US 834643 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
PATENTED 00T. 30, 1906'.l
L, M. scHNAnIG. PILLOW AND THE LIKE APPLICATION FILEDAFEB. 21, 1906.
Water, or other l UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE; l
EMANUEL M. SCHNADIG, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, ASSIGNOR TOCHAS.
EMMERICH & COMPANY, OFCHlCAGO, ILLINOIS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Oct. 30, 1906.
Anuman moa rabrmy 21, 190e. suini No. 302.278.
To all whom it may cncern:
Be it known that I, EMANUEL M. SCENA- DIG, a citizen of the United-States, residing This invention relates to improvements inpillows, and has for its object the provision f an intermediate'protecting cover ada ted to lie between thel tick containing the feat ers and the outer pill( w-slip, so that oils exuding from the scali; of the user and medicines iquids accidentally spilled upon the pillow will be revented fromlreachi in and damaging the eathers.
he invention contemplates the provision of an intermediate protecting-cover composed of material capable of repelling or resisting'the passage of liquids and also serving to permit the circulation of air. lIt has been found that any kind of ticking subjected to a light application'of any one of te several' waterproofing processes serves t e ose. P o this endl the invention consists in the provision of a protecting cover or case adapted to inclose t e tick containin the feathers, which is the illow pro er an in providing the cover with a slit to acilitate the insertion and withdrawal of the pillow, the protective cover and the contained pillow being subsequently inserted in the outer pillow-slip.
'My invention will be more fully disclosed in the accompanying drawings and will be particularly 'pointed out in the appended claims.
In the drawings, Figure 1 illustrates in side elevation a pillow with parts broken away, showing my Eprotective cover in connection therewith. v ig. 2 illustrates an end elevation of the pillow, showing the manner of removing my improved cover from the tick. Fig. 3 1s a sectional view on line 3 3 of Fig. 2, showing one end portion of the water roof cover and pillow. Fig. 4 shows a mo ied form wherein the waterproof cover serves also as a-pillow-case. Fig. 5 shows in de tail the form of fastener used 1n securing parts of l pillow-case, which, as is customarv, completely envelops the pillow-and which is provided with a loose open end portion a.
B designates the inner casing or tick adapted to be permanently closed and to contain the feathers or other resilient filling.
' AC designates my improved protective cover which surrounds the tick and is desirably interposed between the latter and the pillow-case. l Said cover C desirably fits snugly about the stuffed tick B and is rovided with a closable slit c, throu h w 'ch said tick may be irserted and with rawn.
To. prevent liquid from reaching the tick through the closable slit c in case a considerable quantity has been spilled, the said slit c is provided with fastening means where-` by the same may be closed, it will be underosure of said slit i`s not wa-' j.
stood that the c terproof. Therefore said overlapping parts serve to prevent liquid which lmay have enterd the cover from reaching the tick. This feature of the invention is realized in the present construction by roviding longitudinally-disposed stri s or apsc and c', each of which is secured tlir margins and throughout a portion of-its end margins to the inner surface of the cover, the V remaining free and unsecured portions of each flap extending transversely'ofA the slit c, where they are removably secured inposition by suitable fastening means.
Referring to Fig. 3, it will be seenthat the laprc is secured at its lower side mar 'n to the cover 'and that it projects upward y beyond the closed slit in a manner to form the inner wall of a ocket or rece tacle, the
outer wall of whic is formed by t at portion of the cover extending from the' margin of the slit :downwardly to the juncture therewith of said flap c. When the pillow is in this position water'enteri the slit lc would be received b the ockeflormed` as above described woul thus be prevented from oughout one of its side IOO reaching the'tick; When the pillow isin a l osition opposite to thatl shown in Fig. 3, the ap c? serves-as a pocket similar -to that formed .by the flap c and jrforms a like,
function. There will thus e provided 'a double thickness ,of material for the casi abreast of and coextensive with the slit c, which serves effectively to protect the tink j and its contents. The free mar ins of each of said Hap-sections c and c2 are eld 1n position by any suitable fastening means, as in the construction. shown, wherein is ,provided near the lower connected margin o the flap c a plurality of collapsible studsv adated` to be engaged by eyes secured along t e free side margin of thefiap c2. The said iiap c2 is likewise provided near its connected margin with a series of collapsible studs adapted to be engaged by e es secured ipon the upper free margin ofv t e flap ct will thus be understood that said aps are secured at their side or lateral margins to each other and also to the cover.
In order to permit the flap c2 to project downwardly inside `of the connected margins of the fia c', the said flap c2 is desirably of decrease length with respect to the flap c', the ii'a c2, as shown, extending slightly beyond t e extremities of the slit c.
IVhile it is desirable to provide my improved rotective cover with flaps 'secured inside o the slit, it will be understood that this is nota necessary characteristic, the only essential feature being to secure' the iiaps abreast of said slit. After the tick has been inserted and the aps c and lc2 have been secured to each other the mar ins of the slit c are fastened to each other in t e following manner: The slit c is provided with margins c3, ada ted to be folded inwardly when the slit is c osed. On the opposite faces on the margins c3 suitable fasteners, desirably in the form of collapsible studs and eyes, are provided, as shown, Fig. 5, and are adapted to hold the said slit c closed substantially throughout its length.
It will be obvious, however, that inasmuch as the fasteners are spaced apart from each other portions of the slit c may gap slightly hen the pillow is in use, and any liquid passing through the ga ing ortions would e prevented from reac 'ng t e tick and its contents by the overlapping flaps c and c2, hereinbefore described. j
In Fig. 4 i`s shown a modified form of a protective cover, wherein the same is ada ted to perform the service of a pillow-case. n this embodiment of the device the waterproof cover will be secured snu ly about the tick and may be provided, as s own, with a false end portion simulating the outer elongated end of an ordinary pillow-case, the overlapping flaps in this form and the fasteners belng shown invdotted lines.
t is the primary obj ect of this invntion to provide apillow with a protecting cover or casing which serves to protect the feathers from injury dueto the Vspillin of liquids thereon and which also permits I'ree circulation of air through the pillow. In reposing the head u on a pillow which has reviously been well s aken to cause the feathers to eX- 6 5 pand the weight of the head upon the pillow creates an internal pressure greater than that of the external air, the air contained in the pillow being forced outwardly until the internal and external pressuresv are equalized, thereb causing acirculation of the a1r within the pil ow. It is well known that when a pillow containing air of a normal temperature is used by a erson having a high fever that the resultant eat ex ands the air in the pillow and causes a circu ation. This circulation of air is necessary, as it serves not only to maintain the feathers in a pure and wholesome condition, but also`to retaintheir fluffyand resilient properties, it being well known that feathers incased in an air-tight tick, which revents air circulation, soon mat and pack into a relatively hard mass. It is also greatly advantageous to provide for'ade uate circulation of air in order that the disc arging secretions of the pores of that portion of the face embedded in the pillow may freel evaporate, as it will be obvious that if a pi low were composed of or had amonglits constituent parts air-tight or water-ti t material, cutting off all air circulation, t e pers iration of the face would not be taken up. hospitals, where patients frequently lie in one position for many hours, such defect would soon render a pillow unhygenic and would make it very uncomfortable to the user.
In order to realize the objects of this invention, an improved intermediate cover is prrovided of such material which will permit ee air circulation and which will also serve to protect the pillow in the manner hereinbefore set forth, and in carrying out this invention it has been found that any kind of relatively livht fabric subjected to any of the waterproofing or cravenetting processes now in use serves .the desired purpose. It is well known that in subjectin a fabric to one of such processes the said fa ric is not rendered water and air tight and that it is neither the purpose nor the practice to apply the waterproofing substance in such a manner as to fill the minute interstices of the fabric. The substance used in waterproofing fabrics adheres to the iibers in such a manner as to revent the passage of water through the fa ric by sheddm it or presentin a smooth and relatively gIazed surface, so t at the water is caused to travel across the surface of the fabric and is prevented from entering and passing through the interstices formed by the warp and weft threads. By reason of this fact the texture of a fabric thus treated is relatively open and permits the assa e of air as freel as non-coated fabric. t is ue to this pecu iar characteristic of cravenetted fabrics that the same is rendered especially suitable for an intermediate protecting-cover, such as has been hereinbefore described.
The use of a pillow provided with an intermediate cover, as hereinbefore described, results in a very material saving in feather- IOO IOS
renovation in addition to avoiding the cost of frequent replacing of feathers.l
I claim- 1. In combination, a tick containing a resilient filling,.a rotecting cover or case envelo ing the tic and provided with an opening or inserting and withdrawing the tick, t e margins of said openin having fastenin devices and being a ap'te to be overlappe and fastened to close said opening, and an outer sli inclosing said tick and protective case, said protecting-case being made of a Waterproof fabric, the interstices thereof bel lng open to permit the free clrculation of air.
- 2. In combination, a tick containing a resilient filling, a rotecting cover or case enveloping the tic and provided with an opening or inserting and Withdrawn the tick, and an outer slip inclosing said tic and protective case, said rotecting-case being made of a Waterproof fa ric, the 1nterstices thereof being open to permit the free circulation of air.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of tWo Witnesses. l
MANUEL M. SCHNADIG. Witnesses:
THEO. RAHN, j CARL E. BAUR.