US 860184 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
PATBNTED JULY 16, 1907 8. W..BEGKWITH. METHOD OPCONSTRUGTING OEMENTBURIAL VAULTS.
APPLICATION FILED JUNE 28.1906.
UNITED STATES PATENT oF IoE-.
SETH W. BECKWITH, OF TOLEDO, OHIO, ASSIGNOR TO CHARLES BAKER, OF. TOLEDO, OHIO.
METHOD OF CONSTRUCTING CEMENT 'BURIA L-VAULT S.
of constructing burial vaults, and the principal object of the same is to improve the method of construction whereby a comparatively light, strong and durable vault is produced which can be made at comparatively slight cost and which can be produced without expensive appliances.
Another object of the invention is to improve the I method of construction whereby a strong and durable vault is made of cement or similar plastic mortar, by unskilled labor and by means of simple appliances.
.These and other objects are attained by means of the construction illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which:
Figure 1 is a perspective View of the body portion of a vault made in accordance with my invention, a portion of the vault being broken away to illustrate in section the construction of the same; Fig. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view of the vault with the cover placed thereon; and Fig. 3 is a perspectiev view 'of theform over which the vault is constructed The improved method of constructing vaults and like structures shown and described consists first in constructing a suitably supported shell or core and arranging one or more sheathings of wire cloth over the the sheathing to produce a requisite inner thicknessand thus'complete the structure.
Another step in the improved method consists in bending the upper edge of the wire cloth material inwardly at right angles to the body of the same, before the inner coating of cement is applied, and applying the inner coating of cementbeneath the inwardly bent portion of the sheathing at the same time that it is applied to the inner surface of the same, whereby a cover supporting shoulder is produced around. the interior of the vault when completed. l
Referring to the drawings for a more particular description of my invention, the numeral 1 represents a form over'which'the vault is adapted to be constructcd. This form consists of an open-work box or frame 'madc up of spaced longitudinal bars and cross bars 2, as shown in Fig. 3, said form being of the required Specification of Letters Patent. I
Application filedJ'une 28,1906- Serial No. 823,793-
Patented July '16, 1907.
shape and size for the purpose intended, the parts of said form being readily detachable, so that when the vault has been formed over it and dried; the box may be removed.
Secured around the outer surface of the box or form the parts of is a layer of open-Work wire cloth 3, this layer forming theinner layer. Secured to this layer is' an outer layer of similar wire cloth 4, and the two layers are secured together by short pieces of wire 5. It is to be noticed that the inner layer is-of less height than the outer layer and is bent over at the upper portion, as at 6,.to
provide a ledge or shoulder to support the cover when placed therein. After the layers of wire have been placed upon the form, cement or a mixture of cement, sand and water of the proper consistency to form a mortar is applied to the outer layer of wire cloth, and
the cement interlocking through the interstices of the layers upon the outside and inside depending upon circumstances and conditions for use.
It is to be noted that the ledge 6 or shoulder for supporting the top or cover'of the. vault is reinforced by the bent over portions of the inner layer of wire cloth, as shown in Fig. 2. The top or cover 7 of the vault is also provided with two layers'oi wire ,cl0th'8, 9, connected by short pieces of wire 10 and cement applied thereto in a manner similar to the body of the box, and
at the outer edge of the top or cover a recess '11 is formed by bending back the lower layer of wire cloth and forming a recess or shoulder similar to the ledge.
When the cover is placed in position upon the ledge and the vault is ready for use, the
within the vault.
recess around the top of the cover is cemented or sealed with cement, as will be understood.
From the foregoing, it will be obvious that my vault is of simple construction and may be made without expensive appliances, and can be produced by comparatively unskilled labor at slight. cost; that the device isstrong and durable, and that the outer and inner.
layers of cement interlock between the interstices or openings in the wire cloth layers.
Various changes in the form,.proportion and the minor details of construction may be resorted to without departing fiom the principle or sacrificing any of the advantages of the invention, as'defined by the appended claims.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters-Patent is:-
1. 'The method of constructing vaults consisting ln'applying wire cloth to a removable form, applying cement to the outer surface of the wire cloth, permitting the same to dry, removing the form and applying cement to the in- .ner surface of the wire cloth and permitting the same to iiry.
2. The method of constructing vaults consisting in applying wire cloth to a removable form, applying cement to the outer surface of the wire cloth, permitting the same to dry, removing the form and bending the upper edge of the wire cloth inwardly, and.applying cement to the inner surface of the wire cloth and beneath said inwardly bent portion.
The method of constructing vaults consisting in applying a plurality of layers of wire-cloth to a removable form and couplingthe wire cloth layers at intervals, applying cement to the outer surface of the wire cloth, re-
moving the form, and applying cement to the inner surface of the wire cloth.
4. The method of constructing vaults consisting in applying wire cloth to a removable form, applying cement to the outer surface of the wire cloth, removing the form, bending the upper portion of the inner layer of wire cloth inwardly, and applying cement to the inner surface of the' wire cloth and beneath said inwardly bent portion.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand in presence of two subscribing witnesses.
SETH W. BECKWITH.
R. F. HEMINWAY, W. L. SMITH.