US 816996 A
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No. 816,996." PATENTED APR. 3, 1906. H. E. PLASS.
ELECTRIC LIGHT FITTING.
APPLICATION FILED JUNE 9; 1905.
A It? u nuclease.
' trio-Li ht Fittings, of W U Nrrn a STATES HERBERT PATENT OFFICE.
E. PLASS, OF NEW YORK, N. Y., ASSIGNOR TO HOWARD MINIATURE. LAMP COMPANY, A CORPORATION OF NEW YORK.
To all whom it may concern: I
Be it known that I, HERBERT E. PLASS, a citizen of the UnitedStates, residing in the borough of Manhattan, in the city, county, andState of'New- York, haveinvented certain new and useful lm rovem'ents in Elec- 'ch the following is a specification, reference being had therein to and diffuse the light therefrom,
of flowers, thus ploviding an. artistic and I the accompanying drawings, which form a part thereof.
My. invention relates'to electric-light fittings, and more particularly to a class of decorative fittings especially adapted for" table and room-decoratlons.
The main object of the invention is to pro videan'electric-i ht fitting which will permit the use of artificial flowers in a manner to entirely conceal the bulbfand modify, tone,
so "as to produce the effect of a lustrousflowerior cluster highly-decorative table or room eflect.
A further object is'to provide a fittin wherein the decorative ortions'will be he'l from contact with" the amp-bulb and protectedfrom the heattherefrom, i
A still further object is to rovide an interchangeablefittingwhichwil present novisible protuberanoes and be entirely devoid of all visible mechanical contrivances; and a stillfurther object is to provideisuch a fitting which will be reasonably inexpensive to manufacture and simple-in its manner of application and in its construction.
The invention consists, ri'marily, in providing, in an electric-light tting, the combi-i nation-with a lamp-socket provided with :means whereby suitable electrical connections may be madetherewith, and a lampbulb, of a frame inclosing' said bulb, a trans lucent decorative covering therefor, and means seeiired to said fame whereby it is secured in relation to said socket,,and in such other novel features of construction and comv bination of arts hereinafter set forth and described, an more particularly pointed out in the'claims hereto ap ,ended.
Referring to the rawings, Figure 1 is a view of a table-corner, illustrating the application of my invention to table decoration.
Fig. 2 is a view of asingle floral decoration,
broken away on one side to disclose the trans lucent heart or center covering, the frame, the collar secured thereto, and the relation of the Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed-Tune 9,1905. Serial No. 264,391.
Patented ,April 3, 1906.
bulb thereto. Fig. 3 is a top view of the frame and its collar shown in Fig. 2, andFig. 4 is a side elevation of a modified form of frame particularly adapted for use in connection with festoon or cluster decorations.
Likeletters refer to like parts throughout the several views.
The invention has its field of greatest utility in connection with series lamps now-commonly used for table and room decoration. As new employed the decorative effects are producedby ordinary floral decorations havberjof lamps, the light from which is shed upon surrounding objects, producing an artistic and pleasin effect. Similar effects have been produced by binding flowers upon the lamp-sockets with ordinary wire, the said sockets usually being of porcelain or other non-conductive material. While effects reduced inthe abovemanner are pleasing, t ey are marred by the necessary ,GX osure' of the lam -bulbs themselves. Afurt er difficulty is t e labor andexpenseof decoration and the inabilityto repeatedly use the decorations.
In'the electric-light fittings shown in the accompanying drawings I employ the ordinary wiresa, connected with any suitable source of electrical supply and having strung thereon by means of terminal wires 0 d a plumg dispersed or clustered thereabout a num rality of lam -sockets b, the internal construction of w 'ch is that nowin common use. In connection with this socket I use an incandescent-lamp bulb e of special size, the greatest diameter thereof being substantially that of the said socket. This socket b may be cylindrical, presenting outwardly a smooth bulb and be charged by the heat thereof.
The general outlines and sha e of this frame may vary, two forms being s own in the accom anyin drawin s, one semiconical, like the cart 0 a rose, shown in Figs. 2 and 3,) and the other spherical. (Shown in Fig. 4.)
Thisframe has secured thereto a band g,
preferably of spring metal," adapted to be clamped about the .socket b and secured in placeb havin by'stitches or'in any other desired manner is a translucent decorative coveringk of a color to harmonize with the' general color scheme of the entire decoration. This'covering may be of silk, paper, or any desired fabric and extends downwardly to conceal the band 9 in its entirety, a suitable opening or looseness being provided to allow'for the operation of It will be observed that the frame prevents thecovering 7c collapsing so as to contact with the bulb and further protects the bulb from objects which 'mig'ht' break it. This frame being inclosed, the lamp-bulb e must be inserted through the ring 9, the said bulb being of a diameter to 'permit'such an application of the decorative portion of the fittings to the socket b. I
To avoid a screw-clamp or other wellknown contrivance for locking the ends of the band gin place, which contrivance would require some tool to adjust same and'also present an unsightly protuberance, I preferably employ a special locking contrivaiice which is substantially flat and which may be readily closedand released Toward one endthereof' the metal band 9 is bent inwardly to form a shoulder h, which when the band is\ closed extends substantially radially of the ring formed by the band. The other end of the band is bent outwardly-to form an opposed lip 'i. Beyond the shoulder h the band i, is extended slightly toprovide a tongue j,
which may readily be engaged by the fingernail to release the band when locked.
.The spring of the metal in the band g is such as to impart a tendency on the part of said band to normally open and when there i is no solid body within is of substantially the same circumference as the length of the hand between the shoulder h and lip .i'. This shoulder and lip are inoperative to lock the band. When open, the shoulder It extends at a slight angle to any radius of the circle formed by the band 9, so that as the two ends of the said band are, brought together with one overlapping the other the sho'ulder h is at Ya slight angle to the lip i, thus forming a slight bevel, which aids in clamping the band upon the socket I); As the shoulder h is brought over and pressed down upon the lip the ds thereof interlocked. Enve oping theframe f and secured thereto 7 i the former describes a small arc and finally engages the said lip substantially radially of the inclosed Socket 6, said shoulder and said lip being parallel to each other. The chamfered efl'e'ct produced by the band between the shoulder 7t and tongue aids in securing theengagement of the said shoulder and the said lip.
When locked, the end bearing the lip i is I pressed against the socket b and there is no looseness in the band g. The spring in the metal tends to cause the shoulder h to inscribe a similar arc to that taken in looking, the arallel surfaces of the said shoulder and the ipi engaging each other, however, preventing such movement and locking the two ends together, thus holding the frame f in p0 and the con-.
sition'relative to the socket b tained lamp-bulb.
To look the band in place, it is merely necessary to press the two ends together and force the shoulder it over and upon the lip i,
and to release it a slight upward pressure on the tongue'j suflices to overcome the afore' said =binding action between said shoulder and said-lip.
The decorative frame may be quickly applied to-and removed from a lamp-socket by v merely. slip ing it over the lamp and its TOO covering tending to detract from the finished appearance of the decoration.
In the construction'hereindescribed the lamp-bulb and all its fittings are entirely concealed within the heart of the decorations,
thus not only avoiding the exposure of said bulb, but. causing the light-rays to pass through the various coverings and decorations, and'by. toning the light therefrom to that best'suited to produce the desired effect,
"increasing the artlstic effects, novelty, and
beauty of the decoration.
The colors'of the translucent material employed may vary indefinitely to produce the effect of different flowers. In the form shown in Figs. 1 to 3 of the drawingsthe effect produced is that of a rose, the heart being formed by the frame In the form shown in Fig. 4
the-frame f would have secured thereto a" cluster of pendent flowers. In either form the light-rays not only enetrate the covering of the frame f, but a scan the surrounding decorative flowers, petals, or sheets, thus decorations instead of merely illuminating same.
' can sing the light effect to come through these Unlike with the use of actual flowers it is possible with the aforesaid decorative fittings decoration, the artistic -ment of artificial flowers.
erases 1 to design an entire table or room decoration and use it repeatedly without loss of its effectiveness and at the cost of but a single effect and beauty of the decoration compensating for the employ- The interchangeability of thefittings also permits the use of a great variety of decorations with the same wiring and without the necessity for employto in a skilled decorator or electrician.
' It is'not my intention to limit the invenfltion to the precise details of construction heretofore described, and shown in the acoompanying drawings, as I believe it to be broadly new to provide a fine-arts decorative fittin for an electric lamp, wherein the lamp is inc osed by a frame which may be slipped over a lamp-and its socket and be removably secured thereto, carrying translucent decorative material and having secured thereto or draped thereabout decorative flowers, petals,
Having described the invention, what I claim as new, and desire tosecureby Letters Patent, is I 1. In an electric-light fitting, the combination with a lamp socket, means whereby suitable electrical connections may be made therewith, and alamp-bulb, of a frame inclosing said bulb, a translucent decorative covering therefor, and means secured to said frame whereby it may be slipped over said lamp-bulb and said socket, and secured to said'socket.
2. In an electric-light fitting, the combination with a lam -socket, means whereby suitable electrica connections may be made therewith, and a 1amp bu1b, of a frame inclosing said bulb, a translucent covering therefor, a band secured. to said frame where by said frame and saidband may be slipped over said lamp-bulb and said socket and resuitable electrical a lamp-bulb, of a frame'inremovably till whereby it may be removably attached to said socket, and decorative flowers, petals or sheets secured to or dressed about said frame and said band. 4. In an electric-light fitting, the combination with a lam socket, means whereby suitable electrica connections may be made therewith and a lamp-bulb, of a frame inclosing said bulb, a translucent decorative covering therefor, a circular band df sprin metal secured to said frame whereby sai frame and said band may be slipped over said Iamp-bulb and said socket, the opposite ends thereof being res wardly to form a shoul to form acooperating lip, said li when the and is closed being extende substantially radially of the band, and a protruding end or tongue whereby said band may be unlocked, and decorative flowers, petals or sheets secured to or dressed about said frame and said band.
- In witness whereof I have hereunto affixed my signature, this 5th day of June, 1905, in the presence of two witnesses.
HERBERT E. PLASS.
ectively' bent in- Witnesses:
WM. H. BLAIN, F. T. WENTWORTH.
er, and outwardly said shoulder and