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Publication numberUS854312 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 21, 1907
Filing dateOct 3, 1905
Priority dateOct 3, 1905
Publication numberUS 854312 A, US 854312A, US-A-854312, US854312 A, US854312A
InventorsCharles E Skinner, Samuel M Kintner
Original AssigneeWestinghouse Electric & Mfg Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Means for cooling transformers.
US 854312 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

No. 854,312. PATENTED MAY 21, 1907. Y O. E. SKINNER &- S. M. KINTNBR.

MEANS FOR COOLING TRANSFORMERS.

APPLICATION FILED 0OT.3, 1905.

INVENTIO WITNESSES: fdfitM/y g; 1% Mil. m (Mo 6.6% I: Y

? ATTdRNEY UNITED STATES meorrron.

CHARLES E. SKI'NNER, OF WILKINSBURG, AND SAMUEL M. KINTNER; OF PITTSBURG, PENNSYLVANIA, ASSIGNORS TO WESTINGHOUSE ELECTRIC &MANUFAOTURING COMPANY, A CORPORATION OF PENNSYLVANIA.

MEANS FOR COOLING TRANSFORMERS.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented May 21, 1907.

Application filed October 3,1905, Serial No. 281,185.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that we, CHARLES E. SKINNER and SAMUEL M. KINTNER, citizens of the United States, and residents, respectively, of Wilkinsburg and Pittsburg, in the county of Allegheny and State of Pennsylvania, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Means for Cooling Transformers, of which the following is aispecification.

Our invention relates to electrical transformers and it has for its object to provide a novel and improved means for cooling the same.

Our invention consists principally in the provis on of a system of circulation for the msulating liquid in which transformers are commonly immersed whereby ventilation of the winding and core structures may be effected independently and be separately regulated and whereby the insulating liquid may be cooled and foreign matter and moisture be removed therefrom.

Figure 1 of the accompanying drawings illustrates, partially in outline and partially in section, a transformer and a system of circulation embodying our invention and Fig. 2 is a sectional view ofa portion of the transformer shown in Fig. 1.

Immersed in an insulating liquid 1 that is contained in a suitable receptacle 2 is a trans former 3 that comprises a laminated core structure 4 having transverse ventilating spaces 5 and a winding 6, that is composed of a plurality of coils 7 which are separated by ventilating spaces 8. The ventilating spaces 5 in the core structure may be provided by any well known means such as laminae 9 having raised or bent-up portions 10 and the spaces 8 between the coils may be formed by means of suitable strips 11, communication between the'spaces 5 and 8 being prevented by means of a suitable insulating shell 12, that surrounds the straight side portions of the assembled coils.

of a pipe 14 that extends through the side of l the receptacle 2 and is provided upon the I exterior thereof with a valve 15 for rcgulating the volume of the stream which is discharged.

A suitable casing or shell 16 is secured upon one side of the magnetizable core structure 4 so as to provide a suitable chamber into which a pipe 17 may discharge. The pipe 17 extends through the side of the receptacle 2 and is provided with a regulating valve 18 upon the exterior of the receptacle. An exhaust pipe 19, that extends through the side of the receptacle 2 near its top, provides means whereby the warm insulating fluid may be removed from the receptacle.

The transformer and its receptacle are included in a system of circulation that comprises any suitable means for effecting flow of the liquid in the system such as a centrifugal pump 20 which may be operated by an electric motor 21 or any other prime mover, a filter 22 or other suitable means for removing foreign matter from the liquid, means for coolim the liquid such as that shown at 23, and a filter 24 for removing moisture from the liquid. As here shown, the filter for removing foreign matter comprises a Zigzag passage 25 in which are located suitable screens 26 or similar devices for obstructing the free passage of foreign particles. The cooling means 23 is here shown as comprising a plurality of lengths of pipe connected by return bends and upon which criniped disks 23 are strung to provide a large superficial area for radiation.

A greater or less number'of pipe lengths may be employed and the arrangement be otherwise modified, if desired. It will be also understood that the pipe or pipes may be subjected to the action of currents of air, water or other fluid in order to promote the desired cooling efifect. dehydrated by passing it through a receptacle that contains calcium oxid 27 or other suitable anhydrous substance. it is, of course, understood that thestructural details of these parts may be suchas are foundmost convenient in practice and since they form no of our present invention need not be shown and described more fully.

l Jhen pump 20 is in operation, the insulating fluid is caused to circulate through the system and streams are directed r spectively into the hollow base 13 and from thence through the ventilating apertures 8 between the coils '3, and into the casing 16 and from thence through the yentilating The liquid may be KOO p in the magnetiz able core structure, the volumes of the streams being regulated by means of valves 15 and 18. The insulating liquid which is drawn from the top of the receptacle is that which has absorbed heat from the transformer upon passage through the ventilating apertures, it being cooled and filtered in order to remove foreign particles and moisture before being returned to the transformer for ventilating purposes.

, We claim as our invention:

, 1. The combination with. a transformer having a casing, a laminated core structure provided with ventilating spaces and a winding com rising a plurality of spaced coils, of means or directing streams of insulating liquid respectively into the core spaces and the winding spaces, means for independently regulating the volumes of the streams, and means for withdrawing the united volumes of liquid from the top of the casing.

2.-The combination with a transformer having a casing, a laminated core'structure rovided with ventilating spaces and a winding comprising a plurality of spaced coils, of

- means for directing independent streams of the liquid respectively into the core spaces and the winding spaces, means for regulating the volume of the streams, and means for withdrawing the united volumes of liquid w from the top of the casing.

3. The combination with a transformer the core and winding structures of which are provided with ventilating apertures having non-communicating inlet ends, and an insulating liquid in which the transformer is im-. mersed, of a system of circulation for the liquid comprising means for directing independent streams of the liquid respectively through the core apertures and the winding apertures.

4. The combination with a transformer the core and winding structures of which are provided respectively withvent-ilating apertures havim non-'communicatiru inlet ends, and an insiilating liquid in which the transj former is immersed, of a system of circulathe core and winding structures of which are provided respectively with ventilating apertures having non-communicating inlet ends, and an insulating liquid in which the transformer is immersed, of a system of circulation for the liquid comprising means for effecting movement thereof, means for directing streams of the liquid respectively through the core apertures and the winding apertures and means for cooling the liquid.

6. The combination with a transformer the core and winding structures of which are provided respectively with ventilating apertures having non-communicating inlet'ends, and an insulating liquid in which the transformer is immersed, of a system of circulation for'the liquid comprising means for effecting movement thereof, means for directing streams of the liquid respectively through the core apertures and the winding apertures and means for filtering the li uid.

7. The combination with a trans ormcr the core and win ding structures of which are provided respectively with ventilating apertures having non-communicating inlet ends, and an insulating liquid in which the transformer is immersed, of a system of circulation for the liquid comprising means for effecting movement thereof, means for direct ing streams of the liquid respectively through the core apertures and the winding apertures and means for dehydrating the liquid.

8. The combination with a transformer the core and Winding structures of which are provided respectively with ventilating apertures havim non-communicating inlet ends, and an insulating liquid "in which the transformer is immersed, of a system of circulation for the liquid comprising means for effecting movement thereof, means for directing streams of the liquid respectively through the core apertures and the winding apertures,

means for cooling the liquid, means for filtering the liquid and means for dehydrating the liquid.

In testimony whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our names this 27th day of September, 1905.

- CHARLES E. SKIN NER.

SAMUEL M. KINTNER. Witnesses:

A. M. SKINNER, BIRNEY HrNEs.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2855453 *Feb 9, 1954Oct 7, 1958Eidensohn SamuelSystem for heating and cooling electrical batteries
US2994732 *Mar 25, 1959Aug 1, 1961Gen ElectricPump enclosure assembly
US3406244 *Jun 7, 1966Oct 15, 1968IbmMulti-liquid heat transfer
US4232551 *Mar 19, 1979Nov 11, 1980General Electric CompanyLeak detector for vaporization cooled transformers
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationH01F27/12, Y10S210/06