US 844940 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
PATENTED FEB. 19, 1907.
J. HOTGHNER. ILLUMINATED SIGN. APPLICATION FILED JAN. 13, 1906.
w W w UNITED sTA'r s PATENT 'orruon.
JOSEPH HOTCHNFR, OF BRONX, NEW YORK.
g Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Feb. 19. 19Q' Application filed Janua v 13, 1906. Serial No. 2955965.
To all zv/tmn it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOSEPH HOTCHNER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Bronx, in the county of New York and State of New York, have invented new and useful Improvements in Illuminated Signs,of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to illuminated signs;
and its primary object is to provide a novel thereof and the immediate vicinity. 3
With the above and other objects in view the invention consists of the construction, combination, and arrangement of parts here inafter fully described, claimed, and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherem- Figure 1 is a perspective of an illuminated sign provided with more than onesign char- Fig. 2 is a plan of an illuminated sign comprising but one sign character. Fig 3 is a sectional perspective of} the sign 1' illustrated in Fig. 2; and Fig. flis a transvers'e section of the sign, illustrating a modifiedform of sign-panel.
Referring to the drawings by reference numerals, 5 designates a casing which carries a sign-panel 6 and incandescent electric bulbs 8.1 The sign-panel may be constructed of a single light-transmittingsign character or a light-transmitting substance having portions of its outer surface coated with an opaque" paint or other material in a manner to provide a light-transmitting sign character or an opaque substance formed to provide a light-transmitting sign character, and the substance maybe either glass or gauze or any other material suitable for the purpose.
In Fig.- 1 of the drawings, 6 designates a light-transmitting sign-panel having portions of its outer surface coated with an opaque paint or other material in a manner to provide light-transmitting sign characters 7. In Figs. 2 and 3, 6 designates a signpancl constructed in the form of a single light-transmitting sign character. In Fig. 4, .6 designates a sign-panel constructed of wire-gauze, which may be made in the form of a single light-transmitting sign character or have portionsof its outer surface coated a further extended description.
with an opaque paint or other material in a manner to provide one or more light-trans- Imttmg sign characters.
- The sign character is providedwith one or more openings through which projects the upper end or ends of one or more incandescent bulbs 8. The incandescent bulb projects sufliciently beyond the exterior surface of the sign character to position the outerend of its film beyond the outer surfa e of the character, so as to project its rays in part to illuminate the exterior surface o'f the character andthe immediate vicinity. The greater portion of the film of the lamp is located in rear of the sign character to permit itsrays to be in part projected theretliroug 'f FAI- ranged in rear of the incandescent bulb is a reflector 9, which reflects the light through the sign characterto render it plainly.visible'; This reflector is arranged within the casing 5 and in order to increase the reflection of the light through the Sign character the inner suring of the upper and lower walls 10 of theme face are treated with a suitablelight-reflectingsubstance. The upper edges of the casing 5 are provided with horizontally-disposed marginal flanges 11, upon which rests the'signpanel 6, which is secured in applied position by a channeled member 12, which embraces the flanges 11 and the edges of the sign-panel,
- as is fully illustrated inFigs. 3 and 4 of the drawings. If it is found desirable, the signpanel may be secured in applied position by a molding 13, as illustrated in Fig; 1 ,of,- .the'= drawings. I i v t l I have illustrated in Fig. 1 of the drawings the sign-panel provided with more than one lightaransmitting sign character, while I have illustrated in Fig. 2 the sign-panel omth 5 prising but one light-transmitting sign character, and in thislinstance the casingdsconstructed to conform to the shape of the particularsign character.
The bulbs 8*and electric conductors are suitably secured to the rear wall 13 ot. the casing 5.
From the foregoing description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings,@ the construction and mode of operation of the invention should be understood without Changes in the form, proportions, and minor details of construction may be made within the scope of the claims without departing from the spirit or sacrifi ing any of the advantagespf the invention.
Having fully described and illustrated my invention, what I claim is- 1. An illuminated sign comprising a lighttransmitting character, and an illuminating means, said illuminating means partially protruding through the character.
2. An illuminated sign comprising a casing, a light-transmitting character carried by the casing, a reflector arranged Within the casing,
and an illuminating means arranged within the casing and partially protruding through j the character.
3. A11 illuminated sign comprising a lighttransmitting sign-panel, and an illuminating means partially protruding through the panel.
4. An illuminated sign comprising alighttransmitting sign-panel, and a single illuminating means arranged on both sides of the panel. I p 7 In testimony whereof I have afi'ixed my signature in presence of two Witnesses.
' JOSEPH HOTCHNER.
Witnesses JAMES F. DUHAMEL,
HARRY C. HEBI