US 842803 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 842,808 PATENTED JAN. 29, 1907.
v MACHINE FOR DEALING PLAYING CARDS. APPLICATION FILED MAR. 22. 1905.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
No. 842,803. PATENTED JAN. 29, 1907.
MAOHINBFOR DEALING PLAYING CARDS.
APPLICATION FILED MAR. 22. 1905.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
wa'tnesaeav In venzorx UNITED STATES PALENT OFFICE.
' FMACHI'NE FOR DE'ALlNG-PLAYING-CARDS Specification of Letters Patent;
Patented i) an. 29, 1907;
Application filed March 22,1905. Serial No. 251,268.
i To all whom it may concern:
differin Be it known that I, GEORGE MURQH, a subject of Great Britain, residing at Capetown, Cape Colony, have invented a certain new and useful Improvementin Machines for Dealing Playing-Cards, of which the followingis a specifieatiomreference being had therein to the accompanying drawings.
The invention consists in a-machine which is cpnstructed andarranged to deal or deliver playing-cards or the like automatically at each of a series of stations'in rotation-as, for instance, to each of a number of players in turn-and which also is adapted to be adjusted to suit a greater or smaller number of delivery-stations or players, as may be desired.
The invention is illustrated. in the drawings, in which latter Figure 1 shows in isometric projection an embodiment of-the invention. Fig. -2-'shows the said embodiment in isometric projection from a point of view from that of Fig. '1. Fig. 3 shows the car -holder detached and in closed condition. Fig.. 4 shows the card-holder in partially-opened condition.- Fig. 5 shows a friction' wheelor roll which may be employed-in lieu of the toothed wheel that is shown in Figs. 1 and 2, if desired.
In the drawings the machine is furnished with a convenient base 16, Figs. 1 and 2,
which is a apted to rest upon a suitable support at the centerofthe series of stations at which cards or the like are to be dealt or delivered and which support may be the table upon which ,a game of cards is to be played. To the top of the base 16 a plate 15 is secured. Posts 14 14, &c., are attached to the said plate 15and risetherefrom. To the upper ends of the said posts a horizontal disk 6 1s affixed, and thereby the said disk 6 is su ported in a stationary position.- Above t e stationary or fixed disk 6 a second disk (designated 2 in the drawings) is arranged. The disk 2 is mounted with capacity to turn or rotate in a horizontal lane. The devices which more immediate y are concerned in dealing or delivering the cards or the like successively are mounted upon the disk 2, and by turning or rotary movement of the said disk the dealing or delivering device are" carried around past the successive points at which the cards or the like areto be dealt or delivered. For convenience the disk 2 may be termed the dealer-carrier.
At 8 is an upright shaft arranged centrally with respect to the disks 2 and 6, the said disk 2 beingfi-xedly connected With the said shaft 8. The lower. portion of the shaft. 8 below the disk 2 is fitted to a suitable bearing or bearings which are provided in connection with the fixed part of the machine and in which bearing or bearings the shaft turns. The upper ortion of the shaft 8 is furnished with a hand e 1 2 for convenience in turning the same and'the disk 2.
, -U on the disk 2 is rovided a card-containmg box or card-hol er, comprisinga bottom 1, an upright back 1 at the rear end of the box or holder, and oppositely-located side portions 18 22, which are located at opposite sides of the rear portion of the box or card-holder adjacent the said back 1. The box or card-holder 1 is mounted with capacity to rise and sink. relative to the disk 2 and is guided in its rising and sinking movements by means of upright posts 7 7 the lower ends of which are secured tothe disk 2 and the u 4 perends to the horizontal cross-bar; of a yo e 9, which is carried by, the saiddisk; The box or card-holder is formed with holes extending upward through the back 1 and fit-' ting the said posts 7 7.- It rests'u on expanding spiral springs 3, two of Whic encircle the posts 7 7, as shown in Fig. 2. By the.
expansion of the said springs the.box or cardder is pressed upward. The cards which are to be dealt are. placed within the box or card-holder between the side portions 18 22 and with their rear ends ad acent the back 1.
At 4 is the dealing-roll. It is arranged above the card-holder 1 and extends across the latter, it being mounted upon a horizontal shaft '10, which is journaled in bearings .that respectively are provided in the upright shaft 8 and in' a stand 11, which is secured to the upper side of thedisk 2 near the periphery of thesaid'disk. I
By means of the springs 3 3, &c., beneath the card-holder the to card of the pile of cards held by the cardolder is held pressed in firm contact with the surface of the dealing-roll. Effective frictional engagement of the said dealing-roll and the said card is se- 1 ferent modes of eifectin neath the dealing-roll, so as to increase or dias shown in Figs. 1 and 2, and the lower por 'tion of the wheel 5 projects through the slot.
In Fig. 5 a frictional wheel isshown, the said frictional wheel being a substitute for the toothed wheel of Figs. 1 and 2, and when the same is used a corresponding frictionsurface is provided in connection with the fixed disk 6 for cooperation with such frictionwheel.
On turning or rotating the shaft 8 and the disk 2 by means of the handle 12 the drivinggearing at 5 6 will act to turn the dealingroll, so as to cause the latter to push the top card forward off the pile and from the cardholder. The card-holder is so arranged upon the disk 2 that as the top card is discharged from the card-holder by the action of the dealin .-roll' such card will fall beyond the edge 0% the disk 2for instance, onto the table on which the machine is placed.
The parts will be proportioned and adjusted to produce the proper ratio between the rotation of the dealing-roll and that of the dealer-carrier2 to cause cards to be dealt or delivered at the predetermined number of points in each rotation of the dealer-carrier 2- as, for instance, to each of a number of players. The machine may be arranged to deal or deliver from the dealer-carrier at two opposite points,
points, as when it is intended to deal to three players, or at four or more points, as the case may require. Va'riationm the number of cards which are dealt or delivered in each revolution .of the dealer-carrier is provided for by simple adjustment. Among the difsuch variation is by the cards relative to One mode of effecting this change in the relative position of the cards is by shifting or adjusting the box or card-holder in the direction of its length beohan in the position 0 the ea ing-rollen' which the dealing-roll first en ages with the top card and the rear ends of films cards. this chan e the number of rotations of the feeding-r51 which is required to occur in order to effect delivery of the top card may be regulated. Consequently the ratio between the number of rotations required to deliver one card and the entire number of rotations overcome the tension of as when it is required to deal to but-two players or at three prearrangedof the box or cardholder, so that the pressure of the topmost of the cards remaining in the box or cardholder against the dealer-roll is maintained to the last.
In lfiig's. 3 and 4 I have shown a construe tion which I contemplate employing for convenience in introducing fresh cards into the box or card-holder in position beneath the dealer-roll. Insuch figures the side portion 18 is hinged at its lower edge at 17 17 to the bottom of the box or card-holder. Normally the said sideportion is held in closed position by the action of contracting spiral springs 23 23, having their opposite extremities connected, respectively, with the hinged side portion 18 and-the fixed side portion 22. At 191s a vertically-movable spring-supported plunger which is fitted to a guide-opening in the back 1 of the box or card-holder, its upper end being outturned to form a convenient thumbpiece by means of which to o erate the plunger. At 20 is a bent lever w 'ch is pivotallymounted upon the back 1*, the said bent lever being arranged to extend transversely with relation to the box or card-holder and having the outer end thereof arranged to make contact with the inner surface of the hinged side portion 18 and the inner end thereof in pin-and-slot engagement with' plunger 19. Pressure applied to the upper end of the said plunger of sufficient force to the spring in connecplunger will operate to depress the said plunger within its guide-opening in back 1 until the limit of the independent movement of the plunger is reached. This independent movement of the plunger will operate lever 20 to press the hinged side 18 outward from its closed position shown in Fig. 3 to its opened position. (See Fig. 4.) The limit aforesaid having been reached continued pressure upon the plunger will force the tion with the box or card-holder downward away from the dealer-roll. The tension of the supportingsprings 3 3, &c., for the box or card-holder is considerably greater than the combined tension of the spring which supports the plunger 19 and the springs 23 23. Consequently the springs 3 3 will keep the box or card-holder By in its raised position until after the limit of the independent movement of the plunger with respect to the box or card-holder has been reached,
What is claimed as the invention is.-
1. In combination, a rotary dealer-carrier, a cardholder carried thereby, and devices actuated through the rotation. of said dealercarrier to deal or deliver cards or the like at predetermined points in the said rotation.
2. In combination, the rotary dealer-car- 5 rier 2, the dealer-roll, means to rotate the said dealer-roll, a Iaterally-expansible card-support, a spring or springs in connection with said card-support acting-to press the same toward the dealer-roll and means to expand to the card-support and move the same away port and dealing device are relatively separ'ated. h
4. In combination, adealing device, acard support having a movable side, means for v holding said side normally in closed position, means to-yieldingly su port the said cards'upp'ort, a plunger ap ied to the said cardsupport and operative y connected with said 'm'ovableside, whereby. by pressure on the plunger the side may beopened and thecardsupport moved awayfrom the dealing device.
.1 5. In combination, a rbtary dealer-carrier,
a card-holder carried therebv, "a dealing device, and actuating means or said dealing device acting automatically to cause cards or .the. like to be delivered at predetermined points in the rotation of the said dealercarrier.
. i In testimony whereof I affix my; signature in presence of two Witnesses.
I GEORGE MU ROH.
C. FooT, D. ROBERTSON.