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Publication numberUS865336 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 3, 1907
Filing dateJun 18, 1906
Priority dateJun 18, 1906
Publication numberUS 865336 A, US 865336A, US-A-865336, US865336 A, US865336A
InventorsHoward S Gardner
Original AssigneeHoward S Gardner
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Building structure.
US 865336 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)





wi/tmmwx No. 865,336. PATENTED SEPT. 3, 1907. H. S. GARDNER.








g @FEF &g g? g g g awvewtoz HQWARD S.-GAR DNER, OF- OAPEi-liiAY, New JERSEY.


Specification of Letters Patent. H Application filed June 18, 1906. Beds-1N0. 222.337.

Patented Sept; 3, 1907.

Toall whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, HOWARD S. GARDNER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Cape May, in the county of Cape May and State of New Jersey, have invented c ertai'n new and useful Improvements in Building Structures, of which the following is a specification.

\ to my invention, I contemplate erecting the main ver- 1 tical supporting columns ofreinforced cementitious or" concrete material and tying the same together to form a complete or substantially complete frame work and? thereafter placing in position the floors of the several stories which ar'e also preferably constructed of reinforced plastic material.

In carrying out my method, the complete columns are erected in sections, each of which is of a length substantially equal to the height of one story of the building; the columns of one story are placed in position, tied together and made plumb and then the sections of the next story are placed into position, the latter sections'being superimposed upon the first and this procedure is repeatcduntil thecomplete skeleton frame is built up. Each section is intended to be molded complete or substantially completefbefore being placed in position in the building andth fioors may be molded in place as soon as the section eolumns of two stories are erected and thus the lower stories of a building may be completed while the frame work of the upper stories is in course of erection. I

The skeleton frame work of a building constructed in accordance with my invention includes generally a series of vertical columns of reinforced concrete or cemen titious material, each column comprising a series of sec,-

' tions of molded concrete or cementitious materialin which suitable reinforcing frames or reinforcing strands are embedded, the ends of the reinforcing frames or strands projecting beyond the ends of the ceinenizitious or concrete portion of each section, the projecting portion of such strands or frame being coupled to the adjacent projecting portions of the frames or strands of the superimposed sections, and transversely extending tie bars engaged at their ends with the reinforced frames or strands of adjacent columns, said tie bars connecting the several columns to one another. These tie bars are preferably arranged in sets, a set, connecting all of the columns to one another, being provided for each set of column sections, being preferably located in the planes of the several floors and being preferably embedded in the latter when the same are molded in place." I

.The concrete or plastic part of each column section is preferably of'a length approximately equal to the distance between two floors or Between the surfaceiof a floor and the adjacent'ceiling so that the exposed parts 'of the reinforcing frames or strands of the columns o ccuratf the, points where the-floors are located so that whentlie latter are molded in position they are formed about these exposed portions, filling the spaces between the adjacent ends of the plastic portions of the sections and thus the floor when molded of cementitious or plastic material becomes in effect an integral part of the columns. v

One embodiment of the invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings in which I Figure 1 is a vertical elevation of a fragment of a skeleton rame work of a building constructed in accordance with my invention,',parts being shown in sections. Fig. 2 is a transverse sectional view of a part of the skeleton frame work of-a building constructed in accordancg'with my invention. Fig. 2 is a sectional view of a column. Fig. is a detail elevation of a portion of a column constructed in accordance with my invention. Fig. 4 is a transverse sectional view of the same on the line H of Fig; 3. Fig. 5 is a transverse sectional view on the line 5-5 of Fig. 3. Figs. 6 and 7 are detail views. l I

In the accompanying drawings a designatessuitable footings for the columns, the same being preferably built up of plastic material upon a natural or made foundation. A metallic foot plate b is preferably embedded in each footing a, each plate being provided with sockets 11 corresponding in number and spacing to the number and relative location of the reinforcing strands of the column associated therewith.

The column sections of the-first story are designated by c and each section comprises a concrete portion of the desired crbss-sectional shape in which is embedded lon gitudinal extending metallic strands d; which are held in spaced relation by transversely extending tie-bars or links e arranged in sets and spaced distances apart throughout the lengths of the sections. The bars e are preferably made of sheet metal and are provided with eyes through which the strands d pass. The lower ends or the strands d of the bottom sections of the columns are'seated in the'sockets of the plates 11, when such plates are provided, and are secured in these sockets by pouring molten lead into the latter about the ends of the strands. The upper ends of the strands d of the lowermost sections oi the columns project above or beyond the upper end of the concrete portions of thesections, these conciete portions terminating approximately at theceiling line of the adjacent floor partition.

The column sections of the fioorabove are designated by f and are superimposed upon the sections 0. The

sections f are formed in a similar manner to the section c-each comprising a concrete portion having embed ded therein longitudinally extending strands g corresponding to the strands d which, like the latter,- project beyond the ends of the concrete portions of the sections.

The lower ends of the strands g are coupled to the registering strands d in any suitable manner, preferably by slipping over the contiguous ends a suitable sleeve it into which molten lead is poured and permitted to' set.

As before premised, the columns are tied to .one another by horizontally extending tie-bars and in the preferred method of constructing a building in accordance with my invention a set of these bars is provided for each set of column sections. The tie-bars associated with the lowermost set of column sections are designated in the accompanying drawings by n, the same being arranged substantially in the horizontal plane of the connecting point between the column sections at the floor line and in substantially the plane .of the floor partitions. In the illustrated exemplificati'on of my invention a set of spacing and connecting plates 1', similar to the plates e, is located in the plane of the couplings between the column sections at each floor line, these m to' one side of the first named openings. The tie-barsplatcs i being provided with openings to receive the sleeves h and being provided with additional openings proper designated by n, are provided at their ends with '4 books or like coupling members designed to engage with length. of the bar may be adjusted. As before stated,

openings m and are each provided intermediate of its ends with a suitable turn-buckle in order that'the have been positioned the lowermost sections of the columns are erected and preferably tied to one another and to the side walls of the building by the tie-rods which are coupled to anchors built in said side walls thus making a complete tie through the building. Thereafter, the first set of superimposed sections of the columns are placed in position, coupled to the lowermost sections and tied together at their upper ends by the second set of tie-rods. lhe first floor partition may then be molded in position if desired, or the complete skeleton frame work may be erected 'in its entirety and thereafter the several 'floors molded in position. By

following the first plan, howev er, the lower stories of the building inay be completed during the period the Irame work for the upper stories is being erected, thus pormitting the lower stories to be put into use while .the

upper ones are in courseoi erection. ln building the floor partit ms, the same is molded in substantially the manner now commonly employed, suitable strengthenprojecting ends of the longitudinally extending column strands, the said concrete or cementitious portion oi' the floor partitions filling the spaces between the adjacent ends of the concrete portionsbf the'column sections so that the floors form in effect an integral part 0 the columns. The lower ends olthe concrete portions of the columns will preferably be slightly converted as such form will allow the concrete floors to be rammed in being bars or beams 0 being laid therein and the concrete or cementitious portion thereof being molded about the tween said ends and thus form a solid monolith column from top to bottom.

I claim: 1. A building structure comprising an outer wall, -a

plurality of columns spaced from' one finother and each including a cementitious part, a set of lengthwise extending strands formed in sections arranged end to end, coupling sleeves joining the adjacent ends of the sections of each strand, and sheet metal plates or bars for spacing the strands from one another, said bars or plates engaging the coupling sleeves, tie rods extending between the outer 'waiis of the building to the plates or bars of adjacent columns and other tie rods extending between the several columns and engaging at'their ends, the said plates or bars thereof.

2. A building structure comprising a plurality of col-.

umns and cementitious. iioor partitions, each Ofthe columns' "including aser es of superimposed sections, each section comprising a mentit lous or concrete part and a plurality of longitudinally extending strands spaced from one another and having their ends projecting beyond the ends of said cementitious part, sleeves coupling the strands of adjacent sections to 'one another, connecting plates cooperating with the sleeves and horizontally dispos'ed'tie rods extending from the plates of one column to the plates of adjacent columns, substantially as described.

8. A frame work for buildings, comprising column footings, columns mounted thereupon of reinforced plastic material, each comprising a series of sections, each section being formed of plastic material with reinforcing strands having their endsprojecting beyond the ends of,the plastic material, 'the projecting ends at the upper ends of the sections and the projecting ends. at the lower ends of the superimposed sections being coupled to one another, said points of coupling occurring substantially at the line of the floor partitions and a set of tie-bars located at each of said points of couplings, suid tie-burs comprising plates having openings to receive the strands and additional openings outside, ofthe first named openings and bars having hooked ends to engagethe additional openings and adjust.- ing means intermediate of their ends, substantially as described.

4. A building structure .'comprising a plurality of perpendicular columns, constructed of tiers of reinforced plastic column sections, a base for each column, thes'eetions of the columns each having the reinforcing strands .thereof projecting beyond the ends of the plastic portions or the same, the members of the first tier of seetionsha'ving the strandsst their lower ends held in the base associated therewith, means for coupling the projecting strands at the upper ends of the lower tier members to the projecting strands at tier of sections, plates secured. to the strands of the col-' umns between the adjacent ends of the plastic sections thereof and tie-bars connecting the columns to one another, secured at their ends in said plates, substantially as described.

the lower ends of the members of the second i 5. A building strudture compri g a plurality ofcolumns or cementltious material rein orced by longitudinally extending strands, each column comprising a plurality of sections having the ends of the strands associated therewith extending beyond the ends of the cementitious por- In testimony whereof, I have hereunto signed my name 10 tion of the same,- the contiguous registering ends of the in the presence of two witnesses at Cape May, in the strands being coupled together by encircling .sleeves, a county of Cape May, and State of New Jersey,.this 24" filling for the sleeves rigidly retaining the ends therein, tie day of May 1906.

rods for holding the columns plumb and a foundation plate for: each column provided with sockets for the lower ends HOWARD GARDNER of the strands of the columns with which it is associated, Witnesses: said strands extending into said sockets and being held LEONARD H. DAVIS,

\hvrcin by :i filling, substantially as described. SAMUEL F. ELDREDGE.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4060948 *Aug 23, 1976Dec 6, 1977Brownlee Robert OStructural frame for a building
US5180253 *Aug 13, 1991Jan 19, 1993Erwin SiegfriedArrangement of prestressing tendons in a pressure tunnel
US5392580 *May 6, 1992Feb 28, 1995Baumann; Hanns U.Modular reinforcement cages for ductile concrete frame members and method of fabricating and erecting the same
US7874110 *Jan 20, 2001Jan 25, 2011Oliver MatthaeiReinforced or pre-stressed concrete part which is subjected to a transverse force
US8375678 *Feb 19, 2013Felix E. FerrerMethods for construction of pre-fabricated modular reinforcement cages for concrete structures
US8381479 *Feb 26, 2013Felix E. FerrerPre-fabricated modular reinforcement cages for concrete structures
US20030154674 *Jan 20, 2001Aug 21, 2003Oliver MatthaeiReinforced or pre-stressed concrete part which is subjected to a transverse force
US20090178356 *Jul 16, 2009Baumann Hanns UPre-cast concrete column and method of fabrication
US20100031605 *Apr 25, 2008Feb 11, 2010Won-Kee HongComposite concrete column and construction method using the same
Cooperative ClassificationE04B1/20