|Publication number||US820349 A|
|Publication date||May 8, 1906|
|Filing date||May 16, 1904|
|Priority date||May 16, 1904|
|Publication number||US 820349 A, US 820349A, US-A-820349, US820349 A, US820349A|
|Inventors||Charles A Church|
|Original Assignee||Charles A Church|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (3), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
No1 620,349. Y il Y PATENTES MY s, 1906. G. .GHURCE.
namur@ nur: un 16,1904.
Meissner; as gun. ummm. 1 i
- fB il- 'known that I; CHARLES A. CHURCH, a
J vidvefa series ofribsfv'vithin the cylinder of e which the water in the 'wsshiiig'v-meclne psrsllel with: the exis of .-f rated missies desseins Process' -Applistiimlllei Hay 1.8, 1964; Sei-tal No.20897; i i.
Tall-whom itf tay concern: .Y
citizen" ofthe United States, residing at Peorisgin the county of Peoria. land State of Illino1's,"l1.ve inventedcertain new and useful Improvements inWashing-Mechines; and I do ereby declare that the following is s. full, cle'er, and exact description of the invention, which will enable others skilled in the art to which it appfe'rtains to make and usey the same. .l Q
'This inventmnv relates to machines for Washing and cleeningfclothes end textile fab ric dnd' tolmeehin'es of the rots kind.
`The inventiofhes for one of'its objects to rieso V'sl've-contrlled VWeiter-cerrying recesses rtoa'iid inthe cleansing of the clothes.
Aviu'rtiher object of the invention is to proy nder, the'sfairne having sharp angles tov cetchthe clothes vrend ce thein to s height, sov to keep the artic es well sepa.-
said c `inthe secoinpen'E drawin s, Figure i is enr en "elevation gint e "Wasling-machine, showings. revoluble. c 1linder in cross-section. Fig. 2 ise side vieiv Q the cylinder with parts broken'svvey to' shouf interior construction. Fig.L 3 isnperspective-view .of a portion of the surface of the cylinder showing a tubular er hollow member attached thereto in which are apertures for ingress and egress of water. Fig. 4 is an end sectlon of' seid member, showing valves for closing certain of the: apertures.
Fig. 5 is s view of 'one of the valves shown in ln Fig. 1, A indicates the container or ends-box of my Wsshin -Inschine provided with a suitable cover or 11d B, and within seid container is a revoluble cglinder C, consisting of the perellel heads D between which is the cylindrical VWell E of such cylinder. This said wall constitutes the rubbing-surface being corrugated, as shown, each surface rtving e series of holes or periorations F, through container A is allowed to pass. The cylinder is supported by ineens of' the shaft-sections G, secured in suitable manner in the flanges H, secured to the heads D, the shafts having-bearings in the body A. (Not shown.) A hinged cover J 1s provided for the cylinder Diby which the interior of and turnand separate and keep the letter may be readily reached and supphed'vvith the materials to be Washed.
A At intervals the inner corrugated surface ofthe cylinder is provided With; longitudinal water-containers created by-'aiiixing to the wall ribs L, formed of metal made substantially in the form of a U, whose walls, however, are conceved, as illustrated inthe several figures. These ribs extend from end to end of the cylinder between the heads-D as shown 1n Fig?, and each limb is provided with ai ertures K,those at euch side being closed y ilapvalves M, o positely hung, as in Fig. 4--th'et is to sa he valve on one side of the rib L is hung rom Athe top, While,
the opposite one of ther same rib is ng at the bottom, so that one will close While the other is open. Seid valves are operated by pressure of Water ond the force of gravity.
In operation the hot water is placed in the receiver or bod f A, the clothes to be washed being placed Within the cylinder and the lid J closed end lntched by any good means. The cylinder .is either revolved continuously in one direction or iven e rocki motion'- i. e., rst in one lrection and t en in the other. The effect of this is to lift the clothes end continually alter the position of each ieee. Were it not for thel members L the clothes would be rolled in e tangled mass that could not be cleansed except-on the outside. IY desire to state that I ein erfectly aware that it is not new to provi e 'e corrugated c Tlinder for the purpose of better cleaning tY e fabrics nor is it new to rvide the'sai memberlb; but in'most o the devices of which I have spprised myself the said members are mede .with round surfaces, so that the clothes are but little agitated, simply rolling from them as they pass by. In my device the members are provided with sharp corners, which are created by making the' walls of the members concave in cross-section, the resultin angles being acute. Now as a result the s erp corner will catch the clothes and elevate them to a considerable height before they fell to the bottoni of the cylinder. By tins action the steam is ven free access to every garment or piece o fahric being cleaned, and the hot water is made to permeate every portion. The result, therefore, oi this construction is to tumble se' ereted` every article Within the machine, so t the cleansing operation is perfect. In addition IIO to this advantage in this form of the rib or member l, the machine is enabled to elevate the hot sudsy water in the following manner: If we su )pose the cylinder to be revolving toward tlie right as viewed in Fic'. 1, the members will enter the water at the right side. When immersed, the cavity will fill with water through the three series of a ertures, the u permost valves being opene 4by gravity andp allowing free entrance of water, the lower valves being forced open by the pressure of water thereagainst as the c liiider revolves. The apertures on the ont wall being always open will allow the passage of water 1n and out according to the position of the cavity, whether at the top or bottom of the machine. The member under water in Fig. 1 has'both its valves open, and the cavity is entirely full of water. Now as it passes out at the left side the undermost or lower valve will close by gravity, as well as by the wei ht of the water contained in the cavity, whi e the u per valve will be open and re main so. yT 1e water thus elevated is carried nearlv to the top of the machine, being allowei to escape during its entire ascent through the front openings, which are provided -with a projectinghp or bur, so thatV the water will pour out 1n a stream instead of dribbling down to the ed e of the member and then fallin r. When caving the water, the cavity is ful of water, which immediately begins to run out upon the clothes. Now since the members carry the clothes up, as hereinbcfore described, the water from the cavities is poured upon the hanging garments and upon those lying at the lbottom of the cylinder. The clothes in constantly chang ing their `iositions arey continually rggeiving a char e ofl water from above to assist in thorough y cleansing them.
the clothes froln above, and it is my desire and aim to claim these advantages, or rather the means for accomplishing these results, as my own. 1 desire to state, however, that I do not wish-to confine m self to the exact construction set forth, as s i ht changes may be made without changing t e results in operation or sacrificing the spirit of my invention.
The holes F are omitted in the c linder where the members L are located, so t at the water must escape through the openings in the ribs or members themselves. If the holes F were left in the wall E, the water would run out through them, and thus the desired result of precipitating it from a height would be lost.
The machine thus constructed may be used in laundries as well as in private use, answering as well in either line of work. The ribs or members L may be made solid when the water-elevating feature is not desired, and the raising of the clothes will result as well, and good Work can likewise be done.
Having described my invention, I' claim- In a washing-machine, a stationary sudsbox, arevoluble cylinder therein having a perforated, corrugated rubbing-surface, a series of hollow ribs disposed at intervals around the inner surface of the said cylinder on certain of the corrugations, said ribs being substantially square 1n cross-section, there being apertures inthe three walls that extend into the interior of the cylinder, the cylinderwall toswhich the ribs are secured being imperforate within said rib, and a valve within each rib for each a erture of the side Wall, the valves of onefsi e being hun oppositely from those of the other side for t e purposes set forth.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two Witnesses.
CHARLES A. CHURCH.
.FRANK T. MILLER,
L. M. THUaLoW.
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