|Publication number||US8196316 B2|
|Application number||US 12/359,553|
|Publication date||Jun 12, 2012|
|Filing date||Jan 26, 2009|
|Priority date||Jan 26, 2009|
|Also published as||CN102281784A, CN102281784B, CN103976503A, EP2389081A1, EP2389081B1, US8769843, US20100186264, US20120260528, WO2010085485A1|
|Publication number||12359553, 359553, US 8196316 B2, US 8196316B2, US-B2-8196316, US8196316 B2, US8196316B2|
|Inventors||Christopher S. Cook, Bryan N. Farris, Ernest E. Kim|
|Original Assignee||Nike, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (60), Non-Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (2), Classifications (12), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Aspects of this invention relate generally to an article of footwear with a two-part midsole, and, in particular, to an article of footwear with a midsole having a shell and an insert received in a recess in the shell.
Conventional articles of athletic footwear include two primary elements, an upper and a sole structure. The upper provides a covering for the foot that comfortably receives and securely positions the foot with respect to the sole structure. In addition, the upper may have a configuration that protects the foot and provides ventilation, thereby cooling the foot and removing perspiration. The sole structure is secured to a lower portion of the upper and is generally positioned between the foot and the ground. In addition to attenuating ground reaction forces, the sole structure may provide traction, control foot motions (e.g., by resisting over pronation), and impart stability, for example. Accordingly, the upper and the sole structure operate cooperatively to provide a comfortable structure that is suited for a wide variety of activities, such as walking and running.
The sole structure generally incorporates multiple layers that are conventionally referred to as an insole, a midsole, and an outsole. The insole is a thin, compressible member located within the upper and adjacent to a plantar (i.e., lower) surface of the foot to enhance footwear comfort. The midsole, which is conventionally secured to the upper along the length of the upper, forms a middle layer of the sole structure and is primarily responsible for attenuating ground reaction forces. The outsole forms the ground-contacting element of footwear and is usually fashioned from a durable, wear-resistant material that includes texturing to improve traction.
The conventional midsole is primarily formed from a resilient, polymer foam material, such as polyurethane or ethyl vinyl acetate (EVA), that extends throughout the length of the footwear, often by way of an injection molding process. The properties of the polymer foam material in the midsole are primarily dependent upon factors that include the dimensional configuration of the midsole and the specific characteristics of the material selected for the polymer foam, including the density of the polymer foam material. By varying these factors throughout the midsole, the relative stiffness and degree of ground reaction force attenuation may be altered to meet the specific demands of the activity for which the footwear is intended to be used. In addition to polymer foam materials, conventional midsoles may include, for example, one or more fluid-filled bladders and moderators.
It would be desirable to provide a midsole with an insert that reduces or overcomes some or all of the difficulties inherent in prior known devices. Particular objects and advantages will be apparent to those skilled in the art, that is, those who are knowledgeable or experienced in this field of technology, in view of the following disclosure of the invention and detailed description of certain embodiments.
The principles of the invention may be used to advantage to provide a midsole with an insert. In accordance with a first aspect, an article of footwear includes an upper and a sole assembly secured to the upper. The sole assembly has a shell having a first hardness and a recess. A lateral side of the recess has a first depth and a medial side of the recess has a second depth that is different than the first depth. A first aperture extends through a forefoot portion of the shell, with the first aperture defining a first tongue fixed on a medial side thereof with a remainder of the first tongue free to flex with respect to the shell. An insert has a second hardness and is seated in the recess. A lateral side of the insert has a first height and a medial side of the insert has a second height that is different than the first height. The second hardness of the insert is different than the first hardness of the shell.
In accordance with another aspect, an article of footwear includes an upper and a sole assembly secured to the upper. The sole assembly includes a shell having a first hardness and a recess formed therein. A lateral side of the recess has a first depth and a medial side of the recess has a second depth that is different than the first depth. A first aperture extends through a forefoot portion of the shell. The first aperture defines a first tongue fixed on a medial side thereof with a remainder of the first tongue free to flex with respect to the shell. The first tongue is positioned to be beneath a first metatarsal head of a user's foot. A second aperture extends through a midfoot portion of the shell. The second aperture defines a second tongue fixed on a lateral side thereof with a remainder of the second tongue free to flex with respect to the shell. The second tongue is positioned to be beneath a cuboid bone of a user's foot. An insert has a second hardness and is seated in the recess. A lateral side of the insert has a first height and a medial side of the insert has a second height that is different than the first height. The second hardness of the insert is different than the first hardness of the shell.
In accordance with a further aspect, an article of footwear includes an upper and a sole assembly secured to the upper. The sole assembly includes a shell formed of EVA and having a first hardness and a recess formed therein. A lateral side of the recess has a first depth and a medial side of the recess has a second depth that is different than the first depth. A first aperture extends through a forefoot portion of the shell, and the first aperture defines a first tongue fixed on a medial side thereof with a remainder of the first tongue free to flex with respect to the shell. A second aperture extends through a midfoot portion of the shell and defines a second tongue fixed on a lateral side thereof with a remainder of the second tongue free to flex with respect to the shell. An insert is formed of EVA and has a second hardness, and is secured within the recess with adhesive. A lateral side of the insert has a first height and a medial side of the insert has a second height that is different than the first height. The second hardness of the insert is different than the first hardness of the shell.
Substantial advantage is achieved by providing an article of footwear with a two-part midsole. In particular with certain embodiments, for a user whose foot tends to pronate, the increased support on the medial side of the midsole and increased compression on a lateral side of the midsole helps to reduce the tendency of the user's foot to pronate. For a user whose foot does not tend to pronate, the improved structure of the footwear does not come into effect. Other embodiments provide increased flexibility in forefoot and midfoot portions of the article of footwear, while still providing support for the first metatarsal head and the cuboid bone of the user's foot.
These and additional features and advantages disclosed here will be further understood from the following detailed disclosure of certain embodiments.
The figures referred to above are not drawn necessarily to scale, should be understood to provide a representation of particular embodiments of the invention, and are merely conceptual in nature and illustrative of the principles involved. Some features of the article of footwear with a two-part midsole depicted in the drawings have been enlarged or distorted relative to others to facilitate explanation and understanding. The same reference numbers are used in the drawings for similar or identical components and features shown in various alternative embodiments. Articles of footwear with two-part midsoles as disclosed herein would have configurations and components determined, in part, by the intended application and environment in which they are used.
The following discussion and accompanying figures disclose various embodiments of a sole structure for an article of footwear. The sole structure may be applied to a wide range of athletic footwear styles, including tennis shoes, football shoes, cross-training shoes, walking shoes, soccer shoes, and hiking boots, for example. The sole structure may also be applied to footwear styles that are generally considered to be non-athletic, including dress shoes, loafers, sandals, and work boots. An individual skilled in the relevant art will appreciate, therefore, that the concepts disclosed herein apply to a wide variety of footwear styles, in addition to the specific style discussed in the following material and depicted in the accompanying figures.
An article of footwear 10 is depicted in
Portions 16-20 and sides 22-24 are not intended to demarcate precise areas of footwear 10. Rather, portions 16-20 and sides 22-24 are intended to represent general areas of footwear 10 to aid in the following discussion. In addition to footwear 10, portions 16-20 and sides 22-24 may also be applied to upper 12, sole assembly 14, and individual elements thereof.
The figures illustrate only an article of footwear intended for use on the left foot of a wearer. One skilled in the art will recognize that an article of footwear for the right foot of a wearer, such article being the mirror image of the left, is intended to fall within the scope of the present invention.
Unless otherwise stated, or otherwise clear from the context below, directional terms used herein, such as rearwardly, forwardly, inwardly, downwardly, upwardly, etc., refer to directions relative to footwear 10 itself. Footwear 10 is shown in
Upper 12 forms an interior void that comfortably receives a foot and secures the position of the foot relative to sole assembly 14. The configuration of upper 12, as depicted, is suitable for use during athletic activities that involve running. Accordingly, upper 12 may have a lightweight, breathable construction that includes multiple layers of leather, textile, polymer, and foam elements adhesively bonded and stitched together. For example, upper 12 may have an exterior that includes leather elements and textile elements for resisting abrasion and providing breathability, respectively. The interior of upper 12 may have foam elements for enhancing the comfort of footwear 10, and the interior surface may include a moisture-wicking textile for removing excess moisture from the area immediately surrounding the foot.
Sole assembly 14 may be secured to upper 12 by an adhesive, or any other suitable fastening means. Sole assembly 14, which is generally disposed between the foot of the wearer and the ground, provides attenuation of ground reaction forces (i.e., imparting cushioning), traction, and may control foot motions, such as pronation. As with conventional articles of footwear, sole assembly 14 includes an insole (not shown) located within upper 12, a midsole 26, and an outsole 28. Outsole 28 may be a contiguous single piece of material, or it may be formed of a plurality of individual pieces secured to midsole 26.
Midsole 26 is attached to upper 12 and functions as the primary shock-attenuating and energy-absorbing component of footwear 10. Outsole 28 is attached to the lower surface of midsole 26 by adhesive or other suitable means. Suitable materials for outsole 28 include traditional rubber materials. Other suitable materials for outsole 28 will become readily apparent to those skilled in the art, given the benefit of this disclosure. In certain embodiments, sole assembly 14 may not include an outsole layer separate from midsole 26 but, rather, the outsole may comprise a bottom surface of midsole 26 that provides the external traction surface of sole assembly 14.
As seen more clearly in
The depth of recess 32 is different on lateral side 24 than it is on medial side 22. As seen in the embodiment illustrated in
Insert 34 may be secured to shell 30 within recess 32 with an adhesive 31, as seen in
Shell 30 has a first hardness, and insert 34 has a second hardness that is different than the first hardness. In the embodiment illustrated in
In certain embodiments, shell 30 has a hardness of between approximately 50 and 70 Asker C, and more preferably between approximately 56 and 58 Asker C. Insert 34 may have a hardness of between approximately 30 Asker C and 60 Asker C, and more preferably approximately 50 Asker C.
By varying the difference between the hardness of shell 30 and that of insert 34, the extent to which lateral side 24 of midsole 26 compresses more easily than that of medial side 22 can be adjusted or tuned. Similarly, by varying the angle α, the extent to which lateral side 24 of midsole 26 compresses more easily than that of medial side 22 can be adjusted or tuned.
In certain embodiments, shell 30 and insert 34 are formed of the same type of material, but with different hardnesses. In other embodiments, shell 30 and insert 34 may be formed of different materials.
In certain embodiments, shell 30 and insert 34 are formed of Ethylene Vinyl Acetate (“EVA” or “phylon”) foam. Shell 30 may be formed of injected EVA and insert 34 may be formed of compression molded EVA. In other embodiments, shell 30 may be formed of compression molded EVA and insert 34 may be formed of injected EVA. In certain other embodiments, both shell 30 and insert 34 could be formed of injected EVA and formed in the same mold.
In other embodiments, shell 30 and/or insert 34 may be formed of polyurethane; or a mixture of a hydrogenated or non-hydrogenated acrylonitrile-butadiene copolymer, a modified hydrogenated acrylonitrile-butadiene copolymer, and an alpha olefin copolymer. Other exemplary materials used to make shell 30 and insert 34 are described in U.S. application Ser. No. 11,752,348, entitled “Article of Footwear with Lightweight Sole Assembly,” filed on May 23, 2007, the entire disclosure of which is incorporated herein be reference for all purposes.
Other suitable materials for shell 30 and insert 34 will become readily apparent to those skilled in the art, given the benefit of this disclosure.
In certain embodiments, a first aperture 44 is formed in and extends through a metatarsal area of forefoot portion 16 of shell 30 of midsole 26. First aperture 44 defines a first forefoot flap or tongue 46 fixed with respect to shell 30 on a medial side 22 thereof, with a remainder of forefoot tongue 46 being free to move or flex with respect to shell 30. Aperture 44 and forefoot tongue 46 are positioned in shell 30 such that forefoot tongue 46 is positioned beneath the first metatarsal head of a user's foot. First aperture 44 increases the flexibility in a forefoot portion 16 of shell 30 of midsole 26, while forefoot tongue 46 provides support for the first metatarsal head of the user's foot.
In certain embodiments, first aperture 44 has a base portion 48 extending substantially parallel to a longitudinal axis L of midsole 26. A first arm 50 extends outwardly from a first forward end 52 of base portion 46 toward medial side 22 of midsole 26. A second arm 54 extends outwardly from a second rear end 56 of base portion 48 toward medial side 22 of midsole 26. In certain embodiments, first arm 50 and second arm 54 are angled outwardly from base portion 48 away from one another.
In certain embodiments, a second aperture 58 is formed in and extends through midfoot portion 18 of midsole 26. Second aperture 58 defines a second midfoot flap or tongue 60 fixed with respect to shell 30 on a lateral side 24 thereof, with a remainder of midfoot tongue 60 being free to move or flex with respect to shell 30. Second aperture 58 and midfoot tongue 60 are positioned in shell 30 such that midfoot tongue 60 is positioned beneath the cuboid bone of a user's foot. Second aperture 58 increases the flexibility in a midfoot portion 18 of shell 30 of midsole 26, while midfoot tongue 60 provides support for the cuboid bone of the user's foot.
In certain embodiments, second aperture 58 has a base portion 62 extending substantially parallel to a longitudinal axis L of midsole 26. A first arm 64 extends outwardly from a first forward end 66 of base portion 62 toward lateral side 24 of shell 30 of midsole 26. A second arm 68 extends outwardly from a second rear end 70 of base portion 62 toward lateral side 24 of shell 30 of midsole 26. In certain embodiments, first arm 64 and second arm 68 are angled outwardly from base portion 62 away from one another.
Another embodiment is illustrated in
As described above in connection with the embodiment shown in
In certain embodiments, recess 32 and insert 34 extend along only a portion of sole assembly 14 within shell 30. The remainder of sole assembly 14 in such an embodiment includes a conventional midsole. For example, as illustrated in
Thus, while there have been shown, described, and pointed out fundamental novel features of various embodiments, it will be understood that various omissions, substitutions, and changes in the form and details of the devices illustrated, and in their operation, may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. For example, it is expressly intended that all combinations of those elements and/or steps which perform substantially the same function, in substantially the same way, to achieve the same results are within the scope of the invention. Substitutions of elements from one described embodiment to another are also fully intended and contemplated. It is the intention, therefore, to be limited only as indicated by the scope of the claims appended hereto.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2410019||Dec 6, 1944||Oct 29, 1946||Davis John H||Shoe sole and heel construction|
|US4302892||Apr 21, 1980||Dec 1, 1981||Sunstar Incorporated||Athletic shoe and sole therefor|
|US4364188||Oct 6, 1980||Dec 21, 1982||Wolverine World Wide, Inc.||Running shoe with rear stabilization means|
|US4364189||Dec 5, 1980||Dec 21, 1982||Bates Barry T||Running shoe with differential cushioning|
|US4398357||Jun 1, 1981||Aug 16, 1983||Stride Rite International, Ltd.||Outsole|
|US4399620 *||Sep 21, 1981||Aug 23, 1983||Herbert Funck||Padded sole having orthopaedic properties|
|US4547979||Jun 19, 1984||Oct 22, 1985||Nippon Rubber Co., Ltd.||Athletic shoe sole|
|US4551930||Sep 23, 1983||Nov 12, 1985||New Balance Athletic Shoe, Inc.||Sole construction for footwear|
|US4557060||Jun 24, 1983||Dec 10, 1985||Mizuno Corporation||Insole with exchangeable reliant pieces|
|US4642911||Feb 28, 1985||Feb 17, 1987||Talarico Ii Louis C||Dual-compression forefoot compensated footwear|
|US4654983||Dec 26, 1985||Apr 7, 1987||New Balance Athletic Shoe, Inc.||Sole construction for footwear|
|US4667423||May 28, 1985||May 26, 1987||Autry Industries, Inc.||Resilient composite midsole and method of making|
|US4730402||Apr 4, 1986||Mar 15, 1988||New Balance Athletic Shoe, Inc.||Construction of sole unit for footwear|
|US4759136||Feb 6, 1987||Jul 26, 1988||Reebok International Ltd.||Athletic shoe with dynamic cradle|
|US4766679||Aug 28, 1987||Aug 30, 1988||Puma Aktiengesellschaft Rudolf Dassler Sport||Midsole for athletic shoes|
|US4843741||Nov 23, 1988||Jul 4, 1989||Autry Industries, Inc.||Custom insert with a reinforced heel portion|
|US4876053||Jul 26, 1988||Oct 24, 1989||New Balance Athletic Shoe, Inc.||Process of molding a component of a sole unit for footwear|
|US4882856||Apr 25, 1988||Nov 28, 1989||Glancy John J||Cushion wedge for custom control of impact and pronation upon heel-strike in various weights of wearers|
|US5025573||Jun 4, 1986||Jun 25, 1991||Comfort Products, Inc.||Multi-density shoe sole|
|US5141578||Nov 29, 1990||Aug 25, 1992||Yang Kuo Nan||EVA insole manufacturing process|
|US5308420||Feb 22, 1993||May 3, 1994||Yang Kuo Nan||EVA insole manufacturing process|
|US5318645||Feb 22, 1993||Jun 7, 1994||Yang Kuo Nan||EVA insole manufacturing process|
|US5325611||Aug 3, 1993||Jul 5, 1994||Brown Group, Inc.||Comfort cradle system for footwear construction|
|US5362435||Aug 6, 1993||Nov 8, 1994||Quabaug Corporation||Process of molding multi-durometer soles|
|US5367791||Feb 4, 1993||Nov 29, 1994||Asahi, Inc.||Shoe sole|
|US5396675||Jun 10, 1991||Mar 14, 1995||Nike, Inc.||Method of manufacturing a midsole for a shoe and construction therefor|
|US5435077||Apr 18, 1994||Jul 25, 1995||The United States Shoe Corporation||Layered cushioning system for shoe soles|
|US5435078||Jul 15, 1994||Jul 25, 1995||The United States Shoe Corporation||Shoe suspension system|
|US5572805||Nov 1, 1994||Nov 12, 1996||Comfort Products, Inc.||Multi-density shoe sole|
|US5575089||Oct 31, 1994||Nov 19, 1996||Comfort Products, Inc.||Composite shoe construction|
|US5595002||Dec 5, 1994||Jan 21, 1997||Hyde Athletic Industries, Inc.||Stabilizing grid wedge system for providing motion control and cushioning|
|US5685092||Feb 20, 1996||Nov 11, 1997||Prieskorn; David W.||Physiological motion enhancing shoe sole|
|US5718064||Sep 6, 1995||Feb 17, 1998||Nine West Group Inc.||Multi-layer sole construction for walking shoes|
|US5768801||Feb 8, 1996||Jun 23, 1998||Meldisco H.C., Inc.||Welt shoe comfort system|
|US5787610||May 22, 1997||Aug 4, 1998||Jeffrey S. Brooks, Inc.||Footwear|
|US5906872||May 15, 1995||May 25, 1999||Nike, Inc. And Nike International, Ltd.||Chemical bonding of rubber to plastic in articles of footwear|
|US5921004||Jul 11, 1997||Jul 13, 1999||Nike, Inc.||Footwear with stabilizers|
|US6061929 *||Sep 4, 1998||May 16, 2000||Deckers Outdoor Corporation||Footwear sole with integrally molded shank|
|US6082023||Feb 3, 1998||Jul 4, 2000||Dalton; Edward F.||Shoe sole|
|US6725572 *||Sep 7, 2000||Apr 27, 2004||The Commonwealth Of Australia, The Secretary Of Defence||Protective footwear against landmine|
|US6862821||Jun 11, 2002||Mar 8, 2005||Calzaturificio S.C.A.R.P.A. S.P.A.||Sports shoe sole|
|US6892478||May 19, 2000||May 17, 2005||John J. Erickson||Temperature-stabilized articles|
|US6910287||Aug 8, 2001||Jun 28, 2005||Ecco Sko A/S||Shoe midsole|
|US7013581||Jun 11, 2003||Mar 21, 2006||Nike, Inc.||Article of footwear having a suspended footbed|
|US7013583||Dec 15, 2003||Mar 21, 2006||Nike, Inc.||Footwear with removable foot-supporting member|
|US7200955||Jun 4, 2004||Apr 10, 2007||Nike, Inc.||Article of footwear incorporating a sole structure with compressible inserts|
|US7600332 *||Feb 13, 2006||Oct 13, 2009||Nike, Inc.||Article of footwear with a removable foot-supporting insert|
|US7712231||Aug 17, 2006||May 11, 2010||Sri Sports Limited||Shoe|
|US20060218819||Mar 30, 2005||Oct 5, 2006||Chi-Kung Wu||Double-density elastic insert element for an outsole|
|US20070033833||Aug 12, 2005||Feb 15, 2007||Nike, Inc.||Article of footwear with midsole having multiple layers|
|US20070175068||Jan 30, 2006||Aug 2, 2007||Hung-Chi Lin||PU sole for shoes|
|US20070220778||Mar 21, 2006||Sep 27, 2007||Nike Inc.||Article of footwear with a lightweight foam midsole|
|US20080022561||Jul 28, 2006||Jan 31, 2008||James Kenneth Klavano||Massage sandals|
|US20080184600||May 3, 2007||Aug 7, 2008||Hee Woon Yang||Air-circulating shock absorbing shoes|
|US20090313856 *||Dec 24, 2009||Arizumi James K||Flexible sole for an article of footwear|
|USRE35905||Mar 14, 1997||Sep 29, 1998||Nike, Inc.||Method of manufacturing a midsole for a shoe and construction therefor|
|DE6926864U||Jul 7, 1969||Oct 30, 1969||Vibram Spa||Zusammengesetzte schuhsohle|
|GB2007081A||Title not available|
|WO1999005928A1||May 29, 1998||Feb 11, 1999||Vans, Inc.||Footwear shock absorbing system|
|WO2009155237A2||Jun 15, 2009||Dec 23, 2009||Nike International Ltd.||Flexible sole for an article of footwear|
|1||International Preliminary Report on Patentability issued Aug. 4, 2011 in related PCT Application No. PCT/US2010/021497.|
|2||International Search Report and Written Opinion issued Apr. 28, 2010 in corresponding PCT Application No. PCT/US2010/021497.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US8769843 *||Jun 11, 2012||Jul 8, 2014||Nike, Inc.||Article of footwear with two part midsole assembly|
|US20120260528 *||Jun 11, 2012||Oct 18, 2012||Nike, Inc.||Article of Footwear with Two part Midsole Assembly|
|U.S. Classification||36/30.00R, 36/102, 36/28|
|Cooperative Classification||A43B13/141, A43B7/24, A43B13/148, A43B13/188|
|European Classification||A43B13/14F, A43B13/18F5, A43B7/24, A43B13/14W6|
|Mar 17, 2009||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: NIKE, INC., OREGON
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:COOK, CHRISTOPHER S.;FARRIS, BRYAN N.;REEL/FRAME:022407/0817
Effective date: 20090303
|Dec 9, 2015||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4