|Publication number||US847452 A|
|Publication date||Mar 19, 1907|
|Filing date||Nov 29, 1905|
|Priority date||Nov 29, 1905|
|Publication number||US 847452 A, US 847452A, US-A-847452, US847452 A, US847452A|
|Original Assignee||R H Crank, Elbert Ascue|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (1), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
PATBNTBD MAR. 1.9, 1907.
- E. ASOUE. SEWING DEVICE. APP LIOATION FILED NOV. 29, 1906.
. awn 0mm I I I needle therein.
UNITED STATES PATEN T OFFICE.
ELBERT ASOUE, or BLUM, TEXAS, SSIGNOR OF ONE-THIRD TO R. H. CRANK,
or CLEBURNE, TEXAS.
Specification of Letters Patent. Application filed November 29,1905- Serial No. 289,708.
No. 847,452. ratenteol March 19, 1 907.
To all whom it may conc rn: provided with a plurality of whirls or spirals Be it known that I, ELBERT AsoUE, a citi- I of substantially equal radius. One end of zen of the United States, residing at Blum, i; the needle is pointed, as shown at 15, and is the county of Hill and disposed on a curve of greater radius than State of Texas, have invented a new and use- I the intermediate whirls. This, it is thought, Sewing Device, of which the following is a will be apparent by reference to Fig. 5. The specification. pointed end is open, forming an eye 16,-and This invention relates more particularly to I the needle has a longitudinally-disposed means for sewing bags, but is not necessarily channel 17 communicating with the hollow limited to this use, as it may be successfully I interior of said needle and terminating short employed for various other purposes. of the opening or eye 16, as shown in Fig. 4. The principal object is to provide a simple The rear end of the needle is provided with instrument having a helical needle that can an axial hollow stem 18, which is journaled be passed through the goods and withdrawn in the bore 11 of the handle, said stem tertherefrom to form stitches without the necesend in an annular enhe inner end of the bore, said thrust-bearing being in the form of a split ring. A sleeve 21 is threaded, as shown at 22, into the bore 11, with its inner end opposed to the enlargement 19 of the stem 18 and forming a draft-bearing. This sleeve projects beyond the handlegrip and constitutes an elongated journal-bearing for the stem. The said stem has a continuation 23 of the channel 17 of the needle, and the I sleeve 21 is also provided with a longitudil nally-disposed channel 24, arranged in alinement with the channel 12 of the grip. The channel portion I into and out of alinement with the channels 12 and 24 upon the rotation of the needle.
The needle may be used in a variety of ways, either with separate short threads or with a continuous thread fed from a ball or spool. The needle is threaded by passing the'twine or thread through the channel conand then pulling the end said thread through the eye, leaving the free end outside the needle. The main line of thread or twine is then introduced into the needle by passing it through the channel 17, and said line is then extended through the handle. While the device can be employed for sewing either with a double or single thread, in employing the latter the free end. is drawn through the eye until a length is exposed. that is a little longer than the width of longitudinally in one side of the handle-grip, the sack to be sewed. The needle is forced prel l through the material by a steady longitudian enlarged portion 13 nal pressure upon the handle-grip which is In connection with l held against rotation. The whirls or spiral configuration of the needlecauses the same erates said instrument, thereby providing a sewing device that is exceedingly convenient to use and one that may be operated with comparatively great rapidity.
Two embodiments of the invention are illustrated in the accompanying drawings; but an inspection of the claims will show that said invention is not limited to these disclosures.
In the said drawings, Figure 1 is a side elevation of one embodiment. Fig. 2 is a de- 197 longitudinal sectional view through the handle-grip, showing the mounting of the Fig. 3 is a detail sectional a longitudinal view through the pointed end of the needle. Fig. 5 is an end elevation of the device. Fig. 6 is a side elevation of another embodiment of the invention. Fig. 7 is a longitudinal sectional view through the handle-grip, showing the mounting for the needle. Fig. 8 is a detail perspective view of the rear end of the needle-stem. Fig. 9 is an end elevation of the of device illustrated in Fig. 6.
Similar reference-numerals designate corresponding parts in all the figures of the drawings.
Referring first to the embodiment shown in Figs. 1 to 5, a handle-grip 10 is employed, provided in one end with a longitudinal axial bore 11, that terminates short of the other end. A thread-receiving channel 12, formed view. Fig. 4 is .wear. Consequently it will the handle-grip, thus forming the stitches. The enlarged or offset portion is important, as it gathers up the cloth and properly feeds it to the whirls in rear of the same. The elongated journal-bearing for the stem of the needle serves to prevent the lateral movement of the stem, so that the hand employed for pushing the needle through the goods can properly direct said needle. WVhen the nee dle is entering or passing through the mate rial being sewed, its rear end will of course be rotating against the thrust-bearing 20, and when said needle is being withdrawn the enlargement 19 is then rotating against the draft-bearing, or, in other words, the inner end of the sleeve 21. These various bearings are preferably made of hard metal, so that they will not be subject to excessive be apparent that the device will be durable. Furthermore, no particular skill is necessary in. operating the same, for the direct thrust and pull upon the handle is all that is necessary to cause the needle to enter and be withdrawn from the goods and at the same time form the necessary stitches. It will also be evident that the size and number of whirls or spirals in the needle may be varied as desired without in any manner affecting the invention.
A still simpler embodiment is illustrated in Figs. 6 to 9, inclusive. In this case a handle-grip 10 is employed having an axial bore 11 in one end. A thrust-bearing 12 is fitted in the inner end of the bore, and a combined retaining sleeve and bearing 13 is screwed into the outer portion of the bore and projects beyond the same. In this sleeve is journaled the axial stem 14 of a solid helical needle 15, having an enlarged inner bearing 16 interposed between the adjacent ends of the bearing 12 and sleeve 13*. The outer end of the helical needle is pointed, as shown at 17 and said end, as illustrated in Fig. 9, is disposed on a curve of greater radius than the main whirls of the needle. An eye 18 is formed in said outer end and is ar ranged to receive the thread or twine. The only difference between this structure and that already described is that the needle is solid, and consequently the thread or twine is entirely exposed. The manner of use is, however, the same as that already disclosed, and no further description thereof is believed to be necessary. The embodiment shown in the first five figures is perhaps preferable in that the main line of twine being inclosed by the needle is protected from chafling and wear during its passage through the material.
From the foregoing it is thought that the construction, operation, and many advantages of the herein-described invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art without further description, and it will be understood that various changes in the size, shape,
\proportion, and minor details of construci tion may be resorted to without departing from the spirit or sacrificing any of the advantages of the invention. l Having thus described my invention, what i I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. In a sewing device of the character described, the combination with an operating handle grip, of a helical needle having a portion journaled in and surrounded by the i gri 2 In a sewing device of the character described, the combination with an operatinghandle, of a helical needle having its rear end journaled in and surrounded by the handle, and thrust and draft bearings carried by the handle and engaged by the needle upon the longitudinal movement thereof in opposite directions.
\ 3. In a sewing device of the character de scribed, the combination with an operatinghandle, of a helical needle having an enlarged bearing portion journaled in the handle, and thrust and draft bearings carried by the handle and located on opposite sides of the bearing portion of the needle.
l. In a sewing device of the character described, the combination with an operatinghandle grip, of a helical needle having a straight rear end rotatably journaled in the handle-grip and extending longitudinally thereof, said. grip and. needle having substantially coincident axes.
5. In a sewing device of the character dei scribed, the combination with an operatinghandle grip having a bore, of a helical needle having an axial stem at one end that is journaled in the bore, and a combined retaining device and bearing carried by the handle-grip and engaged by the needle-stem.
6. In a sewing device of the character de scribed, the combination with an operatin handle grip having a bore, of a helical needIe naled in the bore, and a combined bearing and retaining sleeve fitted in the bore and surrounding the stem.
7. In a sewing device of the character described, the combination with an operating handle grip having a substantially axial bore, of a helical needle having an axial stem at one end that is ournaled in the bore, said stem having an enlargement, and acombined bearing and retaining sleeve fitted in the bore and surrounding the stem, the enlargement of said stem bearing against the sleeve.
8. In a sewing device of the character 'de scribed, the combination with an operatinghandle grip having a substantially axial bore, of a helical needle having an axial stem at one end that is journaled in the bore and. is rovided with a bearing enlargement, the 1 other end of the needle being pointed and provided with an eye and being furthermore disp having an axial stem at one end that is jourl l posed on a curve of greater radius than the main portion of the needle, and a combined bearing and retaining sleeve fitted in the outer portion of the bore and outside the enlargement of the needle-stem, said sleeve projecting beyond the grip and constituting a journal-bearing for the needle.
9. In a sewing device of the character described, a tubular helical needle having an open-pointed end, and a longitudinal chan-.
nel opening through one side of its end and terminating short of said open end.
10. In a sewing device of the character described, the combination with a handle-grip having a thread-receiving channel, of a helical needle rotatably mounted on the grip and having a channel that moves into and out'of alinement with the handle-grip channel.
11. In a sewing device of the character described, the combination with a handle-grip having an axial bore and a longitudinal thread receiving channel communicating therewith, of a tubular helical needle rotatably mounted on the grip and having a longitudinal channel that moves into and out of alinement with the handle-grip channel, and a retaining-sleeve fitted in the bore of the handle-grip and surrounding the needle, said sleeve also having a longitudinal channel with which the needle-channel moves into and outof alinement.
12. In a sewing device of the character described, the combination with a handle-grip having a substantially axial bore and a longitudinal thread-receiving channel, of a retaining-sleeve fitted in the bore and rojecting beyond one end of the grip, said s eeve having a longitudinal channel alined with the channel of the'grip, and a tubular helical needle having a hollow stem at one end that is rotatably journaled in the sleeve, said needle having a pointed open free end disposed on a curve of greater diameter than the main body of the needle, said needle furthermore having a longitudinal channel terminating short of the pointed end of and movable into and out of alinement with the sleeve-channel upon the rotation of the needle.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto aflixed my signature in the presence of two Witnesses.
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