US 854397 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No, 854,397. A PATENTBD MAY 21', 1907'.
' F. s. & P. H. BEAGH.:
`CULVERTl A .PILIOATION FILED AUG. 11, 1905.
2 SHEETS- GEEST l..
No. 854,397. PATIENTBD MAY 21, 1907.
' F. s.' at F. H. BEACH.
I cULvBRT. APPLIOATION FILED AUG. 11, 1906.
2 SHEETS-snm' 2.
,. l i f 'Attorneys IUI.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
FRED s. BEACH AND 4inronn. BEACH, or CnARLoiTn-ivncnieaiv.
Specication o f Lettersgate'i.
Patented May 21, 1907.
Application nea iugm 11,1905. Sain No. 278.786..
the following is a specification.
' This invention-relates to-certain improvewhile at the same sary to prevent 'accom an g p ylibreto appended 1t being underchanges in form propor-f principle or sacrificing `when the water in .tent as to ments in sectional culverts of'tha't generalv class designed for use -beneath railway-` tracks, roadways and thelike or in the construction of sewers, conduits 4and similar structures. of this character it has heretofore been -the custom to mold or otherwise form the several sections vof the culvert with interlocking lugs and to provide the adjacent edges thereof with seating flanges to permit independent lateralvmovementof the several sections when the water in the culvert freezes. It has been found by experience, however, that eral pressure on the walls of the culvert sections will dis lace said sections toA such an eX- isengage the locking lugs and thereby cause the culvert to collapse when the ice in the latter melts.
The object of the present invention is to obviate this difficulty vvby providing means for limiting the lateral movement of the several culvert sections so that said sections will be retained in constant engagement with each other regardless of climatic conditions time permitting the requisite lateral movement of said sections necesinjury to the same when sub-V jected to internal pressure.
With thesev and other objects in view the invention consists in the 'construction and novel combination and arrangement of parts hereinafter fully described, illustrated in the drawings and pointed out in the claims stood that various tions and minor details of construction may be resorted to without departing from` the any of the advantages of the invention.
-cordance withmy In the vm5 Gmpanying drawings forming a part of. this speciiicationzf-Figure 1 is a per of a culvert constructed in acinvention. Fig; 2 is -asimilar view illustrating a modified form'4 of the invention. Fig. 2v is a perspective view s ective view vresidingat Charlotte, in the county Y In the manufacture of culverts the culvert freezes the lat- .showing a modied form of Fig. 2. Fig.v 4 is a perspective view illustrating a further modijication.
showing each section ofthe culvert provided with parallel ribs -for the 'reception of the unobstructed edge, of the adjacent section. Fig. 6 is a similar view vshowing the opposite longitudinal edges of the base section provided .with'parallel ribs. 'Fig.'7 is a perspec- Vtive view ofa furtherl modification in which the culvert sections are formed withdovetailed interlocking lugs. Fig. 8 is a similar view of a still fur her modification wherein the interlocking lugs are formed of angle iron. l
Similar numerals of reference indicate corresponding parts in all [the figures of the drawings.
for the purpose of lillustrating the dierent ways of accomplishing the same result namely; preventing excessive lateral movement of the culvert sections.
metal or other suitable material are preferably triangular in cross section, as shown, and each comprises a base 5 and sectional side plates 6 and 7. The plates are made in and arranged to dinal junctures, said'plates being preferably slightly curved or bowedin cross section and formed with a seriesof transversely disposed strengthening ribs orV corrugations 8, varying in number and distance apart according to the size of the plates and strength required for thel culvert.. l
In the preferred form of the invention, shownin Fig.. 1 of the drawings, the plates are interchangeable and each provided atits opposite lo Oitudinal edges wltha plurality o spaced loc 'ng' lugs 9 adapted to interlock with the corresponding lugs of an adjacent section when the several sections are assembled, said lugs forming. interrupted seating flanges 9 for theedges of the plates whereby said plates are free to move aterally 'when the water inthe culvert freezes. ing lugs 9 are formed with lateral projections orflanges 10, portions of adjacent plates and serve-to limit the lateral movement of said plates when the water inthe culvert freezes. Byhaving vthe Several forms of culverts are hereinshown.
vsuitable lengths, abutting at opposite ends break joint at their longitu-` Fig. l5 is a perspective v1ew V The culverts which may be constructed .of
The lock which engage the curved body locking -lug'sformed in the manner described eaidilugslwill be retainedinconstant engage- Wardly om the edges thereof to form seating nal edges of adj acent ate being formed with a .plu'
nient lwith eachother regardless ofclimatic,`
conditions/so that when the ice "in the culand .the side plates 6 and 7 are each provided Witha series of u wardly Iproj ecting triangular sha ed inter ocking ugs 11 spaced inilanges 12for the recegtion of thelongitudij p ates, the longitudinal edge ofeach p rality of laterally projecting flanges or stop lugs13 similar to t e lugsshown inl Fig. 1 for I limiting 'the lateralymovement of said plates,
While in Fig. 3 a continuousflange or stop rib 14 is provided purpose. 'I
lnjFig. 4 each plate comprising the culvert is provided .with a shoulder or offset 15 delining a seating'llangel provided with locking lugs I17 which engage corresponding notches orrecesses 18 formed in the longitudinal edge In this case the odset of the adjacent plate. edge of each plate is provided with a continuous` stop rib or flange 19 similar to that shown in Fig.,3 for limiting the-lateral movement of the several plates,alt`hough one or more spaced stay lugsmay-be employed in' this forni ofthe device if desired. l
In Fig.v5 there is illustrated a further modification in which leach plate is'formed at the edge thereof With a longitudinally disposed.
upwardly extending rib 20 defining a seating flange 21 and provided at intervals with notches or recesses'22 adapted to receive spaced locking lugs 23 projecting from the.
inner face of the plate lat the opposite edge thereof, there being a similar long1tudinal rib or flange 24 formed on `one ed e of each-plate and s` aced from the rib 20 or limiting the latera movement of said plates. j'
Fig. y6 shows 'a culvert similar in construction vto that shown in Fig. 5 only the base plate 5 is formed with a stop rib ,or liange 2,4
' at each longitudinal'edge thereof.
Ving disengaged from each 'otherwhich is-a- "S A further modification is 1llustrated' in 7 of the drawings inwhich the vseveral plates comprising the culvert are provided with interlocking dovetailed lugs .25 Awhich allow a limited lateral movement of .the plates but prevent complte separation of the pait's`,
while in Fig. 8 the dovetailed locking lugs 26 are Vformed of angle iron, as shownfthereb serving to reinforce and strengthen the cu -V vert and at the same timelimit the' lateral movement of the independent sections.
From the foregping description itl culverts are free to expand or move laterally and vat the samel time prevented from becommaterial `=advantage in this class of devices sitiOn.
for accomplishing the same inasmuch as it effectively prevents collapsing of the culverts after being once 'placed in po- Havin thus described is claime is:-' s j l- 4 Y. I 1-. A sectional culvert comprising a. plu# rality of laterally-'movablesections provided Withinterlocking lugs, and projections carthe invention, what ried by and extending at an angle from the 4- free endsiof the lugs andadapted to engage the exterior'walls of an adjacent section for.
limiting the lateral movement ofsaid ,sec'
tions. 4 l
-2. A sectional culvert comprising a. plu.- rality of laterallymovablesections each provided` with interlocking lugs, the spaces be# tween the lugs constituting an interrupted seating flange, and means carried by and ex'- vtending-at an angle from the free ends of the lugs and adapted to engage the exterior Walls ofan adjacent section or limiting the lateral movement of said sections,v
3. A sectional culvert comprising aplurality of laterally-movable interchangeable sections provided with interlocking .lugs the ends of which are bent-at an angle tofthe longitudinal plane of the lugs forengage.- ment with 'the exterior Walls of an adjacen/t section thereby to limit the lateral 'move ment of said sections. l. l l j `4. A sectional culvert comprising a plurality oflaterally movable Sections arranged in substantially tri-angular form and provided witli intereng'aging parts, and a pro' jection on each section and extending latere', ally at an angle from the locking means for engagementj with the exteriorA walls of an adjacent section thereby to limit the lateral. movement of'said sections. I v
5. A sectionaly culvert comprisingfa 4'plurality of laterally movable sections having' interengaging parts for locking; saidy sections y, against longitudinal movement, and lmeans said sections.
Yon each sectionind'ependent 'of the looking means forlimiting the lateral movernelltf 6. A sectional culvert .comprising a-'plu-w "movement of said sections'. j.
7'. A sectional'culvert comprising a'plu" lralityof; laterally movable sections having interlocking arts, and means "on each sec' tionindepen ent of. the locking means andv l over-lappm the exterior walls lof adjacent Will be seen .that the sectional plates ofthe different.
sections for imiting the lateral movement of said sections.
f 8; A sectional vculverty comprising a plu. i rality of lateral. movable interlocking sec-l rio for engagement with the exterior Walls of adjacent. sections thereby to limit the lateral Vmovement of saidsections.
9. A sectona1` culvert comprising a plurality` of laterally movable sections havin their' oppositelongitudinal ed es provide Y .with spaced recesses dening ocking lugs over-lapping the exterior Walls of ad]acent sections for limiting the lateral movement of said sections.
' In testimony that We claim the foregoing as our own, We have hereto aiiixed our sgna- 15 tures in the presence of two Witnesses. A
FRED s. BEACH. FITCH H. BEACH.
FEED A. FAIRCHILD, C. L. THOMAS.