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Publication numberUS839954 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 1, 1907
Filing dateSep 3, 1902
Priority dateSep 3, 1902
Publication numberUS 839954 A, US 839954A, US-A-839954, US839954 A, US839954A
InventorsAlfred A Raymond
Original AssigneeRaymond Concrete Pile Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pile and method of forming the same.
US 839954 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

PATENTED JAN. l, 1907.






Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented J' an. 1, 1907.

Application filed September 3, V1902. Serial No. 121,985.

lhave invented certain new and useful Improvements in Piles and Method of Forming the Same, of which the following is a specification. l

My invention relates to piles or foundations made from cement, concrete, or the like; and it consists of a new and useful method or process of forming piles of this character, (which method will be readily understood from the description and drawings,) and also consists of the new pile resulting from the practice of such method.

In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a section of a series of shell-'sections and tip employed and representing lone Iof the first steps of the process, and Figs. 2 and 3 similar views representing subsequent .steps in the formation of the concrete pile.

In the present instance I have illustrated the sinking of the pile by means of a fluid-j et, and I will for convenience, therefore, describe my method or process in connection with such manner of sinking the pile.

As herein shown, a pipe A, forming a conveying-passage, is rovided at its lower end with a tip B, whic is more or less pointed yand has a tapering jet-onomng a, forming a nozzle, although thejmzzle proper may be formed on the end of the pipe itself. This tip may be connected to or formed upon the end of the pipe, so that it constitutes practically an integral part thereof, so as to perform the desired purposes.

The pipe and ti are set at the point where it is desired to simil( or form the pile, and the same are surrounded by a series of concentric tapering shell-sections C, D, E, andF, more or less in number according to the desired length of the ile. These shell-sections are temporary in c aracter,.like those of my prior patent, No. 700,707, dated May 20, 1902, being made of suitable materialsuch as, sheet metal, papier-mch, fiber, and the like. f

The lower end of the innermost shell-section C is ofthe same diameter as the top face of the tip-B, which is in thepresent instance cut vback as to its upper edge to| form a shoulder b, sothat the end ,of-,thisinner or first suc with the outer surface of the tip, as clearly shown in the drawings.

The different shell-sections are of such diameter and so related that they are capable of forming a continuous-tapering shell or tube whenlongitudinally extended or distributed, and to this end the diameter of the upper end of the inner or first shell-section C is slightly greater than the diameterof the lower end of the second shell-section D, and so on, in order to rovide for interlocking engagement of shell-sections. A Assuming the parts to be in the relative position shown in Fig. 1, the fluid-jet through the pipe A is started and the soil below the tip thereby displaced,` causing a sinking of such pipe and its tip, as well as of the innermost `s ell-section C, resting on such tip. Preliminarily to the starting of the jet the first shell-section C fnay be :filled with cement or concrete or other suitable filling, or such filling may be done simultaneously with the sinking of the tip B and shell-section C, or such filling may be done after the shell-section C has been sunk into the ground. In every instance the filling may be said to occur during the sinking operation.

When the to of the inner or first shell-section C has reac ed the ground-line, on which the shell-sections are here Ashown as resting, it will engage or interlock with the lower end of the second shell-section D and fdrawpit" into the ground, las shown in Fig. 2, thereby forming, with thevfirst shell-section, a continuous tapering shell or tube. VThesecond shellsection is filled at either one of the three times, as above ex lained, and its top end will engage orinter ock with in like manner the lower end of the third shell-section E and draw it into the ground. This third shellsection is also filled with concrete or other suitable filling, whereupon the pile, at this stage of formation, appears as shown in Fig. 3.

The fourth and last shell-section F, according to the present illustration, remains, and

-this shell-section is itself engaged by the shell-section E and the' pile completed by the sinking and filling of such last shell inthe manner above described. To form a pile longer than theone herein described, the length of the shell is increased section by section and the ysame filled until the` desired shell-section may lrest thereon and beflush i length of pile is obtained'. .These shell-sectiene, 'which inny he nf nny enitehle height and f the proper number', accding to the anged aroll'rilltlie pipe nd tip B in estd or telesepic fashion. Moreover, While I have herein js'llown' lille shell-sections sind the ornp'lelted s'hell of4 tube s, vcicliliil in iss- Section, yet it Will be lintleistood tll'attliey y Iniy b 0f any desired shpe and diinensi'onfs, lo depending pn the prtiell sll'zlp and siz'e of pile required.v y

The pile lfesliltingflon the pactice of my inetlid is solid and tapeiing one,- and in the y course Ofiline the s'hellsections', which aie l5 intended frftei'npoitiy lise only, will rust or rot `awity. The fluid-jet pip'e ena'isf iii the center of the pile andse'rves t6 strengthen the saine, bu'tf, d'eirell, arrangement n'y be inede te withdrew the pipe titer 'the pile is' ininiell. By efliiilleietv l veenteniplnte het finlyil Wn'te-jet but nii nii-ejet or (my billet jet @f fluid. i y lnneniiieh ne the filling@eeeiiis` it 'the tiineei enhe'tnntinlly the Shine tinieee the 25 sinking ofthe Shell, coinpetiyely thin 'shellmy be employed Witht ny da'nglei nf the enllnissingtheienf. y "lesent illntin fhefo pibyid ini the sinking' in any desired inniinei ef n ee.` ries fof shell-Sections @hanged to interlnnk when lnngitiiilinelly extended te ieiin ,e eeniplete orn `etiiitiriiiijieshell orytlibe which is fill-eel with ,enitehle iilliiigineteiinl et the ele- Siieil tinie te ineke the pile pir-n ei, in the preis-ent iiiti'ince the slielllotilbe Iliein si-ink enne-eil tn deeeenileeetinn by `ee'etin'n, hy fluid-jettilng' and being filled during the"` sink; ing nl eiiiytin'n, pieferebly nennen hy seetien.

1. The method 'o'f fbl'fniigf it' pile ensis'tiiig in eiiileingne` Shell enti filling sneh Shell with eeneiete ni the like anfingv the sinking eiseretin; suglistiiiiti'ally as dcrlbjd; y Y

2. -ilheinethnd nf ieimingz e pile eeneis'ting 45 in sinking 'n tapering shellit'n the' grjd niee'nenf e llniti-jet end hlliiig eheh ehell witli eenerete er the like during the sinking hpeih: tien ejiihetentielly ne deeeiihed.

, 3, Theinetheiltiffriiiiiign iilleeiisistiiig in Sinking@ e belly er til dfi wliiehis iiiieiiiieil n tipe-eine Siliell; 'filling-sii li Shell with enneiete' inthe like tentieeieeideiekie ein etti hing eee-ehu Shell te thel niet ehell engel i it eilen with eeneieteehil eillli'ngi ehehe gg end eeiitliiiiliin elhl;` iiintil the ije leniithef hile le hbteiiieg eiihetiiiitielly ne ne. eeillneil,` y,

wie 1,

in erinnging ninnnd e hotly ni tip` te be sunk into the giund a sei'ies of taering se'cliio'i tdap'ted te telescope into eac ether and to "fm ya; tapering shell oi1 tu'be, sinking Said tip 'Snheteniinlly iis ileeeiiheil.

s. The heileffniinigepileeeiieietiiig iii-Sinking n bnily ni tifv en iyliieliie' menge-il 9e n shell, end fillingysiie' Shell with e enitehle ifllli eiiniiltnneeiifsly withl the Sinking tion; s'llbslitially afs des'eibtl.

The in'thll of fbrliilg pile c'ollsisli'g in einkinhy ineene ef weter-jetting eli-eey ei tip en w Vieh ie arranged ehelhltittneliing 'smother Shll ir shells to the lir'stshell e o'rding to 'theleii'th f pile qiiieiL iiiiil lfillig sind shells; Wlth sllble filler dliig'g the epeietinn ef einkingtlie tipK end shells; s'u'bjstiiiltilly 'tis deeiribeili l 10. The method f fiing pilel iioiisistf ing ,in niiehging eifeii'nil n lietlyni til t'te he iil'; e'eies f sectins' of 'a shell; vvllllleh 's'cf' tiene are iniengeil jte engine enelinthei tn forni ti continuous shell, er tube, sinking" sitid ti end ehell-eeetiens Y by fhiiil-jetting, ,sind fi ling enieleliell in tnbe with e enitelile nllei; substantially asi deseri'bd.


11. The iiiethed ei finig p iljepiisisting in sinking njsefiejs of shells; end iilling` the iinie sliellubyshell dining the 'sinking operetiejn; sjnbsteiitielly ne vtl rilnedg 12; The inetliiid of f'nr iio iillfei dining the sinking the innerlntist zsh-e' if eind Sectie 13b and thereby extending the sections into a complete shell, and illing said sections with a suitable iller.

16. The method of forming a pileconsisting in sinking, by iuid-jetting, a series of shell-sections, section by section, and filling the same with a suitable filler.

17. A pile consisting of. a' shell and a suitable filler therein having. a conveying-passage extending longitudinall thereof.

18. A pile consisting of a s ell composed of a series of longitudinally-distributed sections, and a suitable iiller therein having a convey-V ing-passage extending longitudinally thereof.

19. A pile consisting of a shell, a suitable filler therein, and a Aconveying-pipe in mechanical engagement with the lower end of said shell, whereby the soil beneath said shell may be removed.

20. A pile consisting of a shell or covering composed of a pluraht of nested sections adapted for longitudina distribution and interlocking engagement whenso distributed, and a suitable iller Within such shell.

21. A shell for piles comprising a plurality of nested' shell-sections arranged for interlocking engagement when longitudinally disp tributed, 1n combination With means for effecting the removal of soil to permit long;- tudinal distribution of the sections -in t e earth.

22. A shell for piles comprising a plurality of nested shell-sections arranged for interlocking engagement when longitudinally distributed, in combination with a conveyingpipe in mechanical engagement with the innermost section whereby soil beneath said section may be removed to effect longitudinal distribution of said shell-sections.

23. A shell for piles comprising a plurality of nested shell-sections arranged for interlocking engagement when longitudinally distributed, in combination with a tip connected to the innermost shell-section.

24. A shell for piles comprising a plurality of nested shell-sections arranged for interlocking engagement when longltudinally distributed, 1n combination with a tip connected to the innermost shell-section, and

means of Huid-jetting.

25. A shell for piles comprising a plurality of nested shell-sections arranged for interlocking engagement when longltudinally distributed, y1n combination with a tip connected to the innermost section, and a jetpipe connected to and supplying a jet through the tip.




Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2528999 *Jan 9, 1947Nov 7, 1950Bruns Thomas CMethod of forming concrete piles
US3512366 *Feb 14, 1969May 19, 1970Turzillo Lee AMethod for forming cast-in-place reinforced concrete pile
US3664139 *Oct 1, 1969May 23, 1972Sexauer Richard FRemovable self-jetting pile
US4027491 *Jan 27, 1975Jun 7, 1977Turzillo Lee AComposite earth drilling auger and method of installing same in situ
Cooperative ClassificationE02D5/38