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Publication numberUS8167766 B2
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 13/185,327
Publication dateMay 1, 2012
Filing dateJul 18, 2011
Priority dateFeb 13, 2009
Also published asCN101871518A, CN101871518B, DE102010007356A1, US7998013, US20100210405, US20110275472
Publication number13185327, 185327, US 8167766 B2, US 8167766B2, US-B2-8167766, US8167766 B2, US8167766B2
InventorsAndrew W. Phillips, James M. Hart, Clinton E. Carey, Scott H. Wittkopp
Original AssigneeGM Global Technology Operations LLC
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Multi-speed transmission
US 8167766 B2
Abstract
A transmission of the present invention has an input member, an output member, four planetary gear sets, a plurality of coupling members and a plurality of torque transmitting devices. Each of the planetary gear sets includes first, second and third members. The torque transmitting devices may include clutches and brakes. The torque transmitting devices are selectively engageable in combinations of at least three to establish at least nine forward speed ratios and at least one reverse speed ratio.
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Claims(20)
1. A transmission comprising:
an input member;
an output member;
first, second, third and fourth planetary gear sets each having first, second and third members;
a first torque transmitting device selectively engageable to connect the third member of the second planetary gear set with the output member;
a second torque transmitting device selectively engageable to connect the second member of the first planetary gear set with the output member;
a third torque transmitting device selectively engageable to connect the first member of the third planetary gear set with the first member of the fourth planetary gear set;
a fourth transmitting device selectively engageable to connect the first member of the third planetary gear set with the second member of the third planetary gear set;
a fifth torque transmitting device selectively engageable to connect the first member of the fourth planetary gear set with a stationary member;
a sixth torque transmitting device selectively engageable to connect the second member of the third planetary gear set with the stationary member; and
at least five continuous connections from at least one of the first members, the second members, the third members, and the stationary member to at least one other of the first members, the second members, and the third members, and
wherein the torque transmitting devices are selectively engageable in combinations of at least three to establish at least nine forward speed ratios and at least one reverse speed ratio between the input member and the output member.
2. The transmission of claim 1 wherein the at least five continuous connections include a first continuous connection between the first member of the first planetary gear set and the first member of the second planetary gear set, a second continuous connection between the first member of the first planetary gear set and the third member of the third planetary gear set, a third continuous connection between the second member of the third planetary gear set and the third member of the fourth planetary gear set, a fourth continuous connection between the second member of the second planetary gear set and the second member of the fourth planetary gear set, and a fifth continuous connection between the third member of the first planetary gear set and the stationary member.
3. The transmission of claim 1 wherein the first members of the first, second, third, and fourth planetary gear sets are sun gears, the second members of the first, second, third, and fourth planetary gear sets are carrier members, and the third members of the first, second, third, and fourth planetary gear sets are ring gears.
4. The transmission of claim 1 wherein the input member is continuously connected with at least one of the second member of the second planetary gear set and the second member of the fourth planetary gear set.
5. A transmission comprising:
an input member;
an output member;
first, second, third and fourth planetary gear sets each having first, second and third members, wherein the first members of the first and second planetary gear sets and the third member of the third planetary gear set are connected to form a first rotary member, the second member of the third planetary gear set and the third member of the fourth planetary gear set are connected to form a second rotary member, the second members of the second and fourth planetary gear sets are connected to form a third rotary member, and the third member of the first planetary gear set is continuously connected with a stationary member;
a first torque transmitting device selectively engageable to connect the third member of the second planetary gear set with the output member;
a second torque transmitting device selectively engageable to connect the second member of the first planetary gear set with the output member;
a third torque transmitting device selectively engageable to connect the first member of the third planetary gear set with the first member of the fourth planetary gear set;
a fourth torque transmitting device selectively engageable to connect the first member of the third planetary gear set with the second rotary member;
a fifth torque transmitting device selectively engageable to connect the first member of the fourth planetary gear set with the stationary member; and
a sixth torque transmitting device selectively engageable to connect the second rotary member with the stationary member, and
wherein the torque transmitting devices are selectively engageable in combinations of at least three to establish at least nine forward speed ratios and at least one reverse speed ratio between the input member and the output member.
6. The transmission of claim 5 wherein the input member is continuously connected with the third rotary member.
7. The transmission of claim 5 wherein the second, third, and sixth torque transmitting mechanisms are engaged in one of the at least one reverse speed ratios.
8. The transmission of claim 7 wherein the second, third, and fourth torque transmitting mechanisms are engaged in a first of the at least nine forward speed ratios.
9. The transmission of claim 8 wherein the second, fourth, and fifth torque transmitting mechanisms are engaged in a second of the at least nine forward speed ratios.
10. The transmission of claim 9 wherein the second, third, and fifth torque transmitting mechanisms are engaged in a third of the at least nine forward speed ratios.
11. The transmission of claim 10 wherein the first, second, and fifth torque transmitting mechanisms are engaged in a fourth of the at least nine forward speed ratios.
12. The transmission of claim 11 wherein the first, third, and fifth torque transmitting mechanisms are engaged in a fifth of the at least nine forward speed ratios.
13. The transmission of claim 12 wherein the first, fourth, and fifth torque transmitting mechanisms are engaged in a sixth of the at least nine forward speed ratios.
14. The transmission of claim 13 wherein the first, third, and fourth torque transmitting mechanisms are engaged in a seventh of the at least nine forward speed ratios.
15. The transmission of claim 14 wherein the first, fourth, and sixth torque transmitting mechanisms are engaged in an eighth of the at least nine forward speed ratios.
16. The transmission of claim 15 wherein the first, third, and sixth torque transmitting mechanisms are engaged in a ninth of the at least nine forward speed ratios.
17. The transmission of claim 5 wherein the first members of the first, second, third, and fourth planetary gear sets are sun gears, the second members of the first, second, third, and fourth planetary gear sets are carrier members, and the third members of the first, second, third, and fourth planetary gear sets are ring gears.
18. A transmission comprising:
an input member;
an output member;
first, second, third and fourth planetary gear sets each having a sun gear, a carrier member, and a ring gear, wherein the sun gears of the first and second planetary gear sets and the ring gear of the third planetary gear set are connected to form a first rotary member, the carrier member of the third planetary gear set and the ring gear of the fourth planetary gear set are connected to form a second rotary member, the carrier members of the second and fourth planetary gear sets and the input member are connected to form a third rotary member, and the ring gear of the first planetary gear set is continuously connected with a stationary member;
a first torque transmitting device selectively engageable to connect the ring gear of the second planetary gear set with the output member;
a second torque transmitting device selectively engageable to connect the carrier member of the first planetary gear set with the output member;
a third torque transmitting device selectively engageable to connect the sun gear of the third planetary gear set with the sun gear of the fourth planetary gear set;
a fourth torque transmitting device selectively engageable to connect the sun gear of the third planetary gear set with the second rotary member;
a fifth torque transmitting device selectively engageable to connect the sun gear of the fourth planetary gear set with the stationary member; and
a sixth torque transmitting device selectively engageable to connect the second rotary member with the stationary member, and
wherein the torque transmitting devices are selectively engageable in combinations of at least three to establish at least nine forward speed ratios and at least one reverse speed ratio between the input member and the output member.
19. The transmission of claim 18 wherein the first torque transmitting device is engaged in a fourth through a ninth of the at least nine forward speed ratios, the second torque transmitting device is engaged in a first through the fourth of the at least nine forward speed ratios and a first of the at least one reverse speed ratios, the third torque transmitting device is engaged in the first, a third, a fifth, a seventh, and the ninth of the at least nine forward speed ratios and the first of the at least one reverse speed ratios, the fourth torque transmitting device is engaged in the first, a second, a sixth, the seventh, and an eighth of the at least nine forward speed ratios, the fifth torque transmitting device is engaged in the second through the sixth of the at least nine forward speed ratios, and the sixth torque transmitting device is engaged in the eighth and the ninth of the at least nine forward speed ratios and the first of the at least one reverse speed ratios.
20. The transmission of claim 18 wherein the stationary member is a transmission housing.
Description
CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

This application is a continuation of U.S. application Ser. No. 12/371,095 filed on Feb. 13, 2009. The disclosure of the above application is incorporated herein by reference.

FIELD

The invention relates generally to a multiple speed transmission having a plurality of planetary gear sets and a plurality of torque transmitting devices, and more particularly to a transmission having nine or more speeds, four planetary gear sets and a plurality of torque transmitting devices.

BACKGROUND

The statements in this section merely provide background information related to the present disclosure and may or may not constitute prior art.

A typical multiple speed transmission uses a combination of friction clutches or brakes, planetary gear arrangements and fixed interconnections to achieve a plurality of gear ratios. The number and physical arrangement of the planetary gear sets, generally, are dictated by packaging, cost and desired speed ratios.

While current transmissions achieve their intended purpose, the need for new and improved transmission configurations which exhibit improved performance, especially from the standpoints of efficiency, responsiveness and smoothness and improved packaging, primarily reduced size and weight, is essentially constant. Accordingly, there is a need for an improved, cost-effective, compact multiple speed transmission.

SUMMARY

A transmission is provided having an input member, an output member, four planetary gear sets, a plurality of coupling members and a plurality of torque transmitting devices. Each of the planetary gear sets includes first, second and third members. The torque transmitting devices are for example clutches and brakes.

In an aspect of the present invention a transmission is provided having an input member, an output member, a first, second, third and fourth planetary gear sets each having sun gears, carrier members and ring gears. The input member is continuously interconnected with the carrier member of the second planetary gear set and the carrier member of the fourth planetary gear set.

Additionally, a first interconnecting member continuously interconnects the sun gear member of the first planetary gear set with the sun gear member of the second planetary gear set, a second interconnecting member continuously interconnects the sun gear member of the first planetary gear set with the ring gear member of the third planetary gear set, a third interconnecting member continuously interconnects the carrier member of the third planetary gear set with the ring gear member of the fourth planetary gear set and a fourth interconnecting member continuously interconnects the carrier member of the second planetary gear set with the carrier member of the fourth planetary gear set.

Further, a first torque transmitting device is selectively engageable to interconnect the ring gear member of the second planetary gear set with the output member, a second torque transmitting device is selectively engageable to interconnect the carrier member of the first planetary gear set with the output member, a third torque transmitting device is selectively engageable to interconnect the sun gear member of the third planetary gear set with the sun gear member of the fourth planetary gear set, a fourth torque transmitting device is selectively engageable to interconnect the sun gear member of the third planetary gear set with the carrier member of the third planetary gear set, a fifth torque transmitting device is selectively engageable to interconnect the sun gear member of the fourth planetary gear set with the stationary member and a sixth torque transmitting device is selectively engageable to interconnect the carrier member of the third planetary gear set with the stationary member. The torque transmitting devices are selectively engageable in combinations of at least three to establish at least nine forward speed ratios and at least one reverse speed ratio between the input member and the output member.

It is thus an object of the present invention to provide a transmission having four planetary gear sets.

It is a further object of the present invention to provide a transmission having nine forward speeds and at least one reverse.

It is a still further object of the present invention to provide a transmission having four planetary gear sets, a plurality of coupling members and a plurality of torque transmitting devices.

Further objects, aspects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent by reference to the following description and appended drawings wherein like reference numbers refer to the same component, element or feature.

DRAWINGS

The drawings described herein are for illustration purposes only and are not intended to limit the scope of the present disclosure in any way.

FIG. 1 is a lever diagram of an embodiment of a nine speed transmission according to the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a diagrammatic view of an embodiment of a nine speed transmission according to the present invention; and

FIG. 3 is a truth table presenting the state of engagement of the various torque transmitting elements in each of the available forward and reverse speeds or gear ratios of the transmission illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

The following description is merely exemplary in nature and is not intended to limit the present disclosure, application, or uses.

At the outset, it should be appreciated that in the particular example provided, the nine speed automatic transmission of the present invention has an arrangement of permanent mechanical connections between the elements of the four planetary gear sets. A first component or element of a first planetary gear set is permanently coupled to a first component or element of the second planetary gear set. A first component or element of a first planetary gear set is permanently coupled to a third component or element of a third planetary gear set. A third component or element of a first planetary gear set is permanently coupled to a stationary member. A second component or element of the second planetary gear set is permanently coupled to a second component or element of a fourth planetary gear set. Finally, a second component or element of the third planetary gear set is permanently coupled to a third component or element of a fourth planetary gear set.

Referring now to FIG. 1, an embodiment of a nine speed transmission 10 is illustrated in a lever diagram format. A lever diagram is a schematic representation of the components of a mechanical device such as an automatic transmission. Each individual lever represents a planetary gear set wherein the three basic mechanical components of the planetary gear set are each represented by a node. Therefore, a single lever contains three nodes: one for the sun gear, one for the planet gear carrier, and one for the ring gear. The relative length between the nodes of each lever can be used to represent the ring-to-sun ratio of each respective gear set. These lever ratios, in turn, are used to vary the gear ratios of the transmission in order to achieve appropriate ratios and ratio progression. Mechanical couplings or interconnections between the nodes of the various planetary gear sets are illustrated by thin, horizontal lines and torque transmitting devices such as clutches and brakes are presented as interleaved fingers. If the device is a brake, one set of the fingers is grounded. Further explanation of the format, purpose and use of lever diagrams can be found in SAE Paper 810102, “The Lever Analogy: A New Tool in Transmission Analysis” by Benford and Leising which is hereby fully incorporated by reference.

The transmission 10 includes an input shaft or member 12, a first planetary gear set 14 having three nodes: a first node 14A, a second node 14B and a third node 14C, a second planetary gear set 16 having three nodes: a first node 16A, a second node 16B and a third node 16C, a third planetary gear set 18 having three nodes: a first node 18A, a second node 18B and a third node 18C, a fourth planetary gear set 20 having three nodes: a first node 20A, a second node 20B and a third node 20C and an output shaft or member 22.

The input member 12 is coupled to the second node 16B of the second planetary gear set 16 and the second node 20B of the fourth planetary gear set 20. The first node 14A of the first planetary gear set 14 is coupled to a first node 16A of the second planetary gear set 16 and to third node 18C of the third planetary gear set 18. The third node 14C of the first planetary gear set 14 is coupled to a stationary member or the transmission housing 50. The second node 18B of the third planetary gear set 18 is coupled to the third node 20C of the fourth planetary gear set 20.

A first clutch 26 selectively connects the first node 16C of the third planetary gear set 16 with the output shaft or member 22. A second clutch 28 selectively connects the second node 14B of the second planetary gear set 14 with the output shaft or member 22. A third clutch 30 selectively connects the third node 18A of the third planetary gear set 18 with the first node 20A of the fourth planetary gear set 20. A fourth clutch 32 selectively connects the first node 18A of the third planetary gear set 18 with the second node 18B of the third planetary gear set 18. A first brake 34 selectively connects the first node 20A of the fourth planetary gear set 20 with a stationary element or a transmission housing 50. A second brake 36 selectively connects the second node 18B of the second planetary gear set 18 with the stationary element or the transmission housing 50.

Referring now to FIG. 2, a stick diagram presents a schematic layout of the embodiment of the nine speed transmission 10 according to the present invention. In FIG. 2, the numbering from the lever diagram of FIG. 1 is carried over. The clutches, brakes, and couplings are correspondingly presented whereas the nodes of the planetary gear sets now appear as components of planetary gear sets such as sun gears, ring gears, planet gears and planet gear carriers.

For example, the planetary gear set 14 includes a sun gear member 14A, a ring gear member 14C and a planet gear carrier member 14B that rotatably supports a set of planet gears 14D (only one of which is shown). The planet gears 14D are each configured to intermesh with both the sun gear member 14A and the ring gear member 14C. The sun gear member 14A is connected for common rotation with a first shaft or interconnecting member 42 and a second shaft or interconnecting member 44. The ring gear member 14C is connected to a stationary member 50 that prevents ring gear member 14C from rotating relative to member 50. The planet carrier member 14B is connected for common rotation with for common rotation with a third shaft or interconnecting member 46.

The planetary gear set 16 includes a sun gear member 16A, a ring gear member 16C and a planet gear carrier member 16B that rotatably supports a set of planet gears 16D (only one of which is shown). The planet gears 16D are each configured to intermesh with both the sun gear member 16A and the ring gear member 16C. The sun gear member 16A is connected for common rotation with the first shaft or interconnecting member 42. The ring gear member 16C is connected for common rotation with a fourth shaft or interconnecting member 48. The planet carrier member 16B is connected for common rotation with the input member 12.

The planetary gear set 18 includes a sun gear member 18A, a ring gear member 18C and a planet gear carrier member 18B that rotatably supports a set of planet gears 18D (only one of which is shown). The set of planet gears 18D are each configured to intermesh with both the sun gear member 18A and the ring gear member 18C. The sun gear member 18A is connected for common rotation with a fifth interconnecting member 52. The ring gear member 18C is connected for common rotation with the second shaft or interconnecting member 44. The planet carrier member 18B is connected for common rotation with a sixth shaft or interconnecting member 54 and a seventh shaft or interconnecting member 56.

The planetary gear set 20 includes a sun gear member 20A, a ring gear member 20C and a planet gear carrier member 20B that rotatably supports a set of planet gears 20D (only one of which is shown). The set of planet gears 20D are each configured to intermesh with both the sun gear member 20A and ring gear member 20C. The sun gear member 20A is connected for common rotation with an eighth shaft or interconnecting member 58. The ring gear member 20C is connected for common rotation with the sixth shaft or interconnecting member 54. The planet carrier member 20B is connected for common rotation with the input shaft or member 12.

The input shaft or member 12 is continuously connected to an engine (not shown) or to a turbine of a torque converter (not shown). The output shaft or member 22 is continuously connected with the final drive unit or transfer case (not shown).

The torque-transmitting mechanisms or the clutches 26, 28, 30, 32 and the brakes 34 and 36 allow for selective interconnection of the shafts or interconnecting members, members of the planetary gear sets and the housing. For example, the first clutch 26 is selectively engageable to connect the output shaft or member 22 with the fourth shaft or interconnecting member 48. The second clutch 28 is selectively engageable to connect the third shaft or interconnecting member 46 with the output shaft or member 22. The third clutch 30 is selectively engageable to connect the fifth shaft or interconnecting member 52 with the eighth shaft or interconnecting member 58. The fourth clutch 32 is selectively engageable to connect the fifth shaft or interconnecting member 52 with the seventh shaft or interconnecting member 56. The first brake 34 is selectively engageable to connect the eighth shaft or interconnecting member 58 with a stationary element or the transmission housing 50 in order to prevent the eighth shaft or interconnecting member 58 from rotating relative to the transmission housing 50. The second brake 36 is selectively engageable to connect the seventh shaft or interconnecting member 56 with a stationary element or the transmission housing 50 in order to prevent the seventh shaft or interconnecting member 56 from rotating relative to the transmission housing 50.

Referring now to FIGS. 2 and 3, the operation of the embodiment of the nine speed transmission 10 will be described. It will be appreciated that the transmission 10 is capable of transmitting torque from the input shaft or member 12 to the output shaft or member 22 in at least nine forward speed or torque ratios and at least one reverse speed or torque ratio with a double overdrive. Each forward and reverse speed or torque ratio is attained by engagement of one or more of the torque-transmitting mechanisms (i.e. first clutch 26, second clutch 28, third clutch 30, fourth clutch 32, first brake 34 and second brake 36), as will be explained below. FIG. 3 is a truth table presenting the various combinations of torque-transmitting elements that are activated or engaged to achieve the various gear states. Actual numerical gear ratios of the various gear states are also presented although it should be appreciated that these numerical values are exemplary only and that they may be adjusted over significant ranges to accommodate various applications and operational criteria of the transmission 10. An example of the gear ratios that may be obtained using the embodiments of the present invention are also shown in FIG. 3. Of course, other gear ratios are achievable depending on the gear diameter, gear teeth count and gear configuration selected.

To establish reverse gear, the second clutch 28, the third clutch 30 and the second brake 36 are engaged or activated. The second clutch 28 connects the third shaft or interconnecting member 46 with the output shaft or member 22. The third clutch 30 connects the fifth shaft or interconnecting member 52 with the eighth shaft or interconnecting member 58. The second brake 36 connects the seventh shaft or interconnecting member 56 with a stationary element or the transmission housing 50 in order to prevent the seventh shaft or interconnecting member 56 from rotating relative to the transmission housing 50. Likewise, the nine forward ratios are achieved through different combinations of clutch and brake engagement, as shown in FIG. 3.

It will be appreciated that the foregoing explanation of operation and gear states of the nine speed transmission 10 assumes, first of all, that all the clutches and brakes not specifically referenced in a given gear state are inactive or disengaged and, second of all, that during gear shifts, i.e., changes of gear state, between at least adjacent gear states, a clutch or brake engaged or activated in both gear states will remain engaged or activated.

The description of the invention is merely exemplary in nature and variations that do not depart from the gist of the invention are intended to be within the scope of the invention. Such variations are not to be regarded as a departure from the spirit and scope of the invention.

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US8414445 *May 10, 2012Apr 9, 2013GM Global Technology Operations LLCTransmission having at least eight speeds
US8460151 *Jul 13, 2011Jun 11, 2013GM Global Technology Operations LLCMulti-speed transmission having automatic and manual modes
US8888648 *Jan 17, 2013Nov 18, 2014Gm Global Technology Operations, LlcMulti-speed transmission
US20120071289 *Jul 13, 2011Mar 22, 2012GM Global Technology Operations LLCMulti-speed transmission having automatic and manual modes
US20130210570 *Jan 17, 2013Aug 15, 2013GM Global Technology Operations LLCMulti-speed transmission
Classifications
U.S. Classification475/276
International ClassificationF16H3/62
Cooperative ClassificationF16H2200/2097, F16H2200/2046, F16H2003/447, F16H3/66, F16H2200/0065, F16H2200/2012
European ClassificationF16H3/66
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Nov 7, 2014ASAssignment
Free format text: RELEASE BY SECURED PARTY;ASSIGNOR:WILMINGTON TRUST COMPANY;REEL/FRAME:034186/0776
Effective date: 20141017
Owner name: GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS LLC, MICHIGAN
Jun 28, 2012ASAssignment
Effective date: 20101027
Owner name: WILMINGTON TRUST COMPANY, DELAWARE
Free format text: SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS LLC;REEL/FRAME:028466/0870