US 814563 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
PATENTED MAR. 6, 1906.
E. s. POND.
'- GARBAGE CAN.
- APPLICATION FILED NOV. 16, 1903.
3 A 7 2 SK Bil-SHEET 1.
WITNESSES INVEWTOR fly u flflomeya,
PATENTED MAR. 6, 1906.
APPLICATION rum) NOV. 1a, 1903.
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INVENTOR WITNESSES .vlilomeys.
UNITED STATES PA i E- r FFIOE. EZRA s. POND, oE ToLEDo, OHIO.
Specification of Letters Patent. Application filed November 16, 1903. Serial No. 131,273.
Patented March 6, 1906.
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, EZRA S. POND, a citizen of the United States, residingat Toledo,
I use the same, reference beinghad to the accompanying drawings, which form a part of this specification.
The invention relates to improvements in garbage -cans.
The object of the present invention is to improve the construction of garbagecans and to provide-a simple and comparatively inexpensivegarba e-can having an interior hopper and rovi ed with a valve which is adapted to c ose the discharge-openin of the hopper and through which opening the garbage is adapted to pass in a sufli'ciently small an continuous stream to cause a downward draft of air that will continue during the entiredischarge of the garbage from the hopper to the interior of the garbage-can.
With these and other objects in view the invention consists in the construction and novel combination and arran ement of parts 3o hereinafter fully described, il ustrated in the against a ence or wall.
accompanying drawings, and pointed out in the claims hereto appended, it being understood that various changes in the form, proportion, size,- and minor details of construction within the sco e of the claims may be resorted to without eparting from the spirit or sacrificing any of the advantages of the inventlon.
In the drawings, Figure 1 is a perspective 40 view of a garbage-can constructed 1n accordance with this invention, the outer lid or cover and the trough-like door being in their opened positions. Fig. 2 is a cross-section of the garba e-can, showing the same in place Fig. 3 is a perspective view showing the bottom of the hopper and the valve of the latter.
Like characters of reference designate corresponding parts in all the figures of the drawings.
A designates a rectangular can or receptacle provided at its upper edges with a metal strip A adapted to strengthen and stifien the can or receptacle at the top. The gar- I the drawings.
bage-can is provided with angle corner-pieces A having horizontal lugs A, formed by bending the outer ends of the front flanges of the corner-pieces outward. The can or receptacle is provided at its sides with suitable handles A", one of which is shown in Fig. 1 of charge its contents into a wagon, it is placed upon the edge of a wagon, the corner-pieces A sustaining the weight and concussion, 1f
any, and the lugs A engaging the edge of the wagon and preventing the can from slipping when the same is turned to discharge its contents.
Within the upper portion or mouth of the garbage can or receptacle is fitted an inverted substantially frusto pyramidal ho er B, havin inclined or slanting walls and hinged at its back at B and provided around its upper edge with a flange 1), which when the hopper is closed and in the position illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2 of the drawings rests upon the upper edges of the can or receptacle. The inclined walls or sides-B do not come together at the cei'iter, but leave a rectangular discharge-opening at this point. The rectangular discharge-opening is normally covered by a plate C, forming a valve and adapted to open downwardly. The plate C is hinged at the back to the bottom of the hopper at C and the lower edges of the hopper are turned outward to form a flat bearingsurface around the discharge opening. A strip of felt or other suitable packing material is placed upon this surface and is secured to the flanges by bending the outer edges of the latter downward and inward upon the strip. The engaging portions of the flanges of the bottom of the hopper are compressed to hold'the packing-strip in position. The valve or plate C closes against the packing.- strip of felt to form a tight joint.
A bar C is riveted or otherwise secured to the lower face of the plate or valve C, and it extends beyond the side edges of the same to form laterally-projecting arms which are connected to the lower ends of coiled springs C The springs C are secured at their upper ends to the up er portion of the opposite side walls of t e hopper, and they are ada ted to hold the plate or valve C normal y against its seat. As an alternate construction, a torsional spring 0 may be used at the hinges ofthe plate or valve C; The valve When the can is lifted to disor plate C has also secured to it a bar C, which is extended rearwardly and bent downwardly to provide a reanvardly-projecting inclined arm A chain or wire C is se- 5 cured to the outer end of the arm C and extends through a perforation in the upper portion of the rear wall of the hopper and is provided with a link or ring arranged at the uper face of the rear wall of the hopper and I0 adapted to be readily grasped by the finger. By pulling upon the wire C the valve or plate C may be swung upon its hinges and opened.
The garbage can or receptacle is provided 5 with an outer lid hinged at D D to the rear wall and adjacent to the point to which the hopper B is hinged. The upper edge of the rear wall of the garbage can or receptacle is provided with eyes, and the hopper and the outer lid have re istering eyes to receive a pintle-rod which 580 passes through the eyes of the can or receptacle, whereby the outer lid and the hopper are caused to swing on a common pivot. A strip of felt is placed along the lower surface of the flange B to form a tight joint between the hopper and the up er edges of the sides of the can or receptac e. The lid,which forms a cover for the can or receptacle and also for the hop er, selybynahook D as clearly il ustrated in Fig.2 of the drawings. The arbage can or receptacle is provided with a trough-like door E, having a rectangular face and segmental sides, which are turned up at their rear edges to form flanges or lugs E The flan es or lugs contact with bridges E, under w 'ch the segmental sides of the trou h-like door E pass in opening and closing t e said door E. The door E is hinged at 40 E to one side of the can or receptacle, and it acts as a valve to cover an opening E in the side to which the trough-like door is hinged. The strip of felt E surrounds the opening E and receives the door E to form a tight joint. The trough-like door E is secured in its closed position by fastenings E which are in the form of pivoted buttons. The garbage can or receptacle is placed against a fence or wall H to permit the hook B to be disengaged by a person upon the inside of the wall or fence H. The said wall or fence is also provided with an opening H to permit the door to be turned around upon its hinges through said openin so that access to the can may be obtained from the outside of the wall H and the contents of the can removed by a shovel. The pivot or pintle E is placed somewhat above the bottom of the can, so that any moisture that may settle will be retained by the can. If desired, the bottom may be slanting, as indicated in dotted lines in Fig. 2 of the drawings.
The valve 0 is normally held closed by the spring 0. The garbage is placed in the hopper and the valve C is then opened by pulling upon the wire or chain C thereby allowing the garbage to'fall in the lower portion of the can or receptacle. When the garbagp is dis charged into the can or receptacle, t e valveis allowed to close. When it is desired to remove the contents of the can, the door E may be turned downward and the removingshovel inserted in the opening E or the trough-like door may be elevated in its closed position and the can removed, its upper end placed upon the edge of a wagon, t e edge coming in contact with the comer-pieces A the hopper B and lid D being opened, and the bottom of the can turned upward to discharge the contents of the same. It will be noticed that by using the hinged door E it is only necessary to cut a com ara- -tively small hole in the wall or fence and that the garbage in descending into the can will prevent any odor from escaping while the valve C is 0 en. Also it will be seen that the valve C wil close the can or receptacle when it is not held open and that the lid D will prevent any odor from escaping that may arise from material adhering to the hopo p Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. In a garbage-can having an opening in 5 the side thereof, a door hinged to the lower edge of said opening, having se mental sides adapted to slide outside of an in close engagement with the side walls of said can when said door is closed, said segmental sides being turned outward along their rearedges to form lugs, and a bridge secured to the can and passing over a segmental side so as to be contacted by its lug when the door is opened and so as to form a guide for a segmental side, substantially as described.
2. The combination of a can or receptacle, a hopper of frusto-pyramidal form fitted within the top of the can or receptacle and' resting upon the upper edges thereof, a lid forming a cover for both the hopper and the can or receptacle, a valve consisting of a plate hinged to the hopper at the bottom thereof, arms extending laterally from the valve, springs connected with the arms and with the hopper for holding the valve normally closed, an inclined arm extending rearwardly from the valve, and an operating device piercing the rear wall of the hopper and connected with the rearwardly-extending arm.
3. The combination of a can or receptacle, a hopper of frusto -pyramidal form fitted within the top of the can or receptacle and resting upon the upper edges thereof, a lid r2 5 forming a cover for both the hopper and the can or rece tacle, said lid and hopper having a common 'nge-joint, a valve consisting of a plate hinged to the hopper at the bottom IIO thereof, arms extending laterally from the In testimony whereof I sign this specifica-' tion in the presence of two Witnesses.
EZRA S. POND.
connected with the rearwardly-extending FRED CHRISTENSEN, arm. MARTIN V. BOYER.