|Publication number||US858618 A|
|Publication date||Jul 2, 1907|
|Filing date||Mar 25, 1907|
|Priority date||Mar 25, 1907|
|Publication number||US 858618 A, US 858618A, US-A-858618, US858618 A, US858618A|
|Original Assignee||Norman Mcaslan|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (3), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
No. 858,618. PATBNTED JULY 2,1907.
N. MCASLANJ GOMPOUND TOOL. y APPLIoATIoN FILED 111111.25. 1807.
NORMAN MCASLAN, OF YORKSHIRE, IOWA.
Speccaton of Letters Patent.
Patented July 2,l 1907.
Application tiled March 25, 1907. `Serial No. 364.441.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, NORMAN MeAsLAN, a eitizenof the United States, residing at Yorkshire, in the county of Harrison and State of Iowa, have invented certainnew anduseful Improvements in Compound Tools; and I do declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
This invention relates to improvements in compound tools.
The object of the invention is to provide a compound tool of the plier type which will be efficient and useful for a variety of purposes and' which will be simple, strong and durable in construction and which may be readily adjusted or arranged for its various functions.
With the foregoing and other objects in view which will appear as the nature of the invention is better understood, the invention consists in certain novel features of construction, ycombination and arrangement of parts, as will be hereinafter fully described and claimed.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a side view of the tool showing the parts arranged in position for use as a wrench; Fig. 2 is a similar view with the parts arranged in position for use as a pair of pliers; Fig. 3 is a similar view showing the manner in which the parts are arranged to form ai handle for the auger or screw driver mounted thereon; Fig. 4 is a cross sectional view on the line 4-4 of Fig. l; and Fig. 5 is a side view of a simplified form of the tool.
Referring more particularly to the drawings, 1 denotes the tool which consists of a pair of handles 2 and 3. On one end of the handles 2 and 3 are formed plier jaws 4 which are slidably and pivotally connected together by means of a pin and slot connection 5. In the jaws 4 is formed a wire cutting notch 6. On the opposite end of the handle 2 is formed the outer jaw -7 of a pipe andnut wrench 8 while on the outer end of the handle 3 is formed the inner jaw member 9 of the wrench. The inner or working face of the jaws 7 and 9 are provided with gripping teeth or serrations 10 by means of which said jaws are enabled to take a firm grip or hold upon the pipe or nut to be turned.
The outer jaw member 7 is provided on its inner side with a laterally projecting lug 12 having on its outer ace a series of ratchet teeth 13 with which are adapted to be engaged a series of ratchet teeth 1.4 formed on the adjacent side of the jaw 9 whereby said jaw 9 is held in adjusted position with respect to the jaw 7 thereby providing for the adjustment of the wrench to pipes of large sizes. The engagement of the jaw 9 with the lug 12 also serves as a means for holding or locking the plier jaws in open or closed position. The teeth of the Ajaw 9` are engaged with and disengaged from the teeth 13 of the lug 12 to change the position of said jaw by shifting the handle 3 and its plier jaw on the jaw of the handle 2, this slipping or sliding movement being provided for by the pivoted slotted connection between the plier jaws as hereinbefore described.
Slidably mounted upon the handle 3 is an auger or drill 1.4, said auger being formed with a plurality of different sized working portions as shown whereby holes of different diameters may be bored or drilled thereby. The inner end of the auger is provided with a flat or rectangular shank 15 which is connected at its inner end with a clip 16 which embraces and is slidably connected with thehandle 3 whereby the auger may be slipped downwardly 'or outwardly on the handle 3 and between the jaws 4 of the pliers to an operative position as shown in Fig. 3 of the drawings. The overlapping pivoted portions of the jaws 4 are recessed or grooved on their adjacent inner faces to provide a passage through wh ich the auger is projected. Between the inner end of the auger and shank 15 are formed shoulders 17 which when the auger is in an operative position are engaged by the ends of the plier jaws which securely grip the shank and are held in engagement therewith by the double toothed connection between the inner jaw 9 of the handle 3 and the lug 12 of the jaw 7 ofthe handle 2, thereby securely holding the auger in an operative position and providing a handle by which the same may be manipulated.
On the handle 2 is mounted a screw driver or other form of tool 18 which is provided with a reduced square shank 1.9 connected at its inner end to a clip 20 which is slidably mounted upon the handle 2 to permit the screw driver to be projected through the passage between' the plier jaws to a position for use in the same manner as described in connection with the auger 14, the screw driver being provided with shoulders 21 which are engaged by the outer ends of the plier jaws to hold the screw driverin place.
When it is desired to use the tool as a pair of pliers, the handle 3 is slipped inwardly to disengage the jaw 9 from the lug 12 of the jaw 7 thus bringing the outer ends of the plier jaws in alinement and permitting the handles tobe swung apart to open the jaws 4 to the desired extent.
In Fig. 5 of the drawings is shown a simplied form of the tool, the same being shown in this instance as consisting of a pair of handles 21/ and 22 on one end of which are formed plier jaws 23, said jaws, being pivot* ally and slidably connected together with a pin and slot connection 24. The jaws 23 are provided with a wire cutting notch 25. On the opposite end of the handle 2]/ is formed one member or jaw 26 of an alligator wrench 27,the,opposing jaw or member 28 of said wrench being formed on the adjacent endof the handle 22. The jaw 26 is provided on its inner side adjacent to its inner end with a locking notch or recess 29 and a locking lug 30 with which are adapted to be engaged a locking recess or notch 31 and lug 32 formed on the adjacent side and inner end of the jaw 28.
When the parts are arranged in the position shown in Fig. 5, the tool is adapted for use as a Wrench. l When it is desired to use the tool as a pliers, the handle 21/ of the jaw 23 thereon is slipped forwardly on the handle 22 at its j aw to disengage the notch 29 and lug 30 oi the jaw 26 from the notch 3l and lug 32 of the jaw 28 thereby releasing said handles to permit relative movement ei the plier jaws. The Working faces oi the jaws 26 and 28` are provided with gripping teeth or seri-ations to facilitate the engagement thereof with the object to he turned.
From the foregoing description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, the construction and operation of the invention will be readily understood without requiring a more extended explanation.
Various changes in the iorm, proportion and the minor details of construction may be resorted to without departing from the principle or sacrificing any oi the ad- Vantages of the invention, as defined hy the appended claims.
Having thus described my invention, what l claim as new and desire to secure by Letters-Patent is,-
1. A tool comprising a pair oi' pivolally connected handles provided with coiperatinv gripping' jaws and a pair of tools slidahly engaged respectively with said handles and adapted to he projected one at a. time forwardly he tween said jaws and held by the latter tor operation.
2. A tool comprising a pair of pvotally connected handles provided with cooperating; gripping,r jaws. a pair ot` tools slidahly engaged respectively with said handles and adapted to he projected one at; a time forwardly hetween said jaws and held h v the latter tor operation, and intel'- lockinar devie s provided on the handles for loehiner them in gripping position.
il. A tool comprising' a pair ot' handles provided a t. their forward ends with cooperating' gripping jaws. a drill slid ahly engaged with one o1" the handles and having a plu rality of working' surfaces for horiuge; holes ot' relatively ditterenr sizes, a second tool slidahly engaged with the other handle. said tools heine adapted to he projeeted one at a time. forwardly between said jaws and held h v the latter tor operation, and lneans t'or loeliingv the handles in gripping position.
-t. A tool comprising a pair olf handlesl provided at their forward ends with eooperatin r,r erippiuj;4 ja.\ s' a loose pivotal connection hetween the handles, adapting' them for relative longitudinal movement. and overlapping toothed projections provided at the rear ot' the handles and deA signed for interlockingengagement. to tix the in gripping position.
ln testimony whereof l havt` hereunto set. my hand in presence ot two suhserihinel witnesses NORMAN MtASliAN,
.la ws Witnesses .losm'u 'l. )lrreni-mt.
llnwann le. (lorena.
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