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Publication numberUS857653 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 25, 1907
Filing dateSep 16, 1904
Priority dateSep 16, 1904
Publication numberUS 857653 A, US 857653A, US-A-857653, US857653 A, US857653A
InventorsFrank F Mccaulley
Original AssigneeFrank F Mccaulley
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 857653 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented June 25, 1907.

Application filed September 16,1904. Serial No. 224,694.

To aZZ whom, it may concern:

Be it known that I, FRANK F. MOCAULLEY a citizen of the United States of America, residing at Sistersville, in the county of Tyler and State of West Virginia, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Swings, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawing.

This invention has relation to swings, and more particularly to that class which are adapted for use upon verandas and lawns, and the object of this invention is to provide a novel form of swing which be readily supported in a frame or swung from the ceiling of a veranda or porch.

Another object of this invention is to provide a portable swing which will be adjustable whereby the same may be inclined or adjusted to form a chair, and I have provided novel means whereby the swing proper may be supported and swiveled in a suitable frame for use in connection with lawns.

The invention further contemplates providing a swing which can be made of light weight iron of standard dimensions, and the swing proper can be disassembled whereby a compact form is obtained for transportation, the parts being readily assembled when it is desired to construct the swing. By con structing the same of light metal of standard sizes, the cost of manufacture is reduced to a minimum, aiid a strong and durable swing obtained.

The invention finally consists in the novel construction, combination and arrangement of parts to be hereinafter described and specifically pointed out in the claims.

In describing the invention in detail, reference is had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this application, in which the figure illustrates a perspective view of my improved swing.

In the drawing accompanying this application, I have illustrated the swing as being mounted in a lawn stand, but I do not care to limit myself to the specific use of the swing in this stand, as the same may be detached and supported from suit able hooks in the ceiling of a veranda or porch, or, if it be desired, the stand may be placed upon the veranda or porch when it is not desired to disfigure the ceiling thereof with hooks or like supports upon which the swing may be supported.

In the view illustrating my invention, the reference characters A and B designate a set of metallic strips, each set comprises two strips which form the base of the stand or frame in which my improved swing is mounted. These metallic strips support an inverted U-shaped frame C, which is preferably made of a pipe bent to conform to the shape described, the ends of the pipe being formed with a contracted portion which is inserted between the stripscomprising the sets A and B of the base, and the ends of the pipe C are riveted to the strips as indicated at D. The frame or pipe C is further supported by an angularly disposed brace E, the one end of which brace surrounds the pipe or frame C, while the other end of each brace is riveted between the metallic strips as indicated at F. The base of the inverted U- shaped frame C is spaced apart or braced by a transverse angular strip G, the ends of which are secured to the pipe or frame C.

The reference character H designates a bolt which is secured in the top of the frame 0 and upon this bolt is swiveled or pivotally mounted my improved swing.

The swing comprises an inverted U-shaped member 1, which is provided with an aperture 2, whereby the same may be mounted upon the bolt H. The depending sides of the member 1 are provided with a plurality of apertures 3, and in these apertures are pivotally mounted angularly-disposed frames 4, 4, which constitute the sides of the swing, the

lower ends of these frames being spaced apart by the bars 5, and these bars form side rails or arm rests for the occupant of the swing.

The reference numeral 6 designates a connection between the bars 5 and the frames 4, and when these bars are connected together, the foot rails 7, 7 and the back rails 8, 8, are connected thereto. These rails are spaced apart by the cross rods 9, 10, 1 1. To the protruding ends of the cross rod 10 I secure rear- Wardly extending bars 12, 12 which have their outer ends braced together by the cross rod 14, and said bars are supported from the lower ends of the back rails as designated at 15, 15, and where this connection is made, the toothed bars 16, 16 are connected, the teeth of which are adapted to engage the pins 17, 17 carried by the bars 5.

By the construction just described, it will be seen that the foot support and the back of the swing are adjustable, and the position of the back and foot supports being determined by the toothed bars which engage the bars 5, it will be observed that the back and the foot ployed by me permits of the swing being turned around at any angle desired, at the same time swinging within the member 1, and I wish it to be understood that while I have herein described the swing in its frame as being made of metal, the same may be readily constructed of light strips of wood and that any other suitable means may be employed for adjusting the inclination of the back and foot rests of the swing.

It will be noted that various changes may be made in the details of construction without departing from the general spirit of my invention.

Having fully described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is 1. The combination with an inverted U- shaped supporting-frame, of a swing-frame suspended from said supporting-frame, and a swing carried by the swing-frame and comprising supporting-bars adjustably-connected at their upper ends to the swing-frame, arm-rest bars pivotally-connected to said It will also be seen that supporting-bars, foot-rails pivotally-connected to the forward ends of the arm-rest bars, cross-rods connecting said foot-rails, sidebars pivotally-connected at their forward ends to the foot-rails, back-rails pivotally connected to the arm-rest bars and the sidebars, a cross-rod connecting said back-rails adjacent their upper ends, pins carried by the arm-rest bars, and toothed racks to engage with said pins, substantially as described.

2. In a device of the class described, a supporting frame, a swing frame suspended from said supporting frame, and a swing carried by said swing frame and comprising supporting bars detachably connected at their upper ends to the swing frame, arm rests pivotally connected to said supporting bars and provided respectively with lateral pins, foot rails pivotally connected to the arm rests, transverse rods connecting said foot rails, side bars movably connected to the foot rails, back rails movably connected to the arm rests and side bars, a transverse rod connecting said back rails, and bars swinging from said swing frame and provided with spaced teeth adapted to engage with said lat eral pins.

In testimony whereof I ai'fix my signature in the presence of two witnesses.



S. R, OLAwsoN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2783824 *Mar 9, 1953Mar 5, 1957Morton D RechlerLounging chair with adjustable back rest
US3863981 *Mar 12, 1973Feb 4, 1975Edward R DoyleChair
US4398767 *Nov 12, 1981Aug 16, 1983Mcguigan Richard MPatio swing
Cooperative ClassificationA47C3/0255