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Publication numberUS828810 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 14, 1906
Filing dateJan 16, 1906
Priority dateJan 16, 1906
Publication numberUS 828810 A, US 828810A, US-A-828810, US828810 A, US828810A
InventorsGeorge S Bowling, James M Bowling
Original AssigneeGeorge S Bowling, James M Bowling
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 828810 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

PATENTED AUG. 14, 1906.l

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Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Aug. 14, 1906.

Application led January 16,1906. Serial No. 296,278.

T0 [1]/ ufl/lum, it muy concern.'

Be itknown that we, GEORGE S BowLING and Jaulas M. BOWLING, citizens of I he United States. residing at Clarksville, in the count-y of Montgomerv and State of Tennessee, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Umbrellas; and we do declare the following to bc a full, clear, and exact description ofthe invention, such as till enable others skilled inthe art to which it tains to make and use the same.

Our invention relates to improvements in umbrellas, parasols, and the like, and more particularl)v to one in which the frame or top 1s mount-cd to revolve.

The object of the invention is to provide an umbrella. of this character in which its frame or top will be revolublv mounted in a simple and practical manner, so that it may revolve with respect to the handle when a person or obstruction of any kind strikes it, the re.

volving of the frame or top preventing injury to the covering and also the wrenching or twisting of oncs hand.

Another object of the invention is to pr0- vide an umbrella having a revolublv-mounted frame or top which may bc readily held against rotation b v locking it to the handle.

fith the above and other objects in view the invention consists of certain novel features of construction, combination, and arrangement of devices, as hereinafter described and claimed.

In the accompanying drawings, Figure] is a side elevation of an umbrella constructed in accordance with our invention, the frame or top being in its elevated or open position. Fig. 2 is a. detail view, on an enlarged scale, of the upper portion of the handle and the lower' portion of the rod or stick. Fig. 3 is a View similar to Fig. 2 looking in a plane at right angles to the same. Fig. 4 is a longitudinal sectional view through the parts shown in Fig. 2. Figs. 5 and 6 are transverse sectional views taken on the lines 5 5 and 6 6 in Fig. 4; and Fig. 7 is a detail view, partly in section, of the lower end of the rod removed from the handle.

Referring to the drawings b v numeral, 1 denotes an umbrella or the likeof any wellknown or preferred construction, consisting of a handle 2, a rod or stick 3, and a frame or top 4.

In the practice of our invention we preferapperl ablv mount the top 4 so that it revolves in rel spcct to the handle 2, and we may do this by l making the frame or top 4 revolve upon the stick or stem 3 or b v making the latter revolve in the handle 2. 'e preferably adopt the latter course, as in the present embodiment of the invention. and secure the top or frame 4 rigidi)v upon the stem 3. l The stem 3 is here shown in thc form of a meta-l tube which has its lower end projecting into an opening or socket in the handle Z and secured therein. The handle Zearries at its upper end a iixed ferrule 5, from which the rod extends and in which it ma)v either turn or rotate freely or be locked therein, aspres- Vently explained. The ferrule 5 consists of a cylindrical outer tube or band 6, which fits over and is secured to the end of the handle, and an inner tubular sleeve or thimble 7, which is rigidly secured in the closed end 8 of the outer band 6. The lower end of the rod 3 projects through and rotates in the sleeve 7, but is prevented from moving endwise therein b vthe cross-pin 9, located in the lower portion of therod, and a locking-dog 10, arranged in the rod at the closed end 8 of the ferrule. This locking dog or pawl is in the form of a notched plate, which is pivotally mounted, as at 11, in the rod and slides radiallv in a longitudinal slot 12, formed therein. A spring 13 forces the dog or catch 10 normally out through the slot 12, so that its end 14 enters one or more notches 15, formed in the upper or outer end of the sleeve 7, and locks the rod to said sleeve, and hence to the ferrule, aud at the same time prevents endwise movement of the rod and ferrule with respect to each other. When the dog or catch 10 is forced into the rod, its end 14 disengagcs the notches 15, so that the rod can turn frechv in the sleeve 7. The dog or catch 1() may be quickly moved inwardly to its released or disengaged position and retained in such position by a. collar or sleeve 16, which is slidablv mounted upon the rod 3 between the upper end of the ferrule and the lowermost spring-catch, which holds the umbrella-frame in its closed position.

The construction, operation, and advantages of the invention will be readily understood from the foregoing description, t-aken in connection with the accompanying drawings. It will be seen that when the operating collar or band 16 is moved up upon the rod 3 outof engagement with the dog or cat-ch 10 the rod will be locked to the ferrulc, and hence to the handle, so that the top 4 cannot rotate, and that' when said collar is moved down over the inclined projecting edge of' the dog or catch 10, so as to force the same through the slot 12 into the rod, its end 14 disengages one of the slots or notches 15 in the sleeve and permits the rod to rotate freeljrin the handle. When it is permitted to rotate, there is little or no liability of the cover being torn or injured by striking ob- {ec-ts, and the umbrella can be more easil)Y iandled in windy weather, there being no strain upon the frame of the top 4. 'hen it is desired to roll the. corner of the top or when it is desired to have the top iixed with respect to the handle 2, the collar 16 is simply pushed up upon the rod to release the catch or dog 10, as will be readily understood.

Various changes in the ,orm, proportion, and the minor details of construction maybe resorted to without departing from the principle or sacrificing any of the advantages of this invention as defined by the appended claims.

Having thus described our invention, what we claim as new, and desire to secure b v Letters Patent, is-

1. An umbrella comprising a handle, a rod or stick revolubly mount-ed in said handle, a spring-actuated lock1ng-dog carried by said rod or stick and adapted to engage a seat in said handle to prevent the rotation ol said rod or stick, and means for retracting said dog or catch.

2. An umbrella comprising a handle, a rod 0r stick revolubly mounted in said handle, a spring-actuated locking-dog carried by said rod or stick and adapted to engage a seat in said handle to prevent the rotation of said rod or stick, and a sliding collar upon said rod adapted to coact with said dog or catch, substantially as described.

3. An umbrella comprising a handle, a fer- 4 rule secured thereon and having a tubular lguide-sleeve projectinjr into said handle, a tu bular rod mounted to rotate in said sleeve, a pivotallv-mounted, spring-actuated lockingdog,r in said tubular rod adapted to engage a 5 seat in said sleeve to lock said rod against movement in said sleeve, and a sliding| collar upon said rod adapted to retract said dog and hold it in its` retracted position, substantially as described and for the purpose set forth. 5

In testimony whereof we have hereunto set our hands in presence of two subscribing witnesses.



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US6405684 *Aug 18, 2000Jun 18, 2002Robert D. FerranTurtle harvesting tool
Cooperative ClassificationA45B9/02