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Publication numberUS836633 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 20, 1906
Filing dateAug 15, 1905
Priority dateAug 15, 1905
Publication numberUS 836633 A, US 836633A, US-A-836633, US836633 A, US836633A
InventorsWilliam A Cooke Jr
Original AssigneeWilliam A Cooke Jr
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Vertical paper-file for correspondence, &c.
US 836633 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

No- 836,633. PATENTED NOV. 20, 1906. W. A. 000KB, JR. VERTICAL PAPER FILE FOR CORRESPONDENCE &c.

APPLICATION IIi-ED AUG.15, 1905.

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PATENTED NOV. 20, 1906.

VERTICAL PAPER FILE FOR CORRESPONDENCE, 8w.

APPLICATION FILED AUG. 15, 1905.

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APPLICATION FILED AUG. 15, 1905.

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PATENTED NOV. 20, 1906.

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No. 836,633. PATENTED NOV. 20, 1906.

W. A. COOKE, JR. VERTICAL PAPER FILE FOR CORRESPONDENCE, 8w.

APPLICATION FILED AUG.15, 1906.

6 SHEETS-SHEET 5.

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WILLIAM A. OOOKE. JR, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.

VERTICAL PAPER-FILE FOR CORRESPONDENCE, 800.

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Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Nov. 20, 1906.

Application filed August 15, 1905. Serial No. 274.338.

To (ti/Z Lu/tom, it may concern:

Be it known that I, VVILLIAM A. COOKE, Jr., a citizen of the United States, residing at New York, in the borough of Brooklyn, county of Kings, and State of New York, have invented new and useful Improvements in Vertical Paper-Files for Correspondence, &c., of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to paper holders or receptacles and guide-cards such as are used in connection with file-drawers in systems of vertical filing of correspondence, catalogues, credit-reports, invoices, orders, duplicate bills, requisitions, legal papers and documents', and miscellaneous papers.

The object of this invention is to dispense with the use of a separate guide-card in vertical filing of papers and to combine in one a guide-card and a pocket or number of pockets for the papers, and thus lessen the cost of the article, do away with the necessity of fastening the guide-card in the drawers, and increase the capacity of the drawer to the extent of the space occupied by the guide-cards in other systems.

A further object is to provide pockets for the papers which can expand as the papers accumulate and from which the papers cannot escape or fall out when the receptacle is removed from the drawer.

A further object of the invention is to facilitate finding and examining papers and reading the contents thereof without removing them entirely from the receptacle.

Still another object of the invention is to adapt the receptacles or pocket-files after they have been filled and removed from the drawer to be folded in order that their width may be reduced about one-half and to arrange the index-cards of the receptacles so that they will be visible and readable in whatever position the bundle may be placed.

This invention consists in a pocket or receptacle for papers in which the back forms the guide-card and the front is adapted to be turned down and expose about one-half of the depth of the papers in the pockets, thus facilitating finding, examining, and reading the papers. Furthermore, the front and back are connected for about half their depth by expansible sides and bottom, so that the pocket is capable of expanding as the papers accumulate without, however, yielding to the pressure or weight of the papers, so that the pocket retains its shape when removed from the drawer, and the sides prevent the papers from slipping out of the pockets.

-T he invention further consists in dividing the spaces between the guide-card and the front by a plurality of partitions by which a plurality of pockets are formed for the purpose of more thoroughly classifying the contents of the receptacle.

In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 represents a perspective view of a receptacle embodyng this invention in which the space between the guide-card. and front is subdivided by a plurality of partitions and a series of pockets formed thereby. Fig. 2 is a cross-section of the same, the section taken at a point about midway of the width of the receptacle. Fig. 3 represents a perspective view of the receptacle by which is illustrated the manner of examining and reading the papers in a pocket without removing them therefrom. Fig. 4 is a front elevation of a single pocket receptacle for vertical filing constructed in accordance with this invention and showing it in the position it occupies in the drawer. Fig. 5 is a perspective view of the same, showing the pocket expanded. Fig. 6 is a vertical cross-section of Fig. 5 through the middle line thereof, but drawn to a larger scale. Fig. 7 represents the receptacle removed from the drawer. This figure also illustrates a method of using the receptacle when removed from the drawer to facilitate finding and examining the papers. Fig. 8 represents one of the folded pockets, showing the index at the bottom. Fig. 9 represents one of the pockets and the guide-card provided with an additional flap for more completely closing the pocket after it has been filled and folded. Fig. 10 is a cross-section of the same folded.

The invention, as embodied in a receptacle comprising a plurality of pockets is illustrated. by Figs. 1 to 3, and, referring to these figures, a designates the back, that also forms the guide-card and which is made of stiff card or binders board. The front is made in two parts I) a, hinged together at d by means of a strip of woven fabric glued to the outside and asimilar strip on the inside to adapt the part b to be turned down parallel to the part c. The guide-card is preferably composed of two thicknesses of cardboard glued together, and the lower part c of the front is stiffened and reinforced by an additional thickness of card or binders board f,

' of these partitions, which are indexed in any glued to the inside thereof. The guide-card a and the front are connected together by a back it, the edges 'i 'L of which are bent upward and glued to the outside of the guidecard and front. The bottom jof the pockets is composed of a series of bellows folds 7c 70, &c., Fig. 2, made from strong manila paper, and the sides I are also composed of a series of bellows folds m m, &c., which are made in a single piece with the bellows folds 7c of the bottom or from a separate piece of paper, as preferred. The end wings of the side bellows folds are inserted. between the two plates of cardboard that form the guidecard a and also between the part c of the front and the inside plate f, respectively. The bellows-fold sdes extend up as high as the part c of the front. g g, &c., designate the partitions. The bottom edges of these are inserted in the grooves formed by the outward projections of the bellows folds 1c of the bottom and their ends in the outward projections of the bellows folds m of the sides, where they are secured by strips of paper glued to them and to the adjacent sides of the bellows folds, flexible connections being thus formed which permit the bellows folds to be expanded without'distorting the partitions. Above the bellows-fold sides Z Z the parts a of the partitions are free, so that when it is desired to read or examine papers in a pocket the partitions in front of the pocket containing the papers can be turned or folded over and down with the part b againstthe part 0, so as to expose the parts of the papers above, as seen in Fig. 3. The partitions 9 form a series of pockets 0 0, &c., between the guide-card a and the front, the bottoms of which are closed and also the sides up to the line of the front 0. By means suitable manner in accordance with any preferred system of classification or indexing, the subjects to which the correspondence or other papers relate can be subdivided minutely. Thus if the receptacle shown by Figs. 1 to 3 is designed to receive papers relating to a certain class of business by means of the partitions and indexes the subject to which the correspondence or papers relate can be subdivided or classified by vowels, initial letters, or in any other desirable way. An alphabetical index is shown in connection with the partitions and pockets illustrated by Fig. 1, the index-letters being printed on the top edges of the partitions; but it is evident that each letter of the alphabet combined with one or more vowels can be applied to successive partitions as index characters, if desired, or a numerical system of classification or indexing may be employed. To give additional strength to the connections between the front and back and the sides and to stiffen the tops of the side bellows folds where the greatest strain falls, tapes or strips of woven fabricp may be applied to the outside of the top of the bellows folds and adhesively fastened thereto and the ends of these tapes or strips inserted with the wings of the terminal bellows folds between the inner and outer cardboards that form the back or guide-card a and the inner and outer cardboards that form the lower front part c and glued thereto. Only one side I, with the bellows folds and the tapes, is shown; but both sides are constructed precisely alike. The greatest strain falls on the extreme top q of the sides Z; but by stiffening the top edges of the sides with the tapes or strips not only is their connection with the front and back strengthened, but the tops of the bellows folds are stiffened and reinforced, whereby splitting of the bellows folds in the lines of the creases between the sides thereof is practically obviated. The back h may be provided with longitudinal creased lines 8 to give flexibility to the back,

so that when the receptacle is open and ex panded the creased lines will allow theback to expand and flatten out more or less, as shown by Figs. 1 and 2. The wings t t of the terminal bellows folds of the bottom are also inserted between the two thicknesses of cardboard forming the front 0 and the guidecard a, as shown by Fig. 2.

The receptacle above described can be used as a substitute for the guide-card and folder with advantage in the way of economy and convenience. The many pockets make possible a full, complete, practical, and convenient system of classification or indexing. The stiff back a furnishes an effective support for the pockets and pa ers, and the hinged part b of the front can e turned to open the receptacle and afford ready access to the papers in the pockets. The upper parts a of the partitions having no connection with the bellows-fold sides, they can be turned down against the part b when the correspondence or papers in the pockets are to be examined and held by one hand while the papers are turned over by the other hand in the manner shown by Fig. 3.

Referring to Figs. 4 to 10, which illustrate a single-pocket receptacle, or represents the back and guide-card of the pocket, and b c the front. The front is made out of a medium weight paper, preferably manila or other suitable material. It is cut to a more or less square or rectangular form, according as the pocket is intended to receive correspondence or documents or papers of much ICC greater length than widththat is, its dimenwith atransverse creased line d, extending.

from end to end and located about half-way between the top and bottom edges. The back or guide-card. a may be made in one piece with the front I) like a folder, or it may be made separate and of the same or heavier paper, or, if found desirable, cardboard may be substituted for paper in its manufacture. The length of this back is substantially the same as that of the front; but its depth is greater, so that a art 6 projects above the top of the front. 8n the surface of the part 6 index characters, places for dates, subi j ects, and. other indicatory and descriptive matter are printed, so that such matter is clearly visible and readable above the front when the receptacle is in the drawer. The bellows-fold bottom of the pocket may be made an integral part of the back or guidecard and front where these parts are made in one piece; but where they are not it is made from a separate strip of paper. The sides Z Z are made from separate strips or pieces of paper, and they are creased longitudinally to form bellows folds m m, which are bent in ward between the back or guide-card and the front, and thus form expansible sides for the receptacle. WVhen the back or guide-card, the front, and the bottom are made in a single piece, they are cut out of a sheet of heavy paper or cardboard and creased on. lines u u to form hinges or joints on which the back or guide-card and front are bent up parallel to each other. Midway between the creased lines it u the bottom is creased on the line v and bent outward to form an outward-projecting bellows fold, as shown. by Figs. 4, 7, 8, 9, 10. The bottom is thus made expansible so that the papers accumulate in the receptacle the bottom expands ac' comodate it, as shown by Fig. 5, where the sides and bottom are expanded until they are flat, as shown, and thus distortion of the front and back is obviated. The edges 10 w of the sides Z Z are divided from the bellows folds by creased lines, and they are bent around. outside of the back or guide-card a, and the part c of the frontand glued thereto. These side pieces extend from the crecsed lines a u to the creased line (Z, the parts of the back and guide-card and front not being connected above the said creased line and the tops of the sides. The bottom j on both sides of the central creased line 1) has printed on it index characters, places for dates, subjects, &c., precisely like those on the extension e of the back or guide-card, so that when the receptacles are laid after the receptacle is folded, as shown by Fig. 8, the index character of the receptacle and the memorandum of the contents, subject, &c., are shown on the bottom as plainly and fully as on. the top when the receptacle is in the drawer. The contents of the pocket when the receptacle is in the drawer can be examined and read; but as it is frequently taken from the drawer by laying it flat on desk or table, as shown at Fig. 7, the upper part of the front being turned down and laid b adhesive wafers or other adhesive as incheated by the dotted circles. The index in this construction is printed. on the flap 1' at the top, as shown and also on the bottom. When the pocket is filled and removed from (the drawer for filing away, the flap 1" is loosened and the back and guide-card and the upper part b of the front are turned down against the part c of the front, and the flap 1' is carried under the bottom and folded against the outside of the back or guide-card, as shown by Fig. 10. v

I claim 1. A receptacle for the vertical filing of correspondence and the like consisting of an expansible pocket the bottom and sides of which are formed by bellows folds, the side bellows folds extended about half the verticalheight of the pocket, and the ends of the front and back above the sides being discon nected, substantially as specified.

2. A receptacle for the vertical filing of correspondence and the like consisting of an expansible pocket the bottom and sides of which are formed by bellows folds, the bot tom bellows fold. being an integral part of the front and back, the side bellows folds extended about half the vertical height of the pocket, and the ends of the front and back above the sides being disconnected, substantially as specified.

3. A receptacle for the vertical filing of correspondence and the like consisting of an expansible pocket the back of which is stiff and the front flexible and having the bottom and sides formed by bellows folds, the side bellows folds extended. about half the vertical height of the pocket and the ends of the front and back above the sides being disconnected,

substantially as specified.

4. A receptacle for the vertical filing of correspondence andthe like consisting of an expansible pocket, the front back and bot tom of which are made in a single piece, the bottom creased to form a bellows fold and the sides formed of separate pieces adhesively fastened to the ends of the front and back and creased centrally to form bellows folds, the sides being extended about half the vertical height of the front and back the ends of whichare disconnected above the tops of the sides, substantially as specified.

5. A receptacle for the vertical filing of correspondence and the like consisting of a plurality of expansible pockets, the bottoms and sides of which are formed by bellows folds, the side bellows folds extended about half the vertical height of the pockets and the ends of the pockets above the sides being disconnected, substantially as specified.

6. A receptacle for the vertical filing of correspondence and the like comprising a stiff back that forms the, guide and index card, a two-part front, the upper part adapted to be turned down against the outside of the lower part, expansible bellows-fold bottom, and expansible bellows-fold sides that connect with the lower part of the front and with the back the ends of the front and back above the sides being disconnected, substan tially as specified.

7. A receptacle for the vertical filing of correspondence and the like comprising a stiff back that forms the guide and index card, a twopartfront the ends of the upper part having no connection with the back, ex-

ansible bellows-fold bottom, expansible belows-fold sides that connect with the lower part of the front and the back, partitions inserted in the grooves formed by the outwardprojecting folds of the sides and bottom and connected with the sides thereof, said partitions extending up to the top of the front but the ends havin no connection with the sides of the receptacle above the lower part of the front, substantially as specified.

- 8. In receptacles for the vertical filing of correspondence and the like a stiff back that forms the guide and index card, a front consisting of two parts hinged together, an expansible bottom, and expansible sides that extend up to the hinge connection between the two parts 'of the front the ends of the front and back above the tops of the sides lfoleing disconnected, substantially as speci- "ed.

9. In receptacles for the vertical filing of correspondence and the like a stiff back that forms the guide and index card, a front consisting of two parts 'hinged'together, an expansible bottom, expansible sides that extend up to the hinged connection between the two parts of the front, partitions inserted between. the front and back and their ends for a part of their height connected with the sides, and aplurality of pockets in the receptacle formed by the partitions, substantially as specified.

10. In receptacles for the vertical filing of correspondence and the like a receptacle comprising a back that serves as a guide and index card, a front consisting of two parts hinged together the lower part being about half the height of the back, bellows-fold sides and bottom, the terminal wings of the bellows folds connected with the front and back and the sides extended from the bottom up to the hinge connection between the two parts of i the front, partitions inserted in the grooves formed by the outward projections of the bellows-fold sides and bottom and extended above the tops, and a plurality of pockets formed by the partitions between the front and back, substantially as specified.

11. In receptacles for the vertical filing of correspondence and the like a receptacle comprising a back that serves as a guide and index card, a front of about half the height of theback, expansible sides and bottom formed with bellows folds the terminal wings of which are connected with the front and back, stiffening plates or boards fastened to the outside of the backand the lower part of the front and over the wings of the bellowsfolds sides and ends to stiffen andstrengthen the same, partitions inserted in the outwardprojecting folds of the sides and bottom that extend above the tops of the sides, and a plurality of pockets formed by the partitions between the front and back, substantially as specified.

12. Inreceptacles for the vertical filing of correspondence and the like a receptacle comprising a backthat serves as a guide and index card, a'front, and exp ansible sides and bottom, the back, front and bottom formed in a single piece, the front creased about midway of its height, the bottom creased longitudinally midway between the sides and divided from the front and back by creased bendingdines, sides which extend up to the creased line of the front connected with the back and the lower part of the front and creased longitudinally to form bellows folds, substantially as specified.

In testimony that I claim the invention above set forth I have affixed my signature in presence of two witnesses.

. WILLIAMA. COOKE, JR.

Witnesses: WILTON O. DONN,

ADAM HIENER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3187489 *Sep 9, 1960Jun 8, 1965Cambridge Filter CorpSpace filter
US7237710 *Oct 7, 2004Jul 3, 2007Ong Bon SExpanding file with multisize pocket dividers
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationB65D27/08