US 813128 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 818,128. PATENTED FEB. 20, 1906.
H. J. WILLIAMS.
APPLICATION FILED JUNE 19. 1.905.
amw g paper being shown in dotted lines.
- portin UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
HARRY J. WILLIAMS, OF MERIDEN, CONNEUIICUT, ASSIGNOR TO UNITED STATES ENVELOPE COMPANY, OF SPRINGFIELD, MASSACHUSETTS, A
CORPORATION OF "MAINE.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Feb. 20, 1906.
Application filed June 19, 1905. Serial No. 265,964-
To all whom, it may concern.-
Be it known that I, HARRY J. WILLIAMs, a citizen of the United States, residing in Meriden, in the county of New Haven and State of Connecticut, have invented certain new and. useful Improvements in Paper-Fixtures; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of thiss ecification, and to the letters of reference mar ed thereon. This invention relates to improvements in fixtures for supporting rolls of paper, the invention being more especially applicable to toilet-paper fixtures, wherein cheapness and simplicity in design and operation are important factors.
The objects of the invention are to provide a simple .chea fixture without removable parts which will revolubly support the roll and at the same time restrain its rotation by friction applied through the holding and supparts, so as to facilitate the separation of the sheets and prevent overrunning by momentum.
The invention consists in certain novel details of construction and combinations and arrangements of parts, all as will be now described, and pointed out particularly in the ap ended claims.
eferring to the accompanying drawings, Figure lis a perspective view of a fixture embodying the present improvements, a roll of Fig. 2 is a horizontal section through the fixture, showing the preferred contour of the rollcentering projections and detail construction of the ad usting mechanism.
Like letters of reference in both figures in dicate the same parts.
The body of the fixture is struck up from sheet metal, preferably a continuous integral length embodying a base portion A, adapted to be secured to the wall or other support by screws a, and two arms or brackets A between the outer ends of which the roll of paper is clamped and held. Instead of providing a core piece or support extending between the arms and constituting a art of the fixture,
as is usual in this type of xture, the arms A are provided near their ends with annular projections A, ada ted to enter the central openings in the enr s of the roll to form the journals, on which it rotates as the paper is drawn off.
In forming up the body of the fixture the arms are preferably given a set to stand open sufficient y to receive the roll between them, and in order to draw the arms together to enter the projections and press the inner faces of the arms against the ends of the roll with sufficient pressure to create the desired friction an adjustable tie is provided in rear of the roll, preferably near the base of the arms. This tie may for the sake of simplicity take the form of a cross-bolt B, having one end secured permanently in one of the arms, as at b, and the other end passed through the opposite arm and threaded for the reception of a thumb-nut C. The latter is adapted to be rotated in one direction or the other to close or allow the arms to spring open, as the case may be.
To prevent. the entire removal of the thumb-nut, as well as to limit the. opening of the arms, the end of the tie B is headed at B on the outer side of the thumb-nut, and the nut itself may be recessed for the reception of the head, as at 3, whereby the projecttion of the end of the tie is avoided, inasmuch as the necessary ran e of movement of the I nut on the tie is sma l, and at the inner extreme of adjustment the end of the tie will project but little if any beyond the nut.
Obviously the frictional pressure on the ends of the roll may be accurately adjusted to effect .the proper separation of sheets from rolls even though the lines of weakness vary in strength within a wide range, thus adapting the fixture for effective operation with practically all grades and makes of paper.
The arms themselves, while preferably slightly elastic or resilient, so as to exert a yielding pressure on the roll, are nevertheless relatively wide and strong enough to resist any strams such as might be caused by attempting to remove or insert a roll without releasmg the tie connection at the base of the sizes with equal facility, there is little or no danger of its being broken by rough usage,
and no opportunity for the loss or removal of parts by. careless or viciously-inclined per- 10 5 sons.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1; A fixture of the class described comprising a metal plate having its end portions bent forward to form the side arms of the fixture, said arms having inwardly-extending projections op osite each other to form the journals for a r0 1 of paper and an adjustable tie-bolt connecting said arms in rear of the projections, whereby the arms may be moved toward each other to ress the inner faces of the arms against the. sides of the roll to create friction substantially as described.
2. A fixture of the class described comprising an integral resilient sheet-metal plate having its end portions'bent forward to form side arms or brackets, said arms having integral inwardly-extended, annular, tapered projections forming journals for the roll held between the arms, and an adjustable tie-bolt connecting the arms whereby said arms may pied by the roll and being be pressed against the sides of the roll to create friction, said tie-bolt being in rear of the roll, whereby a roll may be inserted'or removed without the removal of the tie: substantially as described.
3. A fixture of the class described comprising a sheet-metal plate having its end portions bent forward to form side arms between which the roll is clamped and supported, a tie having one end affixed to one of said arms near its base and passing through the opposite arm and a thumb-nut threaded on the free end of the tie outside of the arms, said tie being located in rear of the position occuadapted todraw the resiliency of and form "a fricthe arms together against the metal to clamp the roll tion-brake. I
HARRY J. WILLIAMS. Witnesses:
C. H. WooD,
C. J. DANAHER.