US 855038 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
`PATENTUU MAY 28,`19C7.
. H.P.BALL. 4 A MUSIC NCL-L PCR MECHANICAL MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS.,
APPLICATION FILED FEB. 9,- 1903.
unirsi) erfenis .PATENT omen- ,HENRY PRICE BALL, or. NEW YORK, N. Y.,
ASSIGNOR oFv oNE-HALF- To` SAMUEL INSULL,,()FYZI-IICAGO,4 ILLINOIS.
wluslc-noLL Fon v-wuscl-usumcm. MUSICAL yllifis'rrauwlEure.
`Svljpecifcatoxan of Letters Patent.' i Application led February 9, 1903. Serial No. 142,507.
" Patented May 2s, 19o/7.
To all whomttm/ayl concern:
Beit known that I, HENRY PRICE BALL, a 1 citiZenofthe United States, residing at New York city, county and State ofNew York, have inventedcertain new and useful llmrovementsI i'n Music-Rolls for Mechanical usical Instruments, of which the following is a specificationf.
, My inventin consists in the construction lo lof a music roll and its'supports, 'as also in the means whereby the muslc strip upon'the music roll isv centered relative tothe trackerboard.
The object of my invention i's to provide a Amusic roll on which a music strip may freely .expand and contract when influenced by atmos heric conditions, and which will serve to gui e the music strip and cause it to register with the desired openings inpthetracker' '2o board, and thus overcome the objection-oi` z 5 ments employing a music strip and a tracker- 3 5 Fig. 2 is a view 1n perspective'of the music roll 'and the devices forexerting an inward pressure upon the guiding iianges and giving Fig. 3 is a longitudinall motion to the roll. section through the tubeformin partof the 4o music roll. Fig. 4 is a longitu inal section through the tube, and vertical section through the guiding flanges at the ends of the tube.
Fig. 5 isa longitudinal section and elevation' of a modified form. offroll, its supportin mechanism and centering mechanism, an
'also showing in elevation and section a music strip partially wound upon the 'music rolll Fig. 6 is a perspective view of the nip le used to transmit motion of the power sha t tothe 5o music roll.
In the drawings, 10 indicates the supporting body Jr'vor the music strip.v ,This may be constructed as shown in Figs. 1, 3 and/1, of a hollow tube, formed of any'materialwhch v will have substantially the same coefcient of expansion' and contraction, under atmospheric conditions, as the substance of which the music stri is made. now comm'o y formed of pa er,.I may 'form this tube of paper; that is, I) may form the tube of a er pulp or by su er'posing layers of Etliie re uired width I wish it understood that-I do not limitLmyself-inanywise to the manner of making the- -tube, or of the material from which it 'may be 'As music .strips are .upon each other until the desire diameter of tube is obtained.
made, so long as it will contract and ex and in accordance with the contraction an expansion of the `music stri wound thereon.'
,Insteadlof-primarily orming the tube as vshown'in Figs. 1, 3 and 4, I may form the supporting body by winding a/portion of the material from which the music strip is made upon a separate body, as shown inFig'. 5i In this figure, strips or' other forms of metal, or
' other material, 1 1 are connected together by 'means of rivets 12, and upon such body there is wound the required number of layers of thel music strip 13. It will be observed from a comparison' of Figs. 1, 3, 4 and5, that'ineach form of music roll provision is made for 'the admission .of atmospheric air to the interior of the supporting body.-` Tl1is I find to' be necessary owing to the fact that if air is only allowed access to the 'outside of the supporting body, it iwill not contract and expand at the same ratio as that ofthe music strip Wound on it, but at ja different ratio. In
other words', to produce the best results, the' supporting body must be so constructed that the air wi ll act equally on all sides.
The supporting'body 10 is made preferably 'I slightly longer thanv the' width-of themusic strip: f Arranged ateach end of the 'supporting body are the guiding flanges 14, vhaving openings 15. To carry the supporting body y and ilanges 14v in a mechanica musical instrument, withwhich it is to be used, and to 18, vand ends turned oppositely at right angles 19. These nipples have their cylindrical portions 17 introduced into thesupportingv provi de means for transmitting motion to the l music roll, there is arranged in each end of the supporting body the ni ples 16, Fig. 6,. i These nipples consist 'of a cy mdrical portionv i 17, having the projecting parallel extensions Amusic strip 13 ex ands.
The music rol, so far as described', to-
' gether with the music strip wound thereon,
forms what may be termed a commercial music roll, such as is now sold for use with mechanical, musical instruments.
In order to provide for moving the guiding -flanges inward upon contraction of the music .strip ilipon'the music roll, I provide th'e disks 20. iese disks are mounted on and secured l' to short shafts21, 22, carried in bearings 23,
on the mechanical musical instrument and in which they are 'longitudinally movable. These shafts extend through the disks and are ada ted to be introducedinto the open ings 24 etween 4the parallel extensions 18 of thev nipples 16, thereby supporting the roll. In order to give motion to the roll, the disks 20-are slotted across their inner faces, 25, to receive the ends'lQ of the nipples 16. The slots 25 are made of such depth that when the disks 20 are moved inwardly the flanges 14 will be brought in contact with the outer ends of the sup orting body 10, beforethe ends of the nipp es 16 seat themselves in the bottom of the slots. Motion is transmitted to the music roll by means of the broad faced gear 26, in mesh with a narrowfaced gear 27, on`shaft 22. i l In order to center the music roll'relative to the trackenboard, as well as to provide for the inward movement of the disks 20, there is mounted upon the shafts 21, 22, the collars 2S. These collars are slotted and located in the slots are pins 29, mounted in yokes 30, on the Aupper end of levers 31,- ivoted at 32. Connected to the lower end o `the levers 31, are the. links 33, pivoted to a lever 34, which is pivoted at to the frame of the instrument and centrally of the tracker-board.
' In order t`o exert a constant elastic tension in an outward direction upon the links 33,
the spring36, is employed. The lever 34 is" also provided with a handle 37, by means of which the position of the links 33 and the disks 2O maybe regulated by hand.
The operation of the device is as follows Then changes in atmospheric conditions takeplace, the supporting body will expand and contract vwith the music strip mounted on it. There expansion takes place, guiding flanges 14 are moved outwardly.. When contraction takes place, the guiding flanges`14 under the action of the s ring 36, acting through the links 83 and dis s 20, are moved inward. Centering of the roll :.is `eil`ected,
owing to the fact that the disks ..14 make `equal pressure on opposite 'ends of the roll.
The centering device and means for moving the disks 20 inwardly I find to be well adapted for the purpose. I wish it understood, however, that I do not limit myself to the employment of the mechanism described, as it is obvious that very many devices may be employed which will accomplish the same result. L
Having thus described my invention, I claim 1. A music roll comprising in its construetion, a supporting body having the same coefiicient ,of expansion as the' music strip wound thereon, nipples in the ends of said. supporting body, and guiding iiangeslongitudinally movable onsaid nipples.
2. A music roll comprising in its eonstruc` tion, a supporting body variable in length under atmospheric changes, nipples in the end of said supporting body, having ends at right angles Ato the body of the nipple, and guiding flanges carried by said nipples and longitudinally movable thereon.v
` 3. A music roll comprising a tube having the same expansion and contraction as the music strip wound thereon, separate and freely movable guiding flanges pressed lagainst each end of the tube, andl means whereby the tube and its flanges are centered in relation to the tracker-board of the instrument with which they are used.
4. lIn combination with a music roll comioo prising in its construction a supporting body variable in length under atmospheric changes and provided with longitudinally movable guiding ianges, also supports on which said anges move having turned up ends, of longitudinally movable disks slotted on their inner*faces to receive the turned up ends of the supports.
5. The combination with a music roll hav ing a supporting body variable in length under atmospheric changes, of means for centering said roll relative. to the trackerboard, said means consisting of a lever pivoted centrally of the tracker-board upon the musical instrument, an elastic, device exert ing a constant tension on said lever in one direction, and means interposed between the lever and the endsof the music roll,
`whereby the elastic tension exerted upon the lever will b e transmitted to and equally exerted upon opposite ends of the music roll.
6. In combination with a music roll provided with a su porting body and longitudinally movable i anges, of a pair of longitudinally movable supporting shafts. disks secured to said shafts, and means for exerting an inward elastic tension through said disks upon said guiding flanges.
7. The combination with a music roll, of longitudinally `movable supports therefor,
30 .guidingflanges, and Iadapted to co-act with said driving means.
and means external tothe roll for producingl equal longitudinal travel of said supports.
. 8,'111 combination Witha muslcfroll, of
means' external to the roll for centering the roll in relation to the tracker-board in accordance with the expansion and contraction'of suchroll.V i j 9. In combination with aA music roll,4 of bearings therefor, and means for4 moving the roll upon its bearings tov maintain a central relation with the tracker-board.
10. The comb` ation `of a tubular' body,
` freelymovable guiding flanges located in re- `to the tracker-board.
' lation to said body," suppo rting .bearings for said body and flanges, andI means ivoted centrally Aof the tracker-board of t e ma'- chine upon Which the roll is used, adapted-to exert constant inward pressure upon the guiding flanges and to center the roll relative 'said body, 'guiding flanges longitudinally 13. The combination with a music. roll and I' thelongitudinally movable bearings upon which it issupported, of collars on said bearings, levers co-acting With said collars, a pivotedlever, -means for exerting a constant t'ension in one direction upon Said'lastnamed lever, and links interposed between saidl last 'named lever and said first named lever.
14. The combination With a music. roll, of
guiding flanges at the ends of the roll but not connected to said. roll, journal pinsv carrying 'said guiding flanges, -and means for shifting said .journal pins in theirbearings to maintain a point on the roll at the center of the trackerboard. y
l15.- Thecombination with a music roll, of
l means not 'connected tothe roll for support-I ing the rolland centering it in relation to the tracker-board, said .means comprising supporting flanges mountedon spindles located.
in bearings in which they are longitudinally movable, and means for effecting longitudinal movement of said spindles in their bear- A ings. y
16.` The combinationvvitha music roll, ofl means for supporting said music roll, centering it in relation to the tracker-board and rotating it, said means consistin of supporting flanges not connected'to sai roll, spindles situated in bearings inWhich they are longitudinally movable connected to said flan es, a narrow-faced gearmountedf'on one o said spindles, a broad-facedgiear with which said narrow-faced gear co-acts, aiid .means ,for effecting' a co1nc1dent-longitud1nal movement of the spindles intheir bearings; f
sup orting and guiding flanges not connected tot e roll, means for effecting a constant inl Wardvtens1on u on said flanges, spindles connected to said anges, bearings in which said spindles are longitudinally movable, meansfor centering said 'roll in relation to" the tracker-board, andv meansfor rotating said roll irrespective of its position relative lto its supporting bearings.
18. A music roll comprising atube having .thesame ex ansion and contraction-as the `material to whereby the tube is centered relative to the .tracker-board. of tlfe musical instrument in .-Which it is used, and a flange pressed against e Wound thereon, vand means each end of the tube.
' 19. Amusic roll, comprising a cylindrical 'body variable .in length under atmospheric conditions, a-perforated music strip Wound upon said body, independent guiding flanges situated atjthe opposite ends ofsaid body and sides of. said music roll, independent 17'. The combination with amusicroll, of'
means located in the ends of the supporting body for supporting and permitting longitudinal movement of said flanges relative to said supporting body, together with means fon-supporting and rotating said parts 'in a mechanical musical instrument. n
20L Inrcombination, a music roll comprising a supporting body and a perforated music strip formed of material Which Willcoincidently expand and contract under atmospheric changes, and mechanism for supporting and centering said music roll, comprising supporting and guiding flanges, spindles upon which said flanges are mounted, .and means for effecting longitudinal movement of said spindles and flanges to maintain a point onthe music roll atthe center ofthe trackerboard.
21. The combination with a music roll,
of'longitudinally movable bearing 4sup orts therefor, and means external to the ro lfor producing fequal longitudinal travel of said supports.
22. A music roll comprising in its construction, a tubular body, guiding flanges at each end thereof, and. nipples securing the flanges to the-body.,V i
23. A music roll comprising a tubular supporting body, a music strip thereon, separable flanges, tubular bodies for holding said flanges in relation With the supporting body, and means for imparting rotary -motion to the supporting body, music strip and flanges.
24. A music roll comprising a tubular supporting body, a music strip thereon, separable flanges, su porting means for said ITO flanges held in I e ation With said body by music roll comprising '.a'tubular body, a
Aat each end of the tube engaging with but 'the combination with a music sheet take-up friction, and means for driving said parts when placed in a mechanical musical instrument.
25. A music roll comprising a tubular body, separable flanges at each end of said body, separable nipples at each end of said body, said nipples adapted to co-act with the driving means of a mechanical musical instrument to impart rotary movement to the roll.
26. In a mechanical musical instrument, a music roll comprising a tubular body, .a music sheet wound thereon, a nipple at each end, disks independent of the tubular body, and means for transmitting rotary motion from the Idisks to the body through the nipple.
27 In a mechanical musical instrument, a
music sheet wound thereon, a flange at each end of the body," means for securing the flanges to the body, 'a pair of independent disks, and means for transmitting motion from the independent disks to the music sheet.
'28.- In 'a mechanical musical instrument, a paper tube, a flange at each end thereof, a nipple holding each flange in position, a disk detachable from each nipple, said disks having free longitudinalmovement on but no rotary movement relative to said nipples.
29. A spool for a .music roll comprising a for reinforcing the tubular body and securing the flanges in position.
30. A spool for a music roll comprising a ends of the tubular body, and flanges secured in position by said flanged members but not attached thereto.
' 31. In a mechanical musical instrument,
roller, comprising opposed vflange members adiustable toward and away from each* other; of means operatively connecting said flange members, arranged to insure their reciprocatory movement in definite relation to' each other.
3Q. A spool for a music roll comprising a tubular body, flanges at each end of the body, `and tubular members securing the flanges in position but not attached thereto. 33. A spool Afor a music roll comprising a tubular body, flanges at each end of the body, and tubular flanged members securing the flanges in position but not attached thereto. y
34. A spool for a music roll com )rising a tubular body, flanges at each en body, and hollow flanged members securing the flanges inl position but not attached thereto.
35. A spool for a music roll comprising a tubular body, a` flange at each end thereof, re-inforcing means for the tubular body securing the flanges in position, and separable flanged members serving as supports for the spool.
36, A spool for a music roll comprising a tubular body, a flange secured at each end thereof, and separable flanged members serving as supports for the spool.
37. A spool .for a music rollcomprising a' tubular body, a flange secured at each end thereof, and separable flanged members serving as supports and driving means for 'the spool. tubular body, terminal flanges therefor, and
means structurallyindependent of the flanges 38. A spool for a music rollcomprising a tubular body, a flange secured at each end thereof, and separable members provided with clutching flanges serving as supports for the spool.
39. A. spool for a music roll comprising a tubular body, flanges at the ends thereof, and spring pressed supports for the roll.
In testimony whereof, I. allix my signature, in the presence of two witnesses.
HENRY PRICE BALL. VVitnesse's LEWIS II. DAVENPORT, NrooLAr AALL. V