US 820445 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 820,445. PATENTED MAY 15, 1906. A. R. SPEER.
APPLICATION FILED MAR. 28. 1905.
Wilnasses: 626400 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
- Specification. of Letters Patent.
Patented may 15, 1906.
Application filed March 28,1905. Serial No. 252,446.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, ARTHUR R. SPEER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Pittsburg, in the county of Allegheny and State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Packing-Cases,"
of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompany ing drawings,forming part of the specification, in wh1ch Figure 1 is a vertical longitudinalsection through my improved bottle-case'on the line I I of Fig. 3. Fig.2 is a similar cross-sectional viewon the line II II of Fi 1. Fi 3 is a horizontal sectional view on t e line I I III of Fig. 1,'showing the retaining devices incorporated with the bottom of the case. Fig. 4 is a perspective view of a portion of the case, showing the bottom construction. Figs. 5 and 6- are partial similar views showin modified constructions. Fi 7 is a sectiona detail view showing a niodi ed arrangement of the securing projections for the top or neck of the bottle. i
My invention refers to 'im rovements in packing boxes and cases for ottles; and it as forits object to provide a case in which the bottles may be compactly packed for shipment or storage, whereby each bottle is securely held Within the case independent ofthe others. The entire case is preferably made of thin sheet metal consisting of a bottom, sides, and ends connected together and constructed in any suitable or referred manner so as to provide strengt the corners being preferably rounded, as clearly shown in Figs. 3, 5, and 6;
The particular object of the invention is to provide a case in which the tops and bottoms of the bottles may be engaged by surrounding retaining abutments or rid es adapted to engage the peripheral edges 0? the base and top of the bottles so as to securely hold them against lateral movement or (118 lacement and also to provide a construction aving the necessary cheapness, strength and lightness adapted for the purpose of storing or shipping bottles compact y and with safe protection. l
Referring now to the drawings, 2 re resents the sides and ends of the case, W ich may be made of one continuous sheet of metal bent into rectangular form and rovided, if desired,- with reinforced surroun ing ribs 3, although these parts may be made plain, if preferred.
4 is the bottom, incorporated with the sides and ends in any suitable manner, as bythe construction shown in Figs. 1 and 2, the bottom having a series ofupwardly-projecting ribs or abutments 5 formed by ressing the metal in a suitable die, which a utments or ridges are so arranged as to engage the bottoms of the bottles when set into the case, as
indicated in the dotted linesin the drawings.
It is obvious that various forms may be given to these ridgesand that they may be conveniently made, as shown in the principal figures of the drawings, constituting short u wardly- 'extendin arched ridges tapering ward eac end, adapted to embrace the opown toposite sides of the bottles lengthwise and crosswise of the case, eachridge being thus located between any two adjacent bottles. The guiding-abutments may, however, be
made in the form of circular rojections 6, adapted to project upwardly etween four adj acent bottles, as shown in Fig.5, in which case the abutments are of suflicient diameter to fully occupy the intervenin space and engage the edges of four of the ottles at each equidistant point. The also be madeof much less size, as shown at 7 in Fig. 6, adapted to merely enter upwardly between the-adjacent ed es of the bottles, as
already described and s own in Fig. 3, the
rojections may abutments performing, essentially, the same se arating function.
it is obvious that other forms or arrange.- ments of the bottoms may be provided, and in'each case they are formed, preferably, by forcing the metal 11 wardly through the bottom, so as to provid sure good engagement with the bott es.
The top of the case is provided in the same manner with downwardlyrojecting lugs,-
abutments, or ridges 8, as 0 early shown in Figs. 1 and 2, adapted to embrace the upper ends or necks of the bottles, and these portions are so located as to correspond with the diminished diameter of the neck of each bottle and are therefore located out of alinement with the abutments or ridges of the bottom.
In Fig. 7 I have shown amodified-construction wherein a single projection 9 is provided for each bottle adapted to extend downwardly, engaging the neck-opening in the same manner as set forth in my companion a plication filed herewith, bearing the Serial 0. 252,445. The lid ma be of any suitable construction or form an may be secured to the case in any suitable manner, as by bende sufficienthei ht to in.
ing over the top flanges 10 of the sides and ends as described in the above-referred to ap lication.
hen filled with bottles and the lid is located in position as just described, the bottles Will be securely held against movement in any direction and independent of contact with each other. The'case maybe stored,sbi ped, or handled without danger of brealia e', While the lid may be readily remgved y merely bending up the flanges 10 or otherwise, according to the securing means employed, and, if desired, the case may be used several times. v
The advanta es of my invention will be appreciated by a1 users of bottle packing or shi ing cases, and it insures safe, economica andlin ,while utilizing the greatest proportion of t e interior space, and also facilitates the fillingo eration,while being easily cleaned and kept in order.
Chan es and variations may be made by the skil ed mechanic in the various details of construction'or other features of the invention-as, for instance, it may be made of other material than metal and provided with separately-attached or otherwise constructed ri ges or abutments; but all such changes are to be considered as within the scope of the following claims.
What I claim is' 1. A bottle-case composed of sheet metal and provided with upwardly-pressed holding rojections in its bottom portion arranged to intervene between adjacent bottles and to provide limiting lateral bearings therefor at various points surrounding the bottle-base, and correspondin downwardly-pressed holdin portions in t e top portion of the case, su stantially as set forth.
2. A bottle-case provided on its bottom with aplurality of into al longitudinally and transversel arrange upwardly-projecting portions a apted to embrace the base of the bottle, and provided with a lid having corre-v sponding neck-embracing projections, substantially as set forth.
3. A bottle-case composed of sheet metal and provided with upwardly-pressed holding projections in its bottom portlon arranged to intervene between the bottles lengthwise and crosswise of the case, and corresponding downwardly-pressed holding portions in its top portion, substantially as set forth.
4. A sheet-metal bottle-case having series of inwardly-pressed projecting ridges ada ted to intervene between adjacent bottles lengthwise and crosswise of'the case and to hold them against movement, with a to havingsimilarly-arranged projections, su stantially as set forth.
5. A bottle-case composed of sheet metal and provided in its bottom with a plurality of upwardl -pressed ro'ections arranged to intervene etween tlie ottles both lon itudinally and transversely of the case, su stantially as set forth.
6. A bottle-case composed of sheet metal I and provided in its bottom with a plurality of upwardl -pressed rojections arranged to intervene etween t e bottles, said projections being arranged in rows at right angles to each other, substantially as set forth.
7. bottle-case composed of sheet metal and provided in its bottom with a plurality of upwardl -pressed1projections arranged to intervene etween t e bottles, said projections being arranged in rows at right angles to each other, with a to having a plurality of downwardly-pressed iolding projections, substantially as set forth. v
v In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
ARTHUR R. SPEER.