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Publication numberUS831108 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 18, 1906
Filing dateAug 29, 1905
Priority dateAug 29, 1905
Publication numberUS 831108 A, US 831108A, US-A-831108, US831108 A, US831108A
InventorsHenry Ryder
Original AssigneeRyder Wire & Fibre Mfg Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 831108 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

PATENTED SEPT. 18, 1906.





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No. 831,108. PATENTED SEPT. 18, 1906. H. RYDER.










Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Sept. 18, 1906.

To n/ZZ whom, it mfr/ 1] concern.-

Be it known that l, HENRY Rrnnn, a citizen of the United States of America, residing at New York, in the county of New York and State of N ew York, have. invented new and useful Improvements in Yarns, of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates to yarn, and is ada-ptable for use in all kinds of textile work such, for example, as hose, belts, cordage, matting, or any other fabric which is made up of yarns.

More particularly, my yarn is composed of a core of wire and parallel fibers spun around said wire.

One of the chief objects 0f my invention has been to produce a yarn that would be free from a hollow center and one that would be so composed that. when put under longitudinal tension every fiber would bear a strain equal to that borne by every other fiber.

Since taking out my Letters Patent No. 682,641 I have experimented much with yarns constructed out of steel and fibers and I have discovered that in order to make such yarns carry an equal even tension on each of the materials used it is necessary to spin the fibers around the wire in such a manner that when the resulting yarn is put under a longitudinal strain the settlement 0f the fibers will be substantially e( ual to the elasticity of the steel wire. In order to attain this end just described, I have discovered that the fibers must be spun so that they will lie substantially parallel to each other around the wire core or center.

The yarns composing the rope which are described in my aforesaid Letters Patent are made into a tape out of slivers rolled and flattened to such a width as when rolled ortwisted on the wire there would be no spaces left between the edges of the tape. My experiments have taught me that a yarn constructed out of a tape-covered wire as described in said patent cannot be made to carry an equal tension on both the fibers and the lwire, but instead the wire would carry all of the tension and the fibers none of such tension until the strain had reached or passed the elastic limit of the wire. By means of the product herein described, which I am able to produce with the spinning-machine herein described and also described in my eopending application filed on thc 29th day of August, 1005, Serial No. 276,268, I have overcome and avoided rthe dillicultics above set forth.

In the drawings, Figure 1 is a cro`sssect.ion of my improved yarn. Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the same. Fig. 3 is a. side elevation, partially in section, of the said machine for making thc product. Fig. 4 is a top plan view of that portion of the machine which is to the right. of line A B of Fig. 3. Fig. 5 is a sectional view taken on the line X Y of Fig. 4. Fig. 6 is an enlarged detail of my capstan mechanism.

The wire 1() is inclosed entirely by the spirally-spun individual fibers 12.

By means of thesaid spinning-machine described herein and also described in my copending application for Letters Patent I am able to take a core of wire from a reel or other suitable feeding device and spin spirally around it any desired number of straight fibers, which when thus spun will lie parallel to cach other spirally around said wire core.

By means ol" the construction above described I am able to produce a yarn provided with a wire center or core and covered with any desired quantity of fibers which when put under longitudinal strain will bear such strain partly in the fibers and partly in the wire. Manifestly I am able by my invention to produce a yarn of any desired tensile strength, since such strength will always he proportionate to the size of wire used and the quantity of-iiber covering put around it.

It is apparent that the yarn herein described may be used for forming strands, rope, belts, fabrics, or other similar products.

Without limiting myself to the use of any particular fibers or metal wire in the practice of my invention I may say that in some instances I can employ as the metal-wire core a wire of steel, aluminium,copper, iron, or the like, and I can employ as the lbcrs cotton, hemp, flax, manila, ramic, sisal, silk, wool, asbestos, and similar libers.

It should be noted that the preferred machine for making the product is illustrated as composed of twin parts. 'lhus in Fig. 3 there is shown on the front and vto the left of the line C D a plan of the mechanism con- TOO nected with the upper shaft, vwhile to the back of the said line C D all of the upper shaft and its mechanism are broken away .and the lower main shaft and its mechanism are shown.

The machine is mounted on the frame 1, Which carries a driving-shaft 2, upon which 65 as it is delivered from the capstan-sheaves 19 i around the guide-sheaves 20:. Also. mount-`- l ed on the main shaft 5 is abevel-.pinion 41, l meshing with the bevel-gear shaft 43, from which motion is transmitted to the shaft 44 by means of a bevel-pinion 45 and a gear 46. The shaft 44 is a screw p rovided with a right and left handed thread,

It will of course be understood that I do 42 upon the y IOC r rf

is mounted abevel-gear 3,which meshes with .and mounted thereon is a nut 47, whose the pinion 4, carried by the main shaft 5. forked end engages the collar 48; on the shaft 1o Upon the main shaft 5 is mounted a spur- 23. Thus by means ofthe tram of gearmg gear 6, which drives gear 7, rigidly mounted the screw-shaft, the nut, the collar, and the n the flier 8 through the medium of the inloosely-mounted shaft the yarnspool 21 terinediate gear 9. Also mounted on the is given a regular longitudinal motion back main shaft 5 is mounted the gear 70, which, and forth, and the yarn is permitted to Wind I 5 through the medium of intermediate gear 13, 'evenly on the spool. t

drivesfgear 11, which is rigidly mounted on The operation of the machine 1s as follows: the wire-stand 12a. i The two trains of gears The wire-spool 14is lfilled with' wire. The 6 7 9 and70 11 13 are so proportioned and end of the wire 1() is passed through the hol placed that the Hier 8 and the Wire-stand 12a 1 low spindle 15, over the carrier 51, through 2o have exactly the same speed of rotation. the groove in the upper nipper-roll 16, and Upon the wire-stand 12*l is mounted the above the divider 17 The libers 12 are at the wire-spool y14, from which the wire leads same time passed through the trumpet 52, through'the yhollow spindle '15, through the l -over the carrier 51, between the nipper-rol'lgear ,11,thence through a groove in the upper gers 16 and "50, and under the divider 17. z5 nippereroll 16, over the divider 17, through `Thence both are carried through the sleeve the sleeve 18, where it is spun with the fiber. Q18 around the capstan-sheaves 19 and the The ber is fed through the trumpet 52 to guide-sheaves 2O to the yarn-spool 21,A to the endless belt or chain 51, which carries it g which their ends are attached. Power is apto the Dipper-rolls 16. and 50 below the dilplied to the drivinrshaft' 2, and the mai-n 3o vider 17, where it enters sleeve 18 and is then .r shaft 5 is revolved t ough the train of gearspun about the wire. The finished yarn then f ing 70, 11, and 13. This revolves the wiretravels around the capstan-sheaves 19 and stand 12a, and at the same timeand with the the guide-sheaves 20 and then is wound'upon same speed of rotation the hier 8 is driven by the yarn-spool 21. l means of the trains of gears 6, 7, and- 9. Thus The yarn-spool is Asupported by the shaft i it will be evident that because the wire-spool 22 and drivenby the hollow shaft 23, 'which and the flier have the same speed of rotatin receives its motion through a train of gears l:the wire will be delivered to the yarn-spool 24, 25, and 26. The gear 24 is loosely mounted free from any torsional twist. The fibers as on the shaft 5and is held in-frictional contact they are delivered from the carrier 51 lie 4o with the gear by means of the spiral spring 27. l parallel to eachother. When these` parallel The carrier 51 is driven from the drivingibers reach the spindle 18, which is inrapid shaft 2 by any suitable means connecting rotation with thelier 8, the are given a f said shaft with the shaft 28. Motion is iven twist that lays them still para lel' in a spiral the carrier 51 from the shaft 28 throug the 3 around the untwisted Wire center. It should train-of gears 29, 30, and 31. Thus it is posbe noted that by means of the construction sible to give the carrier 51 a speed which is iidescribed thev ibers are not massed into a variable from the speed of the wire-stand 12a tape formation, .but throu hout are laid parand the Hier 8. Mounted on the shaft5 is a allel to each other, and t us are prevented spur-pinion 53, which meshes with a gear 32,' I fromforming 'a hollow lcenter or core, and so 5o'v which is carried by a bearing 33, mounted in when put under a strain every fiber bears up the frame 1. The bearing 33 also carries a to 'the limit of its tensile streng-th its own pinion 34, which drives the gear 35, mounted share of the strain.

' on the spindle 18, through the intermediate The speed of feed of the fiber is regulated gear 36. v by means of the train of gears 29, 30, and `31.

55 Upon the inner end of the spindle 18 is rig- While the fiber and Wire are being spuntoidly mounted a bevel-gear 37, which meshes gether the resulting yarn is given any de with a bevel-gear38, 'mounted on a stud. siredamount of tension and twist by means -Mounted on' the same stud is a spur-gear 39,y of the train of gears 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, and 36 which ,drives .the spur-gears 40. The spurand the train 37, 38, 39, and 40. The comy6o gears 40 are rigidlyconnected with the'cappleted yarn is then passed around the capstan-sheaves 19. Inasmuch as the yarnstan-sheavesV 19--and the guide-sheaves 20 to l spool 21 is driven sim ly b y frictional conthe yarn-spooll 21, which, jas heretoforedetact, as hereinbefore escribed, its travel is scribed, is given both a rotary and a lo'ngitu only sufficient to take up the slack of theiyarn dinal' motion;

.I claim isnot claim the machine in this application, for the reason that 1t is claimed in my copending application hereinbefore referred to.

1. Ayarn, comprising a core of wire and parallel fibers spun directly on lengthwise of and spirally around said wire core.

2. A yarn, comprising a. core of .Wire and parallel fibers spun directly on lengthwise of and spirally around said Wire core7 in such a nanner that the settlement of the fibers when t e substantially equal to the elasticity of the wire core.

3. A yarn, comprising a-core of Wire, and fibers supplied lengthwise of and enveloping said Wire and then spun collectively in parallel position about said wire core, in such a manner that each 'fiber has substantially the saine tension with respect to the others, and the Having thus described my invention, Whatyarn is put under longitudinal 'strainis fibers collectively have the same tension as the Wire core, when the wire is put under longitudinal strain.

4. The method of producing yarn, which consists in supplying fibers to a core of Wire, lengthwise of andvlenvelopng said' core of Wire, and then spinning said fibers collectively in parallel position about said core of lWire in such 'a manner that When the yarnis put under longitudinal strains, the individual fibers shall have substantially the same ten- Sion with respect to each other and the fibers collec tively shall have the same tension as the core ofwire. In testimony whereof l have hereunto set my hand in the presence of two Witnesses.

HENRY RYDER. i Witnesses:



Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2503237 *Aug 2, 1947Apr 11, 1950Raybestos Manhattan IncReinforced asbestos roving, sliver, or yarn
US2770940 *Jul 12, 1952Nov 20, 1956Owens Corning Fiberglass CorpGlass fiber twine and method of manufacturing the same
US4225442 *Aug 22, 1978Sep 30, 1980Brunswick CorporationCore spun filtration roving
US4327779 *Aug 7, 1979May 4, 1982Scapa Dryers, Inc.Dryer felt having a soft, bulky surface
US4384449 *Nov 30, 1979May 24, 1983Robert M. Byrnes, Sr.Protective gloves and the like and a yarn with flexible core wrapped with aramid fiber
US4470251 *Mar 30, 1978Sep 11, 1984Bettcher Industries, Inc.Knittable yarn and safety apparel made therewith
US5070540 *Jul 9, 1987Dec 10, 1991Bettcher Industries, Inc.Protective garment
US5215038 *Aug 20, 1992Jun 1, 1993Rourke Anthony ODog chew toy
US5477815 *Jun 1, 1993Dec 26, 1995Booda Products, Inc.Dog chew toy
US5655358 *May 8, 1995Aug 12, 1997Kolmes; Nathaniel H.Cut resistant support yarn suitable for wrapping with an additional yarn covering
US5806295 *May 23, 1997Sep 15, 1998Robins; Steven D.Protective apparel, multiple core cut-resistant yarn, and method of constructing a multiple core cut-resistant yarn
US5822791 *Jun 24, 1996Oct 20, 1998Whizard Protective Wear CorpProtective material and method
US5881492 *Jul 12, 1996Mar 16, 1999Toyo Boseki Kabushiki KaishaFishing line
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US6581366Oct 20, 1999Jun 24, 2003World Fibers, Inc.Cut-resistant stretch yarn fabric and apparel
US6779330Oct 31, 2000Aug 24, 2004World Fibers, Inc.Antimicrobial cut-resistant composite yarn and garments knitted or woven therefrom
US6826898Apr 19, 1995Dec 7, 2004Wells Lamont Industry GroupKnittable yarn and safety apparel
US7121077Apr 5, 2004Oct 17, 2006World Fibers, Inc.Antimicrobial cut-resistant composite yarn and garments knitted or woven therefrom
US20040187471 *Apr 5, 2004Sep 30, 2004World Fibers, Inc.Antimicrobial cut-resistant composite yarn and garments knitted or woven therefrom
US20070084182 *Oct 17, 2006Apr 19, 2007World Fibers, Inc.Antimicrobial cut-resistant composite yarn and garments knitted or woven therefrom
USRE38136 *Aug 12, 1999Jun 10, 2003Supreme Elastic CorporationCut resistant support yarn suitable for wrapping with an additional yarn covering
Cooperative ClassificationY10S118/22, D02G3/36
European ClassificationD02G3/36