US 827222 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
UNITED STATES "PATENTv OFFICE, 1
lWILHELMEsPE-NHAXN ANDFRIEDRICH osWALD HUNGERQOFCHEMMTZ, l f' M-GERMANY-- Nsamaea;
To aLl-1 whom, ntycortcrn:
Beit known that we, WILHELM EsPEN- HAYN and FRIEDRICH OswALD HUNGER, sub-y jectslof the 4German Emperor, and residents 5 of Chemnitz, Germany, have invented an Imwarmingfood, liquids, or other substances in a semiliquid state.' c
We have illustrated a4 simple form -`of our invention in the accompanying drawings, in
Figure 1 is a vertical section of the rece tacles we employ for the chemicals and t e fluid to be mixed therewith, showing our IfFigs. 2 and 3 are plan viewsof said recepta- 4cles, sealed and unsealed. f
Inl carrying our invention into practice, wel
"These chemicals-w en brought into contactv *l with the fluid generate an intense heat.
In'the open end of the c linder a we fix a l funnel-sha ed.receptacle. to contain the water or t e like.
where vthis hole f is formed bein bent inward,
' forming the recess g. Over t ese openings d, e, and f we secure with soft'so'ldei` a stri of 'tin or the like h, so as to` hermetically c ose the receptacles.4 Wehave shown the doubled part 'i of said strip projecting upward; -but in practice it is bent around one of the usual tin-opener ke s, such as used with sardine-boxes and the e'.
Specicaton of Letters Patent. Anuman mea imm 1s, 190s. semi No. 240.932'. c
Vl method ofh'ermetically sealing'A same; and
Said receptacle'has. a preferbly dishedcover c soldered to it, andratene'a July 31, i906.
Before the funnel-shaped` rece tacle b and cover'c are placed in position on t ecylindera the latter is filled to about half its capacity with the lime or otherchemical emp oyed. Then, one end of the stri h having been soldered over the hole'or ho es d'with its free end `projecting through the opening e in the c over the conical receptacle bis secured in osition,
as already described, and filled with t e water vice, the key re erred to, which engages the strip h at i, is turned so as to wind said strip u on itself, wherebtlfirst the air-hole f, thent e opening e, and ally the hole d aregrad'- yor other fluid employed, whereuponthe stripl ually unsealed. The water or other fluid in 3 thereceptacle b flows through said hole d into the cylinder a, and in a very short time considerable heat is generatedby its 'combina'- tion with the. chemicals contained therein,
which heat may be communicated to the sub- -nor the 'fluid employed in our device can come intocontact with the food or the like to l be heated. h.
Having now particularly described and ascertained the nature of our saidinvention and in what manner thel same is to be performed, we dec-lare that what we claim'ls- 1.A In a device of the character described, the combination .with two rece taclesy adapted'to contain substances whic when mixed. together produce heat, one offsaid receptacles bemg carried byv and forming a closure for the other receptacle, the first receptacle hav- 'in a filling-opening and an opening to provi e commumcation between the two,.recep'r ytacles and a band soldered to the rece tacle having the openings and forming a tig t closure for said openings and adapted to be operated from a point exteriorly of the recepta cles to cause 1t to uncover the said opemngs for the pur ose set forth.
2.' In a evice of the character described, the combination with two, rece tacles adapt-V edto contain substances which together produce heat, one of said receptacles being carried b and forming a closure for the other receptacle, the first-named receptacle when mixed;
having a vent-opening adapted to place the interior of the second receptacle in communication With the outer air, and said rst receptacle also having a fillin -opening and an opening adapted to place the interior of both receptacles 1n communication, and a single strip soldered to the receptacle having the three openings and forming a tight closure. vfor all of said openings and adapted to be operated from a point exteriorly of said receptacles to uncover the openings'for the purpose specified.
3. In a device of the character described, the combination with two receptacles a b, adapted to contain substances which when mixed'togetherproduce heat, the receptacle b being carried y and forming a closure for riorly of the receptacles to cause the strip to uncover the various openings.
In testimony whereof we have hereunto set our hands in presence of two witnesses.
l WILHELM ESPENHAYN.
FRIEDRICH. @swim II-UNGER.
J. F. MONAGHAN, FREDERICK J. DIETZMAN.