US 861504 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
PATENTBD JULY so, 1907.
H. s. COVER. I EYE GUARD. EPPLIOATION FILED 0(JT.1 19 06.
Svwentoe UNITE s'ra'rns PATENT mos.
HARVEY S. COVER, OF SOUTH BEND, INDIANA.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented July 30, 1907.
Application filed October Il 1906. Serial No. 336,938.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that HARVEY S. COVER, a citizen 'of' the United States, residing at South Bend, in the county of St. Joseph and State of Indiana, has invented certain new and useful Improvements'in Eye-Guards,
of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to an eye guard or shield for firemen, metal workers, chauffeurs and others who are likely to be subjected to the action of fumes, gases, grit, dust, etc.
The invention consists in providing an eye guard of 7 suitable material provided with two lens portions con nected by a bridge piece of suflicient flexibility to enable the lens portions to assume proper positions upon the wearer and to permit of the lens portions being folded one upon the other when not in use. Each lens portion has an integral, yielding cushion to snugly engage the flesh of the wearer around the eye to exelude dirt, dust, grit, smoke or gases therefrom, and
these cushions are arranged in such manner with re-' spectto the nose piece as to form sufficient space be-- tween them for the bridgeof the nose, thereby enabling the cushion to engage. snugly the flesh at the side of the nose of the wearer.
The invention further consists in the use of a pair of spaced lenses fitted in each of the aforesaid lens portions,
with the lenses ofeach pair held in spaced relation to each other by means of a suitable spacing element, resulting in the formation of an air space-calculated to prevent moisture forming upon the lenses, said spacing element also performing the function of an anchoring means arranged across the lens portions to hold these portions from accidentally disengaging the lenses fromthe groovesinto which the latter are fitted in air tight position. p p
The invention further consists in introducing a cloth or other fibrous material into the eye-guard to.facilitate anchoring of the combined spacing and anchoring elements and to'also provide for a'rigid connection of the means for securing the device to the wearer.
The main objects sought to be derived from the use of my invention will be apparent from the foregoing, but a more complete understanding of the merits, objects, and advantages of the invention will be had by reference to the following description and to the accompanying drawings, in which: v
Figure 1 is a front elevation of the eye-guard. Fig. 2
is a side elevation, and Fig. 3 is a longitudinai sectional view.
Referring now more particularly to the accompanying drawings, and with the understanding that .the body of the eye-guard or shield is composed preferably of a I single piece ofsemi-solid rubber or other suitable material the reference character 1 indicates the nose bridge part of the device connecting the lens portions 2 and 3. Each lens portion is substantially circular in cross section and each is provided with an annular groove 4 into which are fitted the pairs of lenses 5, the lenses being fitted into the grooves from the front of the guard by manipulating the outer front wall 6 of the groove 4 in a manner well understood.
Flaring outwardly and tapering from the rear of each -lens portion is an'annular flange 7 terminating at its extremity in a hollow tubular member 8 serving as a cushion and possessing such flexibility as to-permit the same to snugly engage the face of the-wearer and to accommodate itself. to any irregularities or contortions of the face, due to heat, excitement etc. Each tubular member Sis provided with an opening 9 and is not inflated in the manner after a rubber tire, but isdesigned to possess the requisite cushioning characteristics incident to air entering and escaping through the opening 9, after the manner of the well known rubber play-ball.
-By reason of this peculiar formation and this position of the tubular member 8 with respect to the lens holding portions, air, dirt, smoke, fumes and gases are pre-' eluded from entering between the shield and the face to inconvenience the wearer.
The members forming each pair of lenses 5 are held in spaced relation to each other by means of a suitable wire .or other element 10 to prevent the settling of moisture upon the lenses. This spacing element 10 performs the further function of anchoring the lenses against displacement with respect to the lens portions 2 and 3. To accomplish this latter feature, each of the elements 10 is adapted to pierce the corresponding side of the bridge piece 1 and also the flaring annular flange portion 7 of the lens portion, each end of each ele-' ment 10 being provided with a hook 11 designed to impingeagainst the outer face'of'the aforesaid flaring annular flange 7, as clearly shown in Fig. 3. The element 10 stretches tightly across and centrally of the lens holding portions of the eye guard, and holds the ring members in such position as to prevent accidental disengagement of the lenses from their grooves. To facilitate a firm engagement of-the hooked ends 11 of the eye guard, and thereby prevent them from becoming loosenedyl insert a piece of cloth 12 in the flaring, annular flange 7, the cloth also surrounding the groove 4 of the lens portions, as clearly shown in Fig. 3.
Of course the cloth could be disposed at opposite sides of each lens portion instead of extending entirely threaround.
To secure the eye guard upon the wearer, I provide the bands 13 and 14, whose outer ends are adjustably 14 and the ears of the lens holding members. Of course any suitable means may be substituted for-the bands 13 and 14 for the securing of theguard to the wearer.
What is claimed is 1. An eye guard comprising lens portions connected by a nose portion, a tubular cushion formed with each lens portion, a pair of lenses carried by each lens portion, and
means for anchoring each pair of lenses against displacement, said cushion having. an unrestricted opening.
2. An eye guard comprising lens portions connected by anose portion, a tubular cushion formed with each lens portion, a pair of lenses mounted in each lens portion and means. for holding the lenses of each pair in spaced relation to each other and to anchor the lenses against accidental displacement, said cushion having an unrestricted opening.
- 3. An eye guard comprising lens portions connected together by a nose portion, a tubular member formed an air space between each pair of lenses to prevent the accumulation of moisture upon the latter each of said elements lying in contact with the corresponding lenses throughout its length.
5. An eye guard comprising a body composed of semisolid material and including lens portions, a tubular member formed integrally with each lens portion and provided with an air hole, a pair of lenses-mounted in each lens portion; andmeans for holding the lenses of each pair in spaced relation with each other and against accidental displacement with respect to the lens portions.
6. An eye guard comprising a body composed of'a single piece of semi-solid material, including lens portions andanose piece, an air cushion secured to each lens portion and provided with an air hole, and a pair of lenses mounted in spaced relation-in each lens portion of said body.
7. An' eye guard comprising lens portions and a nose piece, each lens portion having an ear, and an annular flange terminating in a tubular member, a pair of lenses mounted in each lens portion, and means for holding the tenses of each pair of lenses in spaced relation to each othvr'and to anchor them against accidental displacement with-respect to the lens portions, said portions and ears carrying fabric, and means securedto said ears for the support of the guardhpon the wearer.
8. An eye guard comprising a pair of semi-solid lens holding portions, a cushion projecting from each portion.
a flexible hinge connection between the semi-solidportlons,
an anchoring wire stretched centrally across each of said portions and a lens disposed on each side of'the said anchoring wire to form an air space -between the lenses.
9. An eye guard comprising a pair of semi-solid lens holding members, a cushion projecting from each of said members, a flexible hinge. connection between the members and a cloth insertion in'the members.
10. An eye guard comprising .a pair of semi-solid lens holding portions, a cushion projecting from each of said members, a flexible hinge connection between the members, each member having an ear, and a cloth insertion in each ear. I
11. An eye guard comprising a pair of semi-solld-lens holding members, a cushion projecting from each member,
' a flexible hinge connection between, the members, reinforc ing wires stretched centrally across each lens portion with their ends terminating in hooks, and a cloth insertion in the ring members in line with the wires into which the hooked ends of the latter are secured.
12. An eye guard comprising a pair of semi-solid lens holding portions each provided with an ear, a cushion projecting from each member, a flexible hinge connecting the members; and reinforcing wires stretched centrally across each lens portion'in line with the bridge piece and ears with the ends of the wires anchored in the walls of 1 the members.
13. An eye guard comprising lens portionsconnected by a nose portion, a pair of lenses disposed; in each lens.
portion, and an element connected to eachlens portion and arranged between the corresponding pair or lenses longi-. tudinally of the length of the latter to form an airspace between each pair of lenses.
14. An eye guard comprising lens portions connected by a nose portion, a pair of lenses disposed in each lens portion, an element connected to each lens portion and arranged between the corresponding pair of lenses to form an air space between each pair of lenses to prevent the accumulation of moisture upon. the latter, each' of said elements lying in contact with the corresponding lenses throughout its length and means for supporting the guard upon the wearer.
15. An eye guard by a nose portion, a pair of lenses disposed in each lens portion, an element connected to each lens portion. and arranged between the corresponding pair oflenses longi-- ioo tudinally of the length of the latter to form an air space between each pair of lenses, and means for supporting the guard upon the wearer'. I 16. An eye guard comprising lens portions connected bya .nose portion, a pair of lenses carried by each lens. portion and each of the latter having a tapering annular projection terminating in a tubular cushion;
17. An eye guard comprising lens portions connected by:\ nose portion, a pair of spaced-lenses carried by each lens portion, a cloth insertion in eachlens portion, and an element disposed between each pair of. lenses and having hooked ends for engagement in said cloth.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
HARVEY S. COVER.
Witnesses Gnome OL'rscn, G. M. Conn.
comprising lens portions connected