|Publication number||US814641 A|
|Publication date||Mar 6, 1906|
|Filing date||Jan 28, 1903|
|Priority date||Jan 28, 1903|
|Publication number||US 814641 A, US 814641A, US-A-814641, US814641 A, US814641A|
|Original Assignee||Hugo Reisinger|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (11), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
'BATENTED MAR. 6, 1906. J. COOMBER. f
PPLIOATION FILED JAN. 2s, 1903.
JAMES COOMBER, OF NEW YORK, N. Y., ASSIGNOR, BY MENTS, TO HUGO REISINGER, VOF NEW YORK,
MESNE ASSIGN- N o. 814,641. Specification of Letters Patent.
1903. Serial No. 140,822.
Patented March 6, 1906. Application led January 28,
A vertical'guide or socket 14 is formed in the casing, and therein a screw-carrier and a non-revoluble nut 16 are guided. A recess To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JAMES CooMBER, a resident of the city of New York, in the county and State of New York, have invented cer- 17 is formed in the frame, in which is mounttain new and useful Improvements in Corked a pinion 18, which is secured to travel 6o Extractors, of which the following is a full, wit an operating-lever 20 and which enclear, and exact description. gages the teeth of a rack-bar 19, integrally e present invention relates to devices formed with the screw-carrier. Pinion 1S for drawing corks from bottles and the like, also engages the teeth of a stationary rack and more particularly to that class of cork- 21, integrally formed with the frame. The 65 extractors in which an operating-lever is emstud of pinion 18 is secured to lever 70 and ployed to impart a gyratory and longitudinal extends through and is free to travel vertishift to the corkscrew. cally in an elongated slot 23 formed in one of It is now common practice and has heretothe side walls of frame 10. T e pinion and fore been proposed to employ interlocking operating-lever are normally positioned as 7o mechanism to insure the proper relative lonshown in Fig. 1. A handle 24 is secured to gitudinal movement of the screw-carrier and the distal terminal of the operating-lever. the nut or part for imparting rotation to the Carrier 15 is longitudinally movable and is screw to cause -a unison longitudinal moveprovided with a flat bearing-surface 25, a slot ment of carrier and nut while the cork is beor recess 26, wherein is journaled the shank 75 ing drawn and to insure independent longitu- 29 of a corkscrew 28, and a transverse slot or dinal movement of the carrier while the screw recess 27, adapted to receive head 30 of screw is penetrating the cork and the cork is being 28. Head 30 fits within slot 27 and causes stripped from the screw. the screw to move longitudinally therewith.
One object of the present invention is to Shank 27 fits loosely in slot 26, so a slight in- 8o provide an improved construction in which dependent play of the carrier is permitted. the necessity of employing interlocking Nut 16 is formed with a suitable way oi mechanism is avoided an inwhichtheproper groove, wherethrough the corkscrew passes relative movement of the carrier and nut is an which causes the corkscrew to rotate insured. when the nut and corkscrew are independ- 85 The invention further designs to improve ently shifted Nut 16 has integrally formed the construction and operation of cork-extherewith a stop 32, adapted to engage the tractors and to provide a device which is effiame, as at 33 which forms an abutment for cient in operation and simple in construclimiting the downward movement of the nut. tion, so it can be produced at a low cost. he lower portion of the nut is preferably of 9o -a clamp 12, whereby the contour corresponding to socket 14, and the nut is provided with an integral upwardlyextending strip A34, having a surface 35, adapted to be engaged by surface 25 of the carrier. The nut is also formed with a lug 9 5 36, adapted to engage the top wall of the hereof.
In the drawings, Figure 1 is a view in central vertical longitudinal section of a corkextractor embodying the preferred form of the invention. Fig. 2 is a view in horizontal section, taken on line 2 2 of Fig. 1. Fig.. 3 is on its under side by the carrier when the cara perspective of the screw-carrier. Fig. 4 is rier is in its normal position and to secure the roo a perspective of the non-revoluble nut. Fig. nut against independent downward move- 5 is an inverted plan. Fig. 6 is a detail view ment. of one of the guide-hooks of the bottle-holder The friction-surfaces on the nut extension jaws. and carrier, respectively, provide friction A frame or casing 10 sustains the several means, causing the carrier and nut to travel 105 'parts of the operating mechanism and is usuin unison vertically, except when vleither of ally formed of sections secured and fitting these parts is restricted by positive stop.
together. The frame may be provided with frame can be secured I to a table, counter, or shelf.
Recess 26 permits a slight fore-and-aft play of the carrier and avoids lateral strain against the corkscrew The longitudinal travel of iio the corkscrew and nut is sufficient to withdraw a cork from a bottle and strip the cork from screw during the continuous travel of the corkscrew in one direction.
The operation of the mechanism for withdrawing a cork and stripping the cork from the screw will be as follows: Assuming the mechanism to be in normal position (shown in Fig. 1) and a bottle to be held beneath the frame,V the operator will shift lever 20 forwardly and downwardly and impart a cycloidal movement to pinion 18, which will shift the carrier in downward direction. The pinion during the initial part of its rotary and downward travel will tend to force the carrier forwardly and cause surface 25 thereof to impinge against friction-surface 35 of the nut, and cause the carrier and nut to be held in firm frictional engagement with each other to insure the unison longitudinal travel of the corkscrew, carrier, and nut. The alinement of the screw will not be disturbed, because it is loosely held in recess 26 of the carrier. The screw will be held against transverse movement in recess 26 and will be vertically alined by the nut. The unison downward movement of the nut and carrier will continue until stop 32 encounters abutment 33 and is thereby positively secured against further downward movement. During the further downward movement of the carrier friction-surface 25 will slip over or ride along friction-surface 35 of the nut. During the latter part of the downward travel of the carrier the screw will gyrate and penetrate the cork. The mechanism will then be in position indicated by dotted lines of Fig. 1. Reverse shift of the operating-lever will again cause the respective friction-surfaces of the carrier and nut to engage each other and effect a unison upward shift of the corkscrew and nut during the initial upward movement of the carrier until stop 36 engages abutment 38. During such unison movement of said parts the cork will be drawn from the bottle. Frictional engagement of the carrier and nut insures such unison shift. After the nut is positively held against upward movement the independent shift of the carrier will effect reverse gyration of the corkscrew and strip the cork rom the corkscrew, so the cork will be free to gravitate from the frame or casing. While the cork is being stripped from the screw, the carrier will slip along the nut, and
after the carrier has been restored to normal position stop 36 will rest against the upper edge of the carrier and prevent gravitation of the nut, thus securing the parts in proper relative position for commencement of succeeding operation.
The present invention provides a cork-extractor which is verysimple in construction, which can be produced at a low cost, and in which the proper relative movements of the non-revoluble part for effecting rotation of the screw and the carrier are insured. Interlocking mechanism su'ch as is now commonly employed is dispensed with. An objection to the employment of interlocking mechanism is that if the operating-lever was not shifted a full stroke proper operation of the interlocking mechanism was not effected failure of the proper coaction of the mechanisms during the succeeding shift ofthe operatinglever results. Such objection is entirely overcome in the present invention, since the carrier and nut will always be brought into frictional engagement, even though the operating-lever is not moved to the full end of its stroke. An advantage in employing the particular construction of carrier and permitting a slight play of the corkscrew in the carrier is that alinement of the vcorkscrew is not disturbed, and, furthermore, excessive friction between the corkscrew and carrier is avoided. By forming open recesses 26 and 29 in the carrier the corkscrew-shank can be inserted laterally into the carrier, and extension 34, fitting against the open sides of said recesses, retains the corkscrew in the carrier.
1n Letters Patent of the United States No. 678,773, granted to me July 16, 1901, there is shown and described a device for holding bottles, and the present invention designs to improve the construction shown in such patent. The improved device for holding bottles comprises the jaws 40 and 41, each of jvhich is secured to a horizontal projecting u eagch of which is provided withaseries of teeth 44 intermeshing with each other. The central portion of each jaw is curved to fit around the neck of a bottle and provided with an elastic strip 44. A handle 45 is integrally formed with each of the members and the outward movement of each jaw is restricted by a lug 47, integrally formed with frame 10. Each jaw is formed with a hook 45.
.The invention is not to be understood as restricted to the particular construction shown and described, but may be varied by the skilled mechanic without departing from the spirit of the invention.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
' 1. The combination with a frame of a longitudinally-movable carrier, a corkscrew journaled in said carrier, a nut for rotating said corkscrew having a limited longitudinal movement, a part rigidly secured to and traveling longitudinally with said nut and having a projecting abutment at its upper end in engagement with the carrier when the carrier is in its normal position, to determine the relative position of the carrier and nut during a part of the travel of the corkscrew in one direction.
2. The combination with a frame, of a lonlgitudinally-movable carrier, a corkscrew 42 of frame 1() by a fixed pivot 43, and
j ournaled in said carrier, a nut for rotating ment with each other to cause unison longisaid corkscrew and through which said corktudinal movement of the nut and carrier, said screw is extended and having a limited longicorkscrew being loosely mounted at its beartudinal movement, friction-surfaces longituing in the carrier so that when said surfaces dinally movable with the carrier and nut reare forced into frictional engagement the spectively and engaging each other to cause corkscrew will remain in accurate alinement. unison travel of the nut and carrier, said 4. In a cork-puller, the combination with corkscrew being loosely mounted at its beara frame, of a longitudinally-movable carrier ing in the carrier so that when said surfaces guided by said frame, a corkscrew journaled are forced into friction engagement, the corkin said carrier and having a head at its upper screw remains in accurate alinemehtI and an end, said carrier having an open recess operating-lever.
3. The combination with aframe, of alonally into the journal of the carrier, a part gitudinally-movable carrier, a corkscrew movable with said nut, extended adjacent journaled in said carrier, a nut for rotating said recess to retain the corkscrew in the said corkscrew and through which said corkcarrier and an operating-lever for imparting screw is extended and having a limited longimovement to the carrier. tudinal movement, a part secured to travel JAMES COOMBER. with the nut having an extended friction-sur In presence offace, a friction-surface movement with the HEPPOLYTO A. GENE, carrier, said surfaces being held in engage- WILLIAM WEIL.
through which the head can be inserted later-
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