US 828899 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
PATENTED AUG. 21
J. G. PARKER.
APPLIGATION FILED NOV. 8. 1905.
2 SHEETSSHEET 1.
. INVE/VTUR .rafar/i r I BY A l ATTORNEYS No- 828,899. PATENTED AUG. 21, 1906.
J. G. PARKER.
APPLIOATION FILED NOV. 8, 1905.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
@694" ZQJ 2 9 r .G o I! g G d I WITNESVES: [MENTOR v 76' J. arcades UNTTED STATES PATENT @FFICE.
JOllN- CHANCE) PARKER, ()F liltUUlx'lOlt'l, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF TO CHARLES AliBlClt'l IAlthldlt, OF lOUUl-[KEEPSHL N ElV YORK.
Patented Aug. 21, 1906.
Application filed November 8, 1905. Serial No. 286.394.
To (all whom, it may concern:
Be it known that I, JonN CHANCE) Paa- KER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Brockport, in the county of Monroe and State of New York, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Knockdown Barrels, of which the followingis a specification.
My invention relates to an improvement in barrels, and particularly to the class of sectional or knockdown barrels; and the object thereof is to provide a strong, durable, and inexpensive construction that may be readily assembled or set up when desired for use and as readilydisassembled when its contents have been removed, so that it may be packed into a small bundle to occupy less 5 ace and also to facilitate transportation snould it be desired to reship the barrel to the original merchant.
A further object of the invention is to provide means for securely locking the sections together and also means for locking the heads in position, the latter means being capable of independent operation, so that either lead of the barrel may be removed Without disturbing the other fasteners.
Still a further object is to provide a construction in which the meeting edges of the sections will be practically smooth upon the inside and outside of the barrel, avoiding all obstructions that would endanger or destroy the contents of the barrel while in the course of transportation, especially in the case of fruits, vegetables, and the like.
With these briefiy-stated objects in View the invention also comprises certain details of construction and peculiar combination and arrangement of parts, as will be fully described in the following specification and point ed out in the claims, reference being had to the drawings, in which Figure l is a perspective view of a barrel constructed in accordance with my invention. Fig. 2 is a verticallongitudinal section of the same. Fig. 3 is a detail sectional view drawn on the line 3 3 of Fig. 2. Figs. 4 and 5 are detail perspective views of the sections forming the body part of the barrel. Figs. 6 and 7 are detail views of the heads. Figs. 8 and 9 are detail views of portions of the bands employed for contracting the ends of the barrel to hold the heads in position, the levers to which the ends of the bands are connected being shown in an unlocked position.
Fig. i seals.
10 is a del ail view showinga portion of one of the Ioekiug-bamls, illustrating the lever in the position it occupies when the band is extended. Fig. 11 is a similar view illustrating ihc position of the lever when the band is contracted, and Fig. 12 is a detail view illustrating a slightly-modified construction for uniting the ends of the bands in lieu of the lever.
.ln carrying out my invention I construct the body of the barrel of two semicylindical sections A and B, which may be made with a bilge to assimulate ordinary barrels or per 'lectly straight throughout their length, according to the purpose for which the barrel is to be. used.
The longitudinal edges of each section are.
)rovided with tongues U, which are roduced by slitting the edges, as at C. Eac 1 tongue is bent slightly at its base or the point adjacent the inner ends of the slits in alternate directions to provide seats or recesses in which. the interlocking ton ues of the opposite sections may rest. his arrangement avoids all projections upon either side of the meeting edges of the sections and also increases security and revents any longitudinal movement of eit ier section should the barrel be handled carelessly during transportation and allowed to drop on one edge, as is often the case, especially in removing the barrels from wagons or cars.
At or near the upper and lower edge each section is bent outwardly and inwardly to provide two grooves D and E, which are continuous when the sections are put together. The inner groove 1) at each end provides a crozc for the heads F, which may be perfectly flat, concavo-convexed, or corrugated.
The grooves E, which are upon the outside of the sections and adjacent the ends, are adaptcd for the reception of locking-bands or split rings (2 (l, whosev ends are connected to locking-ievers ll, as shown in the main ligures of the drawings, or to disks I'l, one of which is shown in Fig. 12 of the drawings; but in either case al't er the bands or rings have been adjusted the levers or disks are securely locked in position by pieces of wire I, which are passed around the ends of the levers, under the bands, and through apertures in one of the sections, the ends of the wires being twisted together or locked by means of lead From the drawings it will be seen the bands orringsare so connected to the levers that when the latter are thrown in the diaccidental movement of the levers, and consequently securely locks them and the bands in position. r
in order to hold the sections securely together, especially when the barrels are used for transporting sugar or other heavy substances, l employ hoops 'orstraps J, which] are held in positio\n between spurs K, projecting from each ection of the barrel, said spurs being produccd'by punching the sec-f tions outwardly from the inside of the barrel and are preferably V- shape, with their flat edges in horizontal alin'ement and against which the rings or bandsengage... Of course it is understood that the-spurs are notpros' jected far enough to split the metal'nand cause an opening, but are only bent slightlyto provide an obstruction to prevent the band slipping.
From the foregoing it will be seen that 1 provide an exceedingly cheap, simple, and
' highly-eilicient device of the .kind described,
and it will be readily understood that in as place, after which one head is arranged in position and locked by bands Gr.
shipment. 7 that when it is desired to gain access to the barrel one of the wires I is clipped and the le-.
ver is reversed, which releases or loosens the locking-band, and likewise the end of the bar-' rel, when the head may be readily removed.
It will also be understood that the same head as originally used may be again employed for temporarily rescaling or headinghthe barrel after it has been firstopened.
While I have shown the sectionsof rel solid and made for use in transporting sugar, flour, and like articles, it will be under stood that the sides and heads may be perfoe rated when used for transporting fruit, and
the sides may also be corrugated should it bev desired to do so.
Having thus fully described my invention,- what I claim as new, and desire "to secure by T Letters Patent, is
1. A barrel of the kind described, compris-. mg a body formed of two sections, each havmeans of one of the The barrel is then filled, when the other head is inserted and locked in positionby the band, and the barrel is then ready for, It will of course be understood of the opposite section in the same. horizontal plane, heads held within. the, cro'ze .at each end-oi" the barrel, and-locking bands or; rings engaging the sections, and ine'ansforloc'king the bands or rings in position. V
2, A barrel of the kind'described, comprising a body formed of se'micylindrical sections, each having intermeshing tongues upon their li-ingitudinal edges, the alternate tongues of each sectionbeingbent inopposite directions 'for the, purpose "specified, the 'saids se ct-ions I having grooves adjacentjtheir upper and lower ends, one groove atgjeach lendiproviding a "cro'zef adapted 'for the-reception oft-heads,
split rings or hands adapted to; ,fitthe grooves adjacent each groove'iorining} the croze,',.le'vers to which. the endsof'theibands or rings. are connected, andfr'neans'zfor'locking the leversagainst accidental displacement.
j 3:. A barrel of the kindfdescribed,;compris 'aibod-y portion formed of sectidns; each section having grooves atlthei'r upiper, and irre lower edges, one'of which at each-en ing a croze intermeshing. tongues-, formedf'u pon the longitudinal dges iof cach ."section, 3
s 'ursprojeetm from each; section inhorizontalalinementyhoops or straps-for holding the sections together, said hoopsjor straps being. held-in position by the said spurs, andsplit. p rings or hands for contract' sembling the barrels the sectlons A andB'are first put together and the bands secured in v theends of the barrel, and means forhold ng the rings or bands in position.
1. 4. Abarrel of thekind describ.ed,.cornpris- .ing a body portion formed of two sections, 2
. upon the longitudinal edges of each section,
two rows of spurs arranged 1 near the upper andrlower ends of each section, said spurs bearranged in horizontal alinement', hoops or straps for holding the sections'together, said strapsbeing held betweenand en aged by" each row of spurs, split rings or ands adapted to fitin the grooves at each end of- :the;barrel, levers to which theend's ofthe ,rings orbands are connected and by which the xbandsare contracted within the. grooves, and'wires adapted for fastening. the levers in position, after the bands have been contracted, alls'ubstantially as specified."
' 51' Aibarrel of the kind described, comprisinga sectional body portion, each section having two grooves at each end, one of the said grooves forming a croze, tonguesprovided atfthe longitudinal edges of each section, said tongues being alternately offset to provide seats for the tongues of the opposite section, two horizontal rows of spurs projecting-exteriorly from each section; hoops or ;:straps for holding the sections together, said hoo s1 or'straps being held indpsositlon by the sai spurs, split rings or ban for contract- ,in-gthe ends of the barrel, means for contracting the ends of the rings or hands, said means serving to contract the ends of the barrel.
6. 'A barrel of the kind described, comprising a sectional body portion, each section having grooves adjacent its ends, one of which at each end providing a oroze, tongues formed u on the longitudinal edges of each sectionoi the body, hoops or stra s encircling the barrel and adapted for ho ding the sections together, spurs rojecting outwardly from each section an engaging the said bands, a head held within the croze at each end of the barrel, a split ring or band arranged Within the grooves adjacent each croze and adapted for contracting the ends of the barrel to hold the heads in position, levers to which the ends of the bands are connected and by which the said bands are contracted, and means for locking the levers in position, all substantially as specified.
7. A barrel of the kind described comprising a body formed of sections, each section having its longitudinal edges slitted to produce unbroken rows of tongues, each tongue being bent in opposite directions and adapt ed for engagement with the tongues upon the opposite section that are arranged in they same horizontal plane and means for holding the sections together.
JOHN OHANCEY PARKER.
H. E. MGARTHUR, DOWAIN RICHARDS.