US 820745 A
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No; 820,745. PATENTED MAY 15, 1906. J. w. SUTTON. BENCH FOR USE IN PLAYINGMUSIGAL INSTRUMENTS.
APPLICATION FILED NOV. 15.1905.
mars sTATEs PATENT OFFICE.
' JOHN W. SUTTON, OF NEWV YORK, N. Y..
Specification of Letters Patent.
ratented. May 15, 1906.
Application filed November 15, 1905. Serial No. 287,477.
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that 1, JOHN W. SUTTON, a citizen of the United States, residing in New York, in the borough of Brooklyn and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Benches for Use in Playing Musical Instruments, of which the following is a specification.
In the application for a patent for a bench for use in playing musical instruments filed August 10, 1905, Serial No. 273,586, a bench is described in which the seat can be adjusted higher or lower on supporting-cleats of the side walls of the bench, butonly in the inclined position.
It has been found by ractical tests that some people prefer the horizontal position for the seat instead of the inclined one and the object of this invention is to so improve the bench that the seat can be supported at will, higher or lower, either in an inclined or horizontal position, as the player desires; and for this purpose the invention consists of a bench for use in playing musical instruments, which comprises upright side walls, means for transversely connecting said side walls, parallel inclined cleats at the upper ends of the same, and a seat provided with recessed ends having inclined converging bottom surfaces, so that one edge of the seat is made thinner than the other edge for permitting the use of the seat in inclined or horizontal position, according as the same is inserted on the inclined cleats 0f the side walls with the thinner or thicker edge in forward position.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 represents a front elevation of my improved bench. Fig. 2 is a side elevation. Fig. 3 is a vertical transverse section of the upper part of the bench, drawn on a larger scale, on line 3 3, Fig. 1, and showing the seat supported in an inclined position. Fig. 4 is a similar section showing the seat supported in a horizontal position, and Fig. 5 is a vertical transverse section through the seat on line 5 5, Fig. 1.
Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in the different figures of the drawings.
Referring to the drawings, a (1 represent the side walls of my improved bench, The side walls are provided at their upper ends with inclined cleats b,which are arranged parallel with each other and which are attached by fastening-screws b to the side walls, as shown in Figs. 3 and 4. The cleats I) serve for supporting a seat d, which is placed in position on two opposite cleats 1) band prevented from shifting when. supported 011 the cleats by means of transverse front and rear cleats d. The upright side walls a are connected transversely by horizontal braces f and diagonal bracesf, which are attached to horizontal piecesf on the side walls. Any other permanent or knockdown connection of the side walls may be used, so as to give a firm support to the seat.
The seat (Z is made of equal thickness throughout, but provided at the ends, which rest on the cleats, with recesses which increase in depth from one end to the other, so as to be thinner at one edge and thicker at the other edge. The angle of inclination of the inclined under side of the recesses to the horizontal line has to be equal to the angle of inclination of the cleats to the horizontal line. This permits the use of the seat in inclined position when the thinner part is in the front, as shown in Fig. 3. In this case it is necessary to introduce the thinner edge of the seat from the rear into the spaces between'the cleats and move the seat forward toward the front until the transverse end cleats d can be placed in position so as to engage, the ends of the corresponding sup porting-cleats. When, on the other hand, the seat is desired to be used in a horizontal position, the thinner front edge is introduced from the front and moved in backward direction until the transverse cleats of the seat engage the front and rear cleats of the recesses e of the side walls, as shown in Fig. 4. In this case the seat is supported in a horizontal position, for the reason that the inclination of its under side forms the same angle of inclina tion with a horizontal line as the angle of illclination of the side cleats with the horizontal line. In this manner the seat can be readily placed into inclined or horizontal position at the different heights of the cleats, according to the will of the player. It permits thereby the exact adjustment of the seat according to the height of the player and the more convenient and less tiresome working of the pedals of automatic pianos, piano-players, and other mechanical musical instruments and takes the place of the usual piano-stool when the seat is in the horizontal position.
Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent l. A bench for use in playing musical instruments, consisting of upright side Walls provided With inclined parallel cleats at their upper ends, means for transversely connecting said side Walls, and an adjustable seat provided with inclined recesses at the ends Where they bear upon the inclined cleats.
2. A bench for use in playing musical instruments, consisting of upright side Walls provided With inclined parallel cleats at their upper ends, means for transversely connecting said side Walls, and a detachable seat made of increasing thickness from one edge to the other at both ends and adapted to be supported on the cleats in inclined or horizontal position.
3. A bench for use in playing musical instruments, consisting of upright side Walls provided with inclined cleats attached to the upper parts of the same, means for transversely connecting said side Walls, and a de- 1 tachable seat provided with recesses at the ends that increase in depth from one edge to the opposite edge.
4. A bench for use in playing musical instruments, consisting of upright side Walls, means for transversely connecting the same, inclined parallel cleats attached to the upper ends of said side Walls, and a seat provided With recesses in its ends increasing gradually in thickness from one edge to the other and with transverse cleats at the ends of said recesses for being retained on the ends of the inclined cleats.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my invention I have signed my name in presence of two subscribing Witnesses.
JOHN W. SUTTON.
PAUL GOEPEL, H. J. SUHRBIER.