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Publication numberUS832284 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 2, 1906
Filing dateJul 10, 1905
Priority dateJul 10, 1905
Publication numberUS 832284 A, US 832284A, US-A-832284, US832284 A, US832284A
InventorsErnest C White
Original AssigneeErnest C White
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Fastener for receptacles.
US 832284 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

No 832,284. PATENTED OCT. 2, 1906.

E. 0. WHITE.

FASTENER FOR REGEPTAGLES.

APPLICATION FILED JULY 10, 1905.

PATENT OFFICE. I

ERNEST 0. WHITE, O LIBERTY, NEW YORK.

FASTENER FOR RECEPT ACLES.

I Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Oct. 2, 1906.

Application flied 1.1.10, 1905.. Serial No. 26 .096.

To all whomit may concern:

Be it known that I, ERNESTO. WHITE, a

citizen of the United States, residing at Liberty, in the county of Sullivan and State of New York, have invented certain new and 'useful Improvements in Fasteners for Beceptacles, of which the. following is a specifi- -,cation.

This invention embodies a novel form of locking-catch for covers of flasks, boxes, or receptacles of any kind.

The object of the invention is to provide a catch of this type afiording protection against accidental disengagement thereof from the keeper with which it cooperates and operable by an unlocking device in such manner as to afford theprotection above mentioned.

In carrying out the invention the unlocking device by which the catch is actuated to' effect its re ease necessitates movement in two directions in order to effect disengage- -ment of the catch, and for this reason hkelihood of accidental release or disengagement is remote, as the combined movement of the unlocking device cannot be effected by accident, though admitting of ready performance upon manipulation thereof by the operatorQ For a full description of the invention and the merits thereof and also to acquire a knowledge of the details of construction of the means for effecting the result reference is to .be had to the following description and accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is a view showing a receptacle in dotted lines, a portion of the receptacle being shown in section in full lines and the invention a plied to this portion. Fig. 2 is an enw large view showing more clearly thelockingcatch and operating parts in positions assumed thereby when the receptacle is closed. Fig. 3 is a view in section similar to Fi 2, the unlockin device having been pushe in wardly as w en initially operated prepara tory to di sengaging the catch. Figs. 4 and 5 are snmlar views showing thecatch disengaged by the unlocking device, the latter I be1ng at opposite limits of movement to accomplish such disengagement. Fig. 6 is a broken view in elevation showing the forma tion of the socket receiving the head of the unlocking device. Fig. 7 is .a detail view-of the unlocking-device alone.

Correspon g and like parts at opposite points.

are referred to in the followin description and indicated in all the views 0 the drawings by the same reference characters.

In the drawings the numeral 1 designates the body of the receptacle, and 2 the cover thereof, the latter having a suitable keeper 3, with which the catch 4 is adapted to engage. The catch 4 is provided at one end with a hook or finger 4 which is designed to enggge a shoulder 3 on the keeper to effect 'ng engagement between the two parts. The catch 4 is a spring-catch and is attached near one end to the receptacle 1 in any substantial way, the spring tendency of the catch being such as to normally hold the same in engagement with the keeper 3. The body of the catch 4 is curved between the ends thereof to form oppositely-extending inclined portions 4*, constituting cams virtu ally, the portions 4 coacting with an unlocking device 5 in the actual manipulation of the parts of the device.

The unlocking device 5 consists of a knob or button constituting a handle and from which projects a short stem 6, at the outer end of which is formed a semicircular head 7. The head 7 has its outer side in contact with theinner side of the catch 4 and longitudinal movement of. the unlocking device 5 will.

carry the {head 7 {longitudinally of the catch in contact therewith, such movement causing the catch to be disengaged from the keeper 3. The unlocking device 5 is designed to remain permanently upon the receptacle, and to affix the same thereto the head 7 is passed through an opening 8 in a side of the receptacle 1, said opening having slots 9 extending therefrom The side of the receptacle 1 adjacent the opening 8 is formed with slits 10, which admit of springing the head 7 of the unlocking device 5 through the opening 8, said head being slightly larger than the opening. The slots 9 are formed so as to contact with the locking part on the stem 6 of the unlocking device 5, said locking art being a shoulderll at the innerside o the head 7 The shoulder 11 is of a diameter about 6%1181 to the'dia'meter of the opening 8, w 'lo the stem 6 is of a width about equal to the width ofthe slots 9. The spring tendenc of the catch 4 is such as to normally tend to old the unlocking device 5 in the ino erative position shownin Fig. 2 or with t e shoulder 11 in the opening8, it not being adaptedfor slidable movement elth'er up or down when said shoulder 11 is in such position. When the shoulder 11 is in the opening 8, the head 7 rests at the point where the inclined portions 4 of the catch 4 meet, and when the catch 4 bears against the head 7 it normally tends to force the head into this position, as shown in Fig. 2. By pressing the handle of the unlocking device 5 inwardly or toward the catch 4, however, the shoulder 1 1 is displaced from, the opening 8 and the unlocking device 5 may e moved upwardly or downwardly b slidable movement so that the stem 6 wil be forced into either of the slots 9, according to the direction of movement. -On forcing the unlocking device into a position such that the stem 6 enters one of the slots 9, it will be seen that the head 7 will ride along one of the inclined portions 4 of the catch 4 and the cam action producedin this way forces the catch out of engagement with the keeper 3, as shown most clearly in Figs. 4 and 5 of the drawings. When forced out of engagement with the kee er 3, the catch 4 readily admits of opening the receptacle 1. As soon as the unlocking device 5 is released, however, the s ringressure of the catch 4 against the hea 7 ten s to force said head to the oint at which the inclines 4* meet, or, in ct er words, the catch 4 automatunlocking device t at such movement will noteffect the complete release of the catch, but will merely eifect a partial release thereof and will cause the catch to move only to a position where its hook or finger 4 is still in en gagementwith the shoulder 3 of the keeper 3. This will be best understood by reference to Figs. 2 and 3 of the accompanying drawings. In Fig. 2 it will be noticed that the catch 4 is in full engagement with the keeper and that the unlockin device is pressed by the catch so that its shou der 11 is received in the opening 8 and is thereby held in inoperative position. Now to effect a full release of the catch it is necessary, first, to press inwardl upon the handle of the unlocking device until said knob or handle engages the adjacent wall of the receptacle which forms a lock or stop for the inward movement of the unlocking device. The position then taken by the unlocking device is shown in Fig. 3. Here it will be seen thatthis inward pressing of the unlocking device to eiiecta release of the shoulder 11 from the opening 8-has moved eaaaee the catch 4 only far enough to effect a partial disengagement between its hook or finger 4 and the shoulder 3 of the keeper 3. The cover cannot yet be raised. To effect a comlete release of the locking-catch 4, the unocking device must be slid in one direction or another while it is still in the inwardlypfessed position, as has been before described. ence it will be noticed, first, that the latch holds the unlocking device in an inoperative position, where it is impossible to move it up or down or in any direction to effect the complete release of the catch; second, that it is st necessary to press the unlocking device inwardly to effect a partial release of the catch, and, third, that it is then necessary to move the unlocking device in still another direction to effect the complete disengagement of the catch from its keeper. It is thus" to be understood that my invention provides sure means for reventing the accidental release of the loc ing-catch, because the combined movement necessary to effect the complete release of the catch is manifestly unikely to be effected b accident, although its erformance in 'actua use by proper mani uation may readily be accomplished. 'l he locking-catch aforesaid is extremely sim is in its construction and revents all likelihood of accidental opening 0 the receptacle with provision for quick intentional opening under proper manlpulation, the advantages of the oregoing being obvious and of no small importance.

The locking-catch in its principle may of course be applied in various ways in securing parts together.

Having thus described the invention, What is claimed as new is 1. A fastener for receptacles, combining with parts to be locked together, one of said parts being rovided with a keeper and the other of sai parts havin a catch desi ed for engagement with saidieeper, an unfibking device mounted in one of said parts; constructed so that the movement of said unlocking device in one direction will effect a partial release of the catch from its keeper, and a subsequent movement of said unlock- .ing device in another direction Will effect a complete release of the catch from its keeper.

keeper, the arrangement being such that the second movement of the unlocking device is prevented preparatory to the first movement thereof.

3. A fastener for receptacles, combining with parts to be locked together, one of said parts being provided with a keeper and the other of said parts havin a catch designed for engagement with said eeper, an unlocking device mounted in one of said parts and arranged to be moved inwardly against the catch to partially release the same from said keeper and to be subsequently moved in another direction against said catch to completely disengage the same from its keeper.

4. A fastener for receptacles, combining with parts to be locked together, one of said parts being provided with a keeper and the other of said parts havin a catch designed for engagement with said eeper, an unlocking device mounted in one of said parts and in engagement with said catch, said unlocking devlce being arranged to have a limited inward movement against the catch to partially release the same from said keeper and arranged to be subsequently moved in another direction against said catch to completely disengage the same from said keeper.

5. A fastener for receptacles, combining with parts to be locked together, one of said parts being provided with a keeper and the other of said parts havin a catch designed for engagement with said lieeper, an unlocking device mounted in one of said parts and arranged to be movedinone direction against the catch to partially release the same from said keeper and to be further moved in another direction against said catch to completely disengage the same from said keeper, and constructed so that the enga ement of the catch and unlocking device w' I prevent the further or subsequent movement of the unlocking device preparatory to its first movement.

6. A fastener for receptacles, combining with parts to be locked together, one of said parts being provided with a keeper and the other of said parts havin a catch designed for engagement with said eeper, an unlocking device mounted in one of said parts in engagement with said catch and normally held thereby in an inoperative position; constructed so that a movement of said unlocking device against the catch in two different directions only will effect the release of said catch from its keeper.

7. A fastener for receptacles, combining with parts to be locked together, one of said parts being provided with a keeper and the other of said parts havin a catch designed for engagement with said eeper, an unlocking device mounted in one of said parts and arranged to .be pressed inwardly against the catch to partially release the same from said keeper and to be subsequently moved in another direction against the catch to completely disengage the same from said keeper,

the parts being 'so arranged that the last named movement of the unlocking device is only possible while it is pressed inwardly against the catch.

8. A fastener for receptacles, combining with parts to be locked together, one of said parts being provided with a keeper and the other of said parts having a catch designed for engagement with said keeper, a handle mounted in one of said parts and a head carried by the handle for actuating the catch, the catch having oppositely-extending inclines coacting with the said head.

9. A fastener'for receptacles, combining with parts to be locked together one of said parts being rovided with a keeper and the other ofsaid parts havin acatch designed for engagement with sai keeper, a handle mounted in one of said parts, a head carried by the handle for actuating the catch, the catch havin o positel -extending inclines coacting witli the head of the handle, the head being movable along either incline of the catch, and said handle havin a locking part for holding the same normal y in an inoperative positlon for disengaging the catch. 10. A fastener for receptac es, combining with parts to be locked together, one of said parts being provided with a keeper and the other ofsaid parts having a spring-catch designed for engagement with said keeper, a handle mounted in one of said parts, a stem projected from the handle and formed with a ead engaging-the catch for actuating the same-,the catch having an incline to coact with the head of the handle and a lockingshoulder on the stem for normally preventing the handle from disengaging the catch when said handle is initially moved.

11. A recepta cle having parts arranged to be locked together and provided on one of said parts w1th a keeper andin another of said parts with an opening and a slot communicating therewith, a catch secured to one of said parts and designed to engage said IIO kee er, and an unlocking device provided wit a head in engagement with said catch, with a stem fitting in said slot, with a shoulde r designed to fit in said opening, and an actuating button or handle, as and for the purpose set forth.

12. A fastener" for receptacles, combining with parts to be locked together, one of said parts being provided with a keeper and the other of said parts being provided with a catch for said keeper and an opening formedwith a communicating slot, an unlocking de-.

vice mounted in one of said parts and-comrising an actuating-handle, a stem projected om the handle and designed to fit the said slot, a locking-shoulder on the stem said shoulder being designed to fit the said openother of sea ing, and a head formed on the steni'and arranged for operative engagement with said catch; 4

13. A fastener for receptacles, combinin with parts to be locked together, one of sai parts being provided with a keeper and another of said parts with a spring-catch for engagement with said'keeper and an opening and a slot communicating with said opening, an unlocking device comprising an actuatinghandle, a stem designed to move in said slot, a locking part or shoulder designed to fit said opening, and a head for engagement with said catch, whereby the catch will tend to press the unlocking device so that its locking part or shoulder will enter said opening, as and for the purpose set forth. 14. A fastener for receptacles, combining withparts to be locked together, one of said parts beingfrovided with a keeper and the parts having a catch provided with a finger designed for engagement with said keeper, an unlocking device mounted in one of said parts and arranged to be pressed ,inwardly against said catch to partially release the same from saidkeeper and to be subsequently moved in another direction against said catch to completely disengage the same from its keeper. I

15. A fastener for receptacles, combining with parts tobe locked together, one of said parts being provided with a keeper and the other of said parts havin a catch des' ed for engagement with said eeper, an 11' 00king device mounted in one of said parts and arranged to be pressed inwardly against said catch to partial y release the same from said keeper and to be subsequently moved in another direction against said catch to completely disengage the same from said keeper, the catch being arranged to automatically return the unlocking device to its initial position. t

16. A fastener for receptacles, comb' with parts to be locked together, one of sai parts being dprovided with a keeper and the other of sai parts having a springgcatch designed for engagement with said eeper, an unlocking device mounted in one of said parts and arranged to be pressed inwardly against said spring-catch to partially release the same from said kee er and to be subse- I quently moved in anot er direction against said catch to completely disengage the same from said keeper, the catch being arran ed to automatically return said unlocking evice to its initial position.

In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.

ERNEST 0. WHITE. [1 s.]

Witnesses NLAL Conner, MABEL WINNER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2514257 *May 12, 1947Jul 4, 1950Reavis Jack CLens protector for telescopic gun sights
US4706409 *Jun 9, 1986Nov 17, 1987Downing Edgar WCrab pot construction
US5156293 *Nov 15, 1991Oct 20, 1992James River Ii, Inc.Folded sheet product dispenser system
US5348356 *Apr 2, 1993Sep 20, 1994Apple Computer, Inc.Hidden, releasable latch for a molded plastic enclosure
US5484176 *May 20, 1994Jan 16, 1996Motus, Inc.Latch mechanism
US6464102 *Sep 26, 2000Oct 15, 2002General Electric CompanyBox closing mechanism
US6472778 *Jan 19, 2001Oct 29, 2002Rexroth Star GmbhLinear motion unit
US6513352 *Oct 27, 2000Feb 4, 2003Memorialization Systems Of AmericaSecure storage system for cremation urns
US6824174 *Apr 18, 2003Nov 30, 2004Hon Hai Precision Ind. Co., Ltd.Latch for removing a cover from a base
US6997635 *Mar 17, 2003Feb 14, 2006High Tech Computer, CorporationLatch structure for removably mounting a side panel of an electronic product
US8837169 *Sep 14, 2012Sep 16, 2014Wistron CorporationEMI shielding device which can be easily assembled and disassembled
US20130294044 *Sep 14, 2012Nov 7, 2013Fu-Lung LuEMI Shielding Device Which Can Be Easily Assembled and Disassembled
DE102013008891A1May 27, 2013Nov 27, 2014Fm Marketing GmbhFernsteuerung
EP2808852A2May 15, 2014Dec 3, 2014fm marketing gmbhRemote control
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationE05C19/06, G06F1/1656