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Publication numberUS850319 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 16, 1907
Filing dateFeb 26, 1906
Priority dateFeb 26, 1906
Publication numberUS 850319 A, US 850319A, US-A-850319, US850319 A, US850319A
InventorsWillis E Robinson
Original AssigneeHenry Williams, Willis E Robinson
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 850319 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

PATENTED APR. 16, 1907.




mm-D srlirns rn'rssr Fries.


comsmm'iomrool Patented April rad-s07.

Application filed February 26,1906- Earial llo. 303.137. 7

10 all whom it m y concern:

Be it known that I, W1LL1's EUGENE Ron- INSON, a citizen of the United States of America, residing at the city and county of Denver and State of Colorado, have'invented a new and useful Combination lool, of which the following is a specification. Y

My invention relates to improvements in combination-tools and-the object of my in{ vention is to provide a wrench that combines in itself a number of tools that are useful in the shop, factory, house, or about a farm and for eneral use. I attain this object by the mechanism illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which-- r giire 1 is a front elevation of the tool, the jaws bleing partly opened. Fig. 2 is a side elevation of one member of the tool. Fi 3 is a side elevation of a portion of the ot er member of the tool.v Fig. 4 is .a horizontal sectional view on the line 4 4- of Fl; 1. Fig. 5 is a horizontal sectional view on the line 5 5 of'Fig. 1. Fig. 6 is a rear elevation of a portion of the jaw shown in Fig. 2, and F1 7 view of a portion of'the mom or is a sectiona shown in Fig. 3 on the ne 7 7.

Similar letters of reference refer to similar parts throughout the several views.

Referring to the drawings, the numerals 1 and 2 designate two jaws, each of which is provided with circular disk portions 3 and 4 and with handles 5 and 6, extending from the disk ortions. The handle .5 is a straight hand e, and a screw-driver edge 7 is formed at-its end.-- The handle 6 is'curved outward alon the center of its'length, withjits termina end standing normally close to the end of the straight handle, and a tack-pulling claw S is formed at its end. On the inside of the handle 5 a file-surface 9 is formed, and along one edge a scale 10 is formed.

Both jaw and handle portions of the wrench are of the same thickness but the disk portions of each are'of but one-half the thickness of the handle, and they are placed on opposite sides of handle and jaw portions relative to each othenand the thicker ends of the jaws and handles are counterbored to form a circular recess in which the disk of one handle and jaw will fit and lie on the disk of the other handle. The upper side of the center of the disk of the tack-pulling handle is provided with a central hu 11, which rojects above it the thickness of the other isk,

ture in the disk of the other jaw and and through this hub and the disk 1am an a erture in which I secure rigidly a bolt 13, w rich has anobl-onghead ortion 14. The

disk of the opposite hand e has an oblong' hole that fits loosely over the hub portion of the opposite disk and permits the disk to be. placed loosely over the oblong head of the bolt. This oblong-headed bolt bolted rigidly to the hub, with the longest diameter oi its length set at rightangles-to the length of the handle and jaw, whilethe oblong};1 aperandle is arranged at such an oblique angle to the longitudinal length of the other jaw,'that it is necessary to lay thetwo jaws together crosswise at an angle of about forty-five degrees in order to connect them together. The jaws will then swing from about this angle and be opened or closed without coming apart.

At the junction of the two handles with the pivotal disk portions of the wrench a semicircular groove 15. is formed, which when the.

handles are clossd forms a round hole that is adapted to be used to insert wires in when it is desired to bend or twist them, and it can also be used for pulling nails. At a short distance from the disks the curved tack-pulling handle is provided with a hollow leathen ounch 16,- which extends through the center hi the handle, and a punch blook 17 is secured to. the file-surface of the opposite handle. The pivotal disks of both portions of each -jaw at their central portions between the jaws are provided with wire-cutting grooves 12, which are preferably arranged at an. ob-- lique angle across the peripheral surface of j the d sk. I From the disk portions of the wrench the jaws extend forward in the form of a double ended hammer, which meets at their ends on a line through the pivotal center of the jaws. Short fiat portions 18 and. 19 are formed on each aw at their meeting portions, in which teeth 20 are formed that can be used for gri ping various objects. The outer edges of 0th of these flattened toothed surfaces contain recesses 21 and 22, that form a pair of sharp cutting-lips 23 and 24, which form thin sheet-metal cuttingmippvrs and also can. be used for nail-pullers, for which they are especially adapted. The router siilis cl these 'aws are also each provided with sshape notches 25 and 26, which on mh hit of the jaws extend beyond their side suri zzvvs lOO in the form of semicircularlugs 27 and'ZS, which-When the jaws are closed. formaround hub with a square hole through it am through the jaws that is adaptec as anat- Wrench 0h either side of; the jaws, the pro jecting portion of this hub being especially adapted to be inserted in the hubs of buggywheels to remove their axle-Pints.- Between these nut-receiving apertures, and the pivotal in disks ccncaved pipe in rod receiving recesses 29 and 30 are i crrned on the insideedge of each. jaw opposite each other, the surfaces of each of which are 'provided with ratchettceth 31, which are preferably arranged in opposite directions on each jaw. and, with their teeth pnsitioned to cut Into pipe or metal rods that aregripped bet-weer; them; On the awof the handle 6 nail-hammer 32 is formed, and in the end surface of this hamzo mer arecess33 is formed Wh'eh is adapted to he used for bending tin or sheet-iron plates.

and for uses of that character.

The jaw is fcrn'ed into'a riveting-hammen Through .th' aw l for-nus rivet-held- 2'5 ing hole; which isschpted Le receive a rivet when riveting work together, and on one side 0i this jaw a countersunk oval recess 34 is fer-med, which is ada ted to he placed .on one end of a rivet, and tne ether gaw-rtche sepa- 0 rated from it and used-as a hammer to poun d" on the jaw that is held 011 the rivet.

As the'operation of each of the features 0'? rny mproved wrench 15 Well understood, further descrip (1101113 unnecessary.

improved tool isvery simple, easy and 3 5 cheap to make, and. makes a very complete,

strong, and useful wrench.

Having described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, isv 4 In a combinati0nto0l wrench, the combinationinn tong ty e of Wrench, of apair of handles and nut anc pipe jaws, having a air of pivotally-centering disks; one disk of w ich is provided with a h'lib, a bolt secured to said 5 hub and its disk, an oblong sha ed axial aperture in the opposite disk in .W i'ich'said hub projects rctatably and even with its opposite side, having a circular central portion; fitting the body 0f said bolt, and an oblong head on I 50 said. bolt fitting loeselythe cbl'onghole in 'said disk and bearing against said disks outer surface 'and coneentrically.curved recessesin each half of said'handle in which eaehdislr fits snugly and rotatably; 5 5 In testimony whereof I aflix my signature in prescnce'of two Witnesses:

r .Wi LIS E. ROBIN SON. WVitnesses:



Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2462250 *Nov 18, 1944Feb 22, 1949David Andrews HowardStaple puller
US2517168 *Jun 3, 1946Aug 1, 1950Bennek John DPoultry tongs
US5033140 *Sep 18, 1990Jul 23, 1991Andy ChenMultipurpose combination tool
US5652988 *Apr 14, 1994Aug 5, 1997Appelhoff; HubertMultifunctional hand-held device
US7389715 *Apr 9, 2007Jun 24, 2008Ming-Shuan LinPliers-type hand tool
Cooperative ClassificationB25B7/22