US 833216 A
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PATENTED OCT. 16, I906. -F.'J. HUNT. v GATE CONSTRUCTION. APPLICATION TILED JAN. 25. 1906.
1H: NORRIS PITIRS co., WJSHINGTON, n. c.
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L" F., J. HUNT.
fAPPLmATIoN TILED MN. 25. 1906.
PATENTED OCT. 16, 1906-.
'atioznu s 7N5 NORRIS rzrsnscm, WASHINGTON, D. c,
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
FRANK J. HUNT, OF SLATER, COLORADO.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Oct. 16, 1906.
Application filed. January 25, 1908. Serial No. 297,870.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, FRANK J. HUNT, a citizen of the United States, residing at Slater, in the county of Routt and State of Colorado, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Gate Construction; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
My invention relates to gates; and its object is to provide a swinging gate which can be hoisted when in any of its positions and which can be readily returned into proper position.
The invention consists of a supporting-post having a rotatable disk thereon, to which is pivoted a beam which extends beyond the end of the gate and is weighted. A yoke is disposed uponthe end of the gate near its lower edge and is provided with a roller adapted to travel around the post when the same is opened or closed. The weight upon the beam is not quite as heavy as the gate, but is sufiicient to permit .the gate to be swung into an upright position when a slight upward pressure is exerted thereupon.
The invention also consists of the further novel features of construction and combination of parts, the preferred form whereof will be hereinafter made clearly apparent and pointed out in the claims.
In the accompanying drawings I have shown the preferred form of my invention.
In said drawings, Figure 1 is an'elev'a'tion of my improved gate, showing by dotted lines the position assumed by it when raised. 7 Fig. 2 is a plan view of the gate. Fig. 3 is an enlarged section through the upper portion of the post and through the connection between it and the gate. Fig. 4 is a plan view of the upper member of said connection. Fig. 5 is a similar view of the lower member of said connection. Fig. 6 is a plan view of the yoke used with the gate; and Fig. 7 is a section on line a: m, Fig. 6.
Referring to the figures by numerals of reference, 1 is a preferably round post, which may be made of wood or other material and has a band 2 surrounding the lower portion thereof, while a cap 3 is secured to its upper end by means of a screw4 or in any other preferred manner. A cylindrical boss or extension 5 is formed upon the center of this cap, and a race 6 for the reception of balls 7 is formed in the upper face of the cap and concentric with the periphery thereof. The boss 5 extends into an opening 8, formed'in the center of the top plate 9, which bears upon the balls 7 and has a depending flange 10, which overlaps the periphery of the cap 3. This plate may be held in place upon the cap in any preferred manner, preferably by means of a washer 11, which overlaps the center of the plate and is fastened to the boss 5 by means of the screw 4. Itwill be understood that, if preferred, this washer may be dispensed with and the plate 9 held in place in any other manner. Parallel cars 12 are formed on the plate 9 and extend beyond the periphery thereof, where openings 13 are formed between them for the reception of a pivot-bolt 14. This bolt extends through the-beam 15, said beam being a continuation of the-top rail 17 of the gate. Suitable bracing means 18 connect the beam 15 with the body of the gate, and a weight 19, preferably consisting of a box filled with stonesor other heavy material, is secured on the free end of the beam 15 and is adapted to normally counterbalance the gate.
A block 20 is securedto the lower portion of the gate by means of ears 21, whiohare integral with the blockand extend to opposite sides of the gate. A yoke 22- is formed integral with thisblock and is adapted to em brace the post 1. Extending upward from the block is a stud having a shoulder 24 at its lower end, which is grooved, as at 25, to constitute a race for balls 26. These balls support a roller 27, which surrounds the stud and is retained thereon by means of a disk 28, which is fastened to the end of the stud by means of a screw 29 or inany preferred manner. Balls 30 are interposed between the roller and the disk, so as to reduce friction during the rotation of the roller. This roller extends slightly beyond the edge of the block 20 and is adapted to travel upon the band 2, hereinbefore referred to. It will be understood that the weight of the gate causes it normally to rest in a horizontal position with its roller 27 in contact with band 2, and said gate can therefore be swung open or closed, such movement causing plate 9 to revolve on the balls 7 and the roller 27 to travel on hand 2.
Should it be desired to swing the gate upward, a slight upward pressure will cause the weighted receptacle 19 to swing downward and cause the beam 15 to pivot on the bolt 14. The gate will therefore assume the poopened or closed either by swinging it in the usual manner or by raising or lowering it.
While I have described the use of balls for reducing friction, it will be understood that any other desired means, such as rollers, can be used instead.
What I claim is 1. The combination with a post having a plate rotatably mounted thereon, and ears formed integral with said plate and extending beyond the periphery thereof; of a weighted beam pivoted between said ears, a gate rigidly secured to said beam, and a block at the lower end of said gate having a semicircular yoke at its outer end adapted to engage the post.
2. The combination with a post having a rotatable plate thereon; of a counterbalanced gate pivotally connected to the plate and adapted to swing into aposition directly 'above its supporting-post, said gate being rotatable with the plate, and a centering device extending from the gate and embracing and adapted to travel around the post.
3. The combination with a post having a plate rotatably mounted thereon, and ears extending from the plate and beyond the periphery thereof; of a gate, a weighted beam extending beyond one end of the gate and pivoted between the ears, and a centering device having a curved outer end extending from the gate and embracing and adapted to travel around the post.
4. The combination with a post having a plate rotatably mounted thereon, and ears extending from the plate and beyond the periphery thereof; of a gate, a weighted beam extending beyond one end of the gate and pivoted between the ears, a yoke extending from the gate and embracing the post, and a roller secured to the the post.
5. The combination with a post having cap thereon and a central extension upon the cap, of a plate rotatably mounted upon the extension and cap, ears formed integral with the upper surface of said plate and extending beyond the periphery thereof, a gate, a weighted beam extending from the gate and pivoted between said ears, a yoke secured to the gate and embracing the post, and friction-reducing devices interposed between the cap and plate and mounted upon the yoke.
6. The combination with a post having a cap thereon and a central extensionon the cap of a plate rotatably mounted on the eX- tension and cap, friction-reducing means interposed between the plate and cap, ears extending from the plate and beyond the periphery thereof, a gate, a beam extending from the gate and pivoted between the ears, a counterbalance upon the beam, a block secured to the lower end of the gate and having a semicircular yoke, and a roller mounted upon the yoke andadapted to engage the p 7. The combination with a post and a cap secured to said post and having a cylindrical extension, a plate mounted upon said cap and surrounding said extension, ears formed integral with said plate and extending beyond the periphery of said plate, a beam pivoted between said ears, the pivot-point being located beyond the periphery of the plate, and a gate rigidly secured to said beam whereby, when the beam is tilted, the gate will be disposed above the post.
Intestimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
FRANK J. HUNT.
ALVIN ST. LoUIs, JOHN R. TURNER.
yoke and bearing upon