of the conveyer, being suitably arranged to vslide on the floor A and to be guided by the longitudinal guides to prevent its rising from the bottom A. The tail board or-plate may befone of various suitable shapes, so that it may be kept ap roximatel upright whilein operation away om the tai end C while pushing the'snow out of the main part of the conveyer.
A pair of shafts G and G tree c, are provided with a pair of cou lingirons H and H', preferably formed as hooks each an eye d, the hooks being attachable to and detachable-from the studs D and D', being normally connected to the studs.v A pair of links I and I', which may consist of elther ropes or chains, are connected to the eyes of the cou ling-irons and extend longitudinally along t e Inner sides of the sides of the main part of the conveyer to the tail-board F, to w 'ch they are connected by having a'swinglel means of hooks -e and e', that are attached to the links, and eyes f and f that are attached to the tail-board and receive the hooks. The links, however, may be otherwise connected to the tail-board. The shafts may be modified, obviously, so that twoor more drafthorses may be employed.
A guard for the sewer-manholes comprises, Aa bottom J, having a hole g therein, a number of guide-bars h, attachedto the bottom J adjacent to manhole and hold the guard securely in place thereat, a sto -bar K, secured to the bottom, at the front t ereof, and having lips? and j extending upwardly and forwardly, and a deflector L, attached to the bottom J and standing upright about the hole q1 with an open front.
In .practical use a sewer-manhole 'i is to be uncovered, and the guide-bars h are to be inserted therein, so. that the bottom J of the guard may rest upon the top of the wall of 'roo the hole gand designed to enter a rto the manhole. The conveyer and its parts are to be arranged as indicated in Fig. 1, and a horse 'or horses are to be suitably hitched to the draft appliances. A driver may guide the conveyer by the handle E, if necessary, Whilethe conveyer may be drawn on the ground or street-pavement, so that the snow may be gathered or be scraped or scooped into the conveyer as it is drawn toward the manhole. When arriving, the end a is to be drawn under the lips and jagainst the stopbar K. Then the coupling-irons H and H are to be disconnected from the studs D D or similar lugs -that may be employed, and the draft will then be applied to the tail-board F, so as to force the snow out of the main part of the conve er against the deilector L and into the manliole. The tail-board may then be replaced in its' normal position and the cou ling-irons connected to the studs or lugs, a er Which another load may be ob'- tained, as before, and dumped in the samev manner.
Having thus described the invention, What is claimed as new is- 1. A snow-remover including a conveyer for gathering and l inling snow and provided with an unloader movable therein.
2. A snow-remover including aconve 'er for gathering and hauling snow and provi ed with an unloader movable to draw the sno'W therefrom, and draft appliances attached to ythe conveyer-body and to the unloader partthereof.l
3. A snow-,remover including a sliding conveyer rovided With draft appliances, and a guard or manholes of sewers `provided with a plurality of guide-bars insertible into amanhole and having an upright deflector.
4. A snow-remover including a conveyer comprising a main part having a bottom,
sides provided With guides, a tail end, a handle at the tail end, and draft-lugs at the for- Ward ends of the sides; an unloader com ris- HIRAM' MAINE.
WM. H. PAYNE, E. T. SILVIUs.