|Publication number||US852816 A|
|Publication date||May 7, 1907|
|Filing date||Dec 31, 1906|
|Priority date||Dec 31, 1906|
|Publication number||US 852816 A, US 852816A, US-A-852816, US852816 A, US852816A|
|Inventors||Charles W Benjamin|
|Original Assignee||J A Brill|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (3), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
No. 852,816. PATENTED MAY 7, 1907. C. W. BENJAMIN.
APPLIUATION FILED m10. a1. 190e.
6 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
Mie- OX PATENTBD MAY 7, 1907.
G. W. BENJAMIN.
8 SHEETS-SHEET 3.
6 SHEETS-SHEET 4 PATBNTBD MAY 7, 1907.
C. W. BENJAMIN.
mmm: ca, wunmaron. n. c.
APPLICATION FILED DEO. 31. 1906.
No. 852,816. PATBNTBD MAY 7. 1907.
. c. W. BENJAMIN.
APPLIUATION FILED DEO. 31, 1906.
6 SHEETS-SHEET 6. VV 4f *Z 5 l UNITED sTATEs PATENai-roEEIcE.
oHAIiLEs w. BENJAMIN, or NEW YoEK, N. Y., AssIGNoR To J. AQ'BEILL,
or PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented May 7, 1907.
Application filed December 3l, 1906. Serial No. 350,121.
' shifted and stored in roof chambers when not 1n use, and at the same time to preserve the conventional lines of car construction. This object is accomplished by my invention by roviding one sash with a pivot and holding anges for the other sash so that when the sashes are moved abreast, they may be swung together into chambers provided for them, or vice versa, they may be swung out of the chambers and into proper grooves to close the windows.
For af'morc particular description of my invention, reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part hereof, in which,
Figure l is a sectional View of one embodiment of my invention, the sashes being shown partially swung. Fig. 2 is a similar view to Fig. 1 except that the sashes are in their lower or closed position. Fig. 3 is aperspective view of a portion of the sashes. Fig. 4 is an enlarged view of a part of the structure shown in Figs. 1 and 2, the sashes being shown in a diilerent position. Figs. 5 and 6 are sectional views taken on the lines 5- 5 and 6 6 of Fig. 4, looking in the direction of the arrows. Fig. 7 is a sectional view of a further modification. Fig. S is a front elevation of a portion of the assh construction shown in Fig. 7. Fig. 9 is a sectional View on the line 9-9 oi" Fig. 7, looking in the direction of the arrows. Fig. l() is a perspective view of a portion of the sash construction shown in Fig. 9. Fig. 11 is a sectional view similar to Fig. 7 except that the sashes are shown stored. Fig. 12 is a view showing aportion of a headlining and curtain box. Fig. 13 shows a detail of the upper car construction. Fig. 14 is a sectional view taken on the line 14-14 of Fig. 15, looking in the direction of the arrows. Fig. 15 is a sectional view of the lower part of the window, 'the sashes being closed. Figs. 16 and 17 show details of the upper sash. Figs. 1S and 19 are sectional views of a third embodiment of my invention. Fig. 20 is a side elevation of a portion of the same. Fig. 21 is a sectional view taken on the line 21-21 of Fig. 23, looking in thedirection of the arrows. Figs. 22, 23 and 24 are Jurther sectional views showing several positions occupied by the sashes.
Throughout the various views, similar reference characters designate similar parts.
In the construction shown in Figs. 1 to 6 inclusive, the car 1 is provided with the usual roof 2, stanchion 3, head lining 4, as well as a window sill 5 and letter board 6. The stanchions 3 are each provided with the customary outside parting strip 7 which extends from the window sill 5 to the letter board 6, and this parting strip 7 contains the usual step S on which the upper sash 9 rests which is overla ped by the lower sash 10, which is preferab y made larger than the sash 9. An inside parting strip 11 extends about fourifths the length ot the lower sash 10, and forms a slideway for this sash when in or near its lowest position. Above this parting strip 11, the 'stanchion 3 is free of all projections, except that outside parting strip 7. This stanchion 3 is provided with a pintle groove 12 which runs parallel with the arting strip 7, except when it runs diagona ly a short distance to avoid the step 8 and it terminates a little above the inside parting strip 11.. There is also a curtain groove 13, but as this in no way relates to my invention, further description is unnecessary. The upper sash 9 is provided on each side with a metallic flange 14 with inturned edges 15, which enter corresponding grooves 16 on the side edges of the lower sashes 10. At the top of each ilange 14 is an outwardly extending pintle 17 which may be withdrawn by a handie 18 working through the slot 19. A screw 21 keeps the pintle 17 in place. By withdrawing this screw the intle may be brought in llush with the flange 14. This permits a complete withdrawal of the sashes when desired. The upper end of pintle iisual bolt 20 to hold the sashes 9 and 10 in their elevated positions. The other ends of these sashes are supported by springs-24 or other suitable means. Assuming the sashes to be @s indicated in Fig. 2, they are .shifted by raising the lower sash 10 which 1s then groove 12 is a hole adapted to receive the.
Guided by the parting strips 11 and 7 and anges 14 which work in the grooves 16 which extend about the length of the upper sash 9. The sash 10 is raised until its lower edge is above the level'of the strip 11 when it is swung inwardly and the two sashes are shifted into the position shown in Fig. 1 1n the full lines, then the sashes are shifted as indicated in dotted lines in said figure and finally stored in the roof pockets. They are restored to their'lower position by a reverse of the above operation. Holes 23 enable the sashes to be held in other positions. I
ln Figs. 7 to 17 inclusive is shown another modification of my invention. This construction also has in the car 1, the roof 2, stanchions 3, head lining 4, letter board 6, the roof 2, window sills 5, outside parting strip 7, inside partmg strip 11, curtain groovev 13, sashes 9 and 10, upper and lower respectively, sash bolt 20, upper pintle 17, handle 1S, slot 19 and screw 2 1, as well as the flanges 14 with their inturned edges 15, which enter corresponding grooves 16 in the lower sash. Bolt holes 22 and 23 are also provided at suitable locations. There are also certain differences from the structure above described as to Figs. 1 to 6 inclusive. The head lining 4 is hinged at 25 to the' deck rail 26 and carries with 1t the curtain rail 27 and the curtain 28 and its supports or bearings 29. This headlining 4 also carries the spring 24, or other suitable supporting means for the upper ends of the sash when in the roof ockets, and a brace 30 to stiffen the head ining and also suitable bolts 31 which may engage holes 32 to secure the head lining in its raised or closed position. The flanges 14 are each provided with suitable stops 33 which limit the movement of the sash 10 between the flanges 14. The pintles 17 slide in grooves 34 which are much shorter than the grooves 12 in F ig. 1 and extend only back of the letter board 6 and practically throughout its width. The bolts 2O slide in grooves 35 between the strips 7 and 11 and nearly up to the step S. Assuming the sashes to be as shown in Fig. 15, they are shifted to the position shown 1n Fig. 11, and vice versa, as followsz-T he bolts`31 are shifted and the head lining `4 lowered to the position shown in dotted lines in Fig. 11, and in full lines in Fig. 7. The sash 10 is then raised until abreast of the sash 9 and the two are then swung on the pintles 17 as pivots, until into the position shown in Fig. 11, meanwhile the bolt 20 has been withdrawn from the groove 35 as shown in Fig. 8. The headlining is closed on the sashes and the spring 24 supports them in their raised positions. By reversing these movements, the sashes may be lowered. a wide open window is desired, the sash may be moved vertically, as shown in Fig. 7 in dotted lines.
Yet another modification of my idea is found in Figls. 1S to 24 inclusive. This differs from the first-modification inthelfollowing respects z-The letter board Gis p'rbiiii'ded with a door 40 hinged in a recess 41A and from this recess 41 extends the pintle way 42- in which slides the pintle 17. The sashes are shifted from the position shown in Fig. 19 in full lines, to the position shown in dottedl lines in Fig. 24, as follows The lower sash 10 is raised abreast of the sash 9 and then the two are raised together and swung out, the upper ends striking the doors 40 and forcing the same to open when they have been moved a little beyond the position shown in Fig. 24, and then moved longitudinally as shown in Fig. 1S. This longitudinal movemeut continues until the sashes have been moved far enough to clear the curtain rail 27 when the inner ends are moved upwardly, and the outer, downwardly, until in the right position when the sashes 9 and 10 shift into the roof chamber where their inner ends are supported by the spring 24, and their outer ends by the pintle 17 which has been returned to the part 22 of the groove 42. By reversing these operations, the sashes may be restored to their original positions.
Various other modifications of my invention may be made as indicated by the annexed claims.
What I claim isi- 1. ln a car, a roof and headlining, stanchions, a pair of sashes and means for permitting one sash toslide abreast of the other and then both swing together so that one end of each sash is swung into the car and clear of the stanchions and then the sashes may be shifted between said roof and headlining.
2. In a car, a roof, a headlining, stanchions, a pair of sashes, one of which. is provided with flanges engaged by the other, parting strips on said stanchions, and means permitting one of said sashes to slide abreast of the other and then both swing together and be free of the stanchions at one end'of each sash and be adapted to be shifted into roof pockets.
3. In a car, stanchions, a roof supported thereby, a pair of sashes and flanges on one engaging the other, means Afor permitting one sash to slide abreast of the other and then both swung together and-partly free from the stanchions into an elevated position.
4. In a car, stanchions, a roof, a head lining under said roof, an upper and a lower sash, flanges on said upper sash and means on said lower sash engaging said flanges, a pivot pintle at the upper end of said upper sash and pintle grooves in said stanchions so that the sashes may be swung together above the head lining and below the roof.
5. ln a car, stanchions, a roof, a head lining under said roof, an upper and a lower sash, flanges on said upper sash and means for engaging said flanges on said lower sash re- IOC IOS
movably mounted pintles at the upper end of said upper sash and pintle grooves on said stanchions so that said sashes may be swung and moved into the space under the roof and over the head lining.
6. In a ear, stanchions, a roof, a head lining under said roof, an upper and a lower sash, means on one sash to cause it to engage the other'when the two are moved abreast, pintles on said upper sash near the upper end thereof, outside parting strips on said stanchions, and a pintle groove running parallel with said parting strip both above and below the upper sash when in its closed position so that one end of each of said sashes maybe swung clear of said stanohions and into said car and adapted to be shifted between the roof and headlining.
7. In a car, stanohions, a roof, a head linn ing under said roof7 upper and lower sashes, means on one sash to eauseit to engage the other when the two are moved abreast, removable pintles on said upper sash near the upper edge and pintle grooves in said stanchions extending a short distance above and below said upper sash when in its closed position so that one end of each of said sashes may'r be swung clear of said stanehions and into said oar and adapted to be shifted between the roof and'headlining.
CHARLES W. BENJAMIN.
GUsTAvE I. AIRNow, B. V. MOHAN.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4072338 *||Apr 5, 1976||Feb 7, 1978||Caterpillar Tractor Co.||Openable dual windshield arrangement for construction vehicles|
|US4618177 *||Sep 4, 1984||Oct 21, 1986||Schultz Robert F||Automatic latching mechanism for overhead doors|
|US20070264924 *||Sep 16, 2005||Nov 15, 2007||Pilkington Automo Tive Finland Oy||Vehicle Glazing|