US 858291 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
JAMES F. IRBY, OF BALTIMORE, MARYLAND,
lSKIIVINIEFI i Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented June 25, 1907.
Application led- December 14, 1906. Serial No. 347,809.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JAMEs F. IRBY, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of l Baltimore, in the State of Maryland, have` invented an Improvement in Skimmers, of which the following is a specification.
My invention is an improvement in skimmers, designed especially for use in skimming the grease from the top of soups.; and the invention consists in certain novel constructions and combinations of parts as will be hereinafter described and claimed.
In the drawing, Figure 1 is a perspective view, and Fig. 2 is a vertical section of a skimmer embodying my invention. Fig. 3 is a vertical section, and Fig. 4 is a cross section on about line 4 4 of Fig. 3 of a somewhat different form of skimmer.
By my invention I provide the skimmer with a dished bottom, and at the upper portion of the dished bottom with an opening through which the grease and other surface portion of the soup may pass to flow into the dished bottom and be retained by the body wardly from the lower end portion or rim of the skimmer in the use of the device. In connection bottom, I prefer to provide a bell shape flange at the base extending outwardly therefrom to increase the surface acted upon by the skimmer at each operation or depression thereof.
'In the construction shown in Figs. 1 and 2, I employ a cylindrical body portion or rim A, supplied with a suitable handle B. The bottom C fits within the cylindrical body A at the lower end thereof and projects upwardly into the bottom, having its concavity on its lower side and dished Von its upper side to form an annular space D, to which the grease, scum and the like, on the top of the soup, will pass through the opening C', in the upper portion of the bottom C., such upper portion being at the apex of the conical bottom C, and preferably arranged centrally within the body A, as best shown in Fig. 2 of the drawing. The bell shape flange E projects outof the body A, and forms a prolongation of the bottom C, increasing the area of the surface of the soup acted upon by the skimmer as it is depressed in the soup to cause the grease and other floating particles to discharge through the opening C in the bottom into the space in the body A provided for such purpose.
A suitable strainer F which may be of wire gauze, as shown, is provided at the upper end with the dished of the body portion or rim, and
.is usedlike that shown in Figs.
of the body side thereof pose of separating the scum. from the skimmed material whenever desired, as some cooks like to pour the'grease back into the soup, and this faclitates the grease as desired.
In Figs. 3 and 4, show a somewhat different construction from that presented in Figs. 1 and 2 but within the broad principles of my invention. In this construction the body portion or rim a has at its lower end the laterally projecting bell shape flange e similar to the corresponding parts in Figs. 1 and 2, and the bottom 010 is dished downwardly toward its center forming the space d for the substance skimmed from the soup, and at A, and extending between one the upper portion of this dished bottom 010 I provide inlet openings C11 through which the grease, etc. may pass from the surface of the soup into the body a and thence into the Space d provided for it. This construction 1 and 2. he construction is simple, can be easily and cheaply manufactured, and will efficiently serve the purpose for which it is ntended.
1. A skimmer substantially as herein described, having a body portion or rim, a handle projecting upwardly therefrom, a bell shape flange projecting outwardly and slomping downwardly from the lower edge of the body or rim, a conical bottom inclining upwardly within the body or rim, and forming an annular space within the body or rim and below the apex or point of the conical bottom, and having an opening at its point or apex for the passage of grease and the like into the body .or rim, and a strainer extending between one side of the body or rim at the upper edge thereof and the handle, all substantially as and for the purposes set forth. f
2. A skimmer comprising a body portion or rim, a conical bottom sloping upwardly thereinto, and provided at its apex with an opening for the passage of grease and the like, and a bell shape flange projecting outwardly and downwardly from the lower end of the body portion or rim, substantially as set forth.
separation of thel and the handle B for the pur- IOO IOS
3. A skimming device comprising a body portionor rim, a handle fixed to and projecting upwardly therefrom, a strainer extendin between said handle and one side of the body IIC pass Jfrom the surface of the soup, and sloping downwardly from said opening forming lo within the body a space for the reception of grease and the like, substantially as set forth.
JAMES F. IRBY. Witnesses:
WM. F. MEDILL, J. G. COVINGTON, Jr.