US 845166 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
PATENTED FEB. 26, 1901.
R. M. DIXON.
INCANDBSOENT GAS LAMP.
APPLICATION FILED MAR. 22. 1905.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
I l 11L I I N 1 I I /O 4: 0 J
1 v 1" S J INVENTOR fiw w ATZORNEV therefore RoBERT M. DIXON, OF EAST SAFETY CAR HEATING NEW JERSEY.
. l 4 ORANGE, NEW JEBSE ASSIGNOR' TO THE & LIGHTING COMPANY, I; CORPORATION OF INCANDESCENIT GAS-LAMP.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Feb. 26, 1907.
Application filed March 22,1905. Serial No. 251,387.
[0 all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, ROBERT M. DIXON, a citizen of the United States, residing at East Orange, county of Essex, and State of New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Incandescent Gas-Larnps,
of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to incandescent gasciass of incan escent gas-lamps which are known as inverted burners.
In ihe accompanying drawings I have shown one form of lamp in which my invention may be embodied and for the purposes of convenience have shown it as a lamp espeeially adapted for use in railway-cars where the lamps are located close to the ceiling, and i a lamp which gives a substantially maximum downward reflection of light will tionisembodied. Fi
'not desire be most eflicient.
In the drawin sfFigure I is a transverse vertical section'o a la'rnp in which my invenlIis a section through II of Fig. I. Fig. III
the lam'pon the line I of Fig. I, and
are section on the line IIIIII F1 2 IV is a sectionon the line IV IV of Fig. I1 the problem of successfully operating,
lamps of this type upon a railway-car has been considered particularly diflicult of solution, I will describe the lainp shown in the rawings as though it were simply a carlamp, butwould have it understood that I do to have my claims limited thereto.
In these drawings, aindicates what for the Want of a better term I shall describe as a center castin'g. Within this center casting is a cruciform space b for removing from the lamp the products of combustion. This cruciform space is bounded by a series of chambers 0, within which series of chambers some" of the operating arts of 'theinverted Bunsen burners are adapted to be carried. The chambers c are closedat the top to form gasways d, (see Figs. I and-1H,) to which gas 18 brought by a series of nipples e, suitably connected by means of pipes f, which are connected by a branched pipe or duct 9 to agessupply pi e h. The center casting a is shown as provi ed with a downwardly-depending flange 'i, apertured at its lower edge, as by apertures 7, for the passage e to support the support-ring k, which is shown as screwed thereon. The support.
of air and adapt ring is is shown assurmounted by a crownpiece 1, which is aperture'd laterally, as at o, for the passage of air. The centercasting is surmounted by a draft-tube or chimney p of the elongated form, which drafttube or chimney is preferably of considerable length, but is shown broken away in the drawings for the purposes of convenience.
The support-ring k is shown as provided with a depending arm q, to which is hinged an upwardly-extending arm r, which supports a bezel or globe-supporting ring 8. The bezel or globe-supporting ring 8 is provided with a spun ring t, beneath whose lower edge the abruptly inwardly turned edge u of the globe thereby. A suitable catch to is provided for '0 extends and is directly-supported,
holding the globe-supporting ring 8 in position. i
The burners which I are preferably of the form ings and have'their mixin preferably employ shown in the draw- -ch2imbers located within the spaces comprised by the chambers 'of the center casting and'projcct downwardly therefrom for a su'liicient distance to produce an eihciently-burning air-and-gas mixture and sufficiently far into the "lobe to reach about the center thereof and leave a free -or unobstructed s ace around the same.
In the re erred form of construction shown in t e drawin s a nipple 1 is screwed into the asway d and is provided with a delivery-plate 2, shown herein as centrally apertured. Threaded to the nip le 1 is a Bunsen or mixing tube 3, provided with lateral inlet-apertures 4 at a point immediately below the delivery-plate 2. The lower end of the Bunsen or mixing tube is shown as provided with an annular slot or shoulder 5, adapted for the reception of the ends of the hooks 6 of a suitable split socket 7, whose internally-projecting flange 8 embraces an outwardly turned or formed flange 9 of a tubularmantle-support 10, having a deliverytube 11 delivering intothe interior of a man tle 12 at about the center thereof, which mantle is suitably supported, as by means of an annular supporting device 13, from the mantle-so port l0. A sleeve or reflector 15 is adapts toslide freely upon the Bunsen tube 13. This sleeve is referahly tapered from the top downward y and serves the triple purposes,first, of protecting the Bun:
sen tube from undue heat; second, of serving as a reflector, and, th rd, by means of a tapering annular recess 16 in its lower end causing the HOOKS 6 to be securely engaged with the slot or shoulder 5.
The' detailed col action of the mantlesupporting device ll be obvious from an inspection of Fig. I, wherein one of the mantles is shown in slde view as in position on the Bunsen tube. The other mantle is shown in side view as ready to be put into position, and the third mantle is shown as in section to fully and in detail illustrate the construction and operation of the parts.
It will be understood that the gas which I contemplate employing in the lamp shown in the drawings is rintsch gas and ordinarily is supplied to the lamp under a pressure or several atmospheres, which is reduced by a suitable regulatorsay a regulator of the ordinary rintscn type. the air need not necessarily be brougnt into the lamp under pressure, as the rush of the gas under pressure will cause an influx of air. As is well unde1'- stood, the gas enters the gasway d, passes through the nipple 1 to the distributingplate 5, which, as aforesaid, is centrally apertured, and thence to the Bunsen tube or mixing-chamber 3 The air enters the lamp through the apertures 0 in the side of the cap or crown-piece, is conducted into the cha1nbers c, which surround the Bunsen tube, and thence passes the apertures 4 in the Bunsen tube, where the mixing takes place. The products of combustion are removed from the lamp through the cruciform chamber or channel 6 of the center casting, being drawn upward by the suction produced by the elongated dratttubc or casing p.
Having described my invention, what I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Pat cut, is
1. In an inverted incandescent gas-lamp, the combination of a body portior having a central channel, a globe, a plurality of incandescent gas-burners and means for removing products of combustion through the central channel.
2. In an inverted incandescent gas-lamp, the combination of a center casting having a central passage, a plurality of chambers, a plurality of inverted incandescent gas-burners having their mixing-chambers located 11 the said chambers, substantially as described.
3. In an inverted incandescent gas-lamp, the combination of a chambered center casting having a central flue and a plurality of inverted incandescent gas-burners arranged in the said chambers and a globe surrounding the said burners.
4. In aninverted incandescent gas-lamp, the combination of a body or center casting, a series of inverted incandescent gas-burners, means for bringing a supply of air to the inverted incandescent gas-burners from the protecting sleeve t outside of the body or center casting and means for withdrawing the products or combustion through the interior of the body or center casting.
5. In an inverted incandescent gas-lamp, the combination of a center casting provided with an interior duct for products of combustion and chambers for the reception of in vertcd incandescent gas-burners, of inverted incandescent gas-burners located within the said chambers and having their mixingchambers enveloped by the said chambers in the center casting.
6. In an inverted incandescent gaslamp, the combination of a chambered body portion, inverted gasburners communicating with the said chambered body portion and a central duct for removing the products of combustion.
7. In an inverted incandescent gas-lamp, the combination of a group of incandescent gas-burners, an enveloping globe closed at the bottom and a duct leading from the upper end of said group for removing products of combustion from the interior thereof, subst antially as described.
8. In an inverted incandescent gas-lamp, the combination of a body or center casting, a group of inverted incandescent burners, separate means embodied in the casting for bringing air separately to each burner and a common means for discharging products of combustion.
9. In an inverted incandescent gas-lamp, the combination of a body or center casting, a group of inverted incandescent burners, separate means embodied in the casting for bringing air separately to each burner and a common means for discharging products of combustion.
10. In an inverted incandescent gasburner, the combination of a mixing chamher, a mantle having a clasp device and a sliding sleeve for protecting said mixingchamber against heat adapted to maintam the clasp device in engagement with a support.
11. In an inverted incandescent gasburner, the combination of a suitable clasp device a suitable grooved support with which the clasp device is adapted to engage, a mantle carried by the clasp device and a sliding sleeve adapted to engage said "clasp device. a
12. In an inverted incandescent gas burner, the combination of a suitable mantle, an inverted mixingzchamber' and a sliding erefor, substantially as described.
13. In an inverted incandescent gas burner, the combination of a suit able mantle, a mixing-chamber and a tapering sliding protecling-sleeve for protecting the said mutingchamber.
14. In a gas-lamp, the combination of a bets on the outside and a central duct or flue, a plurality of inverted incandescent gasburners contained Within the said chambers and provided with protecting-sleeves.
15. In a gas-lamp, the combination of a center castin having a plurality of chambers 0n the outsi e and a central duct or flue, a
lurality of inverted incandescent gasburners contained Within the said chambers and provided with protecting-sleeves and a globe supported below the center casting and enveloping the burners.
16. in a gas-lamp, the combination of a center casting having a plurality of chambers on the outside and a central duct or flue, a plurality of inverted incandescent gasburners contained Within the said chambers and provided With protecting-sleeves and a globe supported below the center casting and enveloping the burners.
17. in an inverted incandescent gas-lamp, the combination of a burner, means for entirely enveloping the burner and protecting same from atmospheric disturbances comprising in part a sliding sleeve and in part by a translucent globe an means for bringing to the said burner through the mixing-tube thereof an air-and-gas mixture constituting the sole effective source of gas-supply.
ceived in said 18. In an inverted incandescent as-lamp, the combination of a suitable glo eanda plurality of inverted incandescent gas-burners, means for sup lying air and gas entirely from above and a uct leading from the upper ends of said burners for removing the prodnets of combustion through the center portion of the lamp.
l9. In an inverted incandescent gas-lamp, the combination of a group of inverted incandescent gas-burners, an enveloping lobe and means for removing the products oi combustion from Within the grou and conducting the same through the top 0 the lamp.
20. In a device'of the class described, in combination; an inverted gas-burner, a sliding sleeve for protecting the same, said burner being provided with a groove near the lower end thereof, a device having inwardlyturned fingers which are adapted to be recove, and a mantle carried by said device, said sliding sleeve being provided with a shoulder adapted to take about a portion of said device and maintain the fingers thereof in said groove.
ROBERT M. DIXON.
A. C. MOORE, GEo. E. MORSE.