US 864222 A
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No. 864,222. PATBNTED AUG. 27, 1907. 3. W. BATES.
T oY TRAIN. APYLIQTIOE FII-BD DEUJ. 1906 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JOSEPH WILLIAM BATES, OF MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA, ASSIGNOR TO BENSON TOY MANUFACTURING COMPANY, OF MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA, A CORPORATION OF MINNESOTA.
Patented Aug. 27, 1907.
Application filed December 7,1906. Serial No. 348,745.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOSEPH WILLIAM BATES, a citizen of the United States, residing at Minneapolis, in the county of Hennepin and State of Minnesota, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Toy Trains; and l do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
My invention has for its object to provide an improved toy train made up of a plurality of trailing vehicles such as cars, engines, wagons, trucks, etc., and to this end it consists of the novel devices and combinations of devices hereinafter described and defined in l5 the claims.
The invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, whereinv like characters indicate like parte throughout the several views.
In the drawings, the invention is shown las embodied in a toy train made `up of an engine and a plurality of cars. f .l
Figure 1 is a view in side elevation, showing the en gine and one car. Fig. 2 is a bottom plan view of the car. Fig. 3 is s. transverse vertical section taken on the line x3 :slof Fig. 2, the upper portion ei the car body being removed. Fig. 4 is a detail view in plan, showing the wheel equipped cow catcher of the engine re- 1,for@moved from working position. Fig. 5 is a diagram' matic plan view illustrating the trailing action of a plu- 3() rality of connected cars. Fig. 6 is a. detail view in side elevation, showing a modified formof the pivoted car truck; and Fig. 7 is a. transverse vertical section taken on the line x7 :n7 of Fig. 6.
Describing first the construction o the engine, the
numeral l indicates the body thereof, the same having laterally spaced depending plates 2 that constitute the fiume in which whcclvequipped axles 3-4 and 5-4l are monete-d. lhc said wheels may be either fixed or loose ou 1in rcspwtivc axles, but` the rear axle 3 is heldV against vertical movements by said frame 2, while the front axle 5 is free for limited vertical movement in slots 7 of said frame 2. The cow catcher 8 is pivotally attached at 9 to the lower forwardly projecting portion of the boiler body of the engine and is provided with a centrally located depending bracket er fork 10 in ity, and the slots 7 have such vertical dimensions that no part of the weight of the engine body will he thrown uponthe axle 5 and wheels 6 under ordinary usage on s. smooth iloor or road bed. The said Wheels 6, however,
' inv preventing the engins from' being overtgnned @J -Firthermore give a more natural appranceteythe engine and the car or other vehicles includes s 110 Vwith the rame plate 22, serves to steer the cur.
the engine. The numeral 12 indicates a drawing cord which, as shown, is attached to an eye 13 on the upper forward portion of the cow catcher 8. The said cow catcher S and its wheel 11 it will thus be seen, constitute the forward truck oi the engine and lateral oscilla tory movements thereof serve to determine the line of travel of the engine.
Referring to the construction of the car, which as illustrated in the drawings is made in imitation of a passenger coach, the numeral 14 indicates the body thereof which is suitably imposed upon and suitably secured to a quite heavy flat floor plate 15 which may be conveniently constructed of cast iron and which is heavy enough to give the desired traction of friction between the car wheels and the floor.
The rear truck of the car is made up, as shown, of s. pair of laterally spaced vertical plates 16 and wheelequipped arles 17-18 and 19-20. The frame plates 16, Aas shown, are rigidly secured to the floor plate 15 by means of frame extensions 16* that are` passed upward through perforations insaid plate 15 and are clenched thereto. The axle 17 may be either rotary or. nonrotary, but is held against vertical movements with respect to the frame plates 16. The axle 19 is mounted in slots 21 in said trame-plates 16 and is capable of limted vertical movements therein, so that no part of the weight of the car body will be thrown upon the wheels 20 but the said wheels may, nevertheless, lightly engage with the door under their own weight.
The forward truck of the car is pivotally attached thereto and the frame thereof is made up o s. plate 22 having laterally spaced downtumed flanges 23. The frame plate 22 is pivotaily attached, at its central portion, to thehlloor plate 15, as indicated at 24, and on either side of its pivot said frame plate 22 is provided with depending bracket legs 25 in the lower ends of which is journaled a truck wheel 2G. The truck wbr-cl 2G carries the weight of the forward portion of the car body, and being mounted for oscillatory movements ln the depending side flanges 23 are vertical slots 27 in which are mounted axles 28 provided with laterally spaced truck wheels 29. The axles 2B are capable of limited vertical movements in the slots 27 so that no part of the weight of the carbody will be thrown upon said wheels 29, but the seid wheels will usually rest upon the floor under the action of their own weight. These wheels 29 and axles 28, however, assist in pre venting the car from being tipped over by a lateral rocking movement of the front end di the car. The weight of the car body, as is evident, is carried entirely by the two rear wheels 18 and centrally located front whos-125 The connection ior producing the trailing action of steering projection from the` truck immo of one of the vehicles und ncoupling yoke or hrucket ou the abutting end oi the adj-.went vehicle. For instance, in the construct ion illustrated the pivoted fmrue 22 of the forward truck of the cnr is provided with n short forwardly projecting rigid steering section 30, the extended end of whizu is perfomtcd ut 31. und the ropemting coupling yoke or bnicket 32 is provided nt its centrally located extended end with n hook 33 that is adopted te be passed through said periomtion 3i. The coupling yoke, 32 is opplierl to the renr end of the engine inline 2 und one is applied to the renr euri of the rigid truck fnnue 16 of cnch cur More specifically stated. the extremitics. ol the prongs or legs of the coupling yokes 32 ure pivotallly mounted in perorutions in the flanges ni the said engine und truck immo, so that they are pnble of vertical pivotal movements. hut are rigid against interni movement or movements in a horizontal direction transversely el' the line of trnvel. The steering projections :l0 and coupling hnickets nr yokes 32 are so related to euch other that the one `:chicle will be caused to travel the same or in approximately the same trucks as those that are ahead and behind the same in the trnin. It will be noted thnt the pmjecting end of the perionitcd steering portion 30 of the mrne plates 22 is higher up than the pivotal connection between the coupling yoke 32 and the engine frume 2. This produces u slight downward pressure en the wheel 26 in addition to that which is due directif'r to the weight of the cnr body und thus increases the traction of mici wheel. The engine muy be constructed oi enst iron and Weighted so that the wheels thereof will have the desired traction. To insure n goed tuiing action, on n smooth Hoor, considerable weight ou the wheels is desirable. Inthe mr, the heavy door plate 15 insures the desired weight.
In the modification shown in Figs. 3, 6, and 7, a centrnl Wheel 34 is journnled on the central depressed por tion .oi u :wn-rotary nxle 35 which is secured to the depending linuges ufo. truc.r Emme 36. The central Wheel 34 is arranged to engage the Hoor while outside wheels 37 loose on said axle are heid just. out of contact. with the floor.
While the tmin has, in the accompanying dmwings nud the detailed description, been a toy miiwny tmin, it will of course be understood that the several features oi invention muy be applied to trains made up of vnrious other vehicles, and that such vehicles may have either pL'liu or ornamental bodies and may be of any suite. blc design.
The forwardly projecting steering portion 30 of the pivotcd truck frame 22 is ier convenience called n steering arm, and the. port 32 for the same reason .is called n. steering coupling, but it will of course be lm derstood that these terms are used brocdlynnd do not limit the npplicents invention to any specific form 0i these ports. The wurd truck" is also used in n broad sense und where broadly used is intended to include a runner equipped truck us woll as :i wheel equipped truck.
What I claim is:
1. A trnln made up of n plurality et' vehicles. seid ve hielen having plvnted front trucks nnd rigid renr trnme portions. unid plvoled trucks having centrally loouied [orA wur-diy projectie: steering orma thnt move iuterully therewith. and steering couplings attached to the rear frame portion of mld "chicles und secured nzxnlnet movement with respect thereto transversely ot suld vehicles. the projecting ends et :mid ntcerlng urina nnd coperutinu steering coupllugs being plvotnlly united, substantially ns described A trnlu umile up of a. plurnllty or velllclell hnving plvoted trent trucks. unid trucks hnving ccnirnlly lor-sited fonvurfily projecting steering arms rigidly connected to tile fraueni thereof, und yoke-llize steel-ini.' couplings nttnched tu the reni' trarne portions of snld vehicles wllh Trendom rorplvotnl movements. 4the projecting cutis of suld steering arms und steering couplings being detncbnuly nod pivotnlly connected. substantially ns deacrlln-d.
3. A train runde up et :l plurality ot vehicles, :mld vehicles hrn'lng pirated trout trucks provided with forwurdLv projecting centrally located rigidi;l connected steering arms. and steering couplings attached to the rear mime portions of said vehicles and to the projecting ends ot sold steeringr arms, the points o! nttnchmcnt of snid steering couplings te the seid reinicie (nimes being below unid arms. whereby a downward pull is produced ou sold plvoted trucks. substantially ns described.
4. A train made up of a plurullty o1 vehicles, mld vehicles having plvoted freut trucks with centrally located supporting wheels and rigidi;- attnched forwardly proleeting steering arms. und yoke-like steering couplings having their prongs pirololii attached to the rigid rear trame portions of snld vehicles. nml provided with hooked projecting ends for detachable and pivotal engngement with sold steering nrms of snld pirated truck. suhsantlally ns dcscribed.
T. The combination with n vehicle body bnvingnt its rear portion n rigid wheel-equipped truck frame und provided at its fot-wurd portion with u pivoted truck frame. said plvnted truck trnme haring n centrally iccnfed supporting wheel nud intel-ally rlpuced loosely supported idle truck wheels, substantially as described.
l. in n toy cnr. the combination with n heavy metal tloor plate. of n pair of trucks. one of which is pirated to said iloor plate and me other o! which is provided with n sheet metui trame provided with ula-turned projections passed through slots ln nid licor plate and bent or clenched to secure said truck frame rigidly to said tloor plate, aubstnntlnlly ns described.
1'. A toy engine hnvlng a rigid wheel-equipped rear truck and provided at its forward end with n plvoted cow catcher serving as n front truck frame, unid cow catcher having n supporting wheel located directly below the pivotal connection nf said cow catcher to the Bald engine, substantlnlly ns described.
ln testimony whereof l nlllx my signature in presence or two witnesses.
JOSEPH WILLIAM BATES.
Witnellelt E. L. HAI-Inox'. 1l. D. )incluait