|Publication number||US8239280 B1|
|Application number||US 12/886,345|
|Publication date||Aug 7, 2012|
|Filing date||Sep 20, 2010|
|Priority date||Sep 21, 2009|
|Publication number||12886345, 886345, US 8239280 B1, US 8239280B1, US-B1-8239280, US8239280 B1, US8239280B1|
|Inventors||Igor Feinberg, Michael Brodsky|
|Original Assignee||Igor Feinberg, Michael Brodsky|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (14), Non-Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (13), Classifications (5), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
E-commerce has grown exponentially during the last decade. The majority of sales revenue, however, was generated by the sales of tangible goods and services due, among other factors, to improved public confidence in transaction security.
Sales of products available for purchase online (i.e., through the Internet) continue to lag behind this trend primarily because of a prospective purchaser's perceived risk of receiving material of dubious value or relevancy, their inability to evaluate relevance and/or quality of a product prior to making the decision to actually purchase the product or material, the practical limitations on their ability to effectively return unsatisfactory products or obtain a refund for such products, the risks associated with providing personal and financial information to an unknown seller, and their perception that a suitable free-of-charge product is or may be available on another website.
Attempts have been made by various sellers to overcome these impediments by offering products with a deferred payment option or simply offering products free of charge in an attempt to receive some indirect compensation.
Other contributing factors that tend to force e-sellers to give away their products are an inability to adequately advertise themselves as a brand, an inability to form and sustain long-term relationships with their potential customers, the difficulties with portraying a product's value and relevance to their prospective customers, and the absence of a system that encourages payment for a valuable product or service.
In an effort to get at least some monetary compensation for their products or services some providers of software, music, art, professional services, scientific and research papers, expert help, business consulting, image processing and others seek voluntary payments from consumers. Often these providers depend upon Tips and Donation payment schemes. However, because such schemes request a voluntary payment prior to delivery of the content or service when the value of the content is still uncertain, few, if any, such content providers have effectively captured commensurate value on a consistent basis. These content providers must contend with the facts that their potential customers have no way to evaluate the usefulness and relevance of their product before paying for it, that often there is no on-going relationship between a seller and a buyer, thus it is not safe to pay in advance of delivery of the product or service, and that even if a customer is satisfied with the product or service there is little assurance that a buyer will make a donation at a date much after the product is received and used unless they are reminded of their implied obligation to do so.
Embodiments of the present invention have been made in light of these and other considerations. However, the relatively specific problems discussed above do not limit the applicability of the embodiments of the present invention.
The summary is provided to introduce aspects of some embodiments of the present invention in a simplified form, and is not intended to identify key or essential elements of the claimed invention, nor is it intended to limit the scope of the claims.
Embodiments of the present invention enable sellers of items (e.g., content providers, sellers of product, or sellers of services) to select from a configurable set of sales rules for each item they offer, including among other parameters the suggested price, the initial credit extended to individual buyers, referred to as the Initial Purchase Power Value, and a Weight Coefficient—a parameter that determines the affect that each purchase transaction makes on a buyer's Initial Purchase Power Value. Content buyers, when requesting to access a product from the seller's website, are automatically redirected to create an account while providing only an e-mail address. Embodiments protect the buyer's identity from the seller, allow accessing of content, calculate the buyer's remaining purchase power and later send a notification which includes a link to the buyer's account with a request to pay for the accessed items.
The buyer accesses an account where a periodic statement containing a list of accessed items is displayed. The buyer is required to select one of several discrete payment options, including a payment of zero that most closely reflects his or her satisfaction level with the product and their perceived value of the product for each accessed item. A buyer then uses a payment processing service of their choice, in order to maintain anonymity of the purchase, to make payment. The buyer is provided with a mechanism and is encouraged to provide textual and numerical feedback on the accessed item's quality or usefulness to the seller while still maintaining anonymity. The buyer accesses his account where a periodic statement requesting payment and containing a list of accessed items is displayed. The buyer is also provided with a mechanism and is encouraged to provide textual and numerical feedback on an accessed item's quality or usefulness to the seller while still maintaining anonymity. Embodiments may be implemented as a computer process, a computing system or as an article of manufacture such as a computer storage medium.
Non-limiting and non-exhaustive embodiments are described with reference to the following figures.
The principles of the present invention may be further understood by reference to the following detailed description and the embodiments depicted in the accompanying drawings.
Also shown in
User 102 also registers and establishes an account with content valuation system 112 to obtain access to content provided by content providers 108 and 110. By utilizing content valuation system 112 to obtain content, user 102 is assigned a numeric access value (also referred to in some embodiments as Purchase Power Value or PPV) that allows a user to access on-line content provided by content providers 108 and 110. Each individual content provider 108 and 110 can indicate, as part of their sales rules, what amount of PPV is provided to a user.
By assigning a PPV to the user, content valuation system 112 and registered content providers 108 and 110 allow users to access content within the limit of this PPV provided to the user. After a predetermined evaluation period (set by the content providers when registering with content valuation system 112), content valuation system 112 sends or displays a statement to users to provide them an opportunity to pay for the content and provide evaluation information about the used content. Additional details about the functionality and operation of embodiments of content valuation system 112 are described below.
A payment processing system 114 is also shown in
As shown in
User 204 in embodiments is a consumer of products or services and may, or may not, have had prior contact with provider 206. In some embodiments, user 204 utilizes a client computer with a browser. At some point user 204 encounters provider 206 and learns enough about a product or service provided by provider 206. For example, in embodiments provider 206 may include a website that provides information about products or services and also allows users such as user 204 to request products or services. User 204 initiates a request 220 for a product or service from provider 206.
When provider 206 receives request 220 the provider 206 determines whether the requested product or service is being offered using a valuation system consistent with embodiments of the present invention. If so, then the request 220 is redirected 222 to application 202.
Application 202 then determines whether the user has previously registered with the valuation system. In this example, the user has previously registered. Application 202 determines if the user has enough credit, in some embodiments referred to as Purchase Power Value (PPV), with the provider 206 to access the requested product or service. In this example, the user 204 has not previously accessed any item from provider 206.
As described in greater detail below, users sign up for PPV the valuation system. Each provider controls the PPV that a first time user can receive for products or services provided by a provider. When registering with the valuation system, the providers, e.g., provider 206, sets rules regarding access to its products or services including an Initial Purchase Power Value (IPPV) assigned to first time users. The IPPV is typically set to an amount greater than the suggested price assigned to product or services that are being offered through the valuation system. Provider 206 could have a number of products or services, or multiple versions of a product or service. In one embodiment, the provider could set the IPPV of a user at a level that permits a first time user to only access introductory products or services. This may incentivize a user to provide feedback and/or make a payment (described in greater detail below) for the introductory products so that they can increase their PPV and be allowed to download products or services with more features.
Application 202 determines that the user, being a first time user, has an initial IPPV that allows it to access the requested product or service. At this point, the application 202 sends a reply 224 to the provider 206 indicating that the access may be granted.
When the provider 206 receives the reply 224, it allows user 204 to access 226 the product or service. When access 226 is provided to the user 204, the provider will send a message 228 to the application 202 indicating that download is complete. Application 202 will then adjust the PPV according to the rules defined by provider 206 for this particular product or service. The user 204 in embodiments has some period of time, for example thirty days, to install, use, or in some manner take advantage of the product or service that was accessed.
At some point in time, a customer statement will be generated by the application 202 of the valuation system. The statement includes at least a line item associated with the product or service accessed and used. After this customer statement has been generated the application 202 generates a communication, such as an email 230 to the user. In embodiment, the email may include a link that when selected generates a request 232 to retrieve the customer statement. The customer statement includes a list of products or services that the user has accessed that have been provided by provider 206 or other providers through the valuation system. In response to the request 232, application 202 will send a reply 234 that provides access to the statement.
As part of the statement showing the various products or services which the user 204 has accessed, the user 204 has an opportunity to provide their personal opinion with respect to the quality, usefulness, or any other features of the product or service. The user may also choose to offer comments related to the product or service. The user 204 is also offered the opportunity to compensate the provider 206.
For example, the user 204 may enter a monetary value in the statement and select a link to submit a response 236 with the amount the user 204 agrees to pay. The user 204 may also provide some form of text based feedback within response 236, including one or more attachments, for example to illustrate some benefit derived from the use of the product or service. The feedback would remain anonymous unless the user 204 chose to include identifying information.
When the user 204 has completed reviewing the statement, indicated a monetary amount, and has entered any comments or feedback information in response 236, application 202 will proceed to process payment of the monetary amount indicated by user 204. In embodiments, the user may have an option to include a transaction identifier of their choosing, for example a purchase order number or other useful identifier in response 236.
In some embodiments, a user 204 may provide application 202 with payment information in request 236. For example, the user 204 may provide credit or debit card information to application 202. Application 202 can then communicate with payment processing 208 to process the payment information and receive the monetary compensation. In some embodiments, the user can choose a payment method of their choice from among anonymous options, for example an intermediary payment processor such as Pay-Pal™. In these cases, payment processing 208 includes accessing these intermediary payment processors.
In other embodiments, the application 202 creates an appropriate invoice and provides a printable electronic statement/invoice to the user 204. The invoice may include all information required for user 204 to submit payment via payment processing 208 or other systems.
In embodiments, application 202 checks, on a periodic basis, for confirmation of payment for invoices (payment requests). As each invoice clears (payment has been confirmed), the user's 204 account is updated to reflect the transaction as complete and triggers several additional processes within the valuation system's application 202.
One process is to apply the rules established by provider 206 for allowing access to its product or service, namely a user's PPV. For example, if the user 202 chose to pay zero for the product or service accessed, then no payment would have been processed. Provider 206 may have established rules that maintain a user's PPV even if the user paid nothing for the product, as long as some feedback was provided. In some examples, provider 206 may establish rules that if neither payment nor feedback was offered by user 204, the PPV will be reduced by some calculated amount. Likewise, depending upon the rules established by provider 206, if user 204 paid some amount and some feedback was provided, user's 204 PPV could be increased. Overall it could be expected that products of more quality, usefulness, or at least of more likely perceived value would be downloaded more often providing an indicator to the provider 206 of the demand for the various product or service offerings.
On a periodic basis or on an ad hoc basis, for example once per month, application 202 of the valuation system generates and sends a consolidated statement 238 to provider 206. The statement 238 includes, in embodiments, tabulations regarding each product or service offered by provider 206 including the number of successful accesses to products or services, the number of payments for products or services, the number of users that included feedback for each product or service, the total revenue generated, etc. These statements 238 are useful for provider 206 to get an understanding of the demand for each of its products or services. In response, provider 206 can modify the offerings of products and services, or can change rules to allow lesser or greater access to certain products or services, such as by requiring payment for products that are in higher demand.
In some embodiments, application 202 may store and aggregate data across data providers. The aggregated data can provide valuable information about a specific product or service that is provided by a number of providers. The data can be used to extract trends about users' valuation of specific types of products or services, and also whether the type of provider makes a difference to a users' valuation of the same product or service. These are just some examples of information that may be obtained by aggregating data across data providers. Those of skill in the art will appreciate that additional information can be obtained from the aggregated data. The information, or the raw data, can be made available as a service to providers, search engines, or other entities that can utilize the information.
Although some of the description herein, focuses on the access of content such as may be provided by content providers 108 and 110, those with skill in the art will appreciate that embodiments of the present invention are useful in providing and valuing other items besides digital content. For example, embodiments may be useful for providing and valuing services such as professional services, business consulting, expert help, and image processing, or for providing and valuing goods, e.g., as described above with respect to
Content provider 308 may be implemented in embodiments on a server computer system that is connected to a network that allows communication with client 304 and content valuation system 312. As shown in the embodiment of
Although shown in
As shown in the embodiment of
The content valuation system 312 provides a framework for content provider 308 to provide content to users and realize value from providing the content as well as feedback as to the usefulness of the content. Content provider 308 initially registers with content valuation system 312. As shown in the embodiment in
A user, such as a user utilizing browser 318 on client 304, also registers with content valuation system 312 by entering registration information. In embodiments, one feature of content valuation system 312 is the relatively minor amount of information necessary for a user to register with system 312. In these embodiments, a user may maintain relative anonymity and still have an opportunity to access content from a content provider such as content provider 308. For example, in one embodiment, a user may only be required to enter an electronic mail (e-mail) address and select a password. However in other embodiments, a user may be required to enter more information in order to register with content valuation system 312. After a user has entered registration information, an account is created and stored in a database 334 of content valuation system 312.
As part of the process of acquiring content for a user, such as a user utilizing client 304, system 312 will access sales rules stored in database 330 for content provider 308. In embodiments, the sales rules will indicate an initial Purchase Power Value (IPPV) to assign to the newly registered user. The Purchase Power Value (PPV) is not limited to any specific process or system. It merely provides a value that indicates an amount of content that a user may access through the Internet from a specific content provider, such as content provider 308.
In one embodiment, the PPVs may be treated as credits that are consumed when content is accessed by a user. As those with skill in the art will appreciate, any system or process that controls the amount of content that users are allowed to access may be used in lieu of or in addition to a PPV.
In one embodiment, when content provider 308 is registered with system 312, and a user attempts to access content data from content provider 308, the user is redirected, with redirect module 324 at content provider 308, to redirect module 326 at system 312. The user is prompted by system 312 to enter registration information. The redirected request may be referred to in some embodiments as an access validation request because the content provider is requesting that the system 312 validate the request from the user to access content from provider 308.
Decision logic 328 determines whether the user has previously been registered. In those instances in which the user is not previously registered with system 312, a new account is created by system 312 before allowing the requested content to be accessed from content provider 08. In those instances in which a user has already registered with system 312, decision logic 328 of system 312 will access the user's account from database 334 and determine whether the user's current PPV allows for the user to access the requested content, such as whether the current PPV is greater than a predetermined threshold value necessary for accessing content. If the user's current PPV allows for the user to access the requested content, decision logic 328 of system 312 sends an access validation response to provider 308 approving the content access.
Access to content data 308 includes, in embodiments, downloading or streaming data to client 304. As those with skill in the art will appreciate, client 304 may include other applications including but not limited to plug-ins to browser 318 that allows a user on client 304 to view, listen, or otherwise utilize the content data 320 downloaded from content provider 308.
After a user has accessed content data 320 from content provider 308 and a predetermined evaluation time period has passed, system 312 provides a statement to the user. The statement provides a plurality of payment options for the user to pay for the previously accessed content. In some embodiments, the payment options include a suggested retail price for the accessed content and one or more options for payment of an amount less than the suggested retail price. In one embodiment, the payment options will include an option for not making any payment for the accessed content. System 312 includes a payment module 338 that manages the sending or displaying of the statement and payment by the user. Also shown in
In embodiments, module 332 of system 312 may send a request to a user to provide evaluation information for the accessed content. For example, a form may be sent or displayed to provide selections for a user to provide their opinions on the characteristics of the accessed content, such as quality, usefulness, ease of use, etc. The request for evaluation information may be sent or displayed as part of the statement sent to the user for payment or separately from the statement.
In some embodiments, system 312 will also maintain statistics or other information that can be useful to a content provider. For example, in embodiments system 312 will store, in the database 334, information regarding the number of times particular content has been requested. System 312 may also store payment history for content. In other words how much users paid for the content.
In other embodiments, logic 328 of system 312 automatically adjusts different parameters. For example, using the statistics described above, logic 328 of system 312 automatically changes the suggested retail price of content depending on the history of users' payment for the content. That is, logic 328 of system 312 will reduce the suggested retail price of content if statistics show that no one has paid the suggested retail price, or in other embodiments that no one has paid even 75% of the suggested retail price. This is merely one example of automatic changes that logic 328 may make in some embodiments of the present invention.
Furthermore, although operational flows 400 and 500 are illustrated and described sequentially in a particular order, in other embodiments, the operations may be performed in different orders, multiple times, and/or in parallel. Further, one or more operations may be omitted or combined in some embodiments.
A feature of some embodiments is the relatively small amount of information that is required from a user to register at operation 406. In some embodiments, the user is only required to enter an electronic mail address and a password. These embodiments advantageously provide a user with relative anonymity. As those with skill in the art will appreciate, some users desire to maintain anonymity when accessing information from content providers (e.g., websites) that are not trusted.
After operation 406, flow passes to operation 408 where a user account is created using the registration information received at operation 406. At operation 410, the user account is stored in one or more computer storage media. From the request received at operation 402, operation 412 identifies the content provider from which the request to access content originated. This operation may be performed by simply evaluating the request for an identifier associated with the content provider.
After the content providers identified, flow 400 passes to operation 414 where Sales rules associated with the identified content provider are accessed. These sales rules are rules that have been previously established by the content provider for providing content for user. As those with skill the art will appreciate, operation 414 may involve accessing a database, or data store, that stores an account for the content provider and the sales rules associated with the content provider.
Sales rules are parameters and conditions established by a content provider for providing content to users. For example, sales rules may include a suggested retail price for content, a discount policy for allowing a user to pay less than the suggested retail price, an initial numeric value (also referred to in embodiments as Initial Purchasing Power), which is a numeric figure that reflects the initial purchasing credit that is extended to a user by the content provider to access content from the content provider.
The sales rules accessed at operation 414 are used to assign a Purchase Power value at operation 416. As noted above, the Purchase Power value is a numeric figure that reflects the amount of content that a content provider will initially allow a user to access. The Purchase Power value is not limited to any specific process or system. It merely provides a value that indicates an amount of content that a user may access from a specific content provider. The Purchase Power values are treated in embodiments as credits that are consumed when content is accessed by a user. As those with skill in the art will appreciate, any system or process that controls the amount of content that users are allowed to access may be used in lieu of or in addition to an access value. The Purchase Power value assigned to operation 316 is stored at operation 418 in association with the user account.
At operation 420, an access validation response approving access of the content is sent. In embodiments, the response will be sent to the content provider that originated the request received at operation 402.
After operation 420, a statement requesting payment for the accessed content is provided to the user at operation 422 after a predetermined evaluation period. The evaluation period provides the user an opportunity to evaluate and use the accessed content. The statement provided at operation 422 will in embodiments include a number of payment options for the user. In embodiments, operation 422 may include sending an e-mail to a user's e-mail address with the statement. The e-mail may include a link that a user can click to access the statement.
One example of a statement that may be sent at operation 422 is illustrated in
Also shown in
One feature that is available in some embodiments is the ability to share information regarding content feedback with other people. As shown in
Referring back to
if at decision 404 a determination is made that a user has previously registered, flow passes to operation 424 where the user account is accessed from for example one or more computer storage media. As part of accessing the user account at operation 424, a current Purchase Power value for the user provided by the content provider is accessed. After operation 424, flow passes to decision 426 where a determination is made whether the current purchase power value is greater than a predetermined threshold value.
If at decision 426 a decision is made that the current Purchase Power value, for the user with respect to the content provider, is greater than a predetermined threshold value then flow passes to operation 420 where as indicated above, an access validation response approving access of the content is sent. In embodiments, the response will be sent to the content provider that originated the request received at operation 402. After operation 420, a statement requesting payment for the accessed content is provided to the user at operation 422 after a predetermined evaluation period. As noted above, the evaluation period provides the user an opportunity to evaluate and use the accessed content.
If at decision 426, a decision is made that the current Purchase Power value is not greater than a threshold value; flow can pass to operation 428 where an access validation response with an indication of disapproval (i.e., denying the access of the content) is sent to the content provider. Flow 400 then ends.
Illustrated in dashed lines are additional operations 430-436 that may be part of some alternative embodiments of the present invention. In these embodiments, if at decision 426, determination is made that the Purchase Power value is not greater than a threshold value, flow will pass to operation 430 which provides a user with a statement for payment of previously accessed content. This option may be useful in situations where a user may have not yet received a first statement because the evaluation period has not expired for the previously accessed content. In this instance, a user may have exhausted the Purchase Power value provided to the user by the content provider. Thus, operation 420 gives the user an opportunity to make any decisions with respect to previously accessed content and perhaps receive additional Purchase Power value for accessing additional content.
Operation 430 is followed by a decision 432 where a determination is made as to whether the user has provided payment information. If at decision 432 a determination is made that the user has not provided payment information, flow passes to operation 428 where an access validation response denying the access is sent to the content provider.
However, if at decision 432 a determination is made that the user has provided payment information, flow passes to operation 434 where sales rules for the content provider accessed.
As noted above, content providers establish sales rules for determining the conditions under which a user may access content from the content provider. In some embodiments, the sales rules will indicate how a user's payment history for previous content accessed from the content provider will affect the access value. This feature protects the content provider from users who may constantly access content from the content provider and never provide any payment for any of the content. Under such a circumstance, a content provider may establish a sales rule indicating that if the user has selected to make no payment on any previous content accessed from the content provided, no additional access value will be provided to the user. Not receiving any payment for accessed content may indicate to a content provider that the user does not perceive the content of the content provider to have much value. Accordingly, the content provider may not want to continue to provide free content to a user that does not perceive the content as valuable.
In other embodiments, a content provider may simply establish a sales rule indicating that as long as the user has provided some indication of payment information even if a zero payment is made, then additional Purchase Power value may be provided to the user. These are merely some examples of sales rules that a content provider may establish in order to tie together the payment behavior of a user with additional access value which allows a user to access additional content. Those with skill in the art will appreciate that in other embodiments, other appropriate sales rules that accomplish the goals of the content provider may be established.
After operation 434, flow passes to operation 436, where the Purchase Power value provided to the user is changed in accordance with the sales rules accessed at operation 434. Flow then passes back to decision 426, where a determination is made as to whether the current Purchase Power value after the change in Purchase Power value made at operation 436 exceeds the predetermined threshold value. In some embodiments, even after a user provides some payment for previously accessed content, the Purchase Power value may not be enough to allow the user to access additional content. In other embodiments, a content provider may establish sales rules that require a user to have a higher Purchase Power value for some content than for other content. In such a case, the request received at operation 400 to maybe a request to access content that requires a higher Purchase Power value than the user has even after he changed Purchase Power value operation 436. From decision 426, flow 400 may then proceed as previously described above.
As can be appreciated by the description of
With respect to the content provider, the content provider does not have to merely give away content without any possibility of receiving a value for the content. As noted in the description of
Referring again to
In other embodiments, flow 700 may include additional operations not shown in
In its most basic configuration, environment 900 typically includes at least one processing unit 902 and memory 904. Depending on the exact configuration and type of computing device, memory 904 may be volatile (such as RAM), non-volatile (such as ROM, flash memory, etc.) or some combination of the two. This most basic configuration is illustrated in
Additionally, environment 900 may also have additional features/functionality. For example, environment 900 may also include additional storage 908 (removable and/or non-removable) including, but not limited to, magnetic or optical disks or tape. Such additional storage is illustrated in
Computer storage media includes volatile and nonvolatile, removable and non-removable media implemented in any method or technology for storage of information such as computer readable instructions, data structures, program modules or other data. Memory 904 and storage 908 are examples of computer storage media. Computer storage media includes, but is not limited to, RAM, ROM, EEPROM, flash memory or other memory technology, CD-ROM, digital versatile disks (DVD) or other optical storage, magnetic cassettes, magnetic tape, magnetic disk storage or other magnetic storage devices. Any such computer storage media may be part of environment 900.
System 900 may also contain communications connection(s) 912 that allow the system to communicate with other devices. Communications connection(s) 912 is an example of communication media.
Environment 900 may also have input device(s) 914 such as keyboard, mouse, pen, voice input device, touch input device, etc. Output device(s) 916 such as a display, speakers, printer, etc. may also be included. All these devices are well know in the art and need not be discussed at length here.
Reference has been made throughout this specification to “one embodiment” or “an embodiment,” meaning that a particular described feature, structure, or characteristic is included in at least one embodiment of the present invention. Thus, usage of such phrases may refer to more than just one embodiment. Furthermore, the described features, structures, or characteristics may be combined in any suitable manner in one or more embodiments.
One skilled in the relevant art may recognize, however, that the invention may be practiced without one or more of the specific details, or with other methods, resources, materials, etc. In other instances, well known structures, resources, or operations have not been shown or described in detail merely to avoid obscuring aspects of the invention.
While example embodiments and applications of the present invention have been illustrated and described, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the precise configuration and resources described above. Various modifications, changes, and variations apparent to those skilled in the art may be made in the arrangement, operation, and details of the methods and systems of the present invention disclosed herein without departing from the scope of the claimed invention.
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|US20130275269 *||Apr 10, 2013||Oct 17, 2013||Alibaba Group Holding Limited||Searching supplier information based on transaction platform|
|U.S. Classification||705/26.35, 705/35|
|Mar 18, 2016||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Aug 7, 2016||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Sep 27, 2016||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20160807