US 822910 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
PATENTED. JUNE 12, 1906.
G. T. BLOOMER.
APPLIGATION FILED FEB. 25. 1905.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1,
r. .M/ae n e r m m I! I A 1 muszw s. mum cu Mmmumasmwzns msumn '11 n r No. 822,910. PATENTED JUNE 12, 1906.
G. T. BLOOMER.
APPLIGATION FILED M315. 1905.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented June 12, 1906.
Application filed February 25, 1905. Serial No. 247,363.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that 1, CHARLES T. BLOOMER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Newark, in the county of Wayne and State of New York, have invented a new and useful Paper Vessel, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to a paper vessel of that kind which is formed from a single sheet of paper suitably creased to permit it to be folded to the desired shape.
The object of the invention is to improve the manner in which the parts of the vessel are held assembled when folded; to prevent any escape of liquid from the vessel while being carrled; to construct the flaps that prevent escape of the liquid in such manner as to cause them to constitute shields or guards to cover the inner ends or terminals of the wire bail, thereby to prevent puncturing of the vessels by said terminals when the same are nested or packedfor shipment; to provide a novel form of fastening device, and generally to improve devices of this character.
With the above and other objects in view, as will appear as the nature of the invention is better understood, the same consists in the novel construction and combination of parts of a paper vessel, as will be hereinafter fully described and claimed.
In the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, and in which like characters of reference indicate corresponding parts, there is illustrated one form of emfrom which the box is bodiment of the invention cap able of carrying the same into practical operation, it being undertood that the elements therein exhibited may be varied or changed as to shape, proportions, and exact manner of assemblage without departing from the spirit thereof, and in these drawings Figure 1 is a bottom plan view of the blank formed, the positions of the eyes being shown by dotted lines. Fig. 2 is a perspective view showing the blank partly folded. Fig. 3 is a perspective view exhibiting a vessel constructed in accordance with the present invention. Fig. 4 is a view in vertical transverse section through the vessel. Fig. 5 is a fragmentary detail view of a slightly-modified form of fastener.
The body from which the vessel is formed comprises a bottom 1, sides 2 and 3, ends 4 and 5, and corner folds 6 7, 8 9,10 11, and 12 13. The end 5 and corner folds 7 8 have projecting from them a sealing extension 14,
I combined with which are triangular wings 14 14, 14 and 14", and the end 4 and corner fold 10 13 have a similar extension 16, combined with which are triangular wings 16 16, 16 and 16".
The corner fold 12 has an extension 17, provided with a tongue 18, that is disconnected from the side 2 and projects over same, and the corner fold 6 has a similar flap which is divided by an oblique incision 19 into two members 20 and 21, the latter having combined with it a tongue 22, that is disconnected from the side 2 and projects over the same.
The corner fold 9 has combined with it a flap 23, having atongue 24, similar to the flap 17, and tongue 18, and the corner fold 11 has two flap members 25 and 26 and a tongue 27 combined with it similar to the members 20, 21 ,and 22 of the corner fold 6 and divided by an oblique incision 28, similar to the incision 19.
When the vessel is folded for use, as shown in Figs. 3 and 4, the fla s 17 and 23 fold in over the sides 2 and 3, w 'le the flap member 20 will be interposed between the wing 14 and 16 and flap member 25 interposed between the wings 14 and 16 The flap 21 overlaps the flap 17 and thus forms a continuous obstruction across one side of the vessel, which will effectively prevent any liquid from slopping out of the vessel, the tongue 18 and 22 serving to hold the flap members properly in position. The same rocedure obtains on the opposite side of t e vessel, wherein the flap 23 and tongue 24 and flap member 26, with tongue 27, are similarly disposed relatively to the side 3, and flap member 25 is interposed between the wings 14 and 16 The flaps 17 and 23, as clearly shown in Fig. 4, extend downward into the vessel a suflicient distance to cover the inturned ends 29 of the bail 30, and thus positively prevent any puncturing of the vessels when nested one within the other for the purpose of shipment. It will be seen by reference to Fig. 2 that the incisions 19 and 28 are necessary in the flat members 20 21 and 25 26 in order to permit the members 21 and 26 to be brought to position to overlie the flaps 17 and 23 and to permit the tongues 22 and 27 to be positioned in the manner described.
The sealing members formed by wings 14 16 and 14 16 may be held assembled in any preferred manner; but in the present instance there is a novel form of locking device shown, which will be thoroughly effective for the purpose designed, maybe cheaply manufactured, and easily to apply The locking device consists, essentially, of a length of wire bent upon itself to form an approximately U-shaped structure, the bend of which is upturned to its length to form a hook 30 and the terminals of the members being inserted through the wings 14 and 16 and clenched in position, as shown at 31. The intermediate portion of the locking device is bowed or bulged upward, as shown at 32, the object of this arrangement being to hold the two sealing members formed by the wings above the sealing member formed by the extensions 14 and 16, as shown in Fig. 4 thus to permit ready insertion of the hook within its keeper when the cover is to be fastened; otherwise the flaps would be forced down, and thus present a vessel of unsightly appearance.
The keeper or engaging means for the hook 30 consists of an eye 33, approximately pyramidal in shape and formed in the wings 14' and 16", there being a link-keeper 34 clenched through the wings 14 at the narrow end of the eye and against which the hook bears, this keeper serving to reinforce the eye and cause it to withstand considerable strain without danger of tearing.
As shown in Fig. 4, the two sealing mem bers carrying the locking device are spaced some distance above the sealing members formed by the extensions 14 and 16, and this will facilitate the positioning of the hook when the closure is to be locked.
Instead of employing the eye 33 and linkkeeper 34 a loop-keeper 35 may be combined with the wings 14 and 16 and have its members clenched flat against the parts, as shown in Fig. 5, the bend 36 of the keeper being projectedbeyond the edges of the wings and in position to be engaged by the hook 30 It will be seen from the foregoing description that although the improvements herein defined are simple in character they combine in a ready and practical manner all of the essentials necessary for the production of a thoroughly effective vessel, and, moreover, that by disposing the flaps 17 and 23 in the manner described a thorough shielding or guarding of the terminals of the bails are secured which will prevent damage and thus loss to the manufacturer when the vessels are nested for the purpose of transportation.
Having thus described the invention, what is claimed is 1. In a paper vessel, the combination with and 16 and disposedl I l I corner folds adapted to fold against the ends of the vessel, of a flap projecting from each of the corner folds at each end of the vessel and adapted to fold inward and downward over the ends, and tongues carried by the flaps and adapted to interlock with the adjacent folded portions of the vessel to hold the flaps properly positioned.
In a paper vessel, the combination with corner folds adapted to fold over against the ends of the vessel, of a flap projecting from each corner fold at each end of the vessel and adapted to fold inward and downward over the ends to hold the flaps in position, one flap at each end being obliquely incised to permit it to interlock with the other flap.
3. In a paper vessel, the combination with corner folds adapted to fold over against the ends of the vessel, of a flap projecting from each corner fold at each end of the vessel and adapted to fold inward and downward over the ends to hold the flap in position, one flap at each end being obliquely incised to permit it to interlock with the other flap, a tongue carried by each of the flaps and adapted to interlock with the other flap, and a tongue carried by each of the flaps and adapted to interlock with the adjacent folded portions of. the vessel to hold the flaps properly positioned.
4. In a paper vessel, the combination with corner folds adapted to fold over against the ends of the vessel, of a flap projecting from each of the corner folds at each end of the vessel and adapted to fold inward and downward over the ends, tongues carried by the flaps and adapted to interlock with the adj acent folded portions of the vessel to hold the flaps properly positioned, and sealing-tongues provided with locking means for holding the vessel positively closed.
5. In a paper vessel, the combination with a sealing extension provided with an eye, and a metallic reinforce disposed at one end of the eye, of a locking member combined with the other sealing extension and comprising a hook to engage the eye, an intermediate upwardly-bulged portion, and terminals adapted to be secured to the appropriate extension.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto aflixed my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
CHAS. T. BLOOMER.