US 835606 A
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No. 835,606. PATENTED NOV. 13.1906. P. A. PRIMAND.
APPLICATION FILED JULY 10, 1905.
PETEP Afrimand W 9 3.5 44% 56% Aiiur'ngg NITED S ATES AT OFFIE.
PETER A. FRIMAND, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-THIRD TO BENJAMIN E. PAGE, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS. V
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Nov. 13, 1906.
To all whom it nwty concern:
Be it known that I, PETER A. FRIMAND, a citizen of the United States, residing at Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Dispensing Devices, of which the following is a full, clear, concise, and exact description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification.
My invention relates to expulsion apparatus from which semifluid substances may be ex elled in any desired quantity at any time.
My improved apparatus is adaptable for expelling substances such as jelly, paste, polish, soap, toilet cream, or other semifluid substances which are used in small quantities at a time, and just enough of the substance is delivered upon manipulation of the apparatus to provide for immediate use, the remainder being retained within the receptacle and kept in a sanitary and protected condition. I am aware that there are devices of this nature on the market; but in these devices the substance is placed directly in the receptacle from which it is to be expelled, and in'most cases the receptacle and the substance are sold together, thus making the article very' expensive. By means of my invention, however, the substance may be sold in inexpensive holders or cartridges, and one receptacle or expulsion device will serve for expelling the substance from any number of such individual holders. Thus a user of the substances may provide himself with an expulsion device and can buy the uniformly-sized holders containing the various substances and insert them in the expulsion device. These holders or cartridges may readily be manufacturedfrom paper and may be hermetically sealed to keep the substance in a thoroughly-sanitary condition, and the construction being so simple the cost thereof is very little, which is not true of other expelling devices in which the substance is directly contained.
The exact construction and arrangement of the holderand expelling device can be best understood by reference to the accompanyin drawings, in which igure 1 is an elevation view of one form of expulsion device. Fig. 2 is a cross-section taken on a diametrical plane. Fig. 3 is an elevation view of another form of expulsion device. Fig. 4 is atop view of the receptacle.
shows another form of package.
moisture-proof by being saturated with oil Fig. 5 shows one form of package. Fig. 6 Fig. 7 1s abottom view of the packages shown in Figs. 5 and 6. Fig. 8 shows a third form of package which might be used. Fig. 9 shows my invention applied to ashaving-brush, and Fig. 10 shows my invention applied to a pastebrush.
The expelling device 1 is a cup-shaped receptacle, and through its top there is a small outlet 2. The open end of the receptacle is surrounded by a' hooked flange 3, over the edge of which engage the spring-clamps 4 4, extending from the cover-plate 5. 'Extending from the center of the cover 5 and perpendicular thereto is the screw-threaded stem 6', which when the cover is in position extends throughout the full length of the receptacle. A plate or disk 7 has screw-threaded engagement at its axis with the stem 6, and upon turning of the cap and stem the plate 7 will move upwardly or downwardly within the receptacle.
The holder shown in Fig. 5 consists of the body part 8, the cap 9, and the base 10. The body art 8 is primarily a cylindrical tube, and a ter the base or washer 10 is inserted in one end thereof the ends 11 are curled inwardly to form the retaining-shoulder 12, against which the base 10 may rest. The 85 receptacle thus formed is filled with thedesired substance, whereupon the cap 9 is applied and the package sealed to be air-tight. The holder shown'in Fig. 6 is a somewhat modified construction, consisting of the body part 13, with which the cap 14 is integral, the base 10 being applied in the same manner as in Fig. 5. The holder shown in Fig. 8' con- .sists of the body part 15, the upper cap 9, the
washer 16, and the lower ca 17, the body part 15 being a cylindrical tu e to which the caps 9 and 17 are applied after filling, the washer 16 lying at one end of the ackage, as shown. These holders may also e rendered I00 or wax and the seams thereof at the caps also filled with waxor oil after filling of the holder. They might also be wrapped in moisture-proof paper.
The washers 10 in Figs. 5 and 6 are provided with the offset central portion 18, which may be shaved off with a penknife before insertion in the receptacle to leave the opening 1%, opening-19 being already inf t e washer 16 in Fig. 8. The top Wall of the holder shown inZFig. 6 also hasan oii'set 20, which may be cutaway before-use of the package to leave the opening 21, through I which the substance may flow.
When the holder shown in Fig. is used, the
' cap. 9 is removed and the ofiset 1-8 cut away to tainedl thereon: to prevent slippage should expose the opening 19, and the'cap-plate 5', with the stem 6 and Washer 7, being'reino'ved from the receptacle 1 the holder is inserted to-p end'first to assume the position shown in' Fig.2 2, Theavashcr or disk 7 having been hrought close-to the cap 5, the stem 6 is'in sorted in the opening 19-andforced upwardly throughthe center of the substance-until the clamps 4i engage over the iia-nge 3. The triotiorr betweenrthe disk 7 and the base 10 is su-tficient to prevent relative motionbetweer'r these parts, and thus upon relative motion be tweerr'the receptacle 1 and the cap 5 inthe properdirection the plate 7 -'Will=-move away from the ca -5 and force-the Washer-'10 against the. sub'stance'within the holder, and
the upperpart" of the substanceescapes through the opening 2, and vi anydesired' amount of substance can be obtained; de-
' pending upon the amount of relative move ment bstween the'reoe tacle and cap '5.
Willfil'l".'lill8h0ld6f s own Fig. 6 is enipiayed both the ofisets l8- and 20 are -1e rncved-to-enposetheopenings 19 and 21, and the: hold-er is inserted inthe sarne'manner,- the substance being discharged through the opening 21" and receptacle-openingZ uponrelative movementbetween the receptacle andthe cap 5. When: theholder' shown-in Fig; 8 is used, the-two caps are removed there-- irom and a similar* procedure aswith the other packages is carriedout.
The'disk' 7 ispreferably of metal inorder tobe" more lasting against the wear at the threads and may have the, extension 22 forengagiiigin: the openings 19 of the package washers 4 or pistons: The receptacle; how everyis-preferably made of glass, porcelain; or- -oth'ersimilar substance, which is proof against thetarnishing or corrosive efiects-of substances like soap. The sides of the cap' member-5 may be knurled, as shown; and thesurface ofthereceptacle at the end thereof may: beprovide'd w th extensions 23 orsimi lair-means whereby 'aNgUodhold may be obthe'h'ands of the user besoapy or greasy, for lnstanoe. member also -may-be secured to asup ort', a very convenient-Way be mg'to secure t e cap to-spa supporhandwhenitis desired to usesome of the substance the receptacle-is- Either the receptacle or the 'cap' saaeoe ofthe flange 3 is provided'with ratchet indentations 24 and teeth'25 for engagement by the clamps 4, 'whichare'springyinwardly; Relative: mction'niay now be produced between the receptacle and cap in one direction; but the teeth 25 will prevent such rotation in an opposite direction, and thus proper actuation of the expulsion parts is assured, and practically every particle of the substance-will be expelled when the disk 7 reaches the end of the threaded stem 6. About the opening 2 a1so theremay ee-pro vided anoutlet or spent 26*, threadedtereceive a= knuried cap-27,anelkthus when the device is not iir'use-it'will be practically her-"- meticallysealer-l;- V
Fig; 9 showsmy 'iuvcntion applied to-- a brush, the construe tllOlf-Oi the expulsion-ape paratus being slightly modified-to form a suitable handle 28: The orush supporting ring 29 is adapted for threadedengagenient with the outlet =26=andthesubstance s,--Which may be shaving-soapwr-polish? forinstance', passes through the outlet and into the int-e rior ot'tlie-brush, to'be'thereusedin the ordinarymanner.
n1 10 the-'constructien ot'the device is such astoforrn an elongated-tubular hand-le- 36, and-'theholder maybe filled with sticking pastel orpaint or other-"substance" which a could be used with the'brush 31 mounted on the brush-ring 32 having threaded engagement'with' the-outlet 26? My device; may also assumevari eus other shapes andstill -retairr all the featuresof the I n invention.
Bymeans of myinverrtiori'"suhstar-icescanbe packed in uniform hermetically-sealed holders or'cartridges-which may he V'GIfYiIIGX pensive, and after the: holder is inserted'in' 1 5 the expulsion-receptacle the substance willy still be rotectedagai-nsteir and' dirt' and' will at-al times be' perfectly sanitary; There Will also be'no'waste of the-substance; asjust" suficient turning motion can begiven t'oere I w pel the necessary amount, and practically every' particle of-thesuhstance-willfbe ex pelled from the receptacle! The expulsion devicecan-als'o beused without the use ot a separate holder for-r'the substance; but th'e substance 'couldbe-inserteddire'ctlyinto the receptacle; in "which case,'-however, the per imeter of the disk=-7 fweuldtouch the interiorsurface of the-receptacle and upon relative" motion betweenthe receptacle; and thie cap mo the'sulo stance 'would' be orc'ed: througli' the' opening 2. A washer such as 10 could: also be secured ts the'disk 7 to cause better-engagement'with'the interior surface'of the're ce tacle.
do not wish to lie-limited to the modificaa tixons herein shown nor tc the exact constructi'on' and arrangement of the-parts 'otthe'device, as changes may readily bB-DladG with out departing from the spiritbf the invention: 1 3o I claim as new, however, and desire to secure by Letters Patent 1. A substance-holder for insertion n an expulsion-receptacle, said holder being in the form of a cylindrical shell, an offset portion from one end wall thereof adapted to be removed to leave an outlet-opening, the other end wall being slidable within the cylindrical shell to be engaged by the driving mechanism or" the expulsion-receptacle to force the substance through the outlet-opening of the holder and through an outlet or the expulsion-receptacle.
2. A substance-holder for use in expul sion-receptacles, said holder comprising a cylindrical shell and end walls, an offset portion in one end wall adapted to be cut away to leave an outlet-opening, the other end wall being slidable within the shell to force the substance through the outlet-opening.
3. A substance-holder for insertion in expulsion devices, said holder comprising a cylindrical shell and end walls, an'oiiset portion on one end wall adapted to be cut away to leave an outlet-opening, the other end wall being siidable within the shell to forcethe substance through the outlet-opening, the edge of the shell being turned inwardly to hlphli1 said end wall agair st escape from the s e 4. A substance-holder-for insertion in expulsion device's, said holder comprising a shell having end walls, one end wall having an oiiset portion adapted to be cut away to leave an outlet-opening, the other end wall having an offset portion adapted to be cut away to leave an entrance-opening for driving mechanism of the receptacle in which the holder is to .be inserted, said other end wall being slidable within the shell, the edges of the shell being turned inwardly after filling thereof and insertion of the sliding end ter with the outlet-opening of the expulsion device, and a base for said holder slidable therein and rovided with normally closed inlet means or receiving a member of the driving mechanism of the expulsion device when the holder isinserted therein.
6. A substance-holder adapted for insertion in an expulsion-receptacle, said holder having normally closed outlet means at one end for registering with the outlet-opening of the receptacle when the holder is inserted therein, an inclosing wall opposite said outlet means slidable within the holder toward said outlet means, an opening in said movable wall for allowing passage through the holder of a driving member of the expulsion device when the holder is inserted therein, and means for normally closing said inlet opening.
In witness whereof I hereunto subscribe ,my name this 6th day of July, A. D. 1905,
PETER A. FRIMAND.