US 832589 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
PATENTED OGT. 9, 1906.
` A. C. BROWN.
PAUCET. APPLICATION FILED APR.24.1905.
l srafrns ne. ceases.
Specification of Letters Patent. l
raten-tea oct. e, ieee.
Application fllell April 24. 1905. Serial No. 257.129.
Be it known that l, ALBERT (l. BROWN, a citizen oic the United States, residing at fhicago, in the county of Coeli and State of lllinois, have invented a certain new and useful improvement in aucets, oi" which the follow- `s a i'nll, clear, concise, and exact descripfierence ,being had. tothe accompanyg' drawings, vforming a part et this specilication.
- My invention relatesl to faucets, and has for its object the provision. of an improved faucet whereby the Wear upon the casing surrounding a portion of the primary actuating element is materially reduced and binding action on the upper bearing eliminated and whereby the wear upon and enlargement of the casi 11g-bearings Will not be followed by leakage.
Hitherto the faucet-valves have usually been seated by a spring mechanism and unseated by4 hand-lever mechanism operating o-ppositely tothe spring mechanism, in which structures the spring mechanism not only iforced the valve upon. seat', but always forced the'hand-lever against Aits casing-bearings to secure 'the seatingoi the valve. ll therefore the bearings in the. casing became worn materially, the spring could not well perform its function.
'lt is the no ain object oit' my invention normallyto remove the spring-pressure from' the hand-lever and at the same time a'lord a mecnanical connection between the hand-lever and the valve, whereby When the valve is to be opened the hand-lever will act in opposition to the spring and when the handle is normal the spring will have a properly-,located abutment that Will prevent the Water from unseating the valve in opposition to the sprirg. To this end lemploy a plunger that carries or operates the valve, a spring for seating thevalve, mechanism for moving the plunger against the force of a spring and operable by a handle, and a limiting stop, abutment or device normally receiving the pressure or the spring to relieve the handle thereof.
lv Will explain my invention more fully by rcicreinzo to ,the accompanying drawings,
slit 1 u d embodimentthereof, in "a nioh-- Figure l is an elevation, mainly in section, or Afaucet constructed in accordance with iny invention. Fig.' 2 is a sectional plan vieri' thereof Online o a of l. Fig. 3 is a detail Showing the linitiwstop or device that l preferably employ. Fig. 4- illustrates in perspective the element shown in Fig. 3, but indicated in Fig. 4 in separated relation for the sake of illustration. Fig. is a side elevation of the upper portion of the faucet structure, taken in the same direction as Fig. l. Fig. is a detail view of certain parts ol' the structure belonging to the pormouth 3 is normally prevented by a valve 4,
made of some suitable material, such as a rubber conu'nosition. This valve 4 secured in position by a screw 5, passing through the center of the valve and into the plunger-sec'- tion t, the plunger being desirably formed in two sections 6 7, vhaving threaded engagement for purpose of assembling. The portion 7 of the plunger is preferably reduced in diameter, so that the spring 8, surrounding this plunger portion, may 'li'id lodgment upon the plunger portion 6 its lower end. The upper end of the spring t3 rests against a plate 9, surrounding the plunger portion 7 and movable longitudinally thereon a disk of packing l() being clamped by the spring 8 between the plate Q and the bottom of a cupshaped element ll., through which bottom the plunger-section 7 is adapted to reciprocate. The packing is employed to prevent the Water from lovving into the space in the upper part of the casing' l, Where the mechanism for elevating the plunger against the force of the spring is located. The upper part of the casing l is threaded at l2 and has two diametrically opposite slots 13 tor the rer ception of the shaft l-l, operated by a handle l5, Semicircular recesses .l5 are provided in the casing to act as part of the bearings for the shaft le, the balance of these bearings being afforded by complemental sernicireular recesses 17 in a collar 18, slipped over the threaded element 12 andheld in positiorrby an interi@fly-threaded cap 19, yen,f faging the threads at l2. The upper end ofthe plunger terminates in an operating element 19', hav- IOO IIC
ing a transversely-extending cam-slot 20,1111
4Wlfnlch the actuating element 21 upon the shaft 14 moves bae'k'and forth, the plunger be-` ing guided in its travel by the element 11'` and the plunger extension '23 working Within a guide 24, provided upon the interior of the.
Inallyfbe'removed from the shaft 14, l cause' the element 11 to engage the lower yend of a cylinder 25, thatengages the bottom surface of the cap 1) at' its up )er end tand the topv edgecf the cylindrical e ement 11 ait its bot-v tom end.` T he cylindrical elements 11725 are each provided 'with four semipeireular scallops 11 25", respectively, so that 'when the said cylinders are' placed together c1rcular openings are formed. The shaft 14 extends through the diainctrieally' opposite openings: thus formed, there being preferably four such openings for the sake 'of convenience, though two diametrically opposite ones are only 'required The 19 in being screwed in position depressies the Cylinder 25 against the cyiinder 11 and against. the force of the spring 8, so that the positions of the recesses v11 25 may be determinedwith respent tothe 'shaft 14, so aslto normally re.,
lieve the said shaft 14 from thc pressureof ,the spring The elements 1i 25 thus con-- stitute an abutment normally removing the springpressure from the shaft 14, but perniittin said shaft to elevate the lunfferl y P s against Vthe force oi" said. springfwhen the faucet is to be opened.
' Theringl constitutes, in eifect, 'a part of the easingv and provides with the balance of the easing bearings 'for the shaft 14. Y
I do not Wish to be limited to the precise characteristics of the preferred embodiment of my invention herein shown; but,
Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure .by ALetters Patent I 1. A faucet includingT a easing' fo'itne passage of Huid. a valve Within the same, a pluri ger carrying the valve and provided with a slot, al spring in'engagement with the pluri--4 ger for-seating` the valve, a handle having.,r its 'shaft mountedwithin the casing, an operat- 'ving element carried by the shaft and moving W1thin the aforesaid slot,fand an abutment #device substantially normallyrelieving the handle of spring-pressure but permitting the operation of the handle aifainstthe force of the spring to unseat the vaave, said abutment devine being made of two separable 'tubular elements, one above the shaft andjengaging the upper portion of the casing and one below the shaft and engaging' the sprii'igf.v
x2. A fau/cet including' a casing for the passage of Huid, a valve witliinthe saine., plunger Carrying the valve and provided witha` slot, a spring' in engagement with the plunger for seating the valve,` a handle having its shaft mounted Within the easing, an operating element carried by the shaftiand 'moving within the aforesaid slot, and an abutment device` substantially normally relieving the handle of springfpressure but permitting the operation of the handle against the. force of the springto unseat the valve, said abutment 'di-vice being made or' two separable. tubular elements, one above the shaftand engaging; the u )per portion of th(l easing and one below tlie shaft and engaging the spring, vthe tubular elements of the abutment device bei'n'f: provided with scmicircular recesses .adapted to iii losetlie hadle-shaf t.
3. Afaucet including a casing' for the passage of Huid,- a valve within the saine, aplunger i'arrying the valve, a springr in engage.- nient with the plunger for seating' the valve,
` a; handle havingr its shaftinountcd within the leasing, an operating' element carried by the shaft, and an abutment device subst initially normally relieving` the handle-of spring-presn .sure but permitting` the operation of the handle against the force of the springto unseat 4the valve, said abutment device being; made of two separable tubular elements, one abovev the shaft and engaging the upper'portion of the casing and one below the shaft and engaging the spring.
'4. faucet including acasing for the pas? sage ofiiuiih a valve Within the same, a plun- IDO' ger carrying the valve, a spring' in engagement with the plunger for seating' the valve, a handle having' its shaft'mounteil` within the casing, an operating element earried by the shaft, and an abutn'ient device substantially` normfally relievingr the handle ofspriiig-pressure but permitting the operation of the haii- `dle against the force of the spring' to unseat the valve, -said abutment device being made oi two separable tubular elements,` one above the shaft and engaging the upper portion of the casing and one below the shaft and engaginv the spring, the tubularl elements of" the a utmcnt device being provided with seinieircul'ar recesses adapted toinelose the' handle-shaft.
1n witness 'whereof I hereunto subscribe my naine this 22d day of April, A.' D. 1905.
' ALBERT C. BROWN. v
Witnesses Leon STROH, CHAs. F. Bass-ETT.