US 843408 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
PATENTED FEB. 5, 1907.
G. D. MERRILL.
) PINGUSHION. APPLICATION FILED DEC. 22, 1905.
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UNITED STATES PATENT GEETQE.
Specification of Letters Patent,
Patented Feb. 5, 1907.
Application filed December 22, 1905. Serial No. 293,007.
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, GEORGE D. MERRILL, a citizen of the United States, residing at East Orange, Essex county, New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Pincushions; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
This invention relates to certain improvements in pincushions or the like.
An object of the invention is to provide a simple and improved pincushion simple in construction and so constructed or arranged as to produce a certain ornamental effect in connection with the heads of the pins inserted into the cushion or even to produce an ornamental effect when the cushion contains no pins.
The invention consists in certain novel features in constructions or in arrangements or combinations of parts, as more fully and particularly described hereinafter.
Referring to the accompanying drawings, which show what I now consider the preferred embodiment of my invention, for purposes of explanation, from among other forms within the spirit and scope of my invention, Figure 1 is afront perspective view of my pincushion in wreath form, the heads of the pins inserted therein being shown. Fig. 2 1s a rear elevation thereof. Fig. 3 1s a crosssectional view on an enlarged scale. Fig. 4
is a detail or partial perspective view, on an enlarged scale, of a portion of the front plate or member, showing the location of the pinreceiving perforations in the edges of the raised or embossed portions. Fig. 5 is a sec tional perspective of a portion of the device with the front plate or member removed.
In the drawings, 1 is the body or backing plate, in the specific example illustrated be ing shown round or annular and annularly concaved at its inner surface and convex at its outer surface. The concavity of this plate is filled with any suitable cushioning or fibrous material 2, into which the pins extend. The outer surface of this plate is covered with any suitable facing material 3, such as velvet or other fabric, which is stretched thereover and brought over the inner edges of the plates and secured thereto by uniting said edges of the fabric by thread, as by sewing, extending over and confining the filling2 in the concavity of said body-plate.
4 is the ornamental front or facing plate, which corresponds in shape or size to the rear or body plate 1 and is struck up or otherwise formed concavo-convex in cross-section, so that said facing-plate can be placed over and approximately cover the front concavity of the body-plate and the filling therein, which projects into the rear annular concavity of the facing-plate.
Suitable means can be provided to secure the two plates concentrically together. For instance, I show the facing-plate formed with spurs or projections 5 at its inner and outer edges turned down on the body of the cushion to partially embrace the same and lock or clamp the facing-plate thereto.
The facing-plate is preferably stamped out or struck up from thin sheet metal, such as silver or other suitable metal, and the ex- ,posed face thereof is rendered ornamental, preferably to represent leaves or flowers. The ornamental surface is usually formed by embossing or pressing out the metal to form raised surfaces representing or indicating the desired design. For instance, the particular design illustrated is intended to give the effect or represent a floral or leaf wreath, such as a holly wreath, and the metal surface is embossed and raised to indicate the hollyleaves. To further carry out this effect of the holly wreath or whatever other design may be selected, the face or facing-plate is so formed that the pins are passed therethrough and so that the pin-heads will constitute or form a part of the design or general effect. For instance, I show groups of perforations 6 arranged at various portions of the facingplate and extending therethrough to permit passage of pins into the cushion or filling between the two plates. These perforations are preferably located at depressed portions of the facing-plate or in the edges of the raised or embossed portions thereof, so that the pins pass through the plate at an acute angle therewith and lie almost parallel with the two plates. Each perforation is usually formed of a size to receive one pin and extends through the plate at an acute angle to the outer face thereof. The perforations can be formed in groups, so that the heads of the pins will represent several berries or flowers. For instance, to carry out the holly-wreath design the fabric facing 3 could be green in color and edges of the same would be visible from the front of the device, and pins having red glass or other heads would be used to 'QB ISl fll filli ihhil QQPY give the effect of groups of red holly-berries. The pins can be easily and guicklyinserted or removed for use, and the evice can be provided With means for hanging or supporting the same-such, for instance, as the ribbonboW 7, although I do not Wish to so limit my invention.
The device forms an exceedingly ornamental and yet useful article for a ladys dressingtable or elsewhere, as a pines-shim, necktie or ribbon holder, &c, W
My invention can be employed for carrying out other ornamental effects in pfincu'shions or the like, andI do not Wish to limit myself to the annular orring shape. For instance, the pincushion might be formed in the shape of a cross or in U or partially-open shape or other shapes or forms, and the facing-plate might be ornamented to represent other leaves than holly-leaves or varioiis flowers or other configurations.
It is evident that varioiis modifications might be resorted to in the forms, construe tions, and arrangements of the parts de'- scribed ithout departing from the spirit and scope of my invention. Hence I do not Wish to limit myself to the exact construction de=. scribed.
1. A device for the purpose substantiallyas described, comprising a eone'aved body late, cushioning material or filling therein, a facing fabric covering the outer face of said plate, an ornamental facing=plate having' a eoneaved rear face, and means securing said plate on the body-plate, substantially as described.
2. As an article of manufacture, a pin cushion comprising two parallel superim posed plates With their edges brought approximately together, said plates being secured together and longitudinally and oppositely dished to form the cushioning-materialreceiving chamber longitudinally of and between the inner faces of said plates, ,one plate forming a front facing With pin-holes intermediate its edges, and the other having the cushioning material secured thereto.
3. A article substantially as desoribed, comprising ring=shaped or annular cushion having a stiffening member, and a dished annular or ring shaped faceplate receiving said cushionin its eoncave surface and secured to the stiffening member thereof and having pin holes through its front intermediate porticn.
4. An article, substantially as described, comprising a dished ringel a ed body-plate, and dished ring-shaped face=plate having projections at its inner and outer edges bent over the body=plate and securing the tvvo plates t gether, said plates adapted to confine cushioning material between their inner dished faces, said face late having pin-holes throngh its front portion. 4
A pinc'ushion comprising a body-plate having 23 facing fabric; and the filling material secured thereto, and an annular front facingp'late having front pin holes and spurs bent over the body-plate to seeure the parts to gether. 1 i
In testimony whereof I afiiX my signature in presence of two Witnesses, H V 1 GEORGE D. MERRILL.
J. M. MERRILL, ELIZAEETH GRUB.