|Publication number||US8184568 B2|
|Application number||US 11/869,049|
|Publication date||May 22, 2012|
|Filing date||Oct 9, 2007|
|Priority date||Oct 13, 2006|
|Also published as||CA2605825A1, CA2605825C, CN101262389A, CN101262389B, EP1912378A1, EP1912378B1, US20080089263|
|Publication number||11869049, 869049, US 8184568 B2, US 8184568B2, US-B2-8184568, US8184568 B2, US8184568B2|
|Original Assignee||Nec Infrontia Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (43), Non-Patent Citations (8), Classifications (19), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application is based upon and claims the benefit of priority from Japanese patent application No. 2006-279923, filed on Oct. 13, 2006, the disclosure of which is incorporated herein in its entirety by reference.
1. Field of the Invention
This invention relates to a wireless LAN system, or in particular, to a wireless LAN system in which various communication forms such as a one-to-many communication and a one-to-one communication coexist.
2. Description of the Related Art
Types of IP communication for the wireless LAN according to IEEE802.11 and the wired LAN such as Ethernet (registered trade mark) include unicast communication, broadcast communication and multicast communication. The unicast communication is the one-to-one communication in which a base station transmits data to a single terminal address. The broadcast communication and the multicast communication, in contrast, are the one-to-many communication for transmitting data collectively from a base station to a plurality of terminal addresses. In the broadcast communication, the data are transmitted toward all arbitrary terminals existing in a predetermined communication range. In the multicast communication, on the other hand, the data are transmitted to all the terminals designated as destination.
A method of what is called a power-save mode for suppressing a power consumption of the wireless terminals is available as a standard technique according to IEEE802.11 related to the wireless LAN, as described in LAN MAN Standards Committee of the IEEE Computer Society, “Part 11: Wireless LAN Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications”, ANSI/IEEE Std 802.11, 1999 Edition, p. 128-133 (Non-Patent Document 1). According to this method, the wireless terminal switched from a awake mode to a power-save mode enters what is called a sleep mode in which it operates with low power.
Types of a sync signal (hereinafter referred to as a beacon) for the wireless terminals adapted for the power-save mode include TIM (Traffic Indication Map) and DTIM (Delivery TIM). Beacons for TIM and DTIM are transmitted periodically at a preset ratio such as 2 to 1 or 3 to 1. In the broadcast communication or the multicast communication described above, a presence or an absence of data to be received by a terminal is notified by the DTIM beacon. In the presence of the data to be received by the terminal, the data is transmitted immediately after the DTIM beacon from the base station. The wireless terminal constituting the destination address of the broadcast or multicast communication, with an arrival of the DTIM beacon receive timing, is awaken from the sleep mode and, after maintaining the awake state for a predetermined time, receives the data.
After that, with the arrival of the DTIM beacon timing, the wireless LAN base station 1 sends out the DTIM beacon having added thereto the information indicating the accumulation of the data of the BC/MC communication (S704). Then, the particular data is transmitted to the wireless terminal 3A and the wireless terminal 3B (S705). In the meantime, each wireless terminal (3A/3B) maintains the awake mode also after receiving the DTIM beacon and receives the data by BC/MC communication.
The data of the broadcast/multicast communication distributed by the procedure shown in
In the case where the broadcast/multicast data received is not required, the particular wireless terminal (3B) disposes of the received data, resulting in a waste of the data receiving process. This operation is not desirable for the wireless terminals utilizing the power-save mode intended for suppression of power consumption. Also, a network providing the service frequently using the broadcast/multicast communication generates the receiving process frequently regardless of whether the received data is required or not, and therefore, poses a problem that the power consumption of the wireless terminals is difficult to suppress.
This invention has been achieved in view of the problem described above and the object thereof is to provide a technique for appropriately suppressing the power consumption of the wireless terminals connected to the wireless LAN.
According to this invention, there is provided a wireless LAN system comprising: a base station of a wireless LAN; and a plurality of wireless terminals connected to the base station, wherein each of the wireless terminals comprises an address notification unit notifying the base station of an address for receiving data by one-to-many communication from the base station when said wireless terminal executes a program using the one-to-many communication in the wireless LAN, and the base station comprises a control unit recording by relating the address notified from the wireless terminal with an address of the wireless terminal for one-to-one communication, a converting unit converting an address of destination of one-to-many communication data to be sent out to the wireless LAN into the one-to-one communication address corresponding to said destination, and a wireless LAN unit transmitting the data whose destination address has been converted into the one-to-one communication address.
According to this invention, there is also provided a wireless communication method for a base station of a wireless LAN and a plurality of wireless terminals connected to the base station, comprising: notifying the base station of an address for receiving data by one-to-many communication from the base station by the wireless terminal which executes a program using the one-to-many communication in the wireless LAN; recording by relating the address notified from said wireless terminal with an address of the wireless terminal for one-to-one communication; converting an address of destination of one-to-many communication data to be sent out to the wireless LAN into the one-to-one communication address corresponding to said destination; and transmitting the data whose destination address has been converted into the one-to-one communication address.
According to this invention, the one-to-many communication data to be sent out to the wireless LAN can be transmitted only to a wireless terminal which uses the particular data. As a result, the wireless terminals not requiring the one-to-many communication data can avoid the data receiving process and the power consumption can be suppressed.
While an application using the data of the BC/MC communication by the wireless LAN base station 104 is operating in the wireless LAN terminal 105A (105B), the control unit 301 supplies the BMC address notification unit 302 with the address for the BC/MC communication described in the address list 304. This address for the BC/MC communication is used by the wireless LAN terminal 105A (105B) to receive the data from the wireless LAN base station 104 in the BC/MC communication. The BMC address notification unit 302 prepares the data for notifying the supplied BC/MC communication address to the wireless LAN base station 104 and transmits the particular data to the wireless LAN base station 104 through the wireless LAN interface 303.
Also, the wireless LAN interface 204 transmits the TIM and DTIM beacons based on the provision of IEEE802.11 periodically to the wireless LAN 102. The BC/MC address notified from the wireless LAN terminal 105A (105B) is registered by the control unit 206 in a terminal management table 205 as information related to the unicast address of the particular wireless terminal.
The control unit 206 of the wireless LAN base station 104, upon receipt of the frame from the LAN 101 or the wireless LAN 102, determines whether the destination address described in the header is registered or not in the “broadcast/multicast address” of the terminal management table 205. In the case where the determination shows that the destination address is so registered, the unicast address corresponding to the particular destination address (BC/MC address) is read from the “wireless terminal MAC address” of the terminal management table 205 and supplied to the BMC-UC converter 203.
The BMC-UC converter 203 converts the BC/MC address constituting the destination address of the frame into the unicast address read from the terminal management table 205. The frame of which the destination address has been converted is transmitted to the corresponding wireless terminal (105A, 105B) by the unicast communication through the wireless LAN interface 204.
A basic configuration of the MAC frame based on IEEE802.11 is shown in
The operation of this embodiment is explained with reference to a sequence chart shown in
The wireless LAN base station 104, upon receipt of the BC/MC address from the wireless LAN terminal 105A, registers it in the terminal management table 205 as information related to the unicast address of the wireless LAN terminal 105A (S602).
The wireless LAN base station 104, upon receipt, from the wired LAN 101, of the BC/MC communication packet transmitted from the LAN terminal 103 (S603), determines whether the destination address of the packet is registered or not in the terminal management table 205 (S604). Once the registration is recognized, the wireless LAN base station 104 reads the unicast address corresponding to the registered BC/MC address from the terminal management table 205, and rewrites the destination address (BC/MC address) of the received packet by the address that has been read.
Then, with the arrival of TIM beacon transmission timing, the wireless LAN base station 104 sends out the TIM beacon to the wireless LAN 102 (S607). The TIM beacon output in the process has set therein an identifier indicating that the unicast data of the wireless LAN terminal 105A is accumulated by the wireless LAN base station 104. This identifier is set in accordance with the standard technique based on IEEE802.11, which is not explained herein.
The wireless LAN terminal 105B in sleep mode, after being awaken and receiving the TIM beacon from the wireless LAN base station 104 while recognizing that the data addressed to the particular local terminal is not accumulated, returns to the sleep mode.
The wireless LAN terminal 105A also in sleep mode, on the other hand, after being awaken from sleep mode and receiving the TIM beacon, recognizes that the unicast data addressed to the particular local terminal is accumulated in the wireless LAN base station 104. The wireless LAN terminal 105A, in order to acquire the accumulated data, sets the PS bit of the PS-Poll frame based on IEEE802.11 to off state and transmits it to the wireless LAN base station 104 (S608). The PS-Poll frame is used to notify the operating mode of a terminal to the base station. In the case where the PS bit is set to off state as described above, it indicates that the terminal is awake, while the PS bit in on state indicates that the terminal is asleep.
The wireless LAN base station 104, upon recognition from the received PS-Poll that the wireless LAN terminal 105A has switched from sleep mode to awake mode, transmits the accumulated unicast data of the wireless LAN terminal 105A (S609). The wireless LAN terminal 105A receives the data from the wireless LAN base station 104, and upon complete receipt, is transferred to sleep mode.
After that, with the arrival of the DTIM transmission timing, the wireless LAN base station 104 sends out the DTIM beacon to the wireless LAN 102 (S610). Originally, the data of the BC/MC communication is transmitted immediately after the DTIM beacon indicating the data accumulation is sent out. In the case under consideration, however, the data of the BC/MC communication has already been transmitted from the LAN terminal 103 to the wireless LAN terminal 105A by unicast communication. As of this timing, therefore, the identifier indicating the accumulation of the data of the BC/MC communication is not set in the DTIM beacon.
The wireless LAN terminal 105A and the wireless LAN terminal 105B, when receiving the DTIM beacon described above, are awaken from sleep mode, and then return to sleep mode again.
As described above, according to this embodiment, the data of the BC/MC communication that have arrived at the wireless LAN base station 104 can be transferred only to the wireless LAN terminal 105A executing the application of the BC/MC communication. The other wireless LAN terminal 105B not executing the application of the BC/MC communication, therefore, requires no data receiving process. Thus, a longer sleep time can be secured.
Next, a modification of the embodiment described above is explained with reference to the flowchart of
The BMC-UC converter 203 of the wireless LAN base station 104 according to this modification has a function of adding an identifier, indicating the conversion of BC/MC address into unicast address, to a header of data to be transmitted.
Incidentally, in the case where the identifier is invalid in the data received from the wireless LAN base station 104 (NO in S902), the wireless LAN terminal (105A) recognizes that the particular data is for normal unicast communication, i.e. the data requiring no transfer.
In the steps shown in
As another modification, assume that none of the wireless LAN terminals (105A, 105B) accommodated in the wireless LAN base station 104 is in sleep mode. Then, the data of the BC/MC communication may be sent out to the wireless LAN 102 without changing the destination address. The sleep mode or the awake mode of a terminal can be determined from the on/off state of the PS bit set in the frame from the terminal.
Although the exemplary embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail, it should be understood that various changes, substitutions and alternatives can be made therein without departing from the sprit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims. Further, it is the inventor's intent to retrain all equivalents of the claimed invention even if the claims are amended during prosecution.
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|U.S. Classification||370/312, 370/349, 455/456.4|
|International Classification||H04W84/12, H04W88/08, H04W4/06, H04W52/02, H04H20/71, H04W8/26, H04J3/24|
|Cooperative Classification||H04W52/0219, H04W52/0216, H04L12/1886, H04W4/06, H04W84/12, H04W8/26, Y02B60/50|
|European Classification||H04L12/18T, H04W8/26|
|Oct 9, 2007||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: NEC INFRONTIA CORPORATION, JAPAN
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Effective date: 20070110
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Owner name: NEC PLATFORMS, LTD., JAPAN
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:NEC INFRONTIA CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:034881/0078
Effective date: 20140701
|Nov 4, 2015||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4