US 835796 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Nm 835,796. PATENTED Nov. 13,' 1906. G.- LINDSLEY. SPARRING APARATUS. ARPLIOATION FILED NOV. 7, 1905. BENEWBD SEPT. 21, 1906? THE Noem: PETERS col, wasnmcfom, DA c.
UNITE-n sTATEs PATENT oEEroE.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Nov. 13, 1906.
Application filed November 7. 1905. Renewed September 21, 1906. Serial No. 335,645.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, CHARLES LINDsLEY, a citizen of the United States, residing at New Britain, in the county of Hartford and State of Connecticut, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Sparring Apparatus, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to improvements in exercising or amusement apparatus and the especial object of same is to produce a boxing or sparring device which when constructed in suitable size and material can be used in the training of boxers, in developing the art of defense against bodily assault, and generally in facilitating and making interesting physical exercise. When constructed in small size, the device can be used as a toy, as will be readily apparent.
In the accompanying drawings I have shown a preferred embodiment of my invention in the following views: Figure l is a side elevation of the apparatus complete, portions being shown in section. Fig. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary view of the upper portion of the lay figure which forms a portion of the apparatus. Fig. 3 is a rear elevation of the apparatus. Fig. 4 is a view, partly in longitudinal section, of the upper part of the lay gure on the line 4 4 of Fig. 2. Fig. 5 is a longitudinal section through one of the arms of the figure, and Fig. 6 is a fragmentary detail showing the connection for the head of the figure.
Referring to the details of the drawings, A represents a suitable floor or foundation for supporting my improved apparatus.
B is a base-plate, which is secured to the floor by a bolt b.
D is a standard, which is suitably secured to the base and is formed with two upwardlyextending parallel arms d d2, which are connected and braced by a cross-arm d3. Journaled in the standard and in a drum E are crank-shafts e2 e3, and on the end of e2 is secured an operating-crank e. In the face of the drum, which is arranged between the arms d d2, is a cam-groove e4, in which works a'pin 7L', set in the lower end of the rocking lever H, which is pivoted on pin d4, set in the cross-bar d3.
Journaled in the upper ends of the standard D are shafts F and G, on the outer ends of which are respectively mounted crank-arms f g. On the shaft F is fixed a disk g2, and loosely mounted thereon is a grooved pulley g3, and similar parts f 2 and f 3 are arranged on the shaft G. Between the said l pulleys is mounted a grooved wheel or friction-disk P, in the face of which an annular groove h3 is formed. In said disk are journaled the inner ends of the shafts F and G. A pin h2 in the upper end of the lever H projects into the groove h3. Traveling in the grooves e6 and e5 and in the grooves of the pulleys g3 and f3 are endless ropes I and J, respectively, by which motion is transmitted from the drum E to said grooved pulleys. To communicate motion from the pulleys to the shafts F or G, the lever alternately brings the pulleys f3 g3 in frictional contact with the adjacent faces. of the disks f2 g2, respectively.
To the outer end of the crank-arm gis pivoted a tubular arm g4, in which is housed a compression-spring gi. Slidably mounted in the arm g4 is a piston-rod g5, having a suitable head on its inner end, which bears against the spring gf. On the rod g5 is slidably mounted a collar g8, which forms a bearing for the inner end of a compression-spring 97, which surrounds a portion of said rod and has its outer end bearing against a block gf", which is pivotally connected with the outer end of the rod g5. Pivotally connected with the collar g8 is a vertical rod Z2, which is slidably mounted in a tube L and bears against a spring Z3, which is housed in the spring. The tube is bent at right angles, and its horizontal part is mounted on the shaft K.
With the outer end of the crank-armyl are connected parts which correspond in'all particulars with the parts just above described, some of said parts being shown in full and some in dotted lines in Fig. l. On the end of the shaft K is mounted a tubular shaft M, which corresponds to the tube L, except that it is provided with a crank-arm k3 and an extension 154, in which the arm k2 is pivoted. On the horizontal part of the tubular shaft L is mounted a collar le, in which a bearing is provided for the trunnion n4 of the head-sup porting collar N, the other trunnion n3 bein journaled in the breast portion of the shell C, `which forms the casing or covering of some of the movable parts of the device and is formed with thickened walls c c2, in which the parts L and M are j ournaled. The collar N is formed with an extension n', in the outer IOO IOS
end Of which plays the crank 7c3 of the shaft M. Secured in the collar N is a coiled spring n2, which is arranged vertically and extends up into and supports the head 'a5 of the figure.
O represents a lever pivotally connected at its rearend with the crank-shaft e2, extend ing forwardly and by a pin o, pivoted to the lower end of a bar o, the upper end Of which is pivoted on a pin 02, set in the upper portion of the leg Of the figure. Connected with the end of the lever o is a spring o3, the lower end of which is connected with a block in the foot of the figure. While I have shown only one leg of the figure as movable, it will be apparent that the other leg may be similarly constructed and arranged.
The body and limbs of the figure may be made of any suitable material, depending upon what use is tO be made of it but, generally speaking, portions 'will be solid and portions of rubber Or flexible material, so as to permit the free movements of the arms, the head, and legs of the figure.
By turning the crank e motion will be transmitted to the shaftse2 and e3, the drum E, the lever H, and the parts operated thereby. The springs provide for variability in the movements of the arms and provide the necessary yielding when the apparatus is used as a sparring-machine- The head will move from side to side and when struck by the fist of the person using the apparatus will yield and rebound through the action of the spring n2.
Various modifications may be made in the construction and arrangement of parts, all within the scope Of the essential principles of my invention.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure'by Letters Patent, is-
1. In a sparring device, a figure in the shape Of a man and provided with movable head, arms and legs, a standard having shafts journaled therein, means for Operating said shafts, levers connected respectively with the head, arms and legs of said figure, and means for operating said levers from said shafts.
2. In a sparring device, a figure in the shape of a man and provided with movable head, arms and legs, a standard having shafts journaled therein, means for operating said shafts, levers having resilient connections respectively with the head arms and legs of said figure, and means for Operating said levers from said shafts.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
CHARLES LINDSLEY. Witnesses:
G. A. MOORE, R. A. MOORE.