|Publication number||US832656 A|
|Publication date||Oct 9, 1906|
|Filing date||Jul 13, 1904|
|Priority date||Jul 13, 1904|
|Publication number||US 832656 A, US 832656A, US-A-832656, US832656 A, US832656A|
|Inventors||Burton H Cook|
|Original Assignee||Burton H Cook|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (3), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
PATENTED OCT. 9, 1906.
B.' H. 000K.
APPLIUATION FILED JULY 1s. 1004.
. similar pur be admitted to the bristles() PATENT Fl@l` t.
BURTON H. COOK, OF NEV YORK, 4N. Y.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented oef.. i ece.
Application filed July 13, 1904. Serial No. 216,446.
To all whom it may concern.:
Be it known that I, BURTON H. COOK, a citizen of the United States, residing in the borough of Brooklyn, county oi Kings, city and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Brushes, of which the following is a specification.
This invention aims to y rovide certain improvements in brushes w ich are especially adapted for use as bath-brushes or for any ose, such as scrubbing fioors or animals. n its preferred form a fountainbrush is provlded that is to say, a brush with means for supplying water either from "a reservoir at the back of the brush or by a continuous hose connection with a hydrant.
A particular point of improvement is in the meansfor carrying a supply of soap so as to furnish soapy water to the brush, and thus make a lather by the simple brushing operation. The soap is held out of contact with the apertures in the back of the brush proper, so as to avoid the clogging which would occur if th soa were allowed to stand directly upon the baci; after being softened by use.
Various im rovements in detail are provided which iiacilitate the cleaning and use of the brush and which cheapen its constructio'n.
The accompanying drawings illustrate embodiments of the invention.
Figure 1 is a longitudinal section of a complete brush. 2 is a side elevation from theI rgiposite side of the brush, showing a modi ed form of cover. F ig. 3 is a longitudinal vertical central section of a still further modified form of brush. Fig. 4 ,is an end view of Fig. 3. l
The brush proper may be of any suitable construction, whlch is shown as an ordinary bristle-brushl with a back A of rubber or celluloid, so that it will not swell when wet, and having apertures B throu h which water can The chamber D serving as a reservoir or as an intermediate passage when the brush is connected to a continuous supply, may consist of a sheetmetal rim provided with corrugations E E', which stiil'en it, and the lower one of which also serves as a sto to locate it on thc brushback. A removable cover is provided, iwhich g may be a simple flanged plate Fjeictending across the chamber D, as in Fig: 1, or a smaller and preferably round coyer F', as shown 1n Figs'. 2 to 4, or both. In=thellatter case the 'cover F is provided with an opening which the cover F closes, this construction being shown at .F2 in Figs. 2-4. If only the cover F is employed, the dover F2 may be fixed to the walls of the chamber D instead of being made removable therefrom. In this case the coverl F2 will serve as a to plate.
'If desired, the cover may be arrange to lock in place, so as to revent its accidental removal by reason o the pressure ofthe water inside. For this purpose a bayonet-joint maybe provided, as shown in connection with the cover F', by forming an L-.shaped depression G upon the lian e L of the cover F2, as indicated-in dotted lines in Fig. 2, in which depression a teat H, formed in the flange of. the cover F', fits, or a spring-lock may be provided, as shown in connection with the cover F2, such lock consisting of a slightly-elongated depression J at each end of the reservoir, Figs. 3 and 4, into which snap teats K upon the cover F2. The provision of the iange L, Figs. 2-4, forming a smaller opening at the center of the to ofthe chamber, has also an advantage in acilitating the use of the chamber in the manner of a simple cup. Without connecting the brush to the continuous water-supply the cover F may be removed and the water'scooped up from a bath-tub or the like into the chamber D, where it will be held in suflicient quantity to pass throughthe brush in the usualmanner.
In such case the brush may be held, with the hand of the user lying overthe opening and practically closing the same, so as to hold the water Wi thin the chamber.
A most valuable improvement is in the provision for carrying soap, whereby substantially a separate compartment is provided in the chamber, which holds the soap close to the back of the brush, but out of contact therewith, and thus prevents the oozing of the soap into the apertures and the clogging of the same after thesoap has been softened by use.. With such a brush economy of soap is efl'ccted, it being possible to use small pieces which are otherwise thrown away. Medicated soap 'may be conveniently used, or any other medicinal, antise tic, or similar'substance may be used equal y well.
'As illustrated, the soap may beheld u by a horizontal partition or tray M, wliic is perforated to let the soapy water pass throu h and which is held detachably in place y having its ends spring into grooves N in the ends and sides of the chamber-wall. The cover F being removedwitis' obvious IOO lIO
. tray and runs over the scalloped'edges and with 'a handle,
` son of the coutinuou'sly-running Water is exsay, without soap. rThus after using soap 4o and making a good lather,
-well as in use, which does not readily 'clg e that the tray M can beeasily removed. The l chamber D, it is to be noted, may also be attached to the brush inra similar way, Fi s.
3 and 4, to hold the two together against t e ordinary time permittin the remov l of the chamber by a strong pu l, so as. to facilitate cleaning the entire apparatus. A preferable form of tray M is shown in Fig. 3 for holding thei soa being provided with 'a solid bottom an upwardly-extending scalloped sides O, drops off solder or similarprojections P bein arranged on thebottom of the tray to holcgl it slightly above theback of the brush. With this construction the soapy water ills the through the apertures into the bristles'. The tray can be removed a's a Whole and cleaned With almost no difficulty. The inlet Q is so positioned as to admit water directly -to the soap-compartment, a nipple R being provided for attachment of a small rubber hose S. The brushinay, if desired, be provided which facilitates getting at ordinarily inaccessible portions of ones-body. The handle T, where one is provided, is preferably made detachable-aa for example, by being screwed onto a stem U, attached to the It will be seen that the invention rovides a brush capable of various uses, whlc by rea-v tremelyT clean and sanitary, ,which is economical 1n construction and manufacture as andthe parts of which are easily accessib for cleaning. Myimproved brush is equally adapted for use with clear water-that is to the soap may be removed and the water run through clear, so as to spray the body with fresh Water.. The brush can be used either with or without aconnection to a continuous supply of water.
Therefore, though I have described with great particularity ofy detail certain embodiments of the invention, yet it is no't to be understood that the invention is limited to the embodiments disclosed. Various modiications thereof in detail and in the arrange# ment and combination of the parts may be. made by those skilled in the art without departure from the invention. i
l. A brush having an apertured back, a chamber above said back, and means for carrying soap arranged close to said back,l but separated therefrom, vso that the soap is held out of contact with said apertures.
2. A brush having an apertured back, a chamber above said back, having an opening at its top adapted to" admit acake of soap, a A
water-pressure, while at the same 1 chamber to admit Water over being formed .mitting it to the apertures, a
-loped at the edge, i tray a slight distance above the back of the brush, a removable cover for said chamber' cover for said opening, and means extending 3. A brush having an apertured back, a
chamber upon said hack for receiving water and admitting it 'to the apertures, and are-v movable device for lioldi'ng soap in said chamber out of contact with said-apertures.
4. A brush having an apertured back, a chamber upon said back for receiving Water and admitting it to the apertures, a removable tray it having scalloped edges and means for supporting said tray abovev the back of the brush, an opening being provided in said the edge of said tray. A,
5. A brush having anapertured back, a chamber upon said back for receivino'water and admitting it to the apertures, said chamber having a free opening in its top adapted to permit water to pass into said chamber in use, said opening being smaller in size than the'top of said chamber, and said chamber closed by hand to retain the water in said chamber. 6. A brush having an apertured back, a
,chamber upon said back `for receiving Water- .and admitting 1t to the apertures, a remov able device for holding soap in said chamber out of contact With said apertures, and a removable cover adapted to be locked 0n said chamber. y l 1 7. A brush having an apertured back, a chamber formed of a band D extending aroundsaidfback for receiving water and admitting it to the apertures, a removable tra M having upwardly-projecting sides 0 sca loped at theedge, means for supporting said tray a`slight distance above the back of the Erush, and a removable coverfor said chamer. v
8. A brush having an apertured back, a chamber formed of a band D extending around said back for receiving water and adremovable tra M having upwardly-projecting sides O sca means for supporting said adapted to .be locked in place thereon, and a nipple R for connecting said. chamber witha water-supply.
In witness'whereof I have hereunto signed my name 1n the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
BURTON H. oooK'.
'DOMINGO A. UsINA, TnEoDoRE T.' SNELL.
to permit saidopening t0 be'
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