US 850492 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
l PATENTBD APR. 16 A. L.V& G. A; REYNOLDS.
WAVE MOTR. APPLIOATION FILED ooms. 1906.
THE Noms Prrsns ce., wasmNcrom-n. c,
UNITED "sTATEs PATENT OEETOE ALVA L. REYNOLDS AND GEORGE A. REYNOLDS, OF HUNTINGTON BEAOI-I, CALIFORNIA.
Speccaton of Letters Patent.
Patented April 16, 1907.
" Application filed October 16. l`906 `Serial NO- 339.272.
provements in Wave-Motors, of which the' following is a specification. j
Our invention relates to means for utilizing motion imparted by the incoming and out-` going waves of a body of water; and an object thereof is to dispense with a float .that
has heretofore been most commonly used'to obtain power therefrom and to substitute therefor a generating means that will not be injured by the power exerted by the waves. We accomplish this object by means of the device described herein and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in Which- Figure l is a side elevation with parts in section, showing our wave-motor in its operative position. Fig. 2 is a sectional plan taken on line 2 2 of Fig. 1.
In the drawings, 5 is the fioor of a wharf or pier, which is supported by piles 6, driven into the bed (not shown) of the ocean 7 in the usual manner. The` pier extends from the shore (not shown) a sufficient ,distance to give a depth of water at low tide so as to produce the proper wave effect upon the vane S, which is rigidly secured, by means of arms 9, to a vertically-revoluble shaft 10. The end of shaft 10 is secured in a step-bearing 11, which is mounted in cross-bars 12, and the upper portion of the shaft is mounted in bearings 13, secured to the wharf 5. A bearing 14 is secured to cross-pieces 15, which are secured Vto the piles 6 intermediate the vane and the wharf. The upper portion of the shaft 10 adjacent the under side of the wharf is' provided with a crank 16. Pivotally secured to this crank by means of a swiveled joint 17 is a pitman-rod 1S, the outer end of which is connected by a universal joint 19 to an arm 20 of a bell-crank lever 21, which is mounted in a bearing 22, secured to a stringer 28. To the outer end 24 of bellcrank lever 21 is pivotally connected a'downwardly-depending link 25, whose other end is pivotally attached to a piston-rod y26, to which is secured a piston 27 of usual construction. This piston is provided with check-valves 28 of usual construction and is` adapted to reciprocate in cylinder 29, which is secured to the side of the wharf structure by brackets 30. To the lower end of the cylinder is secured a 'suction-pipe 31, having the usual check-valve 32 located at the top thereof.` The upper end of the cylinder has an outlet 33, to which a discharge-pipe 34 is connected and which leads Ito the storagetank. (Not shown.)
Ve have described a mechanism whereby water may be forced upwardly to a storagetank located at a distance from the wharf, but instead of forcing water it could be constructed, with very little change, so that it would compress air.
The operation is as follows: The vane 8 is attached to the shaft 10 at a point where the vane will be constantly submerged at either flood or ebb tide, and pitman-rod 18 is connected to the outer end of bell-crank lever 20. As the crank 16 of shaft 10 is connected to the shaft at right angles to the vane 8, it will be seen that at-no time during the operation of the device will the crank remain on a dead-center. As the incoming waves strike the vane it will force it partially around and will rotate shaft 10 and operate the mechanism connected thereto. The outgoing or receding wave will then contact with the vane and force it around in the opposite direction to that which the incoming'wave forced it. This action by the waves on the vane is repeated indefinitely, so that a continuous supply of water is forced to the storage-tank (not shown) by the pumping mechanism. If more power was desired, a plurality of these pumping mechanisms could be located on the wharf, thereby increasing the pumping capacity.
It will be seen from the foregoing description that we have provided a device in which` the uncertain element of floats or huovs is en 'tirely dispensed with.
therein, said cylinder having an inlet and 2. A device of the class described, oom-1 cylinder having an inlet and outlet andalink prising a frame secured to the bed of a body having its ends pivotally Secured to said pisof Water; a vertically disposed revoluble ton and to one of the bell-crank arms. crank-shaft mounted in bearings secured to In Witness that We claim the foregoing We 15 said frame; a vane rigidly secured to said have hereunto subscribed our names this 4th Crank-shaft at an angle thereto, adapted to day of October, 1906. be operated by the incoming and outgoing ALVA L. REYNOLDS. Waves; a bell-crank lever pivotally mounted GEORGE A. REYNOLDS. in said frame; a pitman connecting said crank Witnesses: and an arm of said bell-crank lever; a eylinf EDMUND A. STRAUSE, der having a piston mounted therein; said B. M. WILKINSON.