US 846450 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
PATENTED MAR; 12 1907.
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HARLIN BROWN, OF MAYFIELD, MICHIGAN.
' WOODEN COLUMN.
Specification of Letters Patent. A ncma filed September 21, 1905. Serial N 335,595.
Patented March 12, 1907.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, HARLIN BROWN, a citi- 'zen of the United States, residing at Mayfield,
been made solid of one piece of wood, which was exceedingly expensive, or were made of a unumbe'r of veneered pieces glued together,
which after a few years pull apart on account of the failure of the glue, or were made of 'several thin pieces dovetailed or otherwise put .together and glued and which are apt to spread apart in a comparatively short time.
The object of my invention is to eliminate these objectionable features and to otherwise improve and cheapen the manufacture of solid columns of the kind stated.
By means of this invention a" column may be made of two or more pieces of wood, particularly those pieces called bolts, which are a by-product of veneering-mi'lls. The wood does not have tobe of the same kind; but the column may be composed of several pieces of any kind of wood, such pieces being eld together securely and rigidly by dowels ofwood or steel or by any other suitable means, the whole being then covered by a suitable veneersuch, for example, as Manila paper, cloth or other suitable material which will cover all defects, knots, Wormholes, and other imperfections or blemishes.
The invention is furthermore capable of application to and includes the making of capitals and bases for columns, pilastcrs, and the like. Hitherto capitals have been made of solid turned pieces or else built up of several pieces and then turned to the desired shape. Making capitals and bases of one piece of material is not only expensive, but causes delay, as material of large diameter is difiicult to obtain, and if the capitals and bases are constructed of two or more pieces glued together eventually they will become separatedto more or less extent. Furthermore, capitals, bases, and fillets are apt to become chipped and damaged in transportation. I overcome these objections by constructing the bases, capitals, and the like of one or more pieces of molding which are bent around the columns, half-columns, or other sha es and securely fastened to the same wit brads or the like, and can thus be put in place when the columns, &c., are set up.
The invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is an elevation of a column constructed according to the invention. Fig. 2 is a section on the line A B of Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a side elevation of a halfcolumn. Fig. 1 is an end view of the column. Fig. 5 is a horizontal cross-section on the line C D of Fig. 1. Fig. 6 is a hori ontal section on the lineEFofFig3. a
Referringspecifically to the drawings, a, b, and c indicate three wooden bolts or cores of wood superposed or standing one upon the other and held together by wooden dowels d and steel dowels s, preferably arranged in a ring around the wooden dowels. The bolts or pieces are turned to the proper diameter to match at their abutting ends. The body so constructed is covered with any suitable veneer, as indicated at p. This mayopreferably be Manila paper, cloth, or other suitable material glued upon the body, so as to cover the joints between the bolts or sections and give the appearance of a onepiece column, which can then be painted or otherwise decorated.
The base, capital, and a fillet on the column are indicated as'built up of one or more pieces of molding m, which are bent around the column and tacked or otherwise secured thereto.
A column or shape so constructed has the advantage heretofore indicated, as well as a special advantage of cheapness, since bolts or pieces may be used of much less length than the total height of the column, which would consequently be otherwise incapable of use for the purpose.
I claim 1. As a new article of manufacture, a wooden column comprising a plurality of solid superposed blocks permanently secured together at the abutting ends, and having a continuous exterior coating, forming a unitary structure having the appearance and attributes of a one-piece column and capable of transportation and manipulation as such.
with a web of fabric permanently secured wooden column comprising a plurality of thereon and forming the outer exposed coatsolid blocks secured together end to end and ing thereof. covered with veneer extending across the In testimonywhereof I have signed my 5 joints between the block to conceal the same name to this specification in the presence of 15 and assist in holding the blocks together, and two subscribing witnesses.
2. As a new article of manufacture, a
giving the article the appearance and qualiv HARLIN BROWN. ties of a one-piece column. \Vitnesses:
'3. As a new article of manufacture, a sec- ARTHUR BIDDLEooME, 1o tional column consisting of wood veneered BURR M. JAMES.