|Publication number||US8218256 B1|
|Application number||US 12/610,206|
|Publication date||Jul 10, 2012|
|Filing date||Oct 30, 2009|
|Priority date||Oct 30, 2009|
|Also published as||US8432631|
|Publication number||12610206, 610206, US 8218256 B1, US 8218256B1, US-B1-8218256, US8218256 B1, US8218256B1|
|Inventors||Tao Lin, Chih-Wu Jen, Chunjer Chuck Cheng, Gang Herbert Lin|
|Original Assignee||Western Digital Technologies, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (77), Referenced by (8), Classifications (6), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present disclosure generally concerns a hard drive component testing platform and, in particular, is directed to a disk spindle assembly cartridge.
Component testing plays an important role during the manufacture and assembly of hard drives. Testing individual components allows the manufacturer to determine whether specifications of a new design have been met prior to incorporating the new component into a fully assembled hard drive. Testing representative component samples provides a measure of quality control that may prevent the wasteful assembly of a large number of hard drives using a faulty batch of components. However, many conventional hard drive component testing systems fail to create a testing environment similar to that experienced by components in an operating hard drive. Accordingly, these conventional systems are limited in the number and range of parameters that can be tested before the component is incorporated into a working hard drive.
Conventional testing systems typically are expensive and relatively complex systems. Conventional testing systems may cost several hundreds of thousands, and possibly millions, of dollars to purchase and maintain. This expense limits the number of testing systems a manufacturer can purchase given a limited budget, which correspondingly limits the number of components that can be tested within a given time frame. Many conventional component testing systems are complex pieces of equipment requiring special training and/or special tools to set up and operate. This complexity limits the efficiency and increases the overall costs associated with operating and maintaining the systems.
The disk spindle assembly cartridge described in the present disclosure is part of a modular hard drive component tester designed to address the foregoing deficiencies of conventional testing systems. This novel hard drive component tester is designed to use as many production hard drive components as possible to both keep down costs of the testing platform and to help recreate a testing environment similar to that experienced by components in an operating hard drive. As described herein, various structures from production hard drives have been modified to provide a reliable and relatively easy to operate tester.
According to one aspect of the present disclosure, a disk spindle assembly cartridge is described. The disk spindle assembly cartridge includes a base, a spindle motor attached to the base, a disk seated on the spindle motor, a disk clamp attached to the spindle motor, wherein the disk clamp secures the disk to the spindle motor, and a cover attached to the base. The base is configured to detachably mount a head stack assembly cartridge, where the disk is accessible to a head stack assembly pivotally mounted in the head stack assembly cartridge via an opening defined by the base and the cover.
According to another aspect of the present disclosure, a hard drive component tester is described. The hard drive component testing platform includes a chassis plate, a disk spindle assembly cartridge removably mounted on a top surface of the chassis plate, and a printed circuit board assembly mounted on the chassis plate. The disk spindle assembly cartridge includes a base, a spindle motor attached to the base, a disk seated on the spindle motor, a disk clamp attached to the spindle motor, wherein the disk clamp secures the disk to the spindle motor, and a cover attached to the base. The base is configured to detachably mount a head stack assembly cartridge, where the disk is accessible to a head stack assembly pivotally mounted in the head stack assembly cartridge via an opening defined by the base and the cover. The printed circuit board assembly includes a first interface electrically connected to the spindle motor, a second interface configured to electrically connect to the head stack assembly, and a third interface for electrically connecting the printed circuit board assembly to a tester controller.
According to another aspect of the present disclosure, a method for test mounting a magnetic disk is provided. The method includes securing a disk to a spindle motor attached to a base. A cover plate is then attached to the base. The base is configured to detachably mount a head stack assembly cartridge comprising a head stack assembly. The base and the cover plate define an opening to make the disk accessible to the head stack assembly.
It is understood that other configurations of the subject technology will become readily apparent to those skilled in the art from the following detailed description, wherein various configurations of the subject technology are shown and described by way of illustration. As will be realized, the subject technology is capable of other and different configurations and its several details are capable of modification in various other respects, all without departing from the scope of the subject technology. Accordingly, the drawings and detailed description are to be regarded as illustrative in nature and not as restrictive.
The detailed description set forth below is intended as a description of various configurations of the subject technology and is not intended to represent the only configurations in which the subject technology may be practiced. The appended drawings are incorporated herein and constitute a part of the detailed description. The detailed description includes specific details for the purpose of providing a thorough understanding of the subject technology. However, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that the subject technology may be practiced without these specific details. In some instances, well-known structures and components have been simplified or omitted from the figures to avoid obscuring the concepts of the subject technology.
Printed circuit board assembly mount 25 provides a platform for mounting printed circuit board assembly 80 to tester chassis 20. Printed circuit board assembly 80 may be mounted to an upper surface of mount 25 using screws or other fasteners. Mount 25 may be made from a metal or metal alloy, such as aluminum, and insulative supports or spacers may be positioned between mount 25 and printed circuit board assembly 80. Mount 25 may be attached to chassis plate 21 using slide assemblies 28, which allow mount 25 to be raised and lowered with respect to chassis plate 21. Mount 25 may be held in a raised position with respect to chassis plate 21 using one or more clamps 29 attached to the bottom surface of chassis plate 21. Using this configuration, printed circuit board assembly 80 mounted to mount 25 can be lowered away from chassis plate 21 when mounting head stack assembly cartridge 60 and/or disk spindle assembly cartridge 40. After head stack assembly cartridge 60 and/or disk spindle assembly cartridge 40 are secured to the upper surface of chassis plate 21, mount 25 can be raised using clamp 29 to bring printed circuit board assembly 80 into electrical contact with head stack assembly cartridge 60 and disk spindle assembly cartridge 40. In this regard, printed circuit board assembly 80 includes a first interface configured to make electrical contact and communicate electrical power and signals with the spindle motor in disk spindle assembly cartridge 40. Printed circuit board assembly 80 also includes a second interface configured to make electrical contact and communicate electrical power and signals with a flex cable assembly of the head stack assembly mounted in head stack assembly cartridge 60. Printed circuit board assembly 80 further includes a third interface configured to make electrical contact and communicate electrical signals with a tester controller.
Printed circuit board assembly 80 may be similar or identical to printed circuit board assemblies used in hard drives using similar or identical interfaces for communicating with connected components. Using production printed circuit board assemblies reduces costs involved in implementing tester 10 and allows for standard interface connections and protocols to be used for communication between tester 10 and the tester controller. Furthermore, production flex cable assemblies and spindle motors may be connected to printed circuit board assembly 80 with little or no modification to the interfaces used to connect these components in production hard drives.
In the exemplary configuration shown in
Magnetic disk 43 is seated on spindle motor 42 and is secured to spindle motor 42 by disk clamp 44. Disk clamp 44 may be attached to spindle motor 42 using screws or other fasteners through a central opening in magnetic disk 43. As the screws or other fasteners are tightened, the perimeter of disk clamp 44 applies pressure on the upper surface of magnetic disk 43 thereby preventing slippage between magnetic disk 43 and a spindle of spindle motor 42. Magnetic disk 43 and disk clamp 44 may be similar or identical to magnetic disks and disk clamps used in production hard drives.
Magnetic disk 43 may be encoded with servo data used as initial seeds to generate servo tracks on magnetic disk 43 for positioning a head gimbal assembly at an intended position to conduct tests. Magnetic disk 43 also may be encoded with servo tracks ready for use in positioning a head gimbal assembly at an intended position to conduct tests. In addition, application information supplementing servo patterns on magnetic disk 43 may be encoded on magnetic disk 43 or at another storage location accessible to a test controller executing tests using tester 10. The application information supplementing servo patterns may include information on any deviation of each track with respect to roundness and spacing of adjacent tracks on magnetic disk 43, defects on the surface of magnetic disk 43, etc. Information for performing channel optimization for purposes of testing also may be encoded on magnetic disk 43.
Cover plate 45 is attached to base 41, which together partially enclose magnetic disk 43. Cover plate 45 may be attached to base 41 using screws or other fasteners. An opening is defined along one side of disk spindle assembly cartridge 40 that provides access to magnetic disk 43 by a head stack assembly when disk spindle assembly cartridge 40 is mated with head stack assembly cartridge 60. As will be discussed in more detail below, disk spindle assembly cartridge 40 may be mated with head stack assembly cartridge 60 using pivot pin 47 set in base 41 and alignment mount 48 of base 41. In one configuration, cover plate 45 defines an opening in which transparent window 46 is set to allow visual observation during operation of test station 10. Window 46 may be made of plastic or glass. Window 46 may be set in the opening of cover plate 45 using an adhesive or may rely on a pressure fit to remain set. Base 41 and cover plate 45 may be made of a metal or metal alloy for durability and strength. For example, base 41 and/or plate 45 may be made from aluminum or an aluminum alloy. Alternatively, a more durable material such as stainless steel may be used for base 41 and/or plate 45.
As noted above, head stack assembly 64 includes an actuator coil assembly having a pivot assembly and a coil. Head stack assembly 64 further includes a flex cable assembly for electrically connecting head stack assembly 64 to an interface on printed circuit board assembly 80. Electrical power and control signals are communicated between printed circuit board assembly 80 and head stack assembly 64 via the flex cable assembly. Head stack assembly 64 may be similar or identical to head stack assemblies used in production hard drives. For example, testing platform 10 may be used to test the head stack assembly prior to being assembled in a production hard drive. Alternatively, head stack assembly 64 may be modified to allow head gimbal assemblies to be detachably mounted for testing. For example, the actuator coil assembly may be modified to include the mounting mechanism described in U.S. patent application Ser. No. 12/500,546, entitled “Head Gimbal Assembly Mounting Mechanism” and filed on Jul. 9, 2009, and the clamping mechanism described in U.S. patent application Ser. No. 12/494,869, entitled “Dual-State Clamping Mechanism” and filed on Jun. 30, 2009, both of which are hereby incorporated by reference herein.
Cover plate 65 is attached to base plate 61 using screws or other fasteners that allow cover plate 65 to be removable from base plate 61. In one configuration, cover magnet 70 is attached to the inner surface of cover plate 65. Cover magnet 70 is arranged on the inner surface of cover plate 65 to be adjacent to the coil of head stack assembly 64 when mounted on pivot shaft 62 and opposite base magnet 63. Base magnet 63, cover magnet 70 and the coil of head stack assembly 64 form a voice coil motor for controlling the movement of the actuator coil assembly of head stack assembly 64.
Head stack assembly 64 may be attached to pivot shaft 62 using pivot screw 71. To secure and stabilize head stack assembly 64 during operation, pivot clamp 66 is attached to cover plate 65 with load screw 73 to apply a load to pivot screw 71 attaching head stack assembly 64 to pivot shaft 62. In the exemplary configuration depicted in
In an alternative configuration, cover plate 65 may be attached to base plate 61 with a hinge along one side of cover plate 65 and a corresponding side of base plate 61. A clamp screw or other fastener may be used on the opposite side of cover plate 65 and base plate 61 to hold the two components together. This hinged implementation of cover plate 65 and base plate 61 allows relatively easy access inside head stack assembly cartridge 60 to facilitate the exchange of head stack assembly 64 and/or a head gimbal assembly detachably mounted on the actuator arm of head stack assembly 64.
Base plate 61, cover plate 65 and pivot clamp 66 may be made of a metal or metal alloy for durability and strength. For example, aluminum or an aluminum alloy may be used for base plate 61, cover plate 65 and/or pivot clamp 66. Alternatively, a more durable material such as stainless steel may be used for base plate 61, cover plate 65 and/or pivot clamp 66.
Base plate 61 further includes pivot arm 77 and alignment mount 78. Pivot arm 77 defines a bore which is arranged to receive pivot pin 47 of disk spindle assembly cartridge 40 to pivotally couple head stack assembly cartridge 60 with disk spindle assembly cartridge 40.
When mated together, disk spindle assembly cartridge 40 and head stack assembly cartridge 60 create an internal environment similar to that of a production hard drive. The interior dimensions of disk spindle assembly cartridge 40 and head stack assembly cartridge 60 are similar to those of a production hard drive. This similarity both allows components from production hard drives to be used in these modules as well as creates similar environmental conditions under which component testing can be performed.
The configurations of the disk spindle assembly cartridge and the head stack assembly cartridge are not limited to those described above. For example, the disk spindle assembly cartridge may include more than one magnetic disk seated on and secured to the spindle motor. Correspondingly, the head stack assembly in the head stack assembly cartridge may include multiple head gimbal assemblies arranged to access one or both sides of each of the magnetic disks in the disk spindle assembly cartridge.
In step S703, base 41 is attached to tester chassis 20. Base 41 may be attached to tester chassis 20 using one or more clamps 24 or other fasteners. In step S704, base 41 is coupled to head stack assembly cartridge 60. For example, pivot pin 47 on base 41 may be aligned with a bore in pivot arm 77 on head stack assembly cartridge 60, thereby pivotally coupling base 41 to head stack assembly cartridge 60. Head stack assembly cartridge 60 may be pivoted about pivot pin 47 until alignment mount 48 meets and aligns with alignment mount 78 of head stack assembly cartridge 60. Base 41 may be secured to head stack assembly cartridge 60 using thumb screw 79 threaded through alignment mount 78 and alignment mount 48. In step S705, spindle motor 42 is electrically connected to printed circuit board assembly 80 mounted on tester chassis 20. As described above, spindle motor 42 may be brought into electrical contact with an interface on printed circuit board assembly 80. This electrical contact may be facilitated by raising printed circuit board assembly 80 mounted on mount 25 by operation of clamp 29 and slide assemblies 28.
As described above, tester 10 is a modular hard drive component tester. Tester 10 is designed to allow one or more of the modules making up the system to be exchanged relatively quickly and easily. For example, tester 10 may be used to test head stack assemblies. To test a series of head stack assemblies, tester 10 may be arranged as shown in
The hard drive component tester described herein is not limited to the mounting and alignment configurations described above. For example, tester chassis 20 may be configured with tracks in which disk spindle assembly cartridge 40 and head stack assembly cartridge 60 are slidably mounted using rails or another structure corresponding to the tracks on tester chassis 20. The tracks on tester chassis 20 and the rails on disk spindle assembly cartridge 40 and head stack assembly cartridge 60 keep the components aligned with one another when mounted on tester chassis 20. Clamps or other locking mechanisms may be used to hold disk spindle assembly cartridge 40 and head stack assembly cartridge 60 together and in place during test operations.
The previous description is provided to enable any person skilled in the art to practice the various aspects described herein. Various modifications to these aspects will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, and the generic principles defined herein may be applied to other aspects. Thus, the claims are not intended to be limited to the aspects shown herein, but is to be accorded the full scope consistent with the language claims, wherein reference to an element in the singular is not intended to mean “one and only one” unless specifically so stated, but rather “one or more.” Unless specifically stated otherwise, the term “some” refers to one or more. Pronouns in the masculine (e.g., his) include the feminine and neuter gender (e.g., her and its) and vice versa. Headings and subheadings, if any, are used for convenience only and do not limit the invention.
A phrase such as an “aspect” does not imply that such aspect is essential to the subject technology or that such aspect applies to all configurations of the subject technology. A disclosure relating to an aspect may apply to all configurations, or one or more configurations. A phrase such as an aspect may refer to one or more aspects and vice versa. A phrase such as a “configuration” does not imply that such configuration is essential to the subject technology or that such configuration applies to all configurations of the subject technology. A disclosure relating to a configuration may apply to all configurations, or one or more configurations. A phrase such a configuration may refer to one or more configurations and vice versa.
The word “exemplary” is used herein to mean “serving as an example or illustration.” Any aspect or design described herein as “exemplary” is not necessarily to be construed as preferred or advantageous over other aspects or designs.
All structural and functional equivalents to the elements of the various aspects described throughout this disclosure that are known or later come to be known to those of ordinary skill in the art are expressly incorporated herein by reference and are intended to be encompassed by the claims. Moreover, nothing disclosed herein is intended to be dedicated to the public regardless of whether such disclosure is explicitly recited in the claims. No claim element is to be construed under the provisions of 35 U.S.C. §112, sixth paragraph, unless the element is expressly recited using the phrase “means for” or, in the case of a method claim, the element is recited using the phrase “step for.” Furthermore, to the extent that the term “include,” “have,” or the like is used in the description or the claims, such term is intended to be inclusive in a manner similar to the term “comprise” as “comprise” is interpreted when employed as a transitional word in a claim.
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|U.S. Classification||360/31, 324/210|
|International Classification||G01R33/12, G11B27/36|
|Jan 15, 2010||AS||Assignment|
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:LIN, TAO;JEN, CHIH-WU;CHENG, CHUNJER CHUCK;AND OTHERS;SIGNING DATES FROM 20091124 TO 20091218;REEL/FRAME:023799/0142
Owner name: WESTERN DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC., CALIFORNIA