|Publication number||US8191447 B2|
|Application number||US 12/683,086|
|Publication date||Jun 5, 2012|
|Filing date||Jan 6, 2010|
|Priority date||Jan 12, 2009|
|Also published as||CN101804462A, CN101804462B, DE102009004337B3, US20100175518|
|Publication number||12683086, 683086, US 8191447 B2, US 8191447B2, US-B2-8191447, US8191447 B2, US8191447B2|
|Original Assignee||Emag Holding Gmbh|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (15), Classifications (18), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application claims priority under 35 U.S.C. §119 to German Application No. 10 2009 004 337.3 filed Jan. 12, 2009, the entire contents of which are incorporated herein by reference.
The invention pertains to a method and device for machining a workpiece that rotates about a central axis.
A method and device for machining rotationally symmetrical surfaces of a workpiece are known from DE 10 2004 026 675 B3, wherein the workpiece is rotatively driven to effect the cutting motion, and a tool with a cutting edge is moved relative to the workpiece with a feed motion such that the point of action between the cutting edge and the workpiece travels along the cutting edge. For this purpose, the cutting edge has the form of a helical line that extends coaxially to the rotational axis of the tool and is moved about the rotational axis of the tool with an arc-shaped feed motion. This makes it possible to produce unrifled surfaces with high cutting efficiency. However, the manufacture of such tools is relatively complicated due to the complex cutting edge geometry and is associated with correspondingly high costs. The re-sharpening, as well as other measures for preserving the cutting ability of such tools, are also more expensive.
The invention is based on the objective of developing a method and device for machining a workpiece that rotates about a central axis, wherein said method and device make it possible to manufacture unrifled exterior and interior surfaces in a simplified and cost-efficient manner.
This objective is realized with a method with the characteristics of Claim 1 and with a device with the characteristics of Claim 6. Advantageous embodiments and practical additional refinements of the method of the invention are disclosed in the dependent claims.
In the method of the invention, the machining of the workpiece that rotates about a central axis is carried out with a tool that features at least one planar cutting plate arranged in an inclined plane relative to the central axis of the workpiece and is provided with a curved cutting edge that is directed toward the workpiece, wherein the tool is non-rotatably held during the machining, and wherein the workpiece and the tool are displaced relative to one another along two axes that extend perpendicular to one another and within a plane that lies perpendicular to the central axis of the workpiece such that the point of action between the cutting plate and the workpiece travels along the cutting edge. Simpler and more cost-efficient tools can be used due to the special cutting edge geometry and the relative motions between the workpiece and the tool.
According to one particularly practical embodiment, the tool may be made stationary while the workpiece carries out all movements in the plane that lies perpendicular to the central axis of the workpiece. Consequently, not only the main cutting motion, but also all feed motions and displacements are realized by means of the workpiece. In this embodiment, the tool may remain stationary such that no separate drives are required. However, the tool may also be moveable along at least one axis to realize a relative motion between the workpiece and the tool.
The device of the invention contains a machine stand and a work spindle that is arranged on the machine stand such that it can be moved along several axes and carries a workpiece that rotates about a central axis during the machining. A tool featuring at least one planar cutting plate arranged in an inclined plane relative to the central axis of the workpiece that is provided with a curved cutting edge directed toward the workpiece is arranged on the machine stand, wherein the workpiece and the tool can be displaced relative to one another along two mutually perpendicular axes and within a plane that lies perpendicular to the central axis of the workpiece such that the point of action between the cutting plate and the workpiece travels along the cutting edge. Due to the special design of the cutting edge and the relative motions between the tool and the workpiece in the plane that lies perpendicular to the central axis of the workpiece, the point of action between the cutting plate and the workpiece can travel over the entire length of the cutting edge such that unrifled surfaces can be produced with reduced effort.
In one particularly practical embodiment, the tool is arranged stationary and the work spindle can be displaced relative to the stationary tool along the two mutually perpendicular axes and within the plane that lies perpendicular to the central axis of the workpiece. This makes it possible to realize the machining without additional tool movements.
Other details and advantages of the invention become apparent from the following description of a preferred exemplary embodiment with reference to the drawing. The drawing shows:
The workpiece 2 to be machined is clamped on the rotatively driven vertical work spindle 12 by means of a clamping device 14 in the form of a chuck or the like. The rotatory main cutting motion therefore is realized by means of the work spindle 12. The stationary tool 3 is immovably mounted on a machine table 16 of the machine stand 4 by means of a clamping device 15 and features a planar cutting plate 17 that is arranged on the outside of a tool carrier 18 of circular cross section in a plane E that is inclined relative to the central axis 1 of the workpiece 2. The tool carrier 18 is arranged in such a way that its longitudinal axis 19 shown in
In the top view according to
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|U.S. Classification||82/1.11, 82/1.2, 82/117|
|International Classification||B23B1/00, B23B3/00|
|Cooperative Classification||B23B27/14, B23B2260/07, Y10T82/25, Y10T82/12, B23B2265/16, B23B27/007, B23B35/00, B23B1/00, Y10T82/10|
|European Classification||B23B27/14, B23B35/00, B23B1/00, B23B27/00D|
|Mar 24, 2010||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: EMAG HOLDING GMBH, GERMANY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:NILLE, DANIEL;REEL/FRAME:024132/0593
Effective date: 20100301
|Nov 23, 2015||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4