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Publication numberUS828611 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 14, 1906
Filing dateFeb 20, 1905
Priority dateFeb 20, 1905
Publication numberUS 828611 A, US 828611A, US-A-828611, US828611 A, US828611A
InventorsJasper Fred Kobler
Original AssigneeJasper Fred Kobler
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Capsule-filling machine.
US 828611 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

PATBNTED AUG. 1'4, 1906.

J. P. KOBLER.

CAPSULE FILLING MACHINE.

v APPLICATION FILED mazo. 1905.

2 SHEETSLSHEBT 2.

Jaspefzi'ze- .DL-fiks co.. WASHINGTON. n. c,

UNITED STATES PATENTy oEEioE.

JASPER FRED KOBLER, OF NIAGARA FALLS, NEW YORK. CAPSULE-FILLING MACHINE.

No. 828,611. Specification cf Letters Patent. Patented Aug. 14, 1906.

Application led February 20, 1905. Serial No. 246.370.

of ears 3 by a bolt 15 and the other arm being detachably secured to the other set of ears 3 by a loose pin-bolt 16. The hub 8 is maintained in place in the collar 13 by a retainingring 11, that engages over the langeof said hub and is held to the collar by screws or other fasteners l2.

rlhe bottom 4 is T0 a/ZZ whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, JASPER FRED KOBLER, a citizen of the United States, residing at N iagara Falls, in the county of Niagara and State of New York, have invented a new and useful Capsule-Filling Machine, of which the following is a specification.

his invention relates more rovided with a series of particularly to means for introducing material into capsules. transverse grooves 1n which are seated a plu- The principal object is to provide novel rality of tubes 22, said tubes projecting mechanism of a simple nature whereby mathrough and beyond the side walls 2. One

series of projecting ends constitute capsuleholding nipples and are spaced a suilioient distance apart to allow of a capsule, as 20, being placed u on each. The other projecting portions o the tubes that extend from the opposite side of the casing constitute inlet ends, the terminals being referably cut away, as shown in Figs. 2 an(i)4. The ortions of the tubes that are located within the chamber D haveltheir upper halves out away, so that the bores of said tubes have communication with the interior of the chamber, and the capsule-holding nipples thus have communicating terial can be equally and properly divided into doses or portions and placed in capsules or like holders, said mechanism being very j convenient to use and eliminating the tedious operation of filling capsules by hand with its variable results.

embodiment of the invention that is at present considered the preferable one is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, where- 1n` Figure 1 is a Side elevation oi the apparatus. Fig. 2 is a vertical cross-sectional view therethrough on the line A A of Fig. 1. Fig.

discharge outlet-openings 3 is a vertical sectional view at right angles to Fig. 2 and on the line B B of Fig. 4.. Fig. 4. is with said chamber. The open-sided portions an end elevation ofthe machine. Fig. 5 is a of the tubes located within the chamber constitute pockets or channels for the reception of the material. The bottom or under side of the pressing-plunger 6 has corresponding pockets or channels 29, which coperate with those formed by the tubes, so that when the plunger is in place within the chamber the bottom thereof will complete the channels and form completed bores equal in diameter to the bores of the tubes. f

yIn connection with the above-described mechanism means are employed for forming a preliminary cake of the material to be divided within the chamber D. In the present embodiment this means consists of a slide 18, that comprises a partition or false bottom which removably passes through a slot 17 in one end of the chamber and is movable over the tops ofthe pockets or channels. A ressblock 23 is arranged to iit within the chamber D and is employed when the slide 18 is in place therein. A leveling-gage 25 is also employed, thev same being formed of slidablyassociated sections which are adapted to be held in adjusted relation by a thumb-nut 27. One ofthe sections the side walls 2, while the other is provided with outstanding lugs 28, that ride upon the upper edges of said side walls.

view similar to Fig. 3, but showing the press opened and a cake of material formed therein. Fig. 6 is a horizontal sectional view on the lines C O of Fig. 5. Fig. 7 illustrates the evener in side and edge elevation.

Similar reference characters designate oorresponding parts in all the iigures of the drawings.

n the embodiment illustrated a base comprising sections 1 are provided with upstanding parallel side walls 2, having upper eXtensions at their upper corners in the form of ears 3. A bottom 4, located between the lower portions of the side walls 2, is provided with upwardly-extending portions disposed between the sides. These various elements are secured together by bolts 5 passing through the side walls 2 and the bottom and end member. As a result a chamber D is formed, which, as shown in Fig. 6, is oblong.

A pressing-plunger 6 is movable in the chamber D and has an upstanding stem 7, which is screw-threaded. This stem has a threaded engagement with the iianged hub 8 of a hand-wheel, said hand-wheel comprising spokes 9 and a rim 10. The hub Sis jourv naled in a yoke comprising a collar 13, having opposite outwardl -eXtending arms 14, one of said arms being pivoted to one of the sets is arranged to fit between Brieiiy described, the structure is em- IIO by sliding the two sections upon each other and securing them, as will be understood by reference to Fig. 7. After the material has been properly smoothed the press-block 23 is placed thereupon and a preliminary compacting of the material is made thereby.

cake is thus Jformed, which is shown in Fig. 5 and is'designated 24. The slide 18 and pressblock 23 are then removed and the yoke, with its pressing-plun er, is swung over the chamber, said yoke being secured. It will thus be apparent that if the hand-wheel 1() is rotated l in the proper direction the pressing-plunger 6 will be forced downward and the cake divided into sections or doses which are cylindrical in form and of a proper diameter to pass freely through the discharge-nipples. An expellinglunger 21 is then employed which is passed into the inlet ends of the tubes 22 and across the chamber, thereby expelling the material through the nipples into the capsules and in turn expelling the capsules from the nipples.

It will thus be seen that an exceedingly simple structure is rovided whereby material may be equally divided with ease and expedition and easily placed in capsules or other holders, thereby eliminating the tedious manual Jfilling operation now ordinarily employed.

From the foregoing it is thought that the construction, operation, and many advantages of the herein-described invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art without further description, and it will be understood that various changes in the size, shape, proportion, and minor details of construction may be resorted to without departing from the spirit or sacriicing any of the advantages of the invention.

Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

1. In a machine of the character described, the combination with a chamber having an outlet, of expelling means operating toward and from the outlet, and material-pressing means movable transversely of the path of movement of the expelling means.

2. In a machine of the character described, the combination with a chamber having a plurality of discharge outlet-openings in one side, of expelling means operating vacross the bottom of the chamber, and pressing means movable in said chamber toward the bottom.

rI`he capsules to be filled i the the gage acts being adjusted ber and across sai 3. In a machine of the character described, the combination with a chamber having ,a wall provided with a capsule-holding nipple projecting Jfrom one side and having a ischarge outlet-opening therethrough communicating with the interior of the chamber, of means operating across the chamber for expelling material through the nipple and into a capsule placed thereon.

L1. In a machine of the character described, the combination with a chamber having a wall provided with a plurality of capsuleholding nipples projecting Jfrom one side and having discharge-op enings therethrough com- Imunicating with the interior of the chamber,

said nipples being spaced apart to permit the lacing oi a capsule on each, of means operating through the opposite side of the chammaterial placed in said chamber through the nipples and into capsules placed thereon.

5. In a machine of the character described, the combination with a chamber having a wall provided with a plurality of outwardlyprojecting capsule-holding nipples, said nipples having discharge-openings therethrough communicating with the interior of the chamber, and said chamber having openings in its opposite sides in alinement with the nipples, and a plunger that is movable through the openings to expel the material Jfrom the chamber through the nipples.

6. In a machine of the character described, the combination with a chamber having a wall provided with a capsule-holding nipple projecting from one side of the same, said nipple having a discharge-opening communicating with the interior oi the chamber, of means operating across the chamber for expelling the material therein through the nipple and into a capsule placed thereon, and materialpressing means operating in the chamber transversely of the nipple.

7. In a machine of the character described, the combination of a chamber having a wall provided with a plurality of outwardly-projecting capsule-holding nipples, said nipples having discharge-openings communicating with the interior oi the chamber, said chamber also having openings in its opposite wall in alinement with the nipples, a plunger that is movable through the openings and into the chamber to expel the material therein through the nipples, and a presser-plunger operating in the chamber transversely of the nipples.

8. In a machine of the character described, the combination with a chamber, of tubes extending across the chamber and having open sides located therein, said tubes projecting from one side of the chamber, forming discharge-nipples, and means for expelling the material through the tubes and through said nipples.

9. In a machine of the character described,

chamber for expelling the IOO IIO

the combination with a chamber having side walls, of a plurality of tubes extending across the lower portion of the chamber and having open sides located therein, said tubes projecting beyond the sides of the chamber, forming discharge-nipples and inlet ends, and an expelling-plunger that is movable through the inlet ends.

10. In a machine of the character described, the combination with a chamber having a discharge-opening in one side, and a bottom provided with a channel that is alined with the opening, of means forpressing material into the channel, and means for expelling the material from the channel through the discharge-opening.

11. In a machine of the character described, the combination with a chamber having a discharge-nipple at one side, said nipple being provided with a discharge-bore, of means within the chamber for forming the material placed therein into the shape of the nipple-bore, and means for expelling the material, when so shaped, through thebore.

12. In a machine of the character described, the combination with a chamber having a discharge-opening in one side, and a bottom provided with a channel alined with the opening, of a presser-plunger operating in the chamber and having a channel that coacts with the bottom chamber to form a bore alined with the opening, and a plunger for expelling the material in such bore through the opening.

13. In a machine of the character described, the combination with a chamber having side walls, and a bottom, of tubes extending through the side walls and across the bottom, said tubes having open sides within the chamber and furthermore having their ends projecting beyond one of the side walls and forming capsule holding nipples, a presser-plunger operating in the chamber over the tubes and having channels that coact with the open sides of the tubes, and means operating in the tubes for expelling the material therein.

14. In a machine of the character described, the combination with a chamber having side walls and openings therein, oi means for expelling' the material through said openings, a presser-plunger, and means for forcing said presser-plunger downwardly into the chamber.

15. In a machine of the character described, the combination with a chamber having side walls and openings therein, of means for expelling material through said openings, a yoke extending over the chamber, a presser-plunger, and screw-operating means connecting the yoke and plunger.

16. In a machine of the character described, the combination with a chamber having pockets in its bottom, of a partition movable over said pockets, and a presser device movable in said chamber over the partition.

17. In a machine of the character described, the combination with a chamber having pockets or channels in its bottom and discharge-openings alined therewith, of a movable partition slidably mounted in the chamber over the pockets, a presser device movable in said chamber over the partition, and means for expelling the material from the pockets.

18. In a machine of the character described, the combination with a chamber having pockets or channels in its bottom, of a removable partition slidably mounted in the chamber over the pockets, a presser-plunger operating in the chamber and having pockets or channels in its under side, and means for expelling the material from said pockets or channels.

19. In a machine of the character described, the combinationwith a channel having spaced upright side walls, said walls having a plurality of openings for the reception of a plurality of tubes, of a bottom for the chamber having upper extensions at its ends, and tubes extending within the chamber and having portions therein cut away to form outlets from the bottom of the chamber.

20. In a machine ol.z the character described, the combination with a chamber having channels in its bottom, of a pressing device ymovable in the chamber, and having channels in its under side that coact with the channels of the chamber-bottom to form separate bores.

21. In a machine of the character described, the combination with a chamber having walls provided with upright extensions, of a yoke pivotally mounted on the extensions and comprising a collar having outwardly-extending arms pivoted to the extensions, a plunger operating in the chamber and having a threaded stem passing through the collar, and a hub portion journaled in the collar of the yoke and having a threaded engagement with the stem of the plunger.

22. In a machine oi the character described, the combination with a chamber, of tubes located side by side and projecting beyondthe chamber, forming nipples, said nipples being spaced a suiiicient distance apart to allow of a capsule being placed upon each, and an ejecting-plunger that slidably operates in the tubes.

23. In a machine of the character described, the combination with a chamber having a bottom provided with a plurality of grooved seats, of tubes located in the seats, a pressing-plunger movable in the chamber, a detachable press-block also movable in the chamber,'and a sliding bottom for the chamber movable over the tubes.

24. In a machine of the character described, the combination with a chamber, of

IOO

ISO

a false bottom removable through one side of capsules, and means for delivering the secthe chamber, a press-block operating in the tions into capsules associated with the holdchamber over the Jfalse bottom, and a pressing means. ing-plunger operating in the chamber when In .testimony whereof I have signed my 5 thefalse bottom and press-blockareremoved. name to this specification in the presence of I5 25. In a machine of the character detwo subscribing Witnesses.

scribed, `the combination With holding means JASPER FRED KOBLER, for a plurality of capsules, of means for form- Witnesses: ing a cake of material, means for dividing CHAs. A. FISHER,

1o said cake into sections of a size to enter the ALLAN MOFARLANE.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7325382Jun 1, 2005Feb 5, 2008R. J. Reynolds Tobacco CompanyMethod and apparatus for loading finished cigarettes into package
US7537013Jun 1, 2005May 26, 2009R.J. Reynolds Tobacco CompanyApparatus for manufacturing cigarettes
US7565818Mar 14, 2006Jul 28, 2009R.J. Reynolds Tobacco CompanyApparatus and methods for manufacturing cigarettes
US7597105Jun 1, 2005Oct 6, 2009R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co.Apparatus for manufacturing cigarettes
US7677251Jul 7, 2006Mar 16, 2010R.J. Reynolds Tobacco CompanyApparatus and methods for manufacturing cigarettes
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationB65B1/36