US 843745 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
UNITED sTATEs PATE-NT OEEIOE.
ALBERT n. GREGG, OE NEw YORK, N. Y., AssrGNOR To HAVANA TOBACCO COMPANY, or NEW YORK, N. Y., A CORPORATION OE NEW JERSEY.
TOBACCO PACKINGI AND SHIPPING. CAN.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Feb. 12, 1907.
Application filed June 19, 1906. Serial Na 322,410.
T0 a/ZZ whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, ALBERT II. GREGG, a citizen of the United States, residing at New York, in the county of New York and State of New York, have invented new and useful Improvements in Tobacco Packing and Ship ping Can, of which the following is a specifioation.
l The present invention relates to packages for cigars and the like, and is designed to protect the goods during transportation by `more safely guarding them against breakage in transit and also by preventing the .absorption by the cigars of disagreeable odors from otherA articles in cargo, and, further more, it is intended to provide a package in which the cigars or similar articles will retain their freshness under any atmospheric conditions.
It is well known that the ordinary wooden cigar-box, while it is admirably suited for many reasons for packing and transporting the cigars because usually made of cedar, which fragrant wood preserves and improves the cigars, is somewhat fragile and likely to "become broken in rough handling, and, fur- .y thermore, being porous and absorbent it will become permeated with any pungentodors from adjacent articles in cargo, which odors, transmitted to the cigars, will destroy their quality. Another objection to the ordinary cigar-box of commerce is that it does not protect sufficiently the cigars packed in it from atmospheric conditions, it being well known that cigars kept inwooden boxes, particu larly in a steam-heated house or oflice, will become so completely dried out' in a short time that they will break` and powder in handling, their aroma is destroyed, and they become Worthless for smoking. This dithculty of keeping cigars in proper condition leads to the practice of nearly all consumers of high-grade cigars of securing expensive hulnidors, in which the cigars may be kept sufficiently moist for smoking; and one of the objects of my invention is to provide an. original package in which the cigars may be kept and preserved in good condition not only during transit and in storage, but in which the consumer may keep the goods with assurance that their quality and condition Will be perfectly preserved.
It has been proposed and to some extent attempted to use metal packing cases orboxes,
and while for the -cheap grades of cigars this expedient is successful it is entirely impracticable for the high-grade goods, for the reason that cigars which are incased for any length of time in metal, and particularly tin boxes, will have a pronounced metallic taste, which will ruin their iiavor and aroma. On the other hand, boxes of sheet metal or tin have the merit of protecting them from atmospheric changes and ability to withstand rough handling without breakage or injury to the goods.
I have stated somewhat at length the objections to the packages for cigars now commonly in `use in order that my invention, which combines in a practical may the advantages of both the cedar box and the metal case, vliile overcoming the objections noted vith respect to each type, may be the more fully appreciated.
`Stated briefly, my invention consists in providing a composite packing-case formed of an outer section or case of tin or other suitable sheet metal, vI hich E ill give the package the necessary rigidity against hard usage, protect the contents from atmospheric conditions, and be economical to produce, said Outer case having an inner section or shell of thin cedar or other veneer hich prevents contact of the cigars v ith the metal ofthe outer case, preserves their bouquet, and imparts to them the pleasing aroma of the wood.
In order that the invention may be clearly understood by those skilled in art, I have illustrated in the accompanying drav ings one embodiment of my invention, in vs hich-'- Figure 1 is a vertical section of a compo site case Vembodying my invention. Fig. 2 is a vtransverse section of the case, shovs ing its preferable form. Fig. 3 is bottom view of the CaSe.
Referring to the drawings by numbers, like numbers indicating like parts in the several views, 2 designates the tin outer case, preferably of some contour in cross-section other than round-for example, elliptical, a s shov n in Figs. 2 and S-for a purpose vIhich v ill presentlyappear. This case 2 is provided with any suitable type of cover, a slip-cover 4 being shown in the present instance; but it will be understood that a screw, bayonetjoint, or other suitable type of cover may be substituted for the slip-cover 4, if desired. Within this outer case 2 is an inner case or IOO shell 5, of cedar veneer, this inner case being formed, preferably, as a complete integral structure, having a lapped and cemented seam or joint 6 and a bottom 7 cemented in place, so that the tin outer' case" 2' and cedar' shell 5 are two distinct units, one loosely nested within and removable from the other. The value and advantage of this independence' of the' two' cases'lies in the'fa'ct that the slight swelling and contraction of the veneer of which the shell 5 is made under atmospheric chang-es may take'place withoutl danger ofl splitting or checking the wood, which would occurif the cases were secured' together, and again in' event of breakage of the veneer lining 5 itfmay be readily replaced by a new one.
The slip-cover 4' has an insert or lining piece fwhichA fills the top ofthe cover, said pieceS being slipped into place' and heldby frictional contact with the side walls of the cover 4,- and since the cover 4 is an outside cover and the inner case 5 extends to the top of the case 2- it will be seen that an unbroken interior surface'of cedar isfpresented, and at no point can the cigars contact with the metal.
It is'well known that freshly-made cigars if sealed in non-porous or non-ventilated packages,ysuch as tin, are'quite likely,if coniined for any length of time, to sweat and mold. In order to eliminate this` danger in the case herein described and shown, I provide it, preferably inv its bottom, with a series of Ventilating-holes 9, which are drilled or boreddirectly through the tin and veneer cases, so that theyT will be in eXact register and aiford a sufficient ventilation of the contents to prevent any deterioration of the same. The Ventilating-holes, asA stated, are preferably formed in the bottom of the case, for the reason that there is'less likelihood of injury to the contents of the package than if the holes were formed in the top or in the sides, and this particular arrangement of Ventilating-'openings is of particular advantage, for the reason that the heavier aqueous vapors from the gas which descend to the bottom of the case escape more surely than is the case where the openings are formed inthe top or sides; It is, of course, of importance that these ventilation-openings 9 remain aty all times in register, for since the cases 2 and 5' are so assembledl as'to permit relative movement, inserting or withdrawing the veneer lining, it is obvious that during handling and transportation the .linings would become shifted, throwing t-he openings out of register and cutting off ventilation entirely. This result is secured by making the cases 2 and 5 tin and veneer cases.
of such cross-sectional shape or contour` that they are locked against movement relative to each other,- the elliptical shape shown lending itself to this result and eliminating the ,necessity of having some special device or lock to prevent displacement of the outer and inner cases relative to each other and yet permitting thedesired loose nesting together of the Furthermore, this elliptical shape forms a very convenient case for packing cigars, as they may be closely arranged, with great economy ol' space.-
Brom; the foregoing it will be seen that I have provided a transportation and storage receptacle which combinesall of the advantages of the cedar box and the metal case, while removing the objections tov each; of these types,l the inner shell of the cedar preserving the quality of the cigars, while theV tin outer case guards themA against impregnation from deleterious cargoes and prevents injurious drying out, and one iny which the cigars may be safely transportedv and stored and kept by the consumer for an indefinite period without deterioration.
It will be understood that while I have shown a particular embodiment of my invention I do'not limit myself to the particular details shown and described, as the construction may be variously changed by the mechanician without departing from the spirit of my invention.
Having fully disclosed my invention, I claim' 1. A composite caseV for transporting and preserving cigars and the like,-comprising an outer case of metal, kan inner shell of cedar f veneer loosely nested within said outer case, said case and shell being of such shape in cross-section as to prevent their relative rotary movement, and a top for said composite case having a illing-piece of veneer, said case having registering ventilating-openings piercing its metal case and veneer shell.
2. A composite case for transporting and preserving cigars and the like, comprising an elliptically-shaped outer case of tin having ventilating-openings therethrough, an inner shell of cedar veneer nested within said outer case and provided with openings registering with the openings in the outer case, a slipcover of tin fitted to said outer case, and ailling-piece or lining of veneer in said cover.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set GEORGE P. S'rAoY, HENRY RUPPERT.